Matthew 28:18

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Matthew 28:18
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BookGospel of Matthew
Christian Bible partNew Testament

Matthew 28:18 is the eighteenth verse of the twenty-eighth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament. This verse is part of the Great Commission narrative, containing the emphatic declaration of Jesus' absolute authority over the universe.


The original Koine Greek, according to Westcott and Hort/[NA27 and UBS4 variants], reads:[1]

18: καὶ προσελθὼν ὁ Ἰησοῦς ἐλάλησεν αὐτοῖς λέγων Ἐδόθη μοι πᾶσα ἐξουσία ἐν οὐρανῷ καὶ ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς·

In the King James Version of the Bible it is translated as:

18: And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.

The modern World English Bible translates the passage as:

18: Jesus came to them and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to me in heaven and on earth.[a]


The word "all" (Ancient Greek: πᾶσα, pasa) are found multiple times in the verses 18–20, tying them together: all power/authority, all nations, all things ("that I have commanded you") and all the days ("always").[2]

Dale Allison considers the suggestions of the verse 18 allusion to Daniel 7:13–14 or 2 Chronicles 36:23 improbable.[3] A more persistent correlation with Moses, however, is worthy of consideration, starting with "the mountain", as 'Moses ended his earthly course on a mountain'; the commissioning of Joshua by God through Moses; and the close parallels in Deuteronomy 31:14–15, 23; and Joshua 1:1–9, which are 'all about God'.[3]

The Greek word for "power" is exousia, which refers to 'delegated power or authority along with the right to use it'; not quite adequately translated by the word "power" or "authority" alone.[4] The exousia of Jesus is already stressed previously in the same gospel (Matthew 7:29; 10:1, 7–8; 11:27; 22:43–44; 24:35; cf. John 17:2), so it is not entirely correct to claim that the resurrected Jesus has more authority than the Jesus before the crucifixion.[2] During his ministry, his words, just as God's, will not pass away (Matthew 24:35) and he, like God, forgives sins (Matthew 9:6), but only after the resurrection, his spheres of exercising absolute authority can be said to include all heaven and earth (that is, "the universe").[2] The authority is given to Jesus by the Father (thus, the Father is exempt from the Son's authority; cf. 1 Corinthians 15:27–28), and the Son becomes "the one through whom all God's authority is mediated (thus, Jesus as the "mediatorial King").[2] The received "well-defined exercise of authority" is the climactic vindication of Jesus' humiliation (cf. Philippians 2:5–11) and marks a turning point in the redemptive history that the "Messiah's Kingdom" or Jesus' "king-dominion" has risen up in new power: the exercise of Jesus' "divine and saving authority".[2]


  1. ^ For a collection of other versions see BibleHub: Matthew 28:18


  1. ^ Greek Text Analysis: Matthew 28:18. Biblehub
  2. ^ a b c d e Carson, D. A. (2017). Matthew. The Expositor's Bible Commentary. Contributors: Tremper Longman III, David E. Garland (revised ed.). Zondervan Academic. ISBN 9780310531982.
  3. ^ a b Allison, Dale C. Jr. (2007). "57. Matthew". In Barton, John; Muddiman, John (eds.). The Oxford Bible Commentary (first (paperback) ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 885. ISBN 978-0199277186. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  4. ^ Phillips, John (2005). Exploring the Gospel of Matthew: An Expository Commentary. The John Phillips Commentary Series. Vol. 1 (reprint ed.). Kregel Academic. p. 546. ISBN 9780825433924.
Preceded by
Matthew 28:17
Gospel of Matthew
Chapter 28
Succeeded by
Matthew 28:19