Miankaleh peninsula

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Miankaleh peninsula
شبه جزیره میان‌کاله
Miyānkāle peninsula
Peninsula
Miankaleh peninsula is located in Caspian_Sea
Miankaleh peninsula
Miankaleh peninsula
Coordinates: 36°53′00″N 53°45′00″E / 36.8833°N 53.75°E / 36.8833; 53.75
Sea Caspian Sea
Country Iran
Province Māzandarān Province

Miyānkāle peninsula (Persian: شبه جزیره میان‌کاله‎‎) is a narrow but long peninsula in Māzandarān Province in the north of Iran situated in the extreme south-eastern part of the Caspian Sea. The long and narrow peninsula is 48 km long, and between 1300 and 3200 meters wide.

It sets apart the Gorgan Bay from the Caspian Sea. The elevation of the peninsula from the sea level is 23 meters and four villages are situated on it namely: Ashuradeh, Qezel-e shomali, Qezel-Mehdi and Qavasatl. The city situated at the opposite side of the peninsula's end is Bandar Torkaman. The island of Ashuradeh lies off the eastern tip of the peninsula. The peninsula is located in Behshahr County.

Ecology[edit]

Miankaleh peninsula is located in Iran
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UNESCO Biosphere Reserves in Iran[1]

Miankaleh peninsula is one of the richest ecological havens in West Asia and perhaps in the whole world. It is home to many unique Caspian bird and reptile species native to this region. It's also a very important internationally recognized refuge for migratory birds. Flora and fauna include:

The peninsula, with Gorgan Bay, has been designated an International Wetland (Ramsar site) in 1975[2] and an international UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 1976.[3] On the national level, it is protected under the "Wildlife Refuge" status by the Iranian Dept. of Environment.[4]

Siberian Tiger Re-population Project[edit]

One of the indigenous predators of Iran, the Caspian tigers used to live in north-western to north-eastern parts of the country. In 2010, a pair of Siberian tigers were sent from Russia to Iran's Tehran Zoological Garden in exchange for their Persian leopards. The Amur tigers currently in captivity are set to be reintroduced in the wild to replace the Caspian tigers at the Miankaleh peninsula.[5] Iran received two more pairs of Siberian tigers in 2012.[6][7]

Threat[edit]

This nature reserve is vulnerable to industry and tourism. While tourism-related activities continue to pollute the area, the Iranian government plans to build a huge hotel complex right in the middle of this nature park. Parts of the peninsula have already been sold by the government for industrial & residential purposes. The number of migratory birds has fallen significantly during the past few years. Extensive fishing & hunting has damaged the ecological balance & many species are either moribund or under threat of total extinction.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Directory". 
  2. ^ Ramsar sites database
  3. ^ UNESCO biosphere reserve directory
  4. ^ The Iranian Dept. of Environment Website
  5. ^ "Big Cat Swap Raises Questions". Institute for War and Peace Reporting. 19 May 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2015. 
  6. ^ "Russian tigers to take their stripes to Iran". RT. 28 February 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2016. 
  7. ^ Ewan Palmer (1 March 2012). "Russia Sends Siberian Tigers to Iran to Save Species". International Business Times. Retrieved 23 January 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°53′00″N 53°45′00″E / 36.8833°N 53.75°E / 36.8833; 53.75