Nureongi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Nureongi (누렁이)
Country of origin Korea
Traits
Color yellow
Dog (Canis lupus familiaris)
Nureongi
Hangul 누렁이, 황구
Hanja 黃狗
Revised Romanization Nureongi
McCune–Reischauer Nurŏngi

The Nureongi (also spelled Noo-rung-yee) is a yellowish landrace native to Korea. Like native Korean dog breeds such as the Jindo, nureongi are medium-sized spitz-type dogs, but are larger, with greater musculature and a distinctive coat pattern. They are quite uniform in appearance, yellow hair and melanistic masks. Nureongi are most often used as a livestock dog, raised for its meat, and not commonly kept as pets.[1][2]

Population Estimate[edit]

In a 2009 study about dog meat consumption in South Korea, Anthony Podberscek of Cambridge University's Department of Veterinary Medicine reported that, although other kinds of dogs are also farmed and eaten, the nureongi is the dog most commonly used in this way. In a 1999 paper, Ann Yong-Geun of Cheung Chong University in South Korea, asserts the existence of a "unique" Korean "edible" dog "specifically bred and raised as food" distinct from pet dogs which Koreans keep and love and treat as family members.[3] In 1998, there were a total of 2,246,357 dogs in Korea but only 882,482 households with pet dogs. As most Korean pet owners do not have more than one dog, the "unique" Korean livestock dog must have outnumbered all other kinds of dogs that lived in Korea in that year.[3][4]

Prior to being taken to market, Nuregoni are often kept on short chains or in small cages. Others are kept in the yards of houses, where they function as guard dogs until they are slaughtered and eaten.[5] They are transported to market by trucks or bikes in cages.[6] When being sold at markets, Nuregoni are often kept in cages, often with many other Nuregoni.[2]

Terminology[edit]

Nureongi (누렁이) is an informal Korean word meaning "yellow one," and might best translate as "Brownie" or "Blackie" if those referred to a yellow animal, somewhat as the word "Yeller" has been used as a name for any yellow animal in English.[7] "Hwanggu" (황구; 黃狗) is a Sino-Korean compound meaning literally "yellow cur (dog)." Another common term is the Korean slang ddong-gae (똥개), meaning "dung dogs" or "shit dogs," which refers to the common belief that the dogs have a habit of eating feces.[8][9] The dogs are generally considered by Koreans to be "mutts," "mongrels," or "curs" and are not normally allowed into the home.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morris, Desmond (2008). Dogs: The Ultimate Dictionary of Over 1,000 Dog Breeds. Trafalgar Square. ISBN 1-57076-410-7. 
  2. ^ a b Podberscek, A.L. (2009). "Good to pet and eat: The keeping and consuming of dogs and cats in South Korea" (PDF). Journal of Social Issues 65 (3): 615–632. 
  3. ^ a b Yong-Geun, Ann (1999). "Dog meat foods in Korea. (Only abstract is in English - see first paragraph of 4th Section "Result", line 68.)". Korean Journal of Food Nutrition 12 (4). pp. 397–408. 
  4. ^ Ann, Yong-Geun. "Dog Meat Foods in Korea". Korean Medical Database. Retrieved 16 May 2013. In the year of 1998, the heads of dog raised in Korea were 1,846,411, and the number of the households raising dogs is 819,112 which means that the heads of pet dog and edible dos were 819,112 and 1,027,299, respectively, because each house raised about one pet dog and one edible dog breeder raised hundreds of dog. In 1998, the number of exported dogs came to 28 heads, and that of imported dogs was 296 heads. But edible dog that was slaughtered or processed has not been reported to be exported or imported. It is known that at the Shenyang Xingshan Food Ltd in Shenyang, Chinese, 300,000 heads of dogs were raised, slaughtered and processed of dog meat per year, and 20% of them were exported. In Korea, the cook of dog meat is a special food culture with a long history. During the Chosun dynasty, dog meat had been eaten to be cooked diversely such as Gaejangkuk(a soup), Suyuk(a boiled meat), Sundae(a sausage), Kui(a roasted meat), Gaezim(a steamed meat), Nurumi(a meat roasted or fried, to which lot of spice paste are added), Gaesoju(an extract), Musulju(a wine), Musuldang(a sweet cane), Now, it is cooked as Bosintang(a soup), Suyuk(a boiled meat), Jeongol(boiled meat mixed with spices, vegetables and water on the pot), Duruchigi(boiled meat added spice vegatable and slightly roasted), Muchim(boiled meat added by spice and mixed), Gaesoju(an extract), with the number of recipes lessened, compared with those of the old times. The reason is due to the intervention and criticism from foreign countries. But foreigner´s blame for the dog meat is absurd and excessive action, because Korea raises exceptional dogs which are edible. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ Czajkowski, C. (2014). "Dog meat trade in South Kores: A report on the current state of the trade and efforts to eliminate it.". Animal L 21: 29–151. 
  7. ^ Lee, Brian "Dogs May Be Designated as Livestock" JoongAng Daily, April 12, 2008
  8. ^ Kim, Rakhyun E. (2008). "Dog Meat in Korea: A Socio-Legal Challenge" (PDF). Animal Law 14 (2): 205. 
  9. ^ "똥개" [ddong-gae]. Naver Korean dictionary. 1. Poop eating mutts 2. Dogs eating and surviving on shit