Max Hödel

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Emil Max Hödel
Born 1857
Died 16 August 1878
Occupation Plumber
Criminal penalty Death Penalty

Emil Max Hödel (27 May 1857 – 16 August 1878) was a plumber from Leipzig, Germany and a Propaganda of the deed Anarchist, who became known for a failed assassination. A former member of the Leipzig Social-Democratic Association, he was expelled from the organization in the 1870s[1] and eventually became involved in anarchism.

Hödel used a revolver to shoot at the German Emperor, Wilhelm I, on 11 May 1878, while the 81-year-old and his daughter, Princess Louise of Prussia, paraded in their carriage. When the bullet missed, Hödel ran across the street and fired another round which also missed. In the commotion one of the people who tried to apprehend Hödel suffered severe internal injuries and died two days later.[citation needed]

Hödel was seized immediately. He was tried and convicted of high treason, and sentenced to death on 10 July by the Prussian State Court. Julius Krautz, Prussian state executioner, beheaded Hödel on 16 August 1878 in Moabit prison.[2][3]

Although Hödel had been expelled from the Social Democratic Party, his actions, and those of Karl Nobiling, were used as justification to ban the party through the Anti-Socialist Law in October 1878.

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Hödel, Max. article in: Meyers Konversations-Lexikon, 4. Aufl. 1888–1890, Bd. 8, S. 603 f. (in German)
  3. ^ Blazek, Matthias. Scharfrichter in Preußen und im Deutschen Reich 1866–1945, Stuttgart 2010, p. 3., ISBN 978-3-8382-0107-8 (in German)