List of mosques in the United States

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This is a list of notable mosques in the United States of America.

Selected history of mosques in the United States[edit]

A mosque, or masjid, can be defined as any place that Muslims pray facing to Mecca, and is not necessarily a building; by that meaning, there were mosques in the United States by 1731 or earlier. Muslim Job ben Solomon (1701–1773), an African-American who was kidnapped into slavery in Senegal or Gambia, is documented by his slave narrative memoir to have prayed in the forest of Kent Island, Maryland, where he was brought during 1731–33.[1]

Some sources assert that what is likely the first American mosque building was a mosque in Biddeford, Maine that was founded in 1915 by Albanian Muslims. A Muslim cemetery still existed there in 1996.[2][3]

However the first "purpose-built" mosque building was probably a mosque opened in 1921 in Detroit, Michigan. It was close to the famous Highland Park Ford Plant which began mass, assembly-line production of Ford Model T cars in 1913, and where "hundreds of Arab American men" came to work. This mosque included Sunni, Shia and Ahmadi Muslims, and was funded by Muhammad Karoub, a real estate developer.[1]

The Mother Mosque of America, built in 1934 in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, is asserted to be the oldest still-existing mosque building in the U.S. Also is asserted to be the oldest standing mosque in the U.S. is the Al-Sadiq Mosque, built in 1922 in the Bronzeville neighborhood of Chicago.

Nation of Islam mosques, mostly of African Americans, are often in storefronts or former churches.[1]

It has been estimated that there were somewhat more than 100 mosques in the U.S. in 1970, but immigration of more than a million Muslims since then led to hundreds more being built.[1]

In 1994, the Islamic Center of Yuba City, in California, was destroyed by fire set in a hate-crime, and is one of two mosques destroyed by a hate-crime in U.S. history, (the second being in Joplin, Missouri in 2012) . It had just been completed at cost of $1.8 million plus sweat equity of the Muslims of its rural community, including descendants of Pakistani who immigrated to the area c. 1902. Its story, including its rebuilding, is told in David Washburn's 2012 documentary film An American Mosque.[4]

In 2002, a book on "the American Mosque" appeared.[5]

The overall number of mosques in the United States rose from 1,209 in 2000 to 2,106 in 2010, an increase of 74%.[6]

The "Ground Zero mosque", a planned mosque in lower Manhattan, was the subject of controversy from 2010 on. In September 2011, a temporary 4,000-square-foot (370 m2) Islamic center opened in renovated space at the site,[7] and current plans are for a museum to be built, instead of a mosque.

A 2011 study, The American Mosque 2011, sponsored by the Hartford Institute for Religion Research (Hartford Seminary), the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies, as well as the nation's largest Islamic civic and religious groups, including the Islamic Society of North America and the Council on American-Islamic Relations, found that the U.S. States with the most mosques were New York (257), California (246), and Texas (166).[6]

Through 2014, a building boom for mosques has been going on.[8]

Numerous ones mentioned for their architecture:[9]

An overview is provided.[10]

Notable individual mosques[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX
Group
AAIIL Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam
AMJ Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat
NoI Nation of Islam
SH Shia Islam
S Sunni Islam
U Unknown group (or undetermined)
Name Photo Location State Year G Remarks
Islamic Community Center of Anchorage Alaska
ICCA pic.jpg
Anchorage Alaska 2010 (begun) Broke ground October 2010 in construction of Alaska's first masjid, school, and center.[11]
Mosque Tucson
Tucson mosque2.JPG
Tucson Arizona ? AMJ Also known as the 'Yousaf Mosque'
Islamic Center of Tucson
Masjed UA.jpg
Tucson Arizona 1991 U
Islamic Community Center of Phoenix
ICCP pic.jpg
Phoenix Arizona 1982
Baitul Hameed
Baitulhameed.jpg
Chino California 1989 AMJ The Baitul Hameed Mosque (English: House of the Praiseworthy) is the largest Ahmadiyya Muslim mosque in the Western part of the United States with an area of 19,000 square feet (1,800 m2).
King Fahad Mosque
KFM pic.png
Culver City California 1998
Islamic Center of Orange County
ISOC masjid cropped.jpg
Garden Grove California 1976 Asserted to be one of the largest Muslim centers in the Western Hemisphere, with almost 7,000 worshipers.
Islamic Center of Irvine
Islamic Center of Irvine.jpg
Irvine California 2004
Islamic Center of Southern California
ICSC pic.png
Los Angeles California 1952 Very large.
Sacramento Islamic Mosque Sacramento California Asserted to be the oldest mosque in the United States west of the Mississippi River.
Masjid Annur Islamic Center
MAIC pic.jpg
Sacramento California
Masjid Ar-Ribat al-Islami San Diego California A Sunni mosque.
Islamic Center of Yuba City Yuba City California Completed in 1994 at cost of $1.8 million and thousands of hours of sweat equity, including community members descended from Pakistani who immigrated to the area in c. 1902. It was then burnt by arson, in the first hate-crime destroying a mosque in the United States. The case received little attention at the time, but is subject of 2015 documentary An American Mosque produced by David Washburn.[4]
Islamic Center of Greater Hartford Hartford and Berlin Connecticut Its president, Dr. M. Reza Mansoor is a Hartford Hospital cardiologist and "a long-time Trustee of the Hartford Seminary, the country's oldest center for the study of Islam and Christian-Muslim relations".[12][13] Berlin, CT, new mosque is also part of IAGH.[14] Mansoor was also founding president of the Muslim Coalition of Connecticut.[15][16][17]
Masjid An-Noor, Bridgeport, a.k.a. Bridgepoort Islamic Society-Masjid An-Noor Bridgeport Connecticut Its building purchased in 1991 was formerly a bank.[18]

As the largest mosque in Bridgeport area, it was subject of questions in 2010 regarding any possible association of Faisal Shahzad, the May 1, 2010 Times Square bomber who lived in Bridgeport). Demonstraters from as far away as Texas confronted the mosque in protests in August 2010.[19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26]

Bridgeport Islamic Community Center Bridgeport Connecticut
Islamic Center of Connecticut Windsor Connecticut
Assalam Center
Mosque in Boca Raton, FL.jpg
Boca Raton Florida
Atlanta Masjid of Al-Islam Atlanta Georgia Established when Elijah Muhammad purchased a property on Bankhead Hwy, moved later.
Al-Farooq Masjid Mosque
Al-Farooq Masjid Mosque Atlanta, Georgia.jpg
Atlanta Georgia
Islamic Community Center of Augusta Islamic-society-of-augusta.jpg Augusta Georgia 2012 U
Masjid Al-Quba Buford Georgia 2010 S Established first Masjid in vicinity of Mall of Georgia area
Honolulu Mosque Honolulu, Oahu Hawaii Muslim Association of Hawaii
Mosque Foundation
Mosque Foundation 1.jpg
Bridgeview Illinois 1980 Mosque Foundation webpage
Mosque Maryam
Muslim Temple No. 2
Mosque Maryam.jpg
Chicago Illinois 1972 NoI Originally a Greek Orthodox church, purchased in 1972 by the Nation of Islam. Headquarters of the Nation of Islam and of Louis Farrakhan.
Baitul Jamay
Baitul Jaamay, Chicago.jpg
Chicago Illinois
Al-Sadiq Mosque
Al-Sadiq mosque.jpg
Bronzeville neighborhood, Chicago Illinois 1922 Asserted to be the oldest standing mosque in the U.S.
Islamic Foundation
IF pic.jpg
Villa Park Illinois 1974 Islamic Foundation webpage
Islamic Foundation North
Islamic Foundation North.jpg
Waukegan Illinois 2004 IFNoOnline website
Masjid DarusSalam
Masjid DaursSalam.JPG
Lombard Illinois 2013 DarusSalam Foundation webpage
Muslim Community Center Chicago Illinois 1969 MCCChicago webpage
Muslim Association of Greater Rockford
MAGR.jpg
Rockford Illinois 1984 MAGR website
Masjid Noor ul-Islam, Burmese Muslim Education and Community Center
Noor ul-Islam.jpg
Fort Wayne Indiana 2015 The first Masjid built by the Burmese Muslim community outside their nation.[27] BMECC website
Mother Mosque of America
Mother Mosque of America Cedar Rapids IA pic2.JPG
Cedar Rapids Iowa 1934 U
Darul Arqum Islamic Centre
Darul Arqum Islamic Centre
Ames Iowa U Darul Arqum Islamic Centre website
Masjid Omar Bin Khattab
Harvey LA Mch2014 Mosque 1.jpg
Harvey Louisiana Islamic Society of Baltimore

6631 Johnnycake Rd Windsor Mill,MD 21244 Founded in 1969 by three Muslim doctors. Is an elaborate Sunni mousque with an operating school from nursery to 12th grade.

Baitur Rahman
Baitur Rehman, Washington.jpg
Silver Spring Maryland 1994 AMJ
Diyanet Center of America Lanham Maryland Mosque complex built with support of Turkish government.
Imam Mahdi Islamic Education Center of Baltimore Parkville Maryland 2003
Islamic Society of Western Maryland Hagerstown Maryland 1994
Allston Congregational Church
Allston Congregational Church Boston MA 01.jpg
Boston Massachusetts A mosque meets in former Congregational church.
Islamic Center of Boston (ICB Wayland) Wayland Massachusetts 1979
Islamic Society of Boston
Islamic Society of Boston.jpg
Cambridge Massachusetts
Islamic Society of Greater Lowell Chelmsford Massachusetts
Quincy Mosque Quincy Massachusetts 1963
Sharon Mosque Sharon Massachusetts Was established by Lebanese American immigrants.
Worcester Mosque Worcester Massachusetts 2005
Islamic Center of America
Islamic Center America.jpg
Dearborn Michigan 2005 U
Dearborn Mosque Dearborn Michigan 1937 U
Muslim Temple No. 1 Detroit Michigan 1931 NoI First mosque of the Nation of Islam.
Al-Islah Mosque Hamtramck Michigan 2000 Following the Sunni tradition. It was founded by immigrants from Bangladesh.
Islamic Center and Mosque of Grand Rapids Grand Rapids Michigan 1986
Islamic Center of Mississippi-Starkville Starkville Mississippi
Daar-Ul-Islam Ballwin Missouri One of two mosques of the Islamic Foundation of Greater St. Louis
Islamic Center of Central Missouri
Islamic Center of Central Missouri at night.jpg
Columbia Missouri 1983 First ever Islamic Center in Missouri.
St. Louis Islamic Center St. Louis Missouri 2010 a Bosnian mosque
Masjid As-Sabur (As-Sabur Mosque) Las Vegas Nevada
Islamic Association of Long Island Selden New York 1974 Also known as the Selden Masjid
Islamic Society of Central New York
ISCNY pic.jpg
Syracuse New York 1981 Sunni mosque and community center
Masjid Al-Mamoor Jamaica New York Also known as the Jamaica Muslim Center, includes a Mosque, a school, a place for religious gathering, and eating facilities, and is one of the largest multi-purpose Muslim establishments in the U.S. Located in a Bangladeshi-American neighborhood.
Masjid Hamza Valley Stream New York
Mid-Hudson Islamic Association Wappingers Falls New York Also known as Masjid Al-Noor (Arabicمسجد النور)
Mosque No. 7
Malcolm Shabazz Mosque.jpg
Harlem, New York City New York Where Malcolm X preached in a storefront until he split from Elijah Muhammad and left the Nation of Islam in 1964. Destroyed in a bombing in 1965, after Malcolm X's assassination. Rebuilt later as a proper mosque and known as Malcolm Shabazz Mosque or Masjid Malcolm Shabazz.
Mosque of Islamic Brotherhood Harlem, New York City New York Successor to the Sunni Muslim mosque that was named Muslim Mosque, Inc., which was started by Malcolm X after Malcolm X split from Elijah Muhammad in 1964
Hazrati Abu Bakr Siddique
Flushing 33 Av 143 St mosque jeh.JPG
Flushing, Queens New York
Masjid al-Ikhlas
Masjid al-Ikhlas, Newburgh, NY.jpg
Newburgh New York 1992
Islamic Cultural Center of New York
Islamic Cultural Center E96 jeh.JPG
New York City New York 1991 Also known as "96th Street Mosque"
Park51 New York City New York 2011 (temporary facility) Proposed mosque, also known as the "Ground Zero mosque", a plan that became subject of controversy in 2010. Currently a museum, not a mosque, is planned. But in September 2011, a temporary 4,000-square-foot (370 m2) Islamic center opened in renovated space at the site.[7]
Beit El-Maqdis Islamic Center
Beit El-Maqdis Islamic Center 6Av 63 jeh.JPG
New York City New York
Noor Islamic Cultural Center
NICC pic.jpg
Columbus Ohio 2006 U
Islamic Society of Greater Dayton Josie Street, Dayton Ohio Sunni
Islamic Society of Greater Toledo
Islamic Center of Greater Toledo OH.jpg
Toledo Ohio
Portland Rizwan Mosque Portland Oregon ? AMJ [28]

Posted: 07/19/2010 9:03 pm EDT

Mosque of Shaikh M. R. Bawa Muhaiyaddeen
Center-Panel-small.JPG
Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1984
Masjd Al-Islamic
Mosque North Smithfield RI.jpg
North Springfield Rhode Island
Islamic Center of Murfreesboro
Islamic Center of Murfreesboro with flag.JPG
Murfreesboro Tennessee 2012
East Plano Islamic Center (EPIC Masjid)
EastPlanoIslamicCenter2015.jpg
Plano Texas
Islamic Association of North Texas
Iant.jpg
840 Abrams Rd, Richardson, Texas Texas
Islamic Center of Greater Austin
ICGA.jpg
Austin Texas 1977
Islamic Center of Irving
ICI pic.jpg
Irving Texas 1991
Baitus Samee, Texas
Baitus Samee, Texas.jpg
Houston Texas AMJ
Dar Al-Hijrah Islamic Center (Arabic: مركز دار الهجرة الاسلامي, English: Land of Migration)
Dar Al-Hijrah Islamic Center 2010-02-08.JPG
Seven Corners area of unincorporated Fairfax County, Virginia Virginia
Islamic Center of Washington
Islamic Center of Washington.jpg
Washington, D.C. 1957 U
Fazl Mosque, also called the American Fazl Mosque
American Fazl Mosque.JPG
Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. 1950 Established by the Ahmadis in 1950. Served as the American headquarters of the Ahmaddiya movement in the United States until 1994
Islamic Society of Northern Wisconsin
Altoona Wisconsin-Mosque 2006-03-14.jpg
Altoona Wisconsin

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Edward E. Curtis IV (August 29, 2010). "Five myths about mosques in America". Washington Post. 
  2. ^ Queen, Edward L., Stephen Prothero and Gardiner H. Shattuck Jr. (1996). The Encyclopedia of American Religious History. New York: Facts on File. 
  3. ^ Ghazali, Abdul Sattar (August 4, 2001). "The Mosques in America: A National Portrait by CAIR: The number of mosque attendants increasing rapidly in America". American Muslim Perspective. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. 
  4. ^ a b "An American Mosque".  documentary produced by David Washburn and accompanying website (documentary first aired nation-wide on PBS July 11, 2015)
  5. ^ Akel Ismail Kahera (2002). Deconstructing the American Mosque: Space, Gender, and Aesthetics. UT Press. 
  6. ^ a b "Islamic places of worship in U.S. up 74% since 2000 – USATODAY.com". Usatoday30.usatoday.com. 2012-02-29. Retrieved 2014-08-03. 
  7. ^ a b Abbie Fentress Swanson (September 21, 2011). "Park 51 Opens Renovated Space with Photo Exhibit of NYC Immigrant Children". WNYC Culture. Archived from the original on September 24, 2011. Retrieved October 3, 2011. 
  8. ^ Tamara Audi (August 14, 2014). "A New Mosque Rises—in Alaska: Construction Is Part of a Building Boom Nationwide as Muslim Population Rises". Wall Street Journal.  (see intro)
  9. ^ Omar Khalidi (2001). "Import, Adapt, Innovate: Mosque Design in the United States". Aramco World. 
  10. ^ Hesham A. Hassaballa (August 31, 2012). "A Glimpse into the American Mosque within Islam, Religion and the Public Square". The Witherspoon Institute. 
  11. ^ Masjid Building Flyer Archived 2015-02-01 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ this recent Fairfield Daily Voice article re speaker event
  13. ^ Fairfield Citizen article
  14. ^ Search hits in Fairfield Citizen
  15. ^ Hartford Courant article on panel event including Mansoor
  16. ^ WTNH article quoting Mansoor in July 2015.
  17. ^ February 2015 Hartford Courant article citing Mansoor
  18. ^ Salatomatic.com listing
  19. ^ dnainfo Archived 2017-09-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ NY Post
  21. ^ this Fairfield Citizen article
  22. ^ CT Post article
  23. ^ Aug 12 CT Post
  24. ^ "Texas Demonstrators Plan to Gather at Mosques Through Ramadan" NBC CT article
  25. ^ Pamela Geller anti-islamic site article
  26. ^ New Haven Register Aug 9
  27. ^ Sara Wagner (May 24, 2015). "Fort Wayne mosque makes history around the world". 
  28. ^ Nancy Haught (July 19, 2010). "Ahmadi Sect Struggles For Recognition, Respect From Other Muslims". Religion News Service / Huffington Post. 

External links[edit]