Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award

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Michael Jackson
Video Vanguard Award
Awarded forOutstanding contributions and influence on music video and popular culture
CountryUnited States
Presented byMTV
Formerly calledVideo Vanguard Award
Lifetime Achievement Award
First awarded1984
Last awarded2019
Most recent winner(s)Missy Elliott
Websitewww.mtv.com/vma

The Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award (also known as the Video Vanguard Award and the Lifetime Achievement Award) is a special award of merit given to recording artists and music video directors at the MTV Video Music Awards (VMAs), a ceremony that was established in 1984. It is presented by MTV for "outstanding contributions" and "profound impact" on music video and popular culture.[1][2][3] As the ceremony's special category, the trophy is a gold-plated "moonman" rather than the silver ones of the other VMA categories.[4] The Beatles and director Richard Lester were honored with the Video Vanguard Award at the inaugural VMAs for "essentially inventing the music video."[5] David Bowie also received the award at the same ceremony. Two years later, Madonna became the first female recipient.

In 1991, the award was renamed after Michael Jackson, who had previously won the 1988 trophy. Several authors documented that it was Jackson's lawyer John Branca who approached MTV with the idea, following Jackson's complaint of Madonna receiving MTV's Artist of the Decade award.[6][7][8] Later that year, in MTV's 10th anniversary short film, Madonna responded, "I never asked you [MTV] to name an award after me, did I?"[9] Axl Rose of Guns N' Roses, the 1992 honorees, also rejected the Jackson association in his acceptance speech, declaring "This has nothing to do with Michael Jackson. Thank you."[10][11] The Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award was last presented at the 2001 VMAs. It was presented as the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2003 VMAs to Duran Duran and in 2006 as the Video Vanguard Award to director Hype Williams.

Following Jackson's death, the award returned with his name restored in 2011. According to MTV, his name was attached to the award due to "Jackson's groundbreaking work as a video artist."[12] This naming again caused controversy after the release of Leaving Neverland (2019), a documentary about alleged child sexual abuse by Jackson.[10][13][14] MTV subsequently removed Jackson's name from its official website, press release, and television broadcast of the 2019 VMAs, although the year's recipient, Missy Elliott, did mention him in her speech.[15][16] In 2020, the award was not presented for the first time in eight years, with MTV instead honoring Lady Gaga with the inaugural "Tricon Award" representing achievement in three (or more) fields of entertainment. MTV has not yet clarified whether this would replace the Video Vanguard Award entirely.[17]

Since its inception, the Video Vanguard Award has been awarded to 34 acts, with most of them being of American or British origin, except Russell Mulcahy (1985, Australian), Zbigniew Rybczyński (1986, Polish), U2 (2001, Irish) and Rihanna (2016, Barbadian). Out of all the winners, nine acts have also won the VMAs' biggest prize Video of the Year,[18][19] including Peter Gabriel and Justin Timberlake, who both earned the two awards in the same night. Since 2013 recipients are invited to perform a medley of hits leading up to their acceptance speech.[20]

Recipients[edit]

Key
* Indicates Video of the Year winners
Year Image Recipient Nationality Notes Ref.
1984 The Fabs.JPG The Beatles United Kingdom Presented by the Police members Andy Summers and Stewart Copeland. The Beatles and Richard Lester, director of A Hard Day's Night (1964) and Help! (1965), were honored for "essentially inventing the music video." [5]
[21]
Richard Lester Bologna 2014 (cropped).jpg Richard Lester United States
David Bowie (1987).jpg David Bowie United Kingdom Presented by Herbie Hancock [21]
1985 David Byrne 2006.jpg David Byrne United Kingdom Presented by Chrissie Hynde. Byrne was honored for his work with Talking Heads. [22]
Russel Mulchany,.jpg Russell Mulcahy Australia Presented by John Taylor and Andy Taylor. Mulcahy was the director of the Buggles' "Video Killed the Radio Star", the first video played on MTV. [23]
Godley & Creme.jpg Godley & Creme United Kingdom Presented by Herbie Hancock [24]
1986 Madonna's Confessions in Paris 3.jpg Madonna * United States Presented by Robert Palmer. Madonna became the first woman to receive the honor. She later won the Video of the Year for "Ray of Light" in 1998. [25]
[26]
[27]
Zbigniew Rybczyński.jpg Zbigniew Rybczyński Poland Presented by Pet Shop Boys [28]
1987 Peter Gabriel-Conspiracy of Hope-by Steven Toole.jpg Peter Gabriel * United Kingdom Presented by Laurie Anderson. Gabriel also won the Video of the Year for "Sledgehammer" on the same night. [27]
[29]
Julien Temple.jpg Julien Temple United Kingdom Presented by David Bowie [29]
1988 Michaeljackson (cropped).jpg Michael Jackson United States Presented by Peter Gabriel. Jackson was the first black artist to receive the honor. [12]
[30]
[31]
1989 George Michael (2011).jpg George Michael United Kingdom Presented by Madonna [32]
1990 JanetJacksonUnbreakableTourSanFran2015 (cropped).jpg Janet Jackson United States Presented by Magic Johnson. Jackson remains the youngest person to receive the honor at 24 years old. [30]
[33]
1991 Bon Jovi 2010.png Bon Jovi United States Presented by Arsenio Hall. The honor was renamed to the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award. [34]
[35]
Wayne Isham nagroda-Award Outstanding Achieverements in the Field of Music Videos. Camerimage 2017 (cropped).jpg Wayne Isham United States
1992 Guns n Roses Nottingham 2012.JPG Guns N' Roses United States Presented by Queen members Brian May and Roger Taylor [36]
1994 The Rolling Stones Summerfest in Milwaukee - 2015.jpg The Rolling Stones United Kingdom Presented by Jann Wenner. Given as the Lifetime Achievement Award. [37]
Tom Petty 2016 - Jun 20.jpg Tom Petty United States Presented by Billy Corgan [38]
1995 Padova REM concert July 22 2003 blue.jpg R.E.M. * United States Presented by Drew Barrymore. R.E.M. previously won the Video of the Year for "Losing My Religion" in 1991. [27]
1997 LL.COOL J. 1999.jpg LL Cool J United States Presented by Mariah Carey. LL Cool J became the first rapper to receive the honor. [39]
[40]
Mark Romanek Tokyo Intl Filmfest 2010.jpg Mark Romanek United States Presented by Janet Jackson [39]
1998 Beastie Boys 2009 (6184423405).jpg Beastie Boys United States Presented by Chuck D [41]
2000 Rhcp-live-pinkpop05.jpg Red Hot Chili Peppers United States Presented by Chris Rock and Lance Crouther [42]
2001 U2 on Joshua Tree Tour 2017 Brussels 8-1-17.jpg U2 Ireland Presented by Carson Daly [43]
2003 EXIT 2012 Duran Duran (1).jpg Duran Duran United Kingdom Presented by Kelly Osbourne and Avril Lavigne. Given as the Lifetime Achievement Award. [44]
2006 N/A Hype Williams United States Presented by Kanye West. Given as the Video Vanguard Award. [45]
2011 Britney HIAM Cleveland.jpg Britney Spears * United States Presented by Lady Gaga. The award was renamed again to the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award. Spears previously won the Video of the Year for "Piece of Me" in 2008. [27]
[46]
2013 Justintimberlake.jpg Justin Timberlake * United States Presented by Jimmy Fallon. Timberlake also won the Video of the Year for "Mirrors" on the same night. [20]
2014 Beyonce - The Formation World Tour, at Wembley Stadium in London, England.jpg Beyoncé * United States Presented by her husband Jay Z and daughter Blue Ivy Carter. Beyoncé won the Video of the Year twice, for "Single Ladies" in 2009 and "Formation" in 2016. [27]
[47]
2015 Kanye West at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival-2.jpg Kanye West United States Presented by Taylor Swift [48]
2016 Rihanna, 2010, Paris.jpg Rihanna * Barbados Presented by Drake. Rihanna previously won the Video of the Year twice, for "Umbrella" in 2007 and "We Found Love" in 2012. [27]
[49]
2017 P!nk - V2017 Hylands Park Chelmsford - Saturday 19th August 2017 PinkVFest190817-35 (36356783410) (cropped 2).jpg Pink * United States Presented by Ellen DeGeneres. Pink previously won the Video of the Year for "Lady Marmalade" in 2001. [27]
[50]
2018 Jennifer Lopez at GLAAD Media Awards (cropped).jpg Jennifer Lopez United States Presented by Shawn Mendes. Lopez became the first Latin artist to receive the honor. [51]
2019 Missy Elliott 2006.jpg Missy Elliott * United States Presented by Cardi B. Elliott previously won the Video of the Year for "Work It" in 2003. [27]
[52]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

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  25. ^ Hoye, Levin & Cohn 2001, p. 80
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  31. ^ Halstead & Cadman 2003, p. 94
  32. ^ Rees 1991, p. 16
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  40. ^ Tardio, Andres (August 29, 2015). "Kanye West Will Join These Elite Rappers As A VMA Vanguard Winner". MTV News. Archived from the original on July 2, 2016. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
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