List of ongoing armed conflicts

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Ongoing armed conflicts, as of December 2020
  Major wars, 10,000+ deaths in current or past calendar year
  Wars, 1,000–9,999 deaths in current or past calendar year
  Minor conflicts, 100–999 deaths in current or past calendar year
  Skirmishes and clashes, 10–99 deaths in current or past calendar year

The following is a list of ongoing armed conflicts that are taking place around the world.

List parameters[edit]

This list of ongoing armed conflicts identifies present-day conflicts and the death toll associated with each conflict. The guidelines of inclusion are the following:

  • Armed conflicts consists in the use of armed force between two or more organized armed groups, governmental or non-governmental.[1] Interstate, intrastate and non-state armed conflicts are listed.
  • Fatality figures include battle-related deaths (military and civilian) as well as civilians intentionally targeted by the parties to an armed conflict. Only direct deaths resulting from violence are included for the current and past year; excess deaths indirectly resulting from famine, disease, or disruption of services are included along with violent deaths in the cumulative fatalities count when available.
  • Listed conflicts have at least 100 cumulative deaths in total and at least 1 death in current or in the past calendar year.
  • Fatality totals may be inaccurate or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus sign indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 455+ indicates that at least 455 people have died).
  • Location refers to the states where the main violence takes place, not to the warring parties. Italics indicate disputed territories and unrecognized states.
  • A territorial dispute or a protest movement which has not experienced deliberate and systemic deaths due to state or paramilitary violence is not considered to be an armed conflict.

Major wars (10,000 or more combat-related deaths in current or past year)[edit]

The 3 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 10,000 direct, violent deaths per year in battles between identified groups, in a current or past calendar year.[2]

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2020 Fatalities in 2021
1978 Afghanistan conflict Asia  Afghanistan 227,510 (2018)[3]–2,000,000 (2014)[4] 20,797[5][6] 4,001[7]
2011 Yemeni Crisis Asia  Yemen
 Saudi Arabia
26,230 (1994–2018)[8]–233,000[9][10][11] 19,780[a][12][13] 2,121[7]
2020 Tigray War Africa  Eritrea
 Ethiopia
 Sudan
17,016+ 2,835[14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22] 14,514+[23][24][22]

Wars (1,000–9,999 combat-related deaths in current or past year)[edit]

The 13 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 direct, violent deaths in a current or past calendar year.[2]
Conflicts causing at least 1,000 deaths in one calendar year are considered wars by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program.[25]

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2020 Fatalities in 2021
1988 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict Asia  Artsakh
 Azerbaijan
39,000–49,000+[n 1] 7,660[31][32][33][34] 10[7]
1991 Somali Civil War Africa  Somalia
 Kenya
503,000+[35] 3,438[36][12][37][38][39][40] 481[41][7][42]
1999 Ituri conflict Africa  Democratic Republic of the Congo 61,000+[43] 1,750[44][45][46][47][48][49][50][51][52][53] 136[7]
2002 Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present) Africa  Algeria
 Burkina Faso
 Chad
 Libya
 Mali
 Niger
 Tunisia
25,000+ 7,047[n 2][12][52][54] 651[55][56][7]
2003 Iraq conflict Asia  Iraq 326,000–1,215,000+ killed overall[57][58][nb 1] 2,657[59][60] 331[7]
2004 Kivu conflict Africa  Democratic Republic of the Congo 21,000+[12] 3,350[61][62][63][64][52] 300[65][66][7]
2006 Mexican Drug War North America  Mexico 41,034 dead in battles 1989–2019[67] (151,000 homicide victims in organized crime 2006–2020)[68] 8,404[69][70][71][72][73][74][52] 1,251[7]
2009 Boko Haram insurgency Africa  Nigeria
 Cameroon
 Niger
 Chad
60,000+[75][76] 8,200[n 3][52][77] 1,476[78][79][80][81][7]
2011 Libyan conflict Africa  Libya 30,000–43,000[n 4] 1,496[12][86][87][88][89][90][91][92][93][94] 3[95]
2011 Syrian Civil War Asia  Syria 387,118 –593,000[96] 6,817[97]–7,969[98] 1,098[99][95]
2011 Ethnic violence in South Sudan Africa  South Sudan 385,000–400,000+[100][101] 2,369[102][103][104][105][106][52] 223[7]
2012 Mali War Africa  Mali 13,500+[107][108] 2,849[52] 256[109][110][7]
2017 Insurgency in Cabo Delgado Africa  Mozambique
 Tanzania
4,000+[n 5] 1,825[125][126][127][123][128][129][130][131][12][132] 70[7]

Currently minor conflicts (100–999 combat-related deaths in current or past year)[edit]

The 26 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 100, and fewer than 1,000, direct, violent deaths in a current or past calendar year.

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2020 Fatalities in 2021
1947 Insurgency in Kashmir (Indo-Pakistani Wars) Asia  India
 Pakistan
45,000[133][b][139] 750[n 7][c][143][144] 100[7]
1948 Internal conflict in Myanmar Asia  Myanmar 130,000[145]–210,000[146] 653[147][52] 55[7]
1948 Insurgency in Balochistan Asia  Pakistan
 Iran
20,289–20,589+[n 8] 500[153][144][d] 42[154]
1960 Katanga insurgency Africa  DR Congo 1,934+[12] 168[12] 10[95]
1960 South Thailand insurgency Asia  Thailand 7,201[155] 121[156][157][158][159][160][161][155][162][163][164][165][166] 5[95]
1962 West Papua conflict Oceania  Indonesia 100,000–500,000[167] 117[95] 29[7]
1964 Colombian conflict South America  Colombia 220,000[168][169] 821[7] 136[7]
1967 Naxalite–Maoist insurgency Asia  India 12,877–14,369+[170][171] 500[172][173][144] 68[95]
1969 Moro conflict Asia  Philippines 120,000–150,000[174] 500[175][176][177][178][179][180] 30[95]
1969 Communist rebellion in the Philippines Asia  Philippines 43,388+[181] 500[182][183][184][185] 105[7]
1973 Oromo conflict Africa  Ethiopia 1,600–8,900[186] 420[187][188][189] 30[190][191]
1984 Kurdish–Turkish conflict Asia  Turkey
 Iraq
 Syria
45,000+[n 9] 543[195][196][197][198][199][200] 82+[95][201][202]
1996 Allied Democratic Forces insurgency Africa  Democratic Republic of the Congo 3,353+[n 10] 900[n 11][52][205] 200[66][65][206]
1998 Communal conflicts in Nigeria Africa  Nigeria 17,156[n 12] 600[210][211][52][212] 10[95]
1999 Internal conflict in Bangladesh Asia  Bangladesh 583+[52] 278[52] 32[7]
2003 War in Darfur Africa SudanSudan 300,000+ 780[213][214][215][52] 327[7][216]
2004 Insurgency in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Asia  Pakistan 45,265+[n 13] 209[66] 15[95]
2011 Sinai insurgency Africa  Egypt 5,000+[82] 562[12] 5[95]
2011 Sudanese conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile Africa SudanSudan 7,166[12] 150[12] 64[7]
2012 Central African Republic conflict Africa  Central African Republic 8,000+[82] 427[12] 145[7]
2013 Insurgency in Egypt Africa  Egypt 5,800+[82][223] 626[n 14][52][224] 69[7][225]
2014 Russo-Ukrainian War Europe  Ukraine 12,800–13,000[226] 109[227] 9[7]
2016 Philippine Drug War Asia Philippines Philippines 5,000+ 400[228][229][230][180] 104[7]
2017 Anglophone Crisis Africa  Cameroon 3,500+[231] 530[n 15] 75[n 16]
2019 2019–20 Persian Gulf crisis Asia  Iran
 Iraq
 Saudi Arabia
273 220[232][233] 25[234][235][236][237]
2019 Metekel conflict Africa  Ethiopia 519+ 437[238][239][240][241] 82[242]

Skirmishes and clashes (fewer than 100 deaths in current or past year)[edit]

The 14 conflicts in the following list have caused fewer than 100 direct, violent deaths in a current or past calendar year.

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2020 Fatalities in 2021
1922 Arab separatism in Khuzestan Asia  Iran 342–501[citation needed] 40[12] 5[7]
1946 Kurdish separatism in Iran Asia  Iran 13,100–35,000[n 17] 60[244][245][246][12] 2[247]
1948 Israeli–Palestinian conflict Asia  Gaza Strip

 Israel

50,000+[248] 34[249][250][251][252][253][254][255] 10[7]
1950 Korean conflict Asia  North Korea
 South Korea
5,000,000 2[95] 6[95]
1954 Insurgency in Northeast India Asia  India 25,000+[145] 25[65] 10[95]
1970 Western Sahara conflict Africa  Morocco
Saharawi Republic
14,000–21,000+ 1[256] 4[247]
1975 Cabinda War Africa  Angola 30,000[257] 71[258][20] 4[247]
1980 Internal conflict in Peru South America  Peru 70,000[259] 41[52] 3[95]
1987 Lord's Resistance Army insurgency Africa  Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Central African Republic
100,000+ 27[260][261] 2[95]
2005 Insurgency in Paraguay South America  Paraguay 111[n 18][12] 18[n 19][12]
2007 Terrorism in Sindh Asia  Pakistan 7,636[262] 51[262] 5[95]
2009 Terrorism in Punjab Asia  Pakistan 2,536[263][264] 16[264] 5[95]
2015 ISIL insurgency in Tunisia Africa  Tunisia 172–216+ 13[12] 5[95]
2016 Kamwina Nsapu rebellion Africa  Democratic Republic of the Congo 5,150+[265][12] 25[12]

Deaths by country[edit]

This section details armed-conflict-related fatalities by country.

Conflict-related fatalities in the world's 17 deadliest countries 2014 - 2020
2015[e] 2016[e] 2017[f] 2018[g] 2019[h] 2020[h]
Rank Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths
1  Syria Positive decrease55,219  Syria Positive decrease49,742  Syria Positive decrease39,000  Afghanistan Negative increase35,941  Afghanistan Negative increase41,735  Mexico Positive decrease34,523*
2  Afghanistan Negative increase36,345  Mexico Negative increase23,953* [268]  Mexico Negative increase31,174*  Mexico Negative increase33,341*[269]  Mexico Negative increase35,588*  Afghanistan Positive decrease20,674
3  Iraq Negative increase24,113  Iraq Positive decrease23,898  Afghanistan Positive decrease23,065  Yemen Negative increase22,201  Yemen Positive decrease16,050  Yemen Negative increase19,561
4  Mexico Positive decrease20,525*[270]  Afghanistan Positive decrease23,539  Iraq Positive decrease13,187  Syria Positive decrease20,130  Syria Positive decrease11,244  Syria Positive decrease7,620
5  Nigeria Positive decrease8,122  Somalia Negative increase5,575  Myanmar Negative increase6,700+  Iraq Positive decrease4,920  Saudi Arabia Negative increase4,832  Nigeria Negative increase7,172
6  Yemen Negative increase6,425  Nigeria Positive decrease4,684  Somalia Positive decrease4,969  Nigeria Negative increase4,850  Somalia Positive decrease2,604  Democratic Republic of the Congo Negative increase6,162
7  Ukraine Positive decrease4,344  Sudan Negative increase3,891  South Sudan Positive decrease3,528  Somalia Positive decrease3,862  Libya Negative increase2,200+  Azerbaijan/ Artsakh Negative increase6,110
8  Somalia Positive decrease4,087  South Sudan Negative increase3,544  Nigeria Positive decrease3,432  Saudi Arabia Negative increase3,509  Iraq Positive decrease1,850<  Somalia Negative increase2,950
9  Pakistan Positive decrease3,688[271][272]  Libya Negative increase2,865  Sudan Positive decrease2,450  Democratic Republic of the Congo Positive decrease1,757  Mali Positive decrease734+  Mali Negative increase2,734
10  South Sudan Positive decrease3,258  Turkey Negative increase2,013  Democratic Republic of the Congo Negative increase1,857  Mali Negative increase1,285  Egypt Positive decrease529+  Iraq Negative increase2,436
11  Sudan Positive decrease3,216  Pakistan Positive decrease1,803[271][272]  Central African Republic Negative increase1,757  South Sudan Positive decrease1,166  South Sudan Positive decrease519  Burkina Faso Negative increase2,268
12  Egypt Negative increase2,836  Egypt Positive decrease1,707  Libya Positive decrease1,564  India Negative increase988[273]  India Positive decrease~403  South Sudan Negative increase2,245
13  Libya Positive decrease2,706  Democratic Republic of the Congo Positive decrease1,565  Egypt Positive decrease1,506  Cameroon Negative increase945  Democratic Republic of the Congo Positive decrease302+  Ethiopia Negative increase1,813
14  Democratic Republic of the Congo Negative increase1,699  Yemen Positive decrease1,375  Ethiopia Negative increase1,445  Ethiopia Positive decrease886  Colombia Positive decrease238  Mozambique Negative increase1,696
15  Cameroon Negative increase1,429  Ethiopia Negative increase1,114  Philippines Negative increase1,429  Central African Republic Positive decrease842  Cameroon Positive decrease234  Libya Positive decrease1,484
16  Nigeria Negative increase986  India Negative increase905[274]  Yemen Positive decrease1,319  Pakistan Positive decrease736[275]  Pakistan Positive decrease206  Cameroon Negative increase1,447
17  Myanmar Negative increase881  Ukraine Positive decrease902  Pakistan Positive decrease1,269[271][272]  Libya Positive decrease727  Thailand Negative increase163  Philippines Negative increase1,316

*Mainly homicides rather than battle-related casualties

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 19,561 in Yemen, 74 in Saudi Arabia
  2. ^ 45,000-100,000 in Jammu and Kashmir.[n 6]
  3. ^ 313 in India, 5 in Pakistan
  4. ^ 280 in Pakistan, 40 in Iran
  5. ^ a b Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[82][266]
  6. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[82][204]
  7. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[82][267]
  8. ^ a b Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[82]
  1. ^ Combined estimated death tolls of each conflict since 2003

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  275. ^ SATP [4] Terrorism record - 697 killed in 2018. In fighting with India 39 Pakistanis were killed, 30 Pakistani Civilians [5] and 9 Pakistani Soldiers were killed.[6][7][8][9][10] In total 736 were killed in Pakistan due to fighting/war and violence/terrorism.

External links[edit]