|Book||Gospel of Matthew|
|Christian Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||1|
Matthew 25, the twenty-fifth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew, continues the Olivet Discourse or "Little Apocalypse" spoken by Jesus Christ, also described as the Eschatological Discourse, which had started in chapter 24.
American theologian Jason Hood, writing in the Journal of Biblical Literature, argues that chapter 23, chapter 24, and chapter 25 of the Gospel of Matthew form the fifth and final discourse in the gospel. In his reading, these three chapters together "uniquely infuse Jesus' distinctive teaching on discipleship, Christology, and judgment with the dramatic tension running throughout Matthew's plot".
The original text was written in Koine Greek. Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:
- Papyrus 45 (~AD 250; extant verses 41–46)
- Papyrus 35 (3rd/4th century; extant verses 12–15, 20–23)
- Codex Vaticanus (325–350)
- Codex Sinaiticus (330–360)
- Codex Bezae (~400)
- Codex Washingtonianus (~400)
- Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus (~450)
- Codex Purpureus Rossanensis (6th century)
- Codex Petropolitanus Purpureus (6th century; extant verses 7–34)
- Codex Sinopensis (6th century; extant verses 1–18)
- Papyrus 44 (6th/7th century; extant verses 8–10)
What is the protocol by which the judge will evaluate us? We find it in Chapter 25 of the Gospel of Matthew.
The Parable of the Talents has a corollary in Luke 19:11-27.
The final section (verses 31-46) is sometimes referred to as The Sheep and the Goats but other times referred to as "The Judgment of the Nations". The section quotes Jesus regarding how he is said to have said that all of the people will be assembled before him and "he will separate them one from another" with some who will "inherit the kingdom" while others who will go to "the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels". Jesus is said to have said that the basis of this separation is whether or not someone:
- Gave food to the hungry
- Gave drink to the thirsty
- Welcomed the stranger
- Clothed the naked
- Took care of the sick
- Took care of those in prison
- Again, it will be like a man going on a journey, who called his servants and entrusted his wealth to them.
This verse begins a new parable, that of the talents or minas. There is no reference to the "kingdom of heaven" in this verse or in the parable, but the words, which mirror verse 1, are added in the King James Version and some other English translations "for the sake of grammatical completeness".
- Jerusalem Bible (1966), sub-title for Matthew 24-25
- Carr, A., Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: Matthew 24, accessed 10 October 2019
- Hood, Jason (2009). "Matthew 23-25: The Extent of Jesus' Fifth Discourse". Journal of Biblical Literature. 128 (3): 527–543. doi:10.2307/25610201. JSTOR 25610201.
- Dwight Jeffrey Bingham. "Irenaeus' Use of Matthew's Gospel in Adversus Haereses". Volume 7 of Traditio exegetica Graeca. Peeters Publishers, 1998 ISBN 9789068319644
- Pope Francis, General Audience, Wednesday 6 August 2014, accessed 12 November 2023
- Alford, H. (1841-61), Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary - Alford: Matthew 25, accessed 21 March 2021
- BBC Bitesize, Death and the afterlife: The Parable of the Sheep and Goats, accessed 21 March 2021
- "Matthew Chapter 25". United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. 2023. Retrieved October 17, 2023.
- Matthew 25:14: New International Version
- Plumptre, E. H. (1905), Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers on Matthew 25, accessed 20 December 2022
- Strain, Lauren (2009-10-06). "The Mountain Goats - The Life of the World to Come / Releases / Releases // Drowned In Sound". Drownedinsound.com. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2012-02-28.
- Matthew 25 King James Bible - Wikisource
- English Translation with Parallel Latin Vulgate
- Online Bible at GospelHall.org (ESV, KJV, Darby, American Standard Version, Bible in Basic English)
- Multiple bible versions at Bible Gateway (NKJV, NIV, NRSV etc.)
|Chapters of the New Testament
Gospel of Matthew