0.35% of the Norwegian population)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Oslo, Lørenskog, Skedsmo, Drammen,|
|Norwegian, Persian, Azerbaijani,
Kurdish, Armenian (see also languages of Iran)
|Shia Islam, Baha'i, Christianity, Other|
|Related ethnic groups|
Norwegian-Iranians (also known as Iranian Norwegians) (Persian: ایرانیان نروژی, Norwegian: Norsk-iranere) are Norwegians of Iranian descent. The first wave of Norwegian-Iranians, migrated to Norway as a direct consequence of the political instability that followed the Islamic revolution in 1979. The subsequent difficult situation has since forced many others to seek refuge in Norway.
The History of Norwegian-Iranians began in the aftermath of the 1979 Islamic revolution. During the 1950s and 60's, Iran had been experiencing a process of westernization due to a western-influenced monarchy led by the Pahlavi dynasty. This led to public discontent, and along with the increasingly authoritarian regime, massive protests erupted which, in the end resulted in the overthrow of the shah, and the establishment of the Islamic Republic.
The majority of Norwegian-Iranians are ethnic Persians, with sizeable ethnic minorities being Iranian Azerbaijanis, Kurdish-Iranians, Iranian-Armenians, Arab-Iranians, Northern Iranians (Shomali) and Kermanshahi Kurds and Lurs.
Immediately after the revolution, The new regime completely shut down the higher educational system in order to overhaul and islamicize it. During this process many students and faculty were purged, initiating the first wave of the brain drain. Many of these people fled to the United States and Europe, with a few settling in Norway. Also, in the later years of the post-Islamic revolution war between Iraq and Iran, especially 1985-1987, some Persian refugees escaped to Norway.
According to at least one source, Iran had experienced no significant emigration or brain drain to wealthier countries before the Islamic Revolution. Emigration from Iran is said to have started in earnest with conscription for the Iran–Iraq War. The Islamic government's need for fresh troops and the high mortality rate of those troops led to the flight of draft-age Iranian men to other countries, including Scandinavia.
Many Norwegian-Iranians have experienced successful political careers, in many different political parties, across the political spectrum. Reza Rezaee is currently a member of the Oslo City Council for the far-left party Red. Mazyar Keshvari is a deputy member of parliament for the Progress Party and also sits on the Oslo City Council, he is an outspoken activist for human rights in Iran.
Masud Gharahkhani is a key politician for the Labour Party, and was close to becoming the first non-western mayor of a Norwegian town. His father Bijan is a notable Labour Union activist. Another Labour party politician, Farahnaz Bahrami who fled Iran in 1990, became a Norwegian citizen in 1997, was elected deputy member of parliament for Hedmark county in the period 2009–2013.
Media and entertainment
During the 2012 Eurovision Song Contest, Norway voted singer Touraj "Tooji" Keshktar all the way to the European finals. Model and actress Negar Khan became a notable celebrity after appearing in the Norwegian version of reality TV series Paradise Hotel, while former Miss Norway pageant Aylar Lie (née Sharareh Dianati) has long been a famous artist, glamour model and actress on Norwegian screens. In the news media, journalist Mina Ghabel Lunde worked for several years as a reporter for the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation before becoming PR-chief at Warner Music Norway. She is now a reporter at Dagens Næringsliv, the Norwegian business daily. while Mina Hadjian was a successful but controversial radio personality and talk-show host during the late 2000s.
Science and technology
Physician and neuroscientist Mahmood Amiry-Moghaddam is an award winning medical researcher and human rights activist, as well as co-founder of the Iran Human Rights foundation which monitors human rights violations in Iran, amongst his achievements are: His Majesty the King's Gold medal for the best medical PhD at the University of Oslo, Amnesty International Norway’s human rights prize 2007 and Anders Jahre’s medical prize for young investigators 2008. Mariam Kaynia is an award-winning scientist and researcher in the fields of electrical engineering and information technology. Kaynia is the daughter of Amir M. Kaynia, professor at the department of structural engineering at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim.
- Ahmad Ghanizadeh, politician and civil servant
- Mazyar Keshvari, politician
- Masud Gharahkhani, politician
- Lisa Tønne, comedian and entertainer
- Tooji, model, artist and social worker
- Aylar Lie, model, artist and actress
- Negar Khan, model, artist and actress
- Mahmood Amiry-Moghaddam, neuroscientist and human rights activist
- Reza Rezaee, politician
- Mina Hadjian, radio personality and talk-show host
- Mina Adampour, politician and activist
- Sara Nicole Andersen, model and beauty pageant
- Miras Movassi, Shipping Tycoon
- Ebadi, Shirin, Iran Awakening: A Memoir of Revolution and Hope by Shirin Ebadi with Azadeh Moaveni, Random House, 2006, p.78–79
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- Køsling, Ingvild-Anita (2012-09-13). "- Jeg er ingen slagen mann". nrk.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 19 September 2012.
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- Fiskvik, Eli Pauline. "Bahrami, Farahnaz (1962-)". Stortinget.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 04.09.2012. Check date values in:
- Rydning, Anders (2012-05-25). "Tooji videre til MGP-finalen". tv2.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 04.09.2012. Check date values in:
- "Aylar Lie - God Kveld Norge". tv2.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 20 September 2012.
- "Mina Ghabel Lunde (29)" (in Norwegian). Journalisten.no. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
- Pettersen, Jonas. "Jeg er i grunnen veldig klar for fengsel nå". Kjendis.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 20 September 2012.
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- Kaynia, Mariam. "Biography". Homepage of Mariam Kaynia. Dept. of Electronics and Telecommunications, NTNU. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
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