List of terrorist incidents in 1995

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This is a timeline of incidents in 1995 that have been labelled as "terrorism" and are not believed to have been carried out by a government or its forces (see state terrorism and state-sponsored terrorism).

Guidelines[edit]

  • Types of incidents are selected from the Tactics of terrorism page.
  • Casualties figures in this list are the total casualties of the incident including immediate casualties and later casualties (such as people who succumbed to their wounds long after the attacks occurred).
  • Casualties listed are the victims. Perpetrator casualties are listed separately (e.g. x (+y) indicate that x victims and y perpetrators were killed/injured).
  • Casualty totals may be underestimated or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus (+) sign indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 10+ indicates that at least 10 people have died) – the actual toll could be considerably higher. A figure with a plus (+) sign may also indicate that over that number of people are victims.
  • If casualty figures are 20 or more, they will be shown in bold. In addition, figures for casualties more than 50 will also be underlined.
  • Incidents are limited to one per location per day. If multiple attacks occur in the same place on the same day, they will be merged into a single incident.
  • In addition to the guidelines above, the table also includes the following categories:
  0 people were killed/injured by the incident.
  1–19 people were killed/injured by the incident.
  20–49 people were killed/injured by the incident.
  50–99 people were killed/injured by the incident.
  100+ people were killed/injured by the incident.

January[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
January 22 Suicide bombing 21 (+2 perpetrators) 69 Beit Lid Junction, Israel 21 people are killed and 69 wounded by two suicide bombers at a bus stop.[1] Palestinian Islamic Jihad Israel-Palestine conflict
January 26 Bombings 7 52 Jammu, India Three bombs exploding at a rally to celebrate the Indian national holiday killed seven and injured 52. The apparent target of the attack, the governor of Kashmir, K.V. Krishna Rao, escaped unharmed.[2] Islamists Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir
January 30 Car bombing 42 286 Algiers, Algeria A car bomb exploding near the police headquarters in Algiers kills 42 and injures another 286.[3][4] GIA Algerian civil war

February[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
February 26 Shooting 8 0 Apure Department, Venezuela The Domingo Laín column of the Eln column assaulted the naval post of Cararabo in the Apure state of Venezuela. In the attack, 8 Marines are killed and abundant bellicose material is stolen.[5] ELN Colombian conflict
February 28 Car bombing 76 123 Zakho, Iraq A car bomb, exploding in a crowded market place, killed 76 and injured 123 others. No one claimed responsibility for the attack but the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan was blamed.[6][7] PUK Iraqi Kurdish Civil War

March[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
March 5–6 Armed Assault 7 0 Ituango, Antioquia Department, Colombia About 400 guerrillas of FARC, are taken the municipality of Ituango (Antioquia). 1 policeman and 6 civilians are killed, and material damages amounting to 400 million pesos.[8] FARC Colombian conflict
March 11 Car bombing 0 63 Algiers, Algeria Hours after the Armed Islamic Group warned they would begin killing the spouses, sisters and mothers of police then receiving these warnings unless their own Islamist, fundamentalist women family members were released from prison, a car bomb exploded near police-only apartment buildings injuring 63 people (although most only slightly).[9] GIA Algerian civil war
March 20 Gassing 13 6252 Tokyo, Japan Members of Aum Shinrikyo release sarin gas onto five trains of the Tokyo subway Aum Shinrikyo

April[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
April 9 Suicide bombing 8 (+1 perpetrator) 50 Kfar Darom, Gaza Strip A suicide bomber belonging to Hamas and Islamic Jihad detonates himself in Gaza, killing 8 and injuring 50.[10] PIJ
Hamas
Israel-Palestine conflict
April 19 Truck bombing 168 680+ Oklahoma City, U.S. The Oklahoma City bombing was a domestic terrorist bomb attack on the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995. Carried out by Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, the bombing killed 168 people and injured more than 680 others in retaliation for the US federal government's handling of the Ruby Ridge and Waco sieges. The blast destroyed or damaged 324 buildings within a 16-block radius, destroyed or burned 86 cars, and shattered glass in 258 nearby buildings, causing at least an estimated $652 million worth of damage. Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols
April 19 Gassing 0 671 Yokohama, Japan. 671 people were wounded by a Phosgene attack on the Yokohama Station. Unknown
April 20 Massacre c. 300 unknown Atiak, Uganda. Atiak massacre Lord's Resistance Army Lord's Resistance Army insurgency
April 22 Shooting, Raid 1 (+18) Unknown Rivera, Huila, Colombia Units of the Army Battalion of Tenerife give off 13 ELN guerrillas in Alto de las Papas, jurisdiction of the municipality of Rivera (Huila). Captain Hernán Ricardo Escobar also dies in the fighting.[11] Colombian Army and ELN Colombian conflict
April 28 Shootdown 45 0 Jaffna, Sri Lanka LTTE militants shootdown a Sri Lankan Air Force plane with a missile shortly after the plane left Jaffna Airport LTTE Sri Lankan Civil War
April 29 Shootdown 52 0 Jaffna, Sri Lanka LTTE militants shootdown a Sri Lankan Air Force plane that was sent to investigate the previous day's shootdown LTTE Sri Lankan Civil War

May[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
May 25 Massacre 42 Kallarawa, Sri Lanka LTTE cadres attack a fishing village in Kallarawa, and hack and shot to death 42 civilians.[12] LTTE Sri Lankan Civil War

June[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
June 7 Car bombing 0 1 Ankara, Turkey A car bomb exploded in Ankara wounding a leader of the city's Jewish community.[13] Unknown
June 10 Dynamite 29 200+ Medellín, Colombia About 10 kilos of dynamite explode in the Plaza de San Antonio in Medellín, killing 29 people and wounding more than 200. The monument Botero El Pájaro was partially destroyed as a result of the explosion. Unknown Colombian conflict
June 14–19 Siege 129-166 (+11 perpetrators) 400+ Budyonnovsk, Russia Dozens of Chechen rebels led by Shamil Basayev attacked the town of Budyonnovsk before taking around 1,500-2,000 hostages at a local hospital. After several days of failed negotiations, Russia police stormed the hospital and engaged in heavy gunfire with the militants. Estimates of the number of people killed range from 129 to 166. CRI First Chechen war
June 17 Arson 0 0 West Perth, Australia The French consulate building is firebombed by two eco-terrorists who opposed France's testing of nuclear weapons. Bosco Boscovich
Maya Catts
June 22 Car bombing 0 16 Constantion, Algeria 16 people were wounded in a car bomb blast in the city of Constantion.[14] GIA Algerian civil war

July[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
July 4 Kidnapping 6 0 Pahalgam, India Six western tourists (two British, two American, one German and one Norwegian) are kidnapped and held for ransom by Islamic radicals and murdered over the next several months. Al-Faran Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir
July 9 Bombing 125 Hundreds Navaly, Sri Lanka The Sri Lankan Air Force dropped a bomb on a church that was housing mostly Tamil civilians. Sri Lankan Air Force Sri Lankan Civil War
July 20 Bombing 17 100 Jammu, India A bomb on a motor scooter exploded at a marketplace in Jammu, killing at least 17 and injuring 100 more. Harkat-ul-Ansar claimed responsibility for the bombing.[15] Harkat-ul-Ansar Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir
July 24 Suicide bombing 6 (+1 perpetrator) 30 Tel Aviv, Israel A Palestinian suicide bomber detonated on a bus, killing 6 and injuring 30.[10] Hamas Israel-Palestine conflict
July 25 Bombing 8 80 Paris, France Gas bottle explodes at a train station GIA Algerian civil war
July 26 Bombing 1 42 Jammu, India A bomb hidden in a motor scooter exploded near a Hindu temple and killed a Hindu pilgrim and injured another 42.[16] Harkat-ul-Ansar Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir

August[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
August 7 Ambush 6 0 Choachí, Cundinamarca Department, Colombia Troops of the XIII Brigade are ambushed by FARC guerrillas in the village of La Victoria, municipality of Choachí (Cundinamarca). 6 soldier killed.[17] FARC Colombian conflict
August 17 Bombing 0 17 Paris, France Bombing at the Arc de Triomphe GIA Algerian civil war
August 21 Suicide bombing 5 (+1 perpetrator) 100 Jerusalem, Israel A Hamas suicide bomber detonates on a bus, killing 5 and injuring 100.[10] Hamas Israel-Palestine conflict
August 26 Attempted bombing 0 0 Lyon, France Large bomb found and defused near railway tracks near Lyon GIA Algerian civil war
August 28 Mortar 43 75 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina The Army of Republika Srpska launched a mortar targeting Bosniak civilians at market, similar to an attack they launched the previous year. VRS Bosnian war
August 28 Ambush 5 3+ Bolívar Department, Colombia Guerrillas from front 35 of the FARC assassinate Lieutenant Colonel Alfredo Persand Barnes, Commander of the Marine Infantry Fusilier Battalion No. 5 in El Salado Corregimiento, El Carmen de Bolívar. The ambush also perished 2 civilians and 2 other soldiers.[18] FARC Colombian conflict
August 31 Car bombing 9 104 Algiers, Algeria A car bomb, exploding at a square near the police headquarters in Bab El-Oued killed nine people and left more than 100 injured.[19][20] GIA Algerian civil war
August 31 Suicide bombing 16 (+1 perpetrator) 30 Chandigarh, India Dilawar Singh Babbar, a member of Babbar Khalsa, killed Punjab Chief Minister Beant Singh and 15 others in a suicide bombing. At least 30 more were injured in the attack.[21][22] Babbar Khalsa Punjab insurgency

September[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
September 3 Bombing 0 4 Paris, France Bombing at a square in Paris GIA Algerian civil war
September 5 Car bombings 13 25 Srinagar, India Two car bombs, exploding near two banks handling payrolls for Indian army and police units, killed 13 and injured 25.[23] Harkat-ul-Ansar Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir
September 7 Car bombing 0 14 Lyon, France A car bomb exploded outside a Jewish school in Lyon wounding 14 people.[24] GIA Algerian civil war
September 22 Bombing 39-71 Dozens Nagar Kovil, Sri Lanka The Sri Lankan Air Force dropped a bomb on a school of mainly Tamil children. Sri Lankan Air Force Sri Lankan Civil War

October[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
October Massacres ~120 Eastern Province, Sri Lanka Throughout October 1995, the LTTE carried out several massacres of Sinhalese civilians in the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka. LTTE Sri Lankan Civil War
October 6 Bombing 0 13 Paris, France Bombing at a Paris Métro station GIA Algerian civil war
October 9 Sabotage 1 78 Arizona, United States Amtrak's Sunset Limited train was intentionally derailed near Palo Verde, Arizona by unknown perpetrators. Four typed notes criticizing the FBI and ATF for their handling of the Waco siege were found near the scene and signed with "Sons of the Gestapo". However no group called the "Sons of the Gestapo" has ever been uncovered. Unknown
October 18 Bombing 0 29 Paris, France A bomb was thrown at an underground commuter train as it sped through central Paris. The train was derailed and damaged. No one was killed but 29 people were injured in the attack.[25] GIA Algerian civil war
October 20 Suicide car bombing 1 (perpetrator) 29 Rijeka, Croatia A car bomb is detonated in front of a police station. The perpetrator driving the car was the sole fatality. Days later, the responsibility for the attack was claimed by al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya.[26] al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya Bosnian war
October 31 Bombing 33 Salahuddin, Iraq A bomb exploding at the headquarters of the Iraqi National Congress kills at least 33, including the group's chief of security, Lt. Saif Rashid Sindi.[27][28] PUK Iraqi Kurdish Civil War

November[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
November 4 Assassination 1 1 Tel Aviv, Israel Israeli president Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated and his bodyguard wounded by Israeli ultranationalist Yigal Amir, who opposed Rabin's signing of the Oslo Accords Yigal Amir Israel-Palestine conflict
November 11 Suicide bombings 15+ (+2 perpetrators) 59 Colombo, Sri Lanka A double suicide bombing of army headquarters in Colombo kills at least 15 and injures 59. Attack carried out by LTTE.[29][30] LTTE Sri Lankan Civil War
November 13 Car bombing 7 60 Riyadh, Saudi Arabia A car bomb exploded outside of a military building in Riyadh, killing seven people, including five Americans.[31] Unknown
November 16 Car bombing 12 20 Baghdad, Iraq A car bomb exploding outside the headquarters of the Ba'ath Party kills 12 and injures 20.[32] PUK Iraqi Kurdish Civil War
November 19 Car bombing 17 ≈60 Islamabad, Pakistan Bombing of Egyptian Embassy in Islamabad kills 17.[33] Egyptian Islamic Jihad

December[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
December 4 Car bombing 11 60+ Grozny, Chechnya A car bomb exploding at a bazaar near the main government building killed 11 and injured more than 60. Chechen rebels were blamed for the bombing.[34][35] CRI First Chechen War
December 11 Car bombing 6 19 Madrid, Spain Basque separatists bomb an army vehicle carrying civilian employees ETA Basque conflict
December 22 Car bombing 32+ 117 Peshawar, Pakistan A car bomb exploding outside a department store killed at least 32 and injured 117 more.[36] Unknown

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Suicide bomber kills 19 in Israel, The New York Times (January 23, 1995)
  2. ^ 3 bomb blasts kill 7, hurt 52 at Kashmir fete, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (January 27, 1995)
  3. ^ A Car Bombing in Algiers Kills 38 and Wounds 256, The New York Times (January 31, 1995)
  4. ^ Algiers Bomb Toll Rises to 42 Dead, The Washington Post (February 1, 1995)
  5. ^ http://www.eltiempo.com/archivo/documento/MAM-363147
  6. ^ Car Bomb Kills At Least 54 In Kurdish Iraq, The New York Times (February 28, 1995)
  7. ^ Iraq car-bomb explosion kills 76, injures 123, The Dallas Morning News (March 1, 1995)
  8. ^ http://www.eltiempo.com/archivo/documento/MAM-281325
  9. ^ Bomb Wounds 63 in Families of Algiers Police, The New York Times (March 11, 1995)
  10. ^ a b c Cordesman, Anthony (2005). The Israeli-Palestinian War: Escalating to Nowhere. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 24. 
  11. ^ http://www.eltiempo.com/archivo/documento/MAM-316611
  12. ^ The Sunday Times, Lighting a candle in the storm.
  13. ^ http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-2353781.html
  14. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=08M0AAAAIBAJ&sjid=QCEGAAAAIBAJ&pg=6154,2805008&dq=bomb+attack&hl=en
  15. ^ Bomb explodes near Hindu temple, The Sunday Courier (July 27, 1995)
  16. ^ One killed as bomb explodes near Hindu temple in India, The Seattle Times (July 26, 1995)
  17. ^ http://www.eltiempo.com/archivo/documento/MAM-382587
  18. ^ http://www.eluniversal.com.co/monteria-y-sincelejo/local/fuerzas-militares-recordaron-al-comandante-persand-41941
  19. ^ 10 dead in Algiers car bomb blast, Kingman Daily Miner (August 31, 1995)
  20. ^ World News, St. Louis Post-Dispatch (September 3, 1995)
  21. ^ [Car bomb kills top official, 12 others in northern India], The Buffalo News (August 31, 1995)
  22. ^ Indian security tightens after new assassinations, St. Paul Pioneer Press (September 3, 1995)
  23. ^ Bomb Set by Rebels in Capital of Kashmir Kills 13, Wounds 25, The New York Times (September 5)
  24. ^ [1], News Blaze (May 11, 2008)
  25. ^ "BOMB ATTACK INJURES 29 ON PARIS COMMUTER TRAIN". Sun-Sentinel.com. October 18, 1995. Retrieved October 18, 1995.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  26. ^ "Islamic Group Hits Croatia". by Reuters. New York Times. 1995-10-22. Retrieved 2008-08-10. 
  27. ^ A Fuel Tanker Explodes in Iraq, Killing 10, With 2 From U.N., The New York Times (December 8, 1995)
  28. ^ Toll rises[permanent dead link], Deseret News (November 1, 1995)
  29. ^ The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism, ROBERT A. PAPE The University of Chicago, American Political Science Review Vol. 97, No. 3 August 2003, Page No 16
  30. ^ Suicide Bombing in Sri Lanka, The Washington Post (November 11, 1995)
  31. ^ "Ambassador: Car bomb destroyed military building". 
  32. ^ The Washington Times (November 22, 1995)
  33. ^ U.S. Sending an F.B.I. Team to Investigate Bombing in Pakistan, The New York Times (November 23, 1995)
  34. ^ Chechnya Bomb Kills 11 At Russian Headquarters, The New York Times (December 5, 1995)
  35. ^ Car Bomb Blast in Chechnya Kills 11, Wounds Scores, The Washington Post (December 5, 1995)
  36. ^ Car Bomb Kills 35 at Pakistan-Afghan Border, The New York Times (December 22, 1995)