Old Buckenham

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Old Buckenham
Old Buckenham Church - geograph.org.uk - 380007.jpg
All Saints Church, Old Buckenham
Old Buckenham is located in Norfolk
Old Buckenham
Old Buckenham
Old Buckenham shown within Norfolk
Area20.06 km2 (7.75 sq mi)
Population1,270 (2011 census)[1]
• Density63/km2 (160/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTM0691
Civil parish
  • Old Buckenham
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townATTLEBOROUGH
Postcode districtNR17
Dialling code01953
PoliceNorfolk
FireNorfolk
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk
52°29′N 1°02′E / 52.48°N 1.04°E / 52.48; 1.04Coordinates: 52°29′N 1°02′E / 52.48°N 1.04°E / 52.48; 1.04

Old Buckenham is a village and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk, approximately 29 km (18 mi) south-west of Norwich.

It covers an area of 20.06 km2 (7.75 sq mi) and had a population of 1,294 in 658 households at the 2001 census[2] falling to a population of 1,270 living in 529 households at the census 2011. For the purposes of local government, it falls within the district of Breckland.

History[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

Old Buckenham was listed as Bucham, Buccham or Bucheham in the 1068 Domesday Book. The name comes from the Old English for "homestead of a man called Bucca".[3]

Nineteenth century[edit]

During the nineteenth century there was a small Sandemanian community in the village which the natural philosopher Michael Faraday visited many times in the 1850s and 1860s.[4]

Governance[edit]

Since 2015, Old Buckenham is in The Buckenhams & Banham ward of Breckland district, which returns one councillor to the district council. Since 2010, the parish is part of the Parliamentary constituency of Mid Norfolk.

Geography[edit]

Old Buckenham windmill

Old Buckenham is in the southern part of the county of Norfolk, approximately 29 km (18 mi) south-west of Norwich and about 5 km (3.1 mi) south of its post town, Attleborough. Nearby villages include New Buckenham, Wilby and Banham.

There is a large village green at the heart of the village, called Church Green. The two public houses — the Gamekeeper and the Ox and Plough — are located by this green.[5] The village as of 2018 has a Londis shop which is also the post office.

Old Buckenham Airport lies to the north-west of the village. The remains of Old Buckenham Castle and Old Buckenham Priory are nearby.

Old Buckenham Windmill is a preserved towermill built in 1818, originally having 8 common sails but now having four patent sails. It is well known in the mill world for having the largest windmill circumference in Britain and housed five pairs of stones. The granary next door had four pairs driven by a steam (later oil) engine. The mill is open several times a year.[6]

Education[edit]

Old Buckenham has a high school (Old Buckenham High School), and a primary school. Old Buckenham Hall School was located in the village between 1937 and 1952. It is now located in Brettenham, Suffolk under the same name

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 9 August 2016.
  2. ^ Census population and household counts for unparished urban areas and all parishes. Office for National Statistics & Norfolk County Council (2001). Retrieved 20 June 2009,
  3. ^ Mills, A. D. (1998). Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford University Press. p. 60. ISBN 0-19-280074-4.
  4. ^ James, Frank A. J. L.; Michael Faraday (1999). The Correspondence of Michael Faraday. IET. pp. xxviii. ISBN 0-86341-251-3.
  5. ^ CAMRA WhatPub
  6. ^ "Old Buckenham towermill". Retrieved 9 March 2014.