Matthew 25

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Matthew 25
P45 Matthieu 25.41-46.jpg
Gospel of Matthew 25:41–46 on Papyrus 45, from c. AD 250
BookGospel of Matthew
CategoryGospel
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part1

Matthew 25, the twenty-fifth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew, continues the Olivet Discourse or "Little Apocalypse" spoken by Jesus Christ, also described as the Eschatological Discourse,[1] which had started in chapter 24.[2]

According to American theologian Jason Hood, writing in the Journal of Biblical Literature, chapters 23 to 25 of the Gospel of Matthew (the fifth discourse) "uniquely infuse Jesus' [...] teaching on discipleship, Christology, and judgment with the dramatic tension [...] throughout Matthew's plot".[3]

Text[edit]

Matthew 25:12–15 on the recto side of Papyrus 35 from 3rd/4th century

The original text was written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 46 verses.

Textual witnesses[edit]

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:

It is also found in quotations from Irenaeus (AD 180) in Adversus Haereses.[4]

Content[edit]

This chapter includes the parable of the ten virgins (verses 1-13) and the parable of the talents or minas (verses 14-30), both unique to Matthew,[5] followed by notice of "the great and universal judgment at the end of this period",[5] with its parabolic references to a separation of peoples "as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats" (verse 32). The final section (verses 31-46) is sometimes referred to as the "parable of the sheep and the goats".[6]

Uses[edit]

Music[edit]

"Matthew 25:21" is a song title inspired by this verse on the album The Life of the World to Come that was released by the American band The Mountain Goats in 2009.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jerusalem Bible (1966), sub-title for Matthew 24-25
  2. ^ Carr, A., Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: Matthew 24, accessed 10 October 2019
  3. ^ Hood, Jason (2009). "Matthew 23-25: The Extent of Jesus' Fifth Discourse". Journal of Biblical Literature. 128 (3): 527–543.
  4. ^ Dwight Jeffrey Bingham. "Irenaeus' Use of Matthew's Gospel in Adversus Haereses". Volume 7 of Traditio exegetica Graeca. Peeters Publishers, 1998 ISBN 9789068319644
  5. ^ a b Alford, H. (1841-61), Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary - Alford: Matthew 25, accessed 21 March 2021
  6. ^ BBC Bitesize, Death and the afterlife: The Parable of the Sheep and Goats, accessed 21 March 2021
  7. ^ Strain, Lauren (2009-10-06). "The Mountain Goats - The Life of the World to Come / Releases / Releases // Drowned In Sound". Drownedinsound.com. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2012-02-28.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Matthew 24
Chapters of the New Testament
Gospel of Matthew
Succeeded by
Matthew 26