Christopher Monckton, 3rd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley
|The Right Honourable
The Viscount Monckton of Brenchley
In Washington, D.C. (2009)
|Born||14 February 1952|
|Political party||UK Independence Party|
|Spouse(s)||Juliet Mary Anne Malherbe Jensen|
|Relations||Rosa Monckton (sister), Timothy, Jonathan, and Anthony (brothers)|
|Parents||Major-General Gilbert Monckton (deceased) and Marianna Letitia Bower|
|Education||MA in classics, 1974; diploma in journalism studies|
|Alma mater||Churchill College, Cambridge
University College, Cardiff
Christopher Walter Monckton, 3rd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley (born 14 February 1952) is a British public speaker and hereditary peer. He is known for his work as a journalist, Conservative political advisor, UKIP political candidate, and for his invention of the mathematical puzzle Eternity.
Early on in his public speaking career topics centred on his mathematical puzzle and conservative politics. In recent years his public speaking has garnered attention due to his advocacy of climate change denial, and views on the European Union, and social policy.
- 1 Personal life
- 2 Career
- 3 Dispute over membership in the House of Lords
- 4 Political views
- 5 Published works
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Monckton is the eldest son of Major-General Gilbert Monckton, 2nd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley (1915–2006), and Marianna Letitia (nee Bower), former High Sheriff of Kent, Dame of Malta (born 1929). He has three brothers, Timothy, Jonathan and Anthony, and a sister, Rosa, wife of the journalist Dominic Lawson.
Monckton was educated at Harrow School and Churchill College, Cambridge, where he received a B.A. (Classics, 1974, now M.A.), and at University College, Cardiff, where he obtained a diploma in journalism studies. In 1990, he married Juliet Mary Anne Malherbe Jensen.
Monckton is a liveryman of the Worshipful Company of Broderers, an Officer of the Order of St John of Jerusalem, a Knight of Honour and Devotion of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, and a member of the Roman Catholic Mass Media Commission. He is also a qualified Day Skipper with the Royal Yachting Association, and has been a trustee of the Hales Trophy for the Blue Riband of the Atlantic since 1986.
On the death of his father in 2006 Monckton inherited the title Viscount Monckton of Brenchley, but as this was after the House of Lords Act 1999 he did not inherit his father's position in the House of Lords.
Monckton joined the Yorkshire Post in 1974 at the age of 22, where he worked as a reporter and leader-writer. From 1977 to 1978, he worked at Conservative Central Office as a press officer, becoming the editor of the Roman Catholic newspaper The Universe in 1979, then managing editor of The Sunday Telegraph magazine in 1981. He joined the London Evening Standard newspaper as a leader-writer in 1982. After a hiatus in his career as a journalist Monckton became assistant editor of the newly established, and now defunct, tabloid newspaper Today in 1986. He was a consulting editor for the Evening Standard from 1987 to 1992 and was its chief leader-writer from 1990 to 1992.
In 1999, Monckton created and published the Eternity puzzle, a geometric puzzle that involved tiling a dodecagon with 209 irregularly shaped polygons called "polydrafters". A £1 million prize was won after 18 months by two Cambridge mathematicians. By that time, 500,000 puzzles had been sold. Monckton launched the Eternity II puzzle in 2007, but, after the four-year prize period, no winner came forward to claim the $2 million prize.
Monckton is a director of Resurrexi Pharmaceutical. It asserts it is "responsible for invention and development of a broad-spectrum cure for infectious diseases." In the BBC documentary, "Meet the Sceptics" (2011), he claimed to have cured himself of Graves' disease. UKIP's CV for Monckton claims that his methods have produced cures for multiple sclerosis, influenza, and herpes, as well as reducing the viral load of an HIV patient. In an interview with Australia's Radio National, Monckton said that his methods had had some initial successes but "we cannot claim that we can cure anything".
Political advisor to the Conservative Party
In 1979, Monckton met Alfred Sherman, who co-founded the pro-Conservative think tank the Centre for Policy Studies (CPS) with Margaret Thatcher and Keith Joseph in 1974. Sherman asked Monckton to take the minutes at the CPS's study group meetings. Monckton subsequently became the secretary for the centre's economic, forward strategy, health and employment study groups. He wrote a paper on the privatisation of council housing by means of a rent-to-mortgages scheme that brought him to the attention of Downing Street. Ferdinand Mount, the head of the Number 10 Policy Unit and a former CPS director, brought Monckton into the Policy Unit in 1982. He was recruited as a domestic specialist with responsibilities for housing and parliamentary affairs, working alongside Mount and Peter Shipley on projects such as the phasing out of council housing. He left the unit in 1986 to join the Today newspaper.
Monckton has said that he served as science adviser to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher during his years with the Number 10 Policy Unit, and that "it was I who—on the prime minister's behalf—kept a weather eye on the official science advisers to the government, from the chief scientific adviser downward." John Gummer, who was Environment Minister under Thatcher said Monckton was "a bag carrier in Mrs Thatcher's office. And the idea that he advised her on climate change is laughable." Writing in The Guardian, Bob Ward of the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment notes that Thatcher's memoirs, The Downing Street Years, do not mention Monckton and refer to George Guise as her science advisor.
Standing for Conservative Representative in House of Lords
Monckton stood unsuccessfully in four by-elections for vacant seats created by deaths among the 92 hereditary peers remaining in the Lords after the 1999 reforms. He first stood for a Conservative seat in a March 2007 by-election, and was among 31 of 43 candidates who received no votes. He subsequently stood in the crossbench by-elections of May 2008, July 2009, and June 2010, again receiving no votes. He was highly critical of the way the Lords was reformed, describing the procedure in the March 2007 by-election, with 43 candidates and 47 electors, as "a bizarre constitutional abortion."
Spokesperson and candidate for UK Independence Party
Monckton joined the UK Independence Party (UKIP) in 2009 and became its chief spokesperson on climate change. At the 2010 general election he was nominated as the UKIP candidate for the Scottish constituency of Perth and North Perthshire; although a hereditary peer, he was entitled to stand for election for the House of Commons as he is not a member of the House of Lords. He subsequently withdrew in accordance with UKIP's policy of not opposing other Eurosceptic parliamentary candidates. In June 2010, UKIP announced he had been appointed its deputy leader, to serve alongside David Campbell Bannerman under party leader The Lord Pearson of Rannoch, who owns an estate in Scotland adjoining Monckton's. He was succeeded in the role of deputy leader by Paul Nuttall in November 2010.
In 2011 he stood as lead party-list candidate for UKIP in the Scottish Parliament constituency of Mid Scotland and Fife but did not gain election, with the UKIP list coming seventh after scoring 1.1% of the region's vote. Monckton also headed UKIP's policy unit for a while but according to the party's spokesman he had relinquished any formal role by June 2012, moving into a "semi-detached" relationship with UKIP. By January 2013 he had become UKIP's president in Scotland but was sacked by UKIP leader Nigel Farage in November 2013 following factional infighting.
Since 2008 he has toured Britain, Ireland, the US, China, Canada, India, Colombia, South Africa, and Australia delivering talks to groups related to the subject of Climate Change. As the Chief Policy Adviser for the US lobby group Science and Public Policy Institute he appeared at the Heartland Institute's 2008 "International Conference on Climate Change".
In 2009–10 he was invited on four occasions before Congress to testify by Republican representatives. On March 25, 2009 he appeared before the U.S. House Subcommittee on Energy and Environment, and in 2010 before the House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming invited by Jim Sensenbrenner. He followed this up with his January 2010 and July 2011 tours of Australia and New Zealand, as well as tours of China and India in December 2011. He was invited again to the US in 2012 by Republican Shannon Grove to speak before the California State Assembly and later in the year travelling to Australia at the invitation of Democratic Labor Party Senator John Madigan.
On 6 December 2012 Monckton took Burma's seat at the COP18 Climate Change Conference in Doha without permission and made a short speech attacking the idea of man-made climate change. He was escorted from the building and given a lifetime ban from attending UN climate talks. Monckton said that there had been no global warming over the last sixteen years, and thus the science should be reviewed.
Between 2009 and 2010 the film maker Rupert Murray followed Monckton on his climate change tour. The film was later broadcast on 31 January 2011 on BBC Four titled Meet the Sceptics. Prior to its broadcast its depiction of Monckton was described by fellow sceptic James Delingpole as "another hatchet job" and Monckton's attempt to gain an injunction failed.
Dispute over membership in the House of Lords
Monckton asserts that the House of Lords Act 1999, that deprived him of a hereditary seat, is flawed and unconstitutional. In 2006 he referred to himself as "a member of the Upper House of the United Kingdom legislature" in a letter to US Senators, and has said he was "a member of the Upper House but without the right to sit or vote." The House of Lords authorities have said Monckton is not and never has been a member and that there is no such thing as a non-voting or honorary member of the House.
In July 2011 the House of Lords took the "unprecedented step" of publishing online a cease and desist letter to Monckton from the Clerk of the Parliaments, which concluded, "I am publishing this letter on the parliamentary website so that anybody who wishes to check whether you are a Member of the House of Lords can view this official confirmation that you are not."
||The relevance of particular information in (or previously in) this article or section is disputed. (October 2015)|
Monckton advocates for climate change denial. He says a greenhouse effect exists, and that carbon dioxide contributes to it, but claims there is no "causative link" from CO2-concentration to global average temperature. He said the Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change underestimated the costs of climate change mitigation and overstated its benefits. In 2009, Mother Jones magazine opined Monckton was among the most vocal climate change deniers.[neutrality is disputed]
Monckton's opinions conflict with the scientific opinion on climate change, where there is overwhelming consensus for anthropogenic global warming, and show a decisive link between carbon dioxide concentration and global average temperatures.
In 2009, John P. Abraham criticized Monckton's claims in a lecture at Bethel University, and Monckton filed disciplinary charges alleging academic dishonesty against Abraham. The University of St Thomas's lawyers wrote to Monckton that "The University of St Thomas respects your right to disagree with Professor Abraham, just as the University respects Professor Abraham's right to disagree with you. What we object to are your personal attacks against Father Dease, and Professor Abraham, your inflammatory language, and your decision to disparage Professor Abraham, Father Dease, and The University of St Thomas." The latter was in response to an interview in which Monckton characterized Abraham as "a wretched little man," the university's president Dease as "a creep," and the University of St. Thomas as "a half-assed Catholic bible college".
Social and economic policy
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Christopher Monckton|
One of Margaret Thatcher's policy advisors, Monckton was credited with being "the brains behind the Thatcherite policy of giving council tenants (public housing) the right to buy their homes." Monckton was a sponsor of the Conservative Family Campaign in the 1990s. Monckton has been associated with the Referendum Party, advising its founder, Sir James Goldsmith. In 2003 he helped a Scottish Tory breakaway group, the Scottish Peoples Alliance.
In 1988, Eddy Shah: Today and the Newspaper Revolution described Monckton as "a fervent, forthright and opinionated Roman Catholic Tory" who has been closely associated with the "New Right" faction of the Conservative Party. In 1997, Monckton criticised works at the Fotofeis (the Scottish International Festival of Photography) and Sensation as "feeble-minded, cheap, pitiable, exploitative sensationalism perpetrated by the talent-free and perpetuated by over-funded, useless, muddle-headed, middle-aged, pot-bellied, brewer's-droopy quangoes which a courageous Government would forthwith cease to subsidise with your money and mine."
Statements on AIDS and homosexuality
American Spectator article on AIDS (1987)
In a 1987 article for The American Spectator, "AIDS: A British View", Monckton argued "there is only one way to stop AIDS. That is to screen the entire population regularly and to quarantine all carriers of the disease for life. Every member of the population should be blood-tested every month ... all those found to be infected with the virus, even if only as carriers, should be isolated compulsorily, immediately, and permanently." This would involve isolating between 1.5 and 3 million people in the United States ("not altogether impossible") and another 30,000 people in the UK ("not insuperably difficult"). The article concluded that current Western sensibilities would not allow this standard protocol for containing a new, fatal and incurable infection to be applied: therefore, he said, many would needlessly die. Andrew Ferguson, then assistant managing editor of The American Spectator, denounced it in the letters column of the same issue. Monckton appeared on the BBC's Panorama programme in February 1987 to discuss his views and present the results of an opinion poll that found public support for his position. Monckton has since stated "the article was written at the very outset of the AIDS epidemic, and with 33 million people around the world now infected, the possibility of [quarantine] is laughable. It couldn't work." He also said that this standard protocol could have worked at the time; that senior HIV investigators had called for it; and that many of the lives that have been lost could have been saved.
Article on homosexuality (2014)
Monckton returned to the subject of homosexuality in a November 2014 article for the WorldNetDaily website describing the campaign of Councillor Rosalie Crestani in the City of Casey, near Melbourne, Australia. In the article, he claims that "official survey after official survey had shown that homosexuals had an average of 500-1,000 partners in their sexually active lifetime, and that some had as many as 20,000." He rejected the use of the LGBT acronym for the order of the alphabet on QWERTY keyboards. "That ought to cover every real or imaginary form of sexual deviancy they may dream up," he wrote.
"Now, I’m not sure where Viscount Monckton is getting his statistics," wrote Ukip leader Nigel Farage in The Independent, "but to frame these comments as he has is both deeply offensive and fundamentally wrong."
Monckton has been a Eurosceptic, an opponent of European integration. In 1994, he sued the Conservative government of John Major for agreeing to contribute to the costs of the Protocol on Social Policy agreed in the 1993 Maastricht Treaty, although the UK had an opt-out from the protocol. The case was heard in the Scottish Court of Session in May 1994. His petition for judicial review was dismissed by the court for want of relevancy. In a 2007 interview he said he would "leave the European Union, close down 90 per cent of government services and shift power away from the atheistic, humanistic government and into the hands of families and individuals."
|Ancestors of Christopher Monckton, 3rd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley|
- The Laker Story (with Ivan Fallon). Christensen, 1982. ISBN 0-9508007-0-8
- Anglican Orders: null and void?. Family History Books, 1986.
- The AIDS Report. 1987
- European Monetary Union: opportunities and dangers. University of St. Andrews, Department of Economics. 1997
- Sudoku X. Headline Publishing Group, 2005. ISBN 0-7553-1501-4
- Sudoku X-mas. Headline Publishing Group, 2005. ISBN 0-7553-1502-2
- Sudoku Xpert. Headline Publishing Group, 2006. ISBN 0-7553-1529-4
- Junior Sudoku X. Headline Publishing Group, 2006. ISBN 0-7553-1528-6
- Sudoku Xtreme. Headline Publishing Group, 2006. ISBN 0-7553-1530-8
- "Climate Sensitivity Reconsidered". Forum on Physics and Society, American Physical Society. July 2008.
- "Christopher Monckton profile: Viscount Monckton of Brenchley (£8,000–£25,000)". Parliament Speakers.
- "The Eternity puzzle solved". BBC News. 2 October 2000. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
- "Climate deniers to send film to British schools". The Independent. 2 October 2007. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
- Christopher Monckton (4 November 2006). "Climate chaos? Don't believe it". Telegraph. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
- Christopher Monckton (12 November 2006). "Wrong problem, wrong solution". Telegraph. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
- Leo Hickman (11 August 2010). "Lords distance themselves from climate sceptic Christopher Monckton". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 February 2011.
- "'I'm bad at doing what I'm told. I'm a born free-thinker' – The 5-Minute Interview", The Independent, 24 August 2007
- Who's Who 2007, p. 1599
- Christopher Monckton (17 December 2010). "The climate bugaboo is the strangest intellectual aberration of our age". The Telegraph.
- Christopher Monckton (5 November 2006). "Climate chaos? Don't believe it". The Telegraph.
- "The Undie-Serving Rich". Evening Standard. 10 November 1995.
- "£1m Eternity jackpot scooped". BBC News Online (BBC). 26 October 2000.
- Rupert Murray "Meet the Climate Sceptics", Storyville, 3 February 2011.
- "Christopher: A man of many talents". UKIP.co.uk.
- Carlisle, Wendy (17 July 2011), The Lord Monckton Roadshow (Transcription and podcast), Background Briefing, Australia: Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 46min 48sec, retrieved 2 September 2012
- Cockett, Richard (1995). Thinking the unthinkable: think tanks and the economic counter-revolution 1931–1983. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-637586-9.
- Kandiah, Michael; Seldon, Anthony (1997). Ideas and think tanks in contemporary Britain, Volume 2. Routledge. pp. 59, 62. ISBN 978-0-7146-4771-5.
- "Tory project to phase out council houses". The Times. 6 December 1982. p. 1.
- "Policy unit at full strength". The Times. 6 November 1984.
- "Two more advisers at No 10". The Times. 25 November 1982.
- Womersley, Tara (22 June 2001). "Puzzle inventor sells £1m home to Chanel model". The Daily Telegraph.
- Ward, Bob (22 June 2010). "Thatcher becomes latest recruit in Monckton's climate sceptic campaign". Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- "British MP calls for a carbon tax". Australia: ABC. 21 March 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- "House of Lords Act 1999 (original text)". 11 November 1999. Retrieved 21 May 2008.
- Hickman, Leo (18 July 2011). "Climate sceptic Lord Monckton told he's not member of House of Lords". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
- "Letter to Viscount Monckton of Brenchley from the Clerk of the Parliaments" (Press release). House of Lords. 15 July 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Conservative Hereditary Peers' By-election, March 2007: Result" (PDF). British Parliament. 7 March 2007. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "Crossbench Hereditary Peers’ By-election, May 2008: Result" (PDF). 22 May 2008.
- "Results: Crossbench hereditary Peers' by-election following the death of Viscount Bledisloe" (PDF). 15 July 2009. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- "Results: Crossbench Hereditary Peers’ by-election" (PDF). 23 June 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- Beckett, Andy (24 February 2007). "Born to run: There are 47 voters, 43 candidates, and the race to be elected a hereditary Tory peer is on. Is this democracy at last in the House of Lords?". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 April 2008.
- Vaughan, Adam (11 December 2009). "In denial: Lord Monckton's climate change rant at activists". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 26 March 2010.
- "Viscount Monckton warned off Lords membership claim". BBC News. 18 July 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- Hickman, Leo (20 April 2010). "Lord Monckton throws his safari helmet in the ring as Ukip candidate". The Guardian.
- "Lord Monckton is new deputy leader". UK Independence Party. 3 June 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
- "Rio+20 summit: the final day as it happened". The Guardian. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- "NEC unanimous on new UKIP team". UK Independence Party. 8 November 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- "Invitation to Stirling on Sun 3 April 2011". UKIP. 31 March 2011. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
- "Scottish parliamentary results 2011". Fife Council. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- Muir, Hugh (10 January 2013). "Hugh Muir's Diary". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 January 2013.
- Hutcheon, Paul (1 December 2013). "Ukip 'wiped out' north of the Border after its Scots leader is sacked". The Herald. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- Leo Hickman (21 September 2010). "'Chemical nonsense': Leading scientists refute Lord Monckton's attack on climate science". theguardian.com.
- Romm, Joe (19 March 2012). "California GOP Invite Discredited Hate-Speech Promoter Lord Monckton To Address Legislature!". ThinkProgress.com.
- McIlroy, Tim (4 November 2012). "DLP invites climate change sceptic Lord Monckton to Ballarat". TheCourier.com.au.
- Harvey, Fiona (7 December 2012). "Ukip's Lord Monckton thrown out of Doha climate talks". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- James Delingpole (31 January 2011). "Meet The Sceptics: another BBC stitch-up". Telegraph.co.uk.
- "BBC wins battle over climate show". Independent.co.uk. Associated Press. 31 January 2011.
- "Uphold Free Speech about Climate Change or Resign" (PDF). Frontiers of Freedom. 11 December 2006. Retrieved 17 December 2010.
- Monckton, Christopher (14 July 2010). "Questions from the Select Committee Concerning My Recent Testimony". Science & Public Policy Institute.
- George Monbiot (9 June 2010). "Monckton's climate denial is a gift to those who take the science seriously". Guardian.co.uk.
- Sunday Telegraph, 5 November 2005
- Christopher Monckton (7 January 2009). "Temperature Change and CO2 Change – A Scientific Briefing". Gscienceandpublicpolicy.org. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- Christopher Monckton (12 November 2006). "Wrong problem, wrong solution". The Telegraph.
- Harkinson, Josh (December 4, 2009). "The Dirty Dozen of Climate Change Denial". Mother Jones. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
Here's a guide to the dozen loudest components of the climate disinformation machine...Meet the 12 loudest members of the chorus claiming that global warming is a joke and that CO2 emissions are actually good for you.
- Oreskes, Naomi (2007). "The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change: How Do We Know We’re Not Wrong?". In DiMento, Joseph F. C.; Doughman, Pamela M. Climate Change: What It Means for Us, Our Children, and Our Grandchildren. The MIT Press. pp. 65–66. ISBN 978-0-262-54193-0.
- "CLIMATE CHANGE 2014: Synthesis Report. Summary for Policymakers" (PDF). IPCC. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
The evidence for human influence on the climate system has grown since the Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). It is extremely likely that more than half of the observed increase in global average surface temperature from 1951 to 2010 was caused by the anthropogenic increase in greenhouse gas concentrations and other anthropogenic forcings together
- "Abraham presentation". University of St Thomas, Minnesota.
- John P. Abraham. "John P. Abraham Published texts and Rebuttals to Monckton".
- Monckton, Christopher. "Climate: The Extremists Join the Debate at Last!". Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- Christopher Monckton. "Response to John Abraham" (PDF). WattsUpWithThat Blog.
- George Monbiot (14 July 2010). "Monckton's response to John Abraham is magnificently bonkers". Guardian.co.uk.
- "Correspondence between Lord Monckton and Prof. John Abraham, and the University of St Thomas". Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- "Climate discussion heats up on the Web", Minneapolis Star Tribune, July 22, 2010
- Leppard, David. "Top Tory in a kilt hit by visa 'racket' case", The Times, 3 October 2004
- "Persuaded to act otherwise". The Independent. 3 April 1992.
- MacArthur, Brian. Eddy Shah: Today and the Newspaper Revolution, p. 154. David & Charles Publishers, 1988; ISBN 0-7153-9145-3
- Virginia Berridge. AIDS in the UK: The Making of a Policy, 1981–1994, p. 132. Oxford University Press, 1996; ISBN 0-19-820473-6
- Christopher Monckton (23 September 1997). "'It is feeble-minded, exploitative sensationalism perpetrated by the talent-free'". The Scotsman.
- Bawer, Bruce (1993). A place at the table: the gay individual in American society. Poseidon Press. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-671-79533-7.
- Ray Moseley (14 August 1999). "Ertl In Puzzle As Gay Group Protests". Chicago Tribune.
- Lord Monckton "Calling the non-heterosexuals' bluff", WND, 23 November 2014
- Charlotte Meredith "Ukip's Former Deputy Leader, Lord Monckton, Has Some Jaw-Dropping Opinions On The Gay Community", The Huffington Post, 27 November 2014
- Nigel Farage "I saw the immigration lies a mile off - and now nobody can deny it", The Independent (London), 27 November 2014
- "Lawful for UK to contribute to European social policy costs – Scots Law report", The Times, 12 May 1994
- Science and Public Policy Institute – Monckton Papers[dead link]
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Christopher Monckton|
- Apocalypse Cancelled (PDF)
- Greenhouse warming? What greenhouse warming? by Christopher Monckton
- Gore Gored (PDF) Monckton's response to Gore
- Monckton saves the day!, The Observer, 6 May 2007
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|Viscount Monckton of Brenchley
|Party political offices|
David Campbell Bannerman
|Deputy Leader of the UK Independence Party