Region 7 Sur #053
|• Municipal President||Pedro Ricardo Calam Farfan|
|• Total||270.81 km2 (104.56 sq mi)|
|Elevation||19 m (62 ft)|
|• Density||46/km2 (120/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central Standard Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (Central Daylight Time)|
|Major Airport||Merida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport|
|Municipalities of Yucatán|
Muna Municipality (In the Yucatec Maya Language: “soft water") is one of the 106 municipalities in the Mexican state of Yucatán containing (270.81 km2) of land and is located roughly 50 km south of the city of Mérida.
There is no accurate data on when the town was founded, though it existed before the conquest, as part of the chieftainship of Tutul Xiu. At colonization, Muna became part of the encomienda system. The areas encompassing Muna and Dzán Municipality were joined for a time during the encomienda system. The first encomendero was Castilla in 1549 and it then passed to Alonso Rosado and Diego Rosado. By 1607 the encomendero was Pedro Rosado. In 1625, the trusteeship passed to Diego de Jáuregui and Francisca Rosado and in 1629 to Sebastián de Mendoza and Diego de Mendoza.
Yucatán declared its independence from the Spanish Crown in 1821, and in 1825 the area was assigned to the low sierra partition of Mama Municipality. In 1867 it was transferred to the Ticul Municipality and confirmed as its own municipality in 1988.
The municipal president is elected for a three-year term. The town council has nine councilpersons, who serve as Secretary and councilors of education, agricultural development, public lighting, events, roads, cemeteries, maintenance, ecology and parks.
The Municipal Council administers the business of the municipality. It is responsible for budgeting and expenditures and producing all required reports for all branches of the municipal administration. Annually it determines educational standards for schools.
The Police Commissioners ensure public order and safety. They are tasked with enforcing regulations, distributing materials and administering rulings of general compliance issued by the council.
The head of the municipality is Muna, Yucatán. There are 18 populated areas of the municipality including Choyob, Lazaro Cárdenas, Muna, San José Tipceh and Yaxha. The significant populations are shown below:
|Entire Municipality (2010)||12,336|
|Muna||10957 in 2005|
|San José Tipceh||488 in 2005|
|Yaxhá||210 in 2005|
Every year from 12 to 15 August the town celebrates a festival in honor of its patroness, the Virgin of the Assumption.
- Church of the Virgin of the Assumption, built during the colonial period
- Chapel of St. Bernard, built during the colonial period
- Chapel of San Andres, built during the colonial period
- Chapel of San Mateo, built during the colonial period
- Chapel of San Sebastián, built during the colonial period
- Chapel of Santa María, built during the colonial period
- Chapel of La Soledad, built during the colonial period
- archaeological site at Xmatuy
- Hacienda San José Tibceh
- "Presidente Municipal de PRI" (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: PRI. 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- "Municipios de Yucatán »Muna" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- "Mexico In Figures:Muna, Yucatán". INEGI (in Spanish and English). Aguascalientes, México: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- García Bernal, Manuela Cristina (1978). Población y encomienda en Yucatán bajo los Austrias (in Spanish). Sevilla: Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos. p. 496. ISBN 978-8-400-04399-5. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- "Estado de Yucatán. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995" (PDF). inegi (in Spanish). Aguascalientes, Mexico: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. 1996. pp. 111, 123. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 December 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- "Muna". inafed (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Enciclopedia de Los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- "Muna". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- "San José Tipceh". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- "Yaxhá". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 3 August 2015.