Manningham, Bradford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Manningham, Bradford
Lister's Mill.jpg
Lister's Mill
Manningham, Bradford is located in West Yorkshire
Manningham, Bradford
Manningham, Bradford
Manningham, Bradford shown within West Yorkshire
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBRADFORD
Postcode districtBD
Dialling code01274
PoliceWest Yorkshire
FireWest Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
Councillors
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°48′18″N 1°45′50″W / 53.805°N 1.764°W / 53.805; -1.764Coordinates: 53°48′18″N 1°45′50″W / 53.805°N 1.764°W / 53.805; -1.764

Manningham is an historically industrial-workers area of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. The population of the 2011 Census for the Bradford Ward was 19,983.[1]

History[edit]

Manningham holds a wealth of industrial history, including mill buildings, imposing wool merchants' houses and back-to-back terraced houses. It is the old Jewish area of Bradford. Many of Manningham's German community later migrated to the Heaton area of the city.[2][3]

Cinema history[edit]

In 1912 the Manningham Kinematograph Company Ltd opened the 519 seat Oak Lane Picture House on a site on the north side of Oak Lane between St Mary's Road and Sunderland Road. The cinema was a converted horse tramshed of the Bradford Tramways and Omnibus Co Ltd. The name was changed to Oriental in 1920 and by 1931 Western Electric sound had been installed. The building closed in 1936 for a partial rebuild involving a new roof, balcony, an enlarged screen and the cinema reopened in 1937. A Hammond organ was subsequently installed but was removed at the start of the Second world war. In 1955 a CinemaScope screen was installed with stereophonic sound but the cinema closed in 1958 and the building was subsequently demolished and a mini-supermarket built on the site.[4]

The purpose-built 1,250 seat Marlboro Cinema was located at the junction of Carlisle Road and Carlisle Street and opened in 1921.[5] The building was designed by architect T Patrick and is built of red brick with a white tiled entrance and domed tower and was owned by Moulson's Marlboro Cinema Company headed by Milton Moulson.[5] Talkies were shown by 1930 and seating reduced to 1227 in 1944. Walter Eckert's Star Cinemas (London) Ltd acquired the cinema in 1950 and installed Western Electric sound. It had a panoramic screen from 1954 but stereo sound was never installed. Bingo was introduced on a part time basis but the cinema closed fully in 1962 with bingo continuing full-time until 1968.[5] From 1962 to 1982 it was known as the Liberty Cinema showing Asian films and after closure with the raked floor and balcony removed the building became a bedding and textile warehouse.[5] In 2000 after a major refurbishment by Asian Cine Ltd the cinema now reduced to 400 seats, showed Bollywood films. In 2001 a blaze wrecked the cinema and the fire-damaged part of the cinema was rebuilt as an Asian Marriage Hall and function room.[5]

The former Manningham Methodist Church off Carlisle Road was converted into the Sangeet Cinema opening in 1970 showing Asian films. The former church building was very large and also housed numerous Asian businesses. The Naz was a smaller cinema created at the rear of the building but was only used occasionally. The Sangeet closed in 1980 and a series of fires struck the building in the 1980s, after which the whole building was demolished.[6]

Deprivation[edit]

Manningham was the location of the Manningham Riot (June 1995) and the Bradford Riots (July 2001). In April 1994, The Independent newspaper reported that unemployment in Manningham stood at 40% (around four times the national average at the time), and that a large number of known drug users and alcoholics lived there.[7]

Geography[edit]

The area usually termed "Manningham" tends to be that bordered by Manningham Lane to the east, Thornton Road (B6145) to the south west, and Oak Lane to the north.[8] However this is historically inaccurate as places such as White Abbey, Black Abbey, Longlands and what constitutes Manningham has persisted with the creation of administrative units such as the Manningham Ward.

Streets[edit]

Manningham Lane, part of the A650, stretches from Hamm Strasse to Lister Park (also known as Manningham Park) where it becomes Keighley Road. It is a busy road in terms of both traffic and commerce, lined with shops and businesses for practically its entire length.

White Abbey Road - which becomes Whetley Hill at the junction with Whetley Lane and Carlisle Road - part of the B6144, is similarly active, with several large clothing outlets and jewellery shops.

Oak Lane is similarly commercialised, although with a tendency towards smaller shops and food outlets.

Lumb Lane, running parallel to and between Manningham Lane and White Abbey Road, is the home to many independent shops, mainly catering to the local South Asian community. There are also several pubs and South Asian restaurants. Recent actions by the Bradford Council and local community groups have helped in starting to improve the area.[9]

Districts[edit]

White Abbey[edit]

White Abbey is a historic district on the northwestern edge of Bradford city centre. Its boundaries are roughly the equivalent of White Abbey Road to the west and south, Lumb Lane to the east and Carlisle Road to the north. Like many of the older districts of inner-city Bradford, White Abbey was once a vibrant and highly populated neighbourhood. Today the area is dominated by social housing.

Notable local amenities include the pub, Haigy's, and the "Pakistan and International Link Community Centre."

Landmarks[edit]

The most dominant landmark in the entire city is Lister Mills. The mills stand on the most elevated part of Manningham, at the top of Oak Lane (although, more accurately, the mills are on the corner of Lilycroft and Heaton Roads). The mills have recently been converted into luxury modern flats. Another former prominent textile factory, Drummond Mill, was destroyed in a fire in January 2018 and has largely been demolished.

Bradford Reform Synagogue is situated in Manningham and is a Grade II listed Moorish Revival building. Architecturally, this is a very rare and well-preserved, small scale, provincial synagogue built in "Oriental" style. It is perhaps a notable example in British synagogue architecture of the 19th century fashion for "Orientalism".[10] The Bradford Reform Synagogue is the oldest Reform Synagogue in the UK outside London.[11]

Bradford Grammar School is situated in Manningham between Lister Park and Canal Road.The school was founded in 1548 and granted its Charter by King Charles II in 1662.

Another key landmark is Lister Park. This triangular park, situated between Keighley Road, North Park Road and Emm Lane in the north of Manningham, is one of the city's largest parks. It houses Cartwright Hall (a museum and art gallery), a large boating lake and the Mughal Water Gardens as well as extensive botanical gardens.[12]

Governance[edit]

Councillors

Manningham electoral ward is represented on Bradford Council by three Labour Party councillors, Shabir Hussain, Sameena Akhtar and Sarfraz Nazir.[13]

2004 Boundaries of Manningham Ward.
Election Councillor Councillor Councillor
2004 Reis Khan (Con) Choudhary Rangzeb (Lab) Mohammed Ishrat Mirza (Lib Dem)
2006 Shabir Hussain (Lab) Choudhary Rangzeb (Lab) Mohammed Mirza (Lib Dem)
2007 Shabir Hussain (Lab) Quasim Khan (Lib Dem) Mohammed Mirza (Lib Dem)
2008 Shabir Hussain (Lab) Quasim Khan (Lib Dem) Mohammad Amin (Lab)
2010 Shabir Hussain (Lab) Quasim Khan (Lib Dem) Mohammad Amin (Lab)
2011 Shabir Hussain (Lab) Javed Asama (Lab) Mohammad Amin (Lab)
2012 Shabir Hussain (Lab) Javed Asama (Lab) Ishtiaq Ahmed (Respect)
October 2013 Shabir Hussain (Lab) Javed Asama (Lab) Ishtiaq Ahmed (Ind)[14]
2014 Shabir Hussain (Lab) Javed Asama (Lab) Ishtiaq Ahmed (Ind)
March 2015 Shabir Hussain (Lab) Javed Asama (Respect)[15] Ishtiaq Ahmed (Respect)[16]
May 2015 Shabir Hussain (Lab) Sameena Akhtar (Lab) Ishtiaq Ahmed (Respect)
2016 Shabir Hussain (Lab) Sameena Akhtar (Lab) Sarfraz Nazir (Lab)

     indicates seat up for re-election.      indicates councillor defection.

Sport[edit]

Manningham also contains Valley Parade football stadium, that has been the home of Bradford City football club since they were founded in 1903 and where Bradford RLFC played in recent years while Odsal Stadium was redeveloped. In 1985 the Valley Parade ground was the site of a fire which killed 56 spectators and injured at least 265 at the final game of the season, against Lincoln City, and led to improved safety regulations at British sports grounds. As was once common with English football stadiums, the stadium takes its name from the road on which it is situated, Valley Parade being the name of a road that slopes down Bradford's valley off the A650.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Bradford ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
  2. ^ "Making Their Mark: Bradford Jewish". The Bradford Jewish Heritage Trail. 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
  3. ^ "Bradford Jewish Community & Synagogues". Jewish Gen - JRC-UK. 2 June 2017. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  4. ^ Sutton, Colin (2007). "Bradford - Oak Lane/Oriental Cinema History". Bradford Timeline. Retrieved 8 July 2017.;Roe, Ken (3 November 2012). "Oriental Cinema in Bradford". Cinema Treasures. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e Sutton, Colin (2003). "Bradford - Marlboro/Liberty Cinema History". Bradford Timeline. Retrieved 16 June 2017.; Hill, Hector; Roe, Ken. "Marlboro' Cinema in Bradford". Cinema Treasures. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  6. ^ Sutton, Colin (2008). "Sangeet & Naz Cinemas". Bradford Timeline. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  7. ^ "No-Go Britain: Where, what, why". The Independent. 16 April 1994. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  8. ^ "Manningham History Walk - From Village to Velvet" (PDF). Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  9. ^ "Quarterly Economic Update" (PDF). Invest in Bradford online. Retrieved 20 August 2013.[dead link]
  10. ^ Stroud, Lloyd; Strauss, Dr Joseph. "Bradford Reform Synagogue". Bradford Reform Synagogue. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  11. ^ "European Days–Jewish Cultural Heritage". The JC; Bradford Reform Synagogue. Archived from the original on 7 January 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
  12. ^ "Lister Park". Bradford Parks & Landscape Service. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  13. ^ "Your councillors by ward". bradford.moderngov.co.uk. City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  14. ^ Black, Michael (25 October 2013). "All five Respect councillors in Bradford quit party in bitter rift with officials". Telegraph and Argus. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  15. ^ Wilde, Claire (27 March 2015). "Sitting Bradford councillor defects from Labour Party to Respect". Telegraph and Argus. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  16. ^ Pidd, Helen (31 March 2015). "Four Bradford councillors rejoin George Galloway's Respect party". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 September 2017.

External links[edit]