Muna Municipality

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Muna
Municipality
Escudo de Muna
Seal
Region 7 Sur #053
Region 7 Sur #053
Muna is located in Mexico
Muna
Muna
Location of the Municipality in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°29′05″N 89°42′47″W / 20.48472°N 89.71306°W / 20.48472; -89.71306Coordinates: 20°29′05″N 89°42′47″W / 20.48472°N 89.71306°W / 20.48472; -89.71306
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Flag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Mexico Ind. 1821
Yucatán Est. 1824
Government
 • Type PRI logo (Mexico).svg 2012–2015[1]
 • Municipal President Pedro Ricardo Calam Farfan[2]
Area
 • Total 270.81 km2 (104.56 sq mi)
  [2]
Elevation 19 m (62 ft)
Population (2010[3])
 • Total 12,336
 • Density 46/km2 (120/sq mi)
 • Demonym Umanense
Time zone UTC-6 (Central Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (Central Daylight Time)
INEGI Code 053
Major Airport Merida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA Code MID
ICAO Code MMMD
Website Official Website
Municipalities of Yucatán

Muna Municipality (In the Yucatec Maya Language: “soft water") is one of the 106 municipalities in the Mexican state of Yucatán containing (270.81 km2) of land and is located roughly 50 km south of the city of Mérida.[2]

History[edit]

There is no accurate data on when the town was founded, though it existed before the conquest, as part of the chieftainship of Tutul Xiu. At colonization, Muna became part of the encomienda system.[2] The areas encompassing Muna and Dzán Municipality were joined for a time during the encomienda system. The first encomendero was Castilla in 1549 and it then passed to Alonso Rosado and Diego Rosado. By 1607 the encomendero was Pedro Rosado. In 1625, the trusteeship passed to Diego de Jáuregui and Francisca Rosado and in 1629 to Sebastián de Mendoza and Diego de Mendoza.[4]

Yucatán declared its independence from the Spanish Crown in 1821, and in 1825 the area was assigned to the low sierra partition of Mama Municipality.[2] In 1867 it was transferred to the Ticul Municipality and confirmed as its own municipality in 1988.[5]

Governance[edit]

The municipal president is elected for a three-year term. The town council has nine councilpersons, who serve as Secretary and councilors of education, agricultural development, public lighting, events, roads, cemeteries, maintenance, ecology and parks.[6]

The Municipal Council administers the business of the municipality. It is responsible for budgeting and expenditures and producing all required reports for all branches of the municipal administration. Annually it determines educational standards for schools.[6]

The Police Commissioners ensure public order and safety. They are tasked with enforcing regulations, distributing materials and administering rulings of general compliance issued by the council.[6]

Communities[edit]

The head of the municipality is Muna, Yucatán. There are 18 populated areas of the municipality including Choyob, Lazaro Cárdenas, Muna, San José Tipceh and Yaxha. The significant populations are shown below:[2]

Community Population
Entire Municipality (2010) 12,336[3]
Muna 10957 in 2005[7]
San José Tipceh 488 in 2005[8]
Yaxhá 210 in 2005[9]

Local festivals[edit]

Every year from 12 to 15 August the town celebrates a festival in honor of its patroness, the Virgin of the Assumption.[2]

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • Church of the Virgin of the Assumption, built during the colonial period
  • Chapel of St. Bernard, built during the colonial period
  • Chapel of San Andres, built during the colonial period
  • Chapel of San Mateo, built during the colonial period
  • Chapel of San Sebastián, built during the colonial period
  • Chapel of Santa María, built during the colonial period
  • Chapel of La Soledad, built during the colonial period
  • archaeological site at Xmatuy
  • Hacienda San José Tibceh

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presidente Municipal de PRI" (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: PRI. 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Municipios de Yucatán »Muna" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Mexico In Figures:Muna, Yucatán". INEGI (in Spanish and English). Aguascalientes, México: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  4. ^ García Bernal, Manuela Cristina (1978). Población y encomienda en Yucatán bajo los Austrias (in Spanish). Sevilla: Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos. p. 496. ISBN 978-8-400-04399-5. Retrieved 1 August 2015. 
  5. ^ "Estado de Yucatán. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995" (PDF). inegi (in Spanish). Aguascalientes, Mexico: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. 1996. pp. 111, 123. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 December 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c "Muna". inafed (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Enciclopedia de Los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  7. ^ "Muna". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  8. ^ "San José Tipceh". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  9. ^ "Yaxhá". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 3 August 2015.