List of mosques in the United States

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is an alphabetical listing of notable mosques in the United States (Arabic: Masjid, Spanish: Mezquita), including Islamic places of worship that do not qualify as traditional mosques.

History of mosques in the United States[edit]

Number of Mosques per Million residents in each U.S. state and the District of Columbia as of 2020

A mosque, also called masjid in Arabic, is defined as any place that Muslims pray facing Mecca, not necessarily a building. By that meaning, there were mosques in the United States by 1731 or earlier. Job ben Solomon (1701–1773), an African-American Muslim kidnapped into slavery, was documented by his slave narrative memoir to have prayed in the forest of Kent Island, Maryland, where he was brought during 1731–33.[1]

Some sources assert that what is likely the first American mosque building was a mosque in Biddeford, Maine that was founded in 1915 by Albanian Muslims. A Muslim cemetery still existed there in 1996.[2][3]

However, the first purpose-built mosque building was most likely the Highland Park Mosque in Detroit, Michigan, opened in 1921. The mosque was located near the famous Highland Park Ford Plant, which employed "hundreds of Arab American men". This mosque, which included Sunni, Shia and Ahmadi Muslims, was funded by Muhammad Karoub, a real estate developer.[1][4]

The earliest mosque of the Ahmadiyya Muslims Community is the Al-Sadiq Mosque, a two story building purchased by Mufti Muhammad Sadiq in 1922 in the Bronzeville neighborhood of Chicago, the original building was torn down and a purpose built mosque was constructed at the site in 1990s. However, the first "purpose-built" mosque, the Mother Mosque of America, was built in 1934 in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.[5]

In 1994, the Islamic Center of Yuba City, in California, was destroyed by fire set in a hate-crime, the first mosque destroyed by a hate crime in U.S. history. It had just been completed at the cost of $1.8 million plus sweat equity of the Muslims of its rural community, including descendants of Pakistani who immigrated to the area c. 1902. Its story, including its rebuilding, is told in David Washburn's 2012 documentary An American Mosque.[6]

Growth in the 21st century[edit]

Estimated proportion of Muslim Americans in each U.S. state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico as of the 2020 U.S. Religion Census

It has been estimated that there were somewhat more than 100 mosques in the U.S. in 1970, but immigration of more than a million Muslims since then led to hundreds more being built.[1] By 2000, there were 1,209 U.S. mosques, which rose to 2,106 in 2010, an increase of 74%.[7] Also, the number of mosques in America has grown to 2,769 in 2020.[8]

A 2011 study, The American Mosque 2011, sponsored by the Hartford Institute for Religion Research, the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies, as well as the nation's largest Islamic civic and religious groups, including the Islamic Society of North America and the Council on American-Islamic Relations, found that the U.S. states with the most mosques were New York with 257, California with 246, and Texas with 166.[7]

Since 2014, a building boom for mosques has been going on.[9]

Notable individual mosques[edit]

Name Image Location State Year Group[a] Notes
Homewood Masjid Homewood Alabama 1996 Established in a former segregated high school for African American students. A dedicated mosque, community center, and private PK-12 Islamic school.[10]
Islamic Community Center of Anchorage Alaska Anchorage Alaska 2010 S First masjid and Islamic school in Alaska.[11]
Islamic Community Center of Phoenix Phoenix Arizona 1982 S
Islamic Center of Tucson Tucson Arizona 1991 ?
Tucson Yousef Mosque Tucson Arizona A
Islamic Center of Little Rock Little Rock Arkansas 1996 First purpose built mosque in Little Rock. A new larger mosque, community center, and Islamic school are currently under construction 6.2 mi (10.0 km) northwest of the original mosque.[12]
Baitul Hameed Chino California 1989 A Largest Ahmadiyya mosque in the western United States with a floor space of 19,000 square feet (1,800 m2).
Islamic Center of San Francisco San Francisco California 1959 ? Oldest mosque in the San Francisco Bay Area and the second oldest mosque in California.[13][14]
King Fahad Mosque Culver City California 1998 S
Islamic Center of Orange County Garden Grove California 1976 S Asserted to be one of the largest Muslim centers in the Western Hemisphere, with almost 7,000 worshipers.
Islamic Center of Irvine Irvine California 2004 S
Islamic Center of Southern California Los Angeles California 1970s ND The congregation was founded in 1952. The current mosque dates to the late 1970s.[15] One of the largest mosques in the United States.[citation needed]
Islamic Cultural Center of Northern California Oakland California 1995 ND Occupies a former Masonic temple. Founded by Shia Iranians but is open to Muslims of any denomination.[16][17]
Masjid Annur Islamic Center Sacramento California 1982 S Largest mosque in Greater Sacramento. The organization moved into a larger property in 1994.[18]
SALAM Islamic Center Sacramento California 2010 ? Established in a residential building and a pair of trailers in 1987. A dedicated mosque, community center, and Islamic school were constructed on the site between 2001 and 2010.[19]
Muslim Mosque Association Sacramento California 1947 ? Oldest mosque in the western United States. Established in a residential building in 1947. Features a minaret.[20]
Masjid Ar-Ribat al-Islami San Diego California S [21]
Islamic Center of Yuba City Yuba City California 1994 Completed in 1994 at cost of $1.8 million and thousands of hours of sweat equity, including community members descended from Pakistani who immigrated to the area in c. 1902. It was then burnt by arson, in the first hate-crime destroying a mosque in the United States. The case received little attention at the time, but is subject of 2015 documentary An American Mosque produced by David Washburn.[6]
Women’s Mosque of America Los Angeles California 2015 ND First women-led Muslim house of worship. Offers monthly khutbas (sermons) to women and children (including boys 12 and under) of any Islamic denomination.[22][23]
Islamic Center of Greater Hartford Hartford and Berlin Connecticut Its president, Dr. M. Reza Mansoor is a Hartford Hospital cardiologist and "a long-time Trustee of the Hartford Seminary, the country's oldest center for the study of Islam and Christian-Muslim relations".[24][25] Berlin, CT, new mosque is also part of IAGH.[26] Mansoor was also founding president of the Muslim Coalition of Connecticut.[27][28][29]
Masjid An-Noor, Bridgeport, a.k.a. Bridgeport Islamic Society-Masjid An-Noor Bridgeport Connecticut Its building purchased in 1991 was formerly a bank.[30]

As the largest mosque in Bridgeport area, it was subject of questions in 2010 regarding any possible association of Faisal Shahzad, the May 1, 2010 Times Square bomber who lived in Bridgeport). Demonstrators from as far away as Texas confronted the mosque in protests in August 2010.[31][32][33][34][35][36][37]

Bridgeport Islamic Community Center Bridgeport Connecticut 2017 The mosque occupies a former congregational church. Includes a community center and educational facilities.[38]
Islamic Center of Connecticut Windsor Connecticut
Assalam Center Boca Raton Florida
Atlanta Masjid of Al-Islam Atlanta Georgia Established when Elijah Muhammad purchased a property on Bankhead Hwy. Later moved to its present location.[39]
Al-Farooq Masjid Atlanta Georgia 1980 The Al-Farooq Masjid was established in 1980 as The Atlanta Mosque, a nonprofit, non-political, religious organization. Later due to a name conflict with another organization, its name was changed to Al-Farooq Masjid of Atlanta.
Masjid Al-Muminun Atlanta Georgia Masjid Al-Mu’minun is one of the most recognized religious buildings in the city of Atlanta, and a vast number of people from different cultures and backgrounds visit the Masjid on a daily basis. Al-Mu’minun is nationally known for advocacy of Muslims and Islamic Issues. The Masjid congregation and staff have been the subject of numerous religious programs and news features in recent years
Islamic Community Center of Augusta Augusta Georgia 2012 S
Masjid Al-Quba Buford Georgia 2010 S Established first Masjid in vicinity of Mall of Georgia area.
An-Noor Mosque Mangilao Guam 2000 First mosque established in Guam.[40][41]
Honolulu Mosque Honolulu, Oahu Hawaii Established by the Muslim Association of Hawaii.
Mosque Foundation Bridgeview Illinois 1980 [42]
Mosque Maryam Chicago Illinois 1972 NOI Also known as Muslim Temple No. 2. Originally a Greek Orthodox church, purchased in 1972 by the Nation of Islam. Headquarters of the Nation of Islam and of Louis Farrakhan.
Baitul Jamay Glen Ellyn Illinois
Al-Sadiq Mosque Bronzeville neighborhood, Chicago Illinois 1922 A Asserted to be the oldest extant mosque in the United States.
Islamic Foundation Villa Park Illinois 1974 [43]
Islamic Foundation North Libertyville Illinois 2004 [44]
Masjid Darussalam Lombard Illinois 2013 S [45]
Muslim Community Center Chicago Illinois 1969 [46]
Muslim Association of Greater Rockford Rockford Illinois 1984 [47]
Masjid Al-Huda Schaumburg Illinois 1992 [48]
Masjid Noor ul-Islam, Burmese Muslim Education and Community Center Fort Wayne Indiana 2015 The first masjid built by the Burmese Muslim community outside their nation.[49] BMECC website
Darul Arqum Islamic Centre Darul Arqum Islamic Centre Ames Iowa ? Darul Arqum Islamic Centre website
Mother Mosque of America Cedar Rapids Iowa 1934 ?
Masjid Omar Bin Khattab Harvey Louisiana
Baitur Rahman Silver Spring Maryland 1994 A
Baitus Samad Baitus Samad Baltimore Maryland 2017 A [50]
Diyanet Center of America DCA mosque at dusk Lanham Maryland 1993 S Mosque complex built with support from the Turkish government.
Imam Mahdi Islamic Education Center of Baltimore Parkville Maryland 2003
Islamic Society of Western Maryland Hagerstown Maryland 1994
Islamic Society of Baltimore Catonsville Maryland 1969 Visited by former US president Barack Obama in 2016.
Allston Congregational Church Boston Massachusetts A mosque meets in former Congregational church.
Islamic Center of Boston (ICB Wayland) Wayland Massachusetts 1979
Islamic Society of Boston Cambridge Massachusetts 1981
Islamic Society of Greater Lowell Chelmsford Massachusetts 1993
Quincy Mosque Quincy Massachusetts 1963
Sharon Mosque Sharon Massachusetts 1993 Established by Lebanese American immigrants.
Worcester Mosque Worcester Massachusetts 2005
Al-Islah Mosque Hamtramck Michigan 2000 S Established by Bangladeshi American immigrants.
Dearborn Mosque Dearborn Michigan 1937 S
First Albanian Bektashi Tekke in America Taylor, Michigan Michigan 1954 SH Adheres to the Bektashi Sufi branch of Shia Islam.
Islamic Center and Mosque of Grand Rapids Grand Rapids Michigan 1986 Adheres to Sufism.
Islamic Center of America Dearborn Michigan 2005 SH Largest mosque in the United States.
Muslim Temple No. 1 Detroit Michigan 1931 NOI First mosque of the Nation of Islam.
Islamic Center of Mississippi-Starkville Starkville Mississippi
Daar-Ul-Islam Ballwin Missouri One of two mosques of the Islamic Foundation of Greater St. Louis.
Islamic Center of Central Missouri Columbia Missouri 1983 First Islamic center established in Missouri.
Masjid Bilal St. Louis Missouri One of two mosques of the Islamic Foundation of Greater St. Louis.
St. Louis Islamic Center St. Louis Missouri 2010 A Bosnian mosque.
Masjid As-Sabur (As-Sabur Mosque) Las Vegas Nevada 1975 S
Masjid Ibrahim Las Vegas Nevada 2015 First mosque in North America whose construction was funded entirely by one woman (Sharaf Haseebullah)
Islamic Center of Passaic County Paterson New Jersey 1990 One of the largest Muslim communities in New Jersey, in South Paterson which is the largest Muslim community in the United States.
Dar al-Islam near Abiquiú New Mexico 1979
Islamic Awareness Center Binghamton New York 2001 Also known as Masjid Al-Tahweed.
Islamic Association of Long Island Selden New York 1974 Also known as the Selden Masjid.
Islamic Society of Central New York Syracuse New York 1981 S A mosque and community center.
Masjid Al-Mamoor Jamaica New York Also known as the Jamaica Muslim Center, includes a Mosque, a school, a place for religious gathering, and eating facilities, and is one of the largest multi-purpose Muslim establishments in the U.S. Located in a Bangladeshi-American neighborhood.
Masjid Hamza Valley Stream New York
Mid-Hudson Islamic Association Wappingers Falls New York 1990 Also known as Masjid Al-Noor (Arabicمسجد النور)
Mosque No. 7 New York City New York 1946 S Where Malcolm X preached in a storefront until he split from Elijah Muhammad and left the Nation of Islam in 1964. Destroyed in a bombing in 1965, after Malcolm X's assassination.
Masjid Malcolm Shabazz New York City New York 1960s S Successor to the Sunni Muslim mosque that was named Muslim Mosque, Inc., which was started by Malcolm X after Malcolm X split from Elijah Muhammad in 1964. The mosque is located at 102 West 116th Street.
Hazrati Abu Bakr Siddique New York City New York 1986
Masjid al-Ikhlas Newburgh New York 1992
Islamic Cultural Center of New York New York City New York 1991 Also known as "96th Street Mosque".
Park51 New York City New York 2011 ND Proposed mosque, also known as the "Ground Zero mosque", a plan that became subject of controversy in 2010. Currently a museum, not a mosque, is planned. But in September 2011, a temporary 4,000-square-foot (370 m2) Islamic center opened in renovated space at the site.[51]
Beit El-Maqdis Islamic Center New York City New York
Noor Islamic Cultural Center Columbus Ohio 2006 ?
Imam Khoei Islamic Center (New York) New York city New York (state) 1988 Islamic center; charity institution; One of the largest Shia Islamic centers in America[52]
Masjid King Khalid Raleigh North Carolina 1982 Masjid King Khalid was the first and only Masjid in the US that was built from a donation from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to a private baptist University.[53]
Assyrian Muslim Cemetery mosque Mountrail County North Dakota 1929, rebuilt 2004 The original mosque at the site was built in 1929 by immigrants from what is now Lebanon and Syria. A modest replacement mosque was built in 2005, although it was built for historical purposes and is rarely used.[54]
Islamic Society of Greater Dayton Josie Street, Dayton Ohio 1985 S
Islamic Society of Greater Toledo Toledo Ohio 1983
Islamic Association of Cincinnati Cincinnati Ohio 1970 Community members donated their funds and skills to design and build a new facility. The new mosque officially opened in 2003.
Toledo Masjid of Al-Islam Toledo Ohio 1953 Building built by the Syrian Lebanese immigrants in 1953. First Masjid (Mosque) built from the ground up in the State of Ohio and City of Toledo. Formerly the Islamic Center of Greater Toledo. Purchased in 2010 by Toledo Masjid of Al-Islam under the leadership of Imam Ibrahim S. Abdul-Rahim. Masjid Al-Islam is the name of many Masajid established by followers of Imam W.D. Mohammed of the Mosque Cares Ministry. Once called The American Muslim Mission.
Islamic Society of Tulsa Tulsa Oklahoma ? [55]
Bilal Masjid Beaverton Oregon 1987 S Oldest Masjid in Washington County.
Islamic Center of Portland Portland Oregon S Also known by Masjid As-Saber. Largest Mosque located in Oregon.
Portland Rizwan Mosque Portland Oregon A [56]
Islamic Education Center of Pennsylvania Allentown Pennsylvania 2005 Also known as Jesus Son of Mary Mosque (Masjid Eisa bin Maryam)
Islamic Center of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 1989 Largest mosque in Pittsburgh, with 600–750 attendees at Friday prayers[57]
Masjid Al-Jamia of Philadelphia Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1988 S Founded in 1988, originally by Muslim students from the University of Pennsylvania; now independent; located in the building of the former Commodore Theatre, a cinema built in the Moorish (Spanish colonial) architectural style in 1928
Mosque of Shaikh M. R. Bawa Muhaiyaddeen Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1984 ? Established by the Bawa Muhaiyaddeen Fellowship, which honors the Sufi teachings of Bawa Muhaiyaddeen.
Centro Islamico de Puerto Rico San Juan Puerto Rico 1981 First mosque established in Puerto Rico. The mosque has a capacity of 200 men and 40 women and is located next to the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus.[58]
Masjid Vega Alta Vega Alta Puerto Rico 1992 Largest mosque in Puerto Rico, with a capacity of 1,200 men and 120 women.[58]
Masjid Montehiedra San Juan Puerto Rico 2007 The mosque has a capacity of 400 men and 50 women. Features an Islamic weekend school.[58]
Al-Islam Mosque North Smithfield Rhode Island
Islamic Center of Murfreesboro Murfreesboro Tennessee 2012 S
Al-Noor Houston Texas
Baitus Samee Mosque Houston Texas 2002 A Visited by Mirza Masroor Ahmad in 2018.[59]
East Plano Islamic Center (EPIC Masjid) Plano Texas 2015 S
Islamic Association of North Texas Richardson, Texas Texas 1969 S
Islamic Center of Greater Austin Austin Texas 1977 S
Islamic Center of Irving Irving Texas 1991 S One of the largest mosques in the United States established in 1991 with 3,000 weekly worshippers. The mosque holds an event every Sunday for those wanting to learn more about Islam. [60]
Islamic Society of Denton Denton Texas August 15th, 1981 S The Islamic Society of Denton (ISD) is a non-profit religious organization founded to serve the Greater Denton area community. The Masjid (Mosque) was built, primarily, by residents and students attending both the University of North Texas and Texas Woman's University. ISD opened in August 1981, making it the first Masjid built in Texas.
Nur Mosque Charlotte Amalie Virgin Islands 1978 First mosque established in the U.S. Virgin Islands.[61][62]
Dar Al-Hijrah Islamic Center (Arabic: مركز دار الهجرة الاسلامي, English: Land of Migration) Seven Corners area of unincorporated Fairfax County, Virginia Virginia 1991
All Dulles Area Muslim Society Sterling, Virginia Virginia 1983 All Dulles Area Muslim Society is one of the largest mosques in the United States, located in Sterling, VA and serving 5000 Muslim families. ADAMS offers a wide variety of services.
Islamic Center of Washington Washington, D.C. 1957 ?
Fazl Mosque Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. 1950 A Also known as the American Fazl Mosque. Served as the American headquarters of the Ahmaddiya movement in the United States until 1994.
Islamic Society of Northern Wisconsin Altoona Wisconsin

See also[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap


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External links[edit]