List of wars: 1990–2002

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This is a list of wars that began between 1990 and 2002. Other wars can be found in the historical lists of wars and the list of wars extended by diplomatic irregularity. Major wars from this era include the Second Congo War in Africa, the Second Chechen War in Europe, the Tajikistani Civil War in Asia, and the Cenepa War in South America.

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents
Victorious party (if applicable) Defeated party (if applicable)
1990 1991 Gulf War  Kuwait
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Saudi Arabia
Coalition Forces
Iraq Iraq
1990 1998 1990–98 Indonesian military operations in Aceh  Indonesia Free Aceh Movement
1990 Ongoing DHKP/C insurgency in Turkey  Turkey DHKP.svg DHKP-C
1990 1994 Rwandan Civil War FPR Rwanda Government of Rwanda
1990 1995 Tuareg rebellion (1990–95)  Mali
Ganda Iso
Arab Islamic Front of Azawad
Popular Front for the Liberation of Azawad
United Movements and Fronts of Azawad
Front for the Liberation of Air and Azaouak
Front for the Liberation of Tamoust
1990 1990 1990 Mindanao crisis  Philippines Federal Republic of Mindanao
1991 1991 Operation Traira  Brazil


Flag of the FARC-EP.svg FARC
1991 1991 Ten-Day War  Slovenia  SFR Yugoslavia
1991 1992 1991–92 South Ossetia War  South Ossetia
 North Ossetian volunteers
1991 1994 Djiboutian Civil War  Djibouti
FRUD.png Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy
1991 1995 Croatian War of Independence  SFR Yugoslavia (1991–1992)
Republic of Serbian Krajina SAO Krajina (1991)
Republic of Serbian Krajina SAO Western Slavonia (1991)
Republic of Serbian Krajina SAO Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Syrmia (1991)
 Republic of Serbian Krajina (1992–1995)
 Republika Srpska (1992–1995)
Bosnia and Herzegovina (1994–1995)
1991 2002 Sierra Leone Civil War  Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone Kamajors
 South African Mercenaries
 Nigerian-led ECOMOG Group
 United Kingdom
Revolutionary United Front
Armed Forces Revolutionary Council
West Side Boys
1991 2002 Algerian Civil War  Algerian government Armed Islamic Group (GIA)
1991 Ongoing Somali Civil War 1986–91:

Armed rebel groups:

 United Nations

Somalia Transitional Federal Government
Allied armed groups:

Somalia Federal Government of Somalia
 United States


Somalia Somali Democratic Republic (until 1991)

Allied rebel groups:

  • SNF (after 1991)

Islamic Courts Union
Oromo Liberation Front[1]
Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia
Ras Kamboni Brigades
Jabhatul Islamiya
Muaskar Anole

Foreign Mujahideen
Hizbul Islam

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
(since 2015)

1991 1993 Georgian Civil War Georgia (country) Georgian State Council
Georgia (country) Zviadists
National Guard of Georgia
1991 1991 1991 uprisings in Iraq Iraq Ba'athist Iraq Shia militias
1992 1995 Bosnian War  Republika Srpska
 Republic of Serbian Krajina
Western Bosnia (1993-1995)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Croatian Herzeg-Bosnia (1992; 1994-1995)
 Croatia (1992; 1994-1995)
 NATO (1995)
1992 1992 1992 Venezuelan coup d'état attempts  Venezuela Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement-200
1992 1992 East Prigorodny Conflict North Ossetia – Alania North Ossetian militia and security forces
North Ossetia – Alania North Ossetian Republican Guard
South Ossetia South Ossetian militia
Don Cossacks
Russia Terek Cossacks
Russia Russian Army
Ingush militia
1992 1996 Civil war in Afghanistan (1992–96) Afghanistan Taliban

Al Qaeda
Supported by:
 Saudi Arabia

Hezbi Islami(Supported by Pakistan)
Hezb-i Wahdat (Supported by Iran)
Uzbekistan Junbish-i Milli (Supported by Uzbekistan and Russia)

Afghanistan Unit Party
1992 1992 War of Transnistria  Transnistria
 Russian Volunteers
Russia Russian 14th Army
 Ukrainian Volunteers
Don Cossacks
 Romanian Volunteers and advisors
1992 1993 War in Abkhazia (1992–93)  Abkhazia
Confederation of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus
Russian Cossacks
1992 1997 Civil war in Tajikistan  Tajikistan
1993 1993 Waco siege  United States Branch Davidians
1993 1994 Chechen Civil War [ru]  Chechen Republic of Ichkeria Provisional Council of the Chechen Republic [ru]

National Salvation Committee [ru]

Supported by:

Russia Russia

1993 2005 Burundian Civil War Government forces:

Burundi Burundian government

Supported by:
United Nations ONUB
African Union Mission in Burundi

Hutu militias:


Tutsi militias

1993 1994 Republic of the Congo Civil War (1993–94) Republic of the CongoRepublic of the Congo government


Congolese Party of Labour
1993 Ongoing Ethnic conflict in Nagaland India India

Myanmar Burma

1993 1993 1993 Russian constitutional crisis Russia President of Russia
Main Administration of Protection
Ministry of the Interior
Ministry of Defence


Russia Supreme Soviet of Russia
Russia Congress of People's Deputies of Russia
Russia Vice President of Russia
Russia Russian EmpireSoviet UnionRussia

Supporters of the Supreme Soviet and Alexander Rutskoy

1994 1997 Iraqi Kurdish Civil War PUK

 Iran (from 1995)

  • Support

United States United States (from 1996)


Iraq Iraq
 Iran (until 1995)

1994 Ongoing Armenian-Azerbaijani border conflict
Part of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic

Supported by:


Supported by:

1994 Ongoing Chiapas conflict  Mexico Zapatista Army of National Liberation[2]
1994 1994 1994 Zapatista Uprising
Part of the Chiapas conflict
 Mexico Zapatista Army of National Liberation
1994 1994 1994 Bophuthatswana crisis BDF Mutineers
Government of Bophuthatswana
Afrikaner Volksfront
1994 1994 1994 civil war in Yemen  Yemen People's Democratic Republic of Yemen Democratic Republic of Yemen
1994 1996 First Chechen War  Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
Foreign mujahideen
Ukrainian volunteers
1994 1999 Caprivi conflict  Namibia Caprivi Liberation Army
1995 1995 Cenepa War  Peru  Ecuador
1995 Ongoing Insurgency in Ogaden  Ethiopia Flag of Ogaden National Liberation Front(2).svg Ogaden National Liberation Front
1995 Ongoing Second Afar Insurgency  Ethiopia


Flag of ARDUF.png ARDUF
1995 1995 Hanish Islands conflict  Eritrea  Yemen
1996 Ongoing ADF insurgency  Uganda
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
Flag of ADF.png Allied Democratic Forces
National Army for the Liberation of Uganda
1996 2006 Nepalese Civil War South Asian Communist Banner.svg Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
Supported by:
Nepal Kingdom of Nepal (Government)
Supported by:
 United States
 United Kingdom
 European Union
1996 2001 Civil war in Afghanistan (1996–2001) Afghanistan Islamic State of Afghanistan
After September 11, 2001:
 United States of America
 United Kingdom
Supported by:
Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan

Supported by:
1996 1997 First Congo War Democratic Republic of the Congo Flagge FDLR.svg AFDL
RwandaArmy for the Liberation of Rwanda
1997 1997 Albanian Rebellion of 1997  Albania
Albania Ad hoc local Albanian militias
1997 1999 Republic of the Congo Civil War (1997–99)  Republic of the Congo (Denis Sassou Nguesso government)
Cobra militia
Rwandan Hutu militia
 Republic of the Congo (Pascal Lissouba government)
Cocoye militia
Ninja militia
Nsiloulou militia
Mamba militia
1997 1997 1997 clashes in Cambodia Cambodia Hun Sen (CPP)
Cambodia Norodom Ranariddh (FUNCINPEC)
Cambodia Khmer Rouge
1998 1998 1998 Monrovia clashes Liberia Liberian government (Taylor loyalists) Liberia Johnson's forces (ex-ULIMO-J)

Limited involvement:


 United States

1998 1998 War in Abkhazia (1998)  Abkhazia Georgia (country) White Legion
Georgia (country) Forest Brotherhood
1998 1999 Kosovo War  NATO
Albania AFRK
Kosovo Liberation Army
 FR Yugoslavia
1998 2000 Eritrean–Ethiopian War  Ethiopia  Eritrea
1998 2003 Second Congo War Pro-government:
Dem Rep of Congo
Anti-Ugandan forces:

Lord's Resistance Army
Sudan (alleged)

Anti-Rwandan militias:

Anti-Burundi militias:

Rwandan-aligned militias:

Ugandan-aligned militias:

Anti-Angolan forces:

1998 1999 Guinea-Bissau Civil War Guinea-Bissau Rebels led by Mané  Guinea-Bissau
1998 Ongoing Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen Yemeni government

Supported by:


Ansar al-Sharia (after 2011)

Supported by:

1999 1999 Kargil War

Part of the Indo-Pakistani Wars

 India  Pakistan
1999 2000 1999 East Timorese crisis  East Timor
United Nations U.N. INTERFET
East Timor Pro-Indonesia militia
1999 2001 Insurgency in the Preševo Valley  FR Yugoslavia Liberation Army of Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac
1999 2002 Maluku sectarian conflict
1999 2003 Second Liberian Civil War Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy
Movement for Democracy in Liberia
1999 2007 Ituri conflict Hema tribe:
Union of Congolese Patriots (UPC)

 Democratic Republic of the Congo
United Nations MONUC
European Union Artemis

Lendu tribe:
Nationalist and Integrationist Front (FNI)
Front for Patriotic Resistance in Ituri (FRPI)
Popular Front for Justice in Congo (PFJC)

Mai-Mai Simba

1999 1999 War of Dagestan  Russia IIPB
Shura of Dagestan
1999 2009 Second Chechen War  Russian Federation
Chechnya Republic of Chechnya
 Republic of Ichkeria
Caucasian militants
Flag of Jihad.svg Foreign mujahideen
2000 2000 Six-Day War (2000)
Part of the Second Congo War
 Rwanda  Uganda
2000 2005 Second Intifada  Israel Hamas

Palestinian National Authority Fatah


Islamic Jihad

Supported by:

2000 2006 2000–06 Shebaa Farms conflict Flag of Israel.svg Israel InfoboxHez.PNG Hezbollah

Supported by:

2001 2003 Kurdistan Islamist conflict Flag of PUK.png Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
Flag of KDP.png Kurdistan Democratic Party
United States United States
Ansar al-Islam[7][8]
Kurdistan Islamic Group[7]
Kurdistan Islamic Movement[9]
al-Qaeda al-Qaeda
2001 2001 Insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia  Republic of Macedonia National Liberation Army
2001 Ongoing War on Terror Coalition:

Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (2004–present)

Insurgent groups:
2002 2002 Perejil Island crisis  Spain  Morocco
2002 2003 2002–2003 conflict in the Pool Department  Republic of the Congo Ninja militia
2002 Ongoing Operation Enduring Freedom – Philippines Government of the Philippines
 United States (advisors)
Moro/Islamic insurgents:
Moro Islamic Liberation Front (until 6 Oct 2012)
Abu Sayyaf
Jemaah Islamiyah

Communist insurgents:
New People's Army
Communist Party of the Philippines

2002 Ongoing Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa


al-Itihaad al-Islamiya (Dis)
Islamic Courts Union (Dis)
Harakat al-Shabaab Mujahedeen
Hizbul Islam (Dis)



  • Somali Marines
  • National Volunteer Coast Guard (NVCG)
  • Marka group
  • Puntland Group
  • Yemeni Pirates
2002 2007 First Ivorian Civil War  Ivory Coast

Supported by:

New Forces (FN)

United Nations UN Peacekeepers

2002 Ongoing Taliban insurgency
Part of the War in Afghanistan (2001–present), War in Afghanistan (1978-present) and War on Terrorism
Afghanistan Afghanistan

Allied militias


 India (2015–present)


Afghanistan Taliban

Allied groups

Taliban splinter groups (from 2015)


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Major contributing nations with more than 200 troops as of May 2015


  1. ^ Kenya: Seven Oromo Liberation Front Fighters Held in Garissa (Daily Nation), January 6, 2007
  2. ^ Guzmán, J.L.S. (2003). El enemigo interno: contrainsurgencia y fuerzas armadas en México. Centro de Estudios Estratégicos de América del Norte. p. 166. ISBN 9789707221963. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
  3. ^ "Violent Clashes between Al-Maraqeshah and Gunmen of Mobility in Abyan- Yemen Post English Newspaper Online". Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Saudi Leaders Have High Hopes for Yemen Airstrikes, but Houthi Attacks Continue". The New York Times. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  5. ^ "Iraq's Involvement in the Palestinian Terrorist Activity against Israel". Global Security. 2003.
  6. ^ a b A. Kaufman. The Israel-Hezbollah Conflict and the Shebaa Farms. The Joan B. Croc Institute. 2006.
  7. ^ a b Archived 2007-03-05 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Masters of Chaos, Chapter 13 p. 7 Archived 2012-02-14 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "Ansar al-Islam in Iraqi Kurdistan (Human Rights Watch Backgrounder)". Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  10. ^ "Cote d'Ivoire, since 2002". Retrieved 16 October 2014.
  11. ^ "Cote d'Ivoire, since 2002". Retrieved 16 October 2014.
  12. ^ "News – Resolute Support Mission". Archived from the original on 28 February 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.