Lake Saiful Muluk

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Lake Saiful Muluk
Lake Saif ul Malook - Naran.jpg
The lake is notable for its picturesque setting in the mountains of northern Pakistan
Lake Saiful Muluk is located in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Lake Saiful Muluk
Lake Saiful Muluk
LocationSaiful Muluk National Park
Kaghan Valley
Coordinates34°52′37″N 73°41′40″E / 34.876957°N 73.694485°E / 34.876957; 73.694485Coordinates: 34°52′37″N 73°41′40″E / 34.876957°N 73.694485°E / 34.876957; 73.694485
Lake typeAlpine, glacial lake
Primary inflowsGlacial water
Primary outflowsStream (a tributary of Kunhar River)
Basin countriesPakistan
Surface area2.75 km2 (1.06 sq mi)
Max. depth113 ft (34 m)
Surface elevation3,224 metres (10,577 ft)[1]

Saiful Muluk (Urdu: جھیل سیف الملوک‎) is a mountainous lake located at the northern end of the Kaghan Valley, near the town of Naran in the Saiful Muluk National Park. At an elevation of 3,224 m (10,578 feet) above sea level, the lake is located above the tree line, and is one of the highest lakes in Pakistan.


The road to the lake traverses the mountains of the Kaghan Valley

Saiful Muluk is located in the Mansehra district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, about 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) north of Naran,[2][3] in the northern part of Kaghan Valley. Malika Parbat, the highest peak in the valley is near the lake.[4]

The lake is accessible from the nearby town of Naran during the summer season but access during winter is limited, as heavy snowfall and landslides threaten to cutoff the lake from other regions.

Physical features[edit]

Saiful Muluk was formed by glacial moraines that blocked the water of the stream passing through the valley.[5] The Kaghan Valley was formed in the greater Pleistocene Period dating back almost 300,000 years when the area was covered with ice. Rising temperatures and receding glaciers left a large depression where glaciers once stood. Melting water collected into the lake.

Saif-ul-Muluk panorama in spring


The lake has rich eco-diversity and holds many species of blue-green algae. Large brown trout are found in the lake, up to about seven kilograms.[6] About 26 species of vascular plant exist in the area, with Asteraceae the most commonly found species. Other species commonly found in the region are: Ranunculaceae, Compositae, Cruciferae, Gramineae, Apiaceae, Leguminosae, Scrophulariaceae and Polygonaceae.[citation needed]


The Lake Saiful Muluk is named after a legendary prince. A fairy tale called Saif-ul-Muluk, written by the Sufi poet Mian Muhammad Bakhsh, talks of the lake.[7][8] It tells the story of the Egyptian Prince Saiful Malook who fell in love with a fairy princess named Princess Badri-ul-Jamala at the lake.[9][10]


Hover the mouse click or tap on the following images to see their captions.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Surface Elevation of Lake Saiful Muluk". Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  2. ^ "Distance from Naran". Google Maps. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  3. ^ Ali, Ihsan. "Natural Heritage of Kaghan Valley". Mapping and Documentation of the Cultural Assets of Kaghan Valley, Mansehra (PDF) (Report). Islamabad: UNESCO. p. 46. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  4. ^ Hussain, Manzoor; Khan, Mir Ajab; Shah, Ghulam Mujtaba (5 March 2006). "Traditional Medicinal and Economic uses of Gymnosperms of Kaghan Valley, Pakistan". Ethnobotanical Leaflets. 10: 72. ISSN 1948-3570. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  5. ^ Ehlers, J.; Gibbard, P. L. (29 July 2004). Quaternary Glaciations - Extent and Chronology (2 ed.). Elsevier. pp. 305–306. ISBN 978-0444515933. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
  6. ^ Muhammad Yaqoob (14 March 2003). "Production and culture of trout in the Northwest Frontier Province and Northern Areas of Pakistan, A review". In Peter, T.; Swar, S. B. (eds.). Cold water fisheries in the trans-Himalayan countries. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization. p. 327. ISBN 978-9251048078. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
  7. ^[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "The News International: Latest News Breaking, Pakistan News".
  9. ^ Javed, Asghar (23 June 2002). "Pristine lakes of the north". Dawn. Archived from the original on 13 July 2007. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
  10. ^ "Saif-ul-Malook: The Lake of Fairies". 22 April 2016.

External links[edit]