Mid Norfolk (UK Parliament constituency)

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Mid Norfolk
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Mid Norfolk in Norfolk for the 2010 general election
Outline map
Location of Norfolk within England
CountyNorfolk
Electorate75,080 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlementsDereham and Wymondham
Current constituency
Created1983
Member of ParliamentGeorge Freeman (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
Created fromNorfolk North, Norfolk South West and Yarmouth[2]
18851918
Number of membersOne
Type of constituencyCounty constituency
Replaced bySouth Norfolk and South West Norfolk
Created fromNorth Norfolk, South Norfolk and West Norfolk
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyEast of England

Mid Norfolk is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by George Freeman, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the three two-member county divisions of Norfolk were replaced with six single-member divisions, including the newly created Mid Division of Norfolk. It was abolished at the next redistribution of seats under the provisions of the Representation of the People Act 1918, when it was absorbed by neighbouring constituencies.

The seat was re-established as a County Constituency for the 1983 general election, since which it has only elected and been served by a Conservative MP.

The Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies for the 2010 general election created a new constituency, Broadland, based on the local government district of the same name, which was formed from the majority of the Mid Norfolk seat, together with parts of North Norfolk. The Mid Norfolk seat was retained with substantially altered boundaries, gaining parts of South Norfolk and South West Norfolk in compensation (see below). The former MP for Mid Norfolk, Keith Simpson, was selected to contest the newly created Broadland constituency.[3]

Boundaries and boundary changes[edit]

1885-1918: The Sessional Divisions of Forehoes, Guiltcross and Shropham, and Mitford and Launditch.[4]

The constituency was created from parts of the Southern Division of Norfolk and parts of the abolished Eastern Division. The main settlements were East Dereham and Wymondham. On abolition, southern areas, including Wymondham, were returned to the Southern Division and northern areas, including East Dereham, were transferred to the South-Western Division.

1983-1997: The District of Breckland wards of Beetley and Gressenhall, East Dereham Neatherd, East Dereham St Withburga, East Dereham Toftwood, East Dereham Town, Eynsford, Hermitage, Launditch, Mattishall, Shipworth, Springvale, Swanton Morley, Taverner, Two Rivers, Upper Wensum, and Upper Yare, and the District of Broadland wards of Acle, Aylsham, Blofield, Brundall, Burlingham, Buxton, Cawston, Coltishall, Drayton, Foulsham, Freethorpe, Great Witchingham, Hainford, Hevingham, Horsford, Plumstead, Rackheath, Reedham, Reepham, South Walsham, Spixworth, St Faiths, Taverham, and Wroxham.[5]

Eastern areas were transferred from Yarmouth, central areas (including Aylsham) from North Norfolk and western areas (including East Dereham) from South West Norfolk.

1997-2010: The District of Breckland wards of Beetley and Gressenhall, East Dereham Neatherd, East Dereham St Withburga, East Dereham Toftwood, East Dereham Town, Eynsford, Hermitage, Launditch, Mattishall, Shipworth, Springvale, Swanton Morley, Taverner, Two Rivers, Upper Wensum, and Upper Yare, and the District of Broadland wards of Acle, Aylsham, Blofield, Brundall, Burlingham, Buxton, Cawston, Coltishall, Foulsham, Freethorpe, Great Witchingham, Hainford, Hevingham, Horsford, Plumstead, Rackheath, Reedham, Reepham, South Walsham, Spixworth, St Faiths, and Wroxham.[6]

The District of Broadland wards of Drayton and Teversham were transferred to Norwich North.

2010–present: The District of Breckland wards of All Saints, Buckenham, Burgh and Haverscroft, Dereham Central, Dereham Humbletoft, Dereham Neatherd, Dereham Toftwood, Eynsford, Haggard De Toni, Hermitage, Launditch, Necton, Queen’s, Shipdham, Springvale and Scarning, Swanton Morley, Taverner, Templar, Two Rivers, Upper Wensum, Upper Yare, Watton, and Wissey, and the District of South Norfolk wards of Abbey, Cromwells, Hingham and Deopham, Northfields, Rustens, Town, and Wicklewood.[7]

Significant changes, with only the District of Breckland wards retained.  The District of Broadland wards, which had comprised the majority of the constituency, were included in the new County Constituency of Broadland.  Further District of Breckland wards, including Watton and Attleborough, were transferred from South West Norfolk.  The District of South Norfolk wards, including Wymondham, were transferred from the constituency of South Norfolk.

Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission[edit]

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.

The Commission have recommended that the seat is extended southwards to the border with Suffolk, gaining rural areas from South West Norfolk. Five of the seven District of South Norfolk wards, including Wymondham would be transferred back to the constituency of South Norfolk and the District of Breckland ward of Hermitage would be transferred to Broadland.[8]

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

Election Member[9] Party Notes
1885 Robert Gurdon Liberal Gurdon was elected as a Liberal, but joined the Liberal Unionists when the party split
1886 Liberal Unionist
1892 Clement Higgins Liberal Higgins was elected as a Liberal, but later joined the Liberal Unionists. He resigned his seat in 1895
??? Liberal Unionist
1895 by-election Robert Gurdon Liberal Unionist later Baron Cranworth
1895 Frederick Wilson Liberal
1906 John Wodehouse, Lord Wodehouse Liberal later 3rd Earl of Kimberley
1910 (Jan) William Boyle Liberal Unionist
1918 by-election Neville Jodrell Conservative Later MP for King's Lynn
1918 Constituency abolished, but re-established 1983

MPs since 1983[edit]

Election Member[9] Party
1983 Richard Ryder Conservative
1997 Keith Simpson Conservative
2010 George Freeman Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

Next General Election: Mid Norfolk
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Steffan Aquarone[10]
Labour Adrian Heald[11]
General election 2017: Mid Norfolk[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Freeman 32,828 59.0 +6.9
Labour Sarah Simpson 16,742 30.1 +11.7
Liberal Democrat Fionna Tod 2,848 5.1 −1.2
UKIP Tracy Knowles 2,092 3.8 −15.3
Green Hannah Lester 1,158 2.1 −2.1
Majority 16,086 28.9 −4.2
Turnout 55,668 69.6 +1.9
Conservative hold Swing −2.4
General election 2015: Mid Norfolk[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Freeman[14] 27,206 52.1 +2.6
UKIP Anna Coke[15] 9,930 19.0 +13.5
Labour Harry Clarke 9,585 18.4 +0.4
Liberal Democrat Paul Speed[16] 3,300 6.3 −15.9
Green Simeon Jackson[17] 2,191 4.2 +1.3
Majority 17,276 33.1 +5.8
Turnout 52,212 67.8 −0.6
Conservative hold Swing -5.5
General election 2010: Mid Norfolk[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Freeman 25,123 49.5 +2.9
Liberal Democrat David Newman 11,267 22.2 +3.0
Labour Elizabeth Hughes 8,857 17.4 −12.8
UKIP Richard Toby Coke 2,800 5.5 +1.5
Green Tim Birt 1,457 2.9 +2.9
BNP Christene Kelly[19] 1,261 2.5 +2.5
Majority 13,856 27.3
Turnout 50,765 68.4 +2.8
Conservative hold Swing −0.1

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General election 2005: Mid Norfolk[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Keith Simpson 23,564 43.1 −1.7
Labour Daniel Zeichner 16,004 29.2 −6.9
Liberal Democrat Vivienne Clifford-Jackson 12,988 23.7 +9.2
UKIP Simon Fletcher 2,178 4.0 +1.5
Majority 7,560 13.8
Turnout 54,734 67.0 −1.1
Conservative hold Swing +2.6
General election 2001: Mid Norfolk[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Keith Simpson 23,519 44.8 +5.2
Labour Daniel Zeichner 18,957 36.1 −1.2
Liberal Democrat Vivienne Clifford-Jackson 7,621 14.5 −0.5
UKIP Stuart Agnew 1,333 2.5 N/A
Green Peter Reeve 1,118 2.1 −0.1
Majority 4,562 8.7
Turnout 52,548 68.1 −8.2
Conservative hold Swing 3.2

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General election 1997: Mid Norfolk[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Keith Simpson 22,739 39.6 −14.7
Labour Daniel Zeichner 21,403 37.3 +11.9
Liberal Democrat Susan Frary 8,617 15.0 −4.9
Referendum Nigel Holder 3,229 5.6 N/A
Green Tony Park 1,254 2.1 N/A
Natural Law Bruce Parker 215 0.4 N/A
Majority 1,336 2.3 −26.6
Turnout 57,457 76.3 −5.2
Conservative hold Swing −13.3
General election 1992: Mid Norfolk[23][24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Ryder 35,620 54.3 −2.4
Labour Michael Castle 16,672 25.4 +7.6
Liberal Democrat Michael Gleed 13,072 19.9 −5.6
Natural Law Coral Waite 226 0.3 N/A
Majority 18,948 28.9 −2.3
Turnout 65,590 81.5 +3.3
Conservative hold Swing −5.0

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General election 1987: Mid Norfolk[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Ryder 32,758 56.7 +0.8
Social Democratic Gavin Graham 14,750 25.5 −0.5
Labour Keith Luckey 10,272 17.8 +0.6
Majority 18,008 31.2
Turnout 78.2
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1983: Mid Norfolk[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Ryder 29,032 55.9 N/A
Social Democratic David Cargill 13,517 26.0 N/A
Labour Leslie Potter 8,950 17.2 N/A
Independent Mona McNee 405 0.8 N/A
Majority 15,515 29.9 N/A
Turnout 75.3 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

1918 Mid Norfolk by-election[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Neville Jodrell Unopposed
Unionist hold

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General election December 1910:Mid Norfolk[28][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist William Lewis Boyle 4,345 50.2 −2.4
Liberal William Richard Lester 4,308 49.8 +2.4
Majority 37 0.4 −4.8
Turnout 8,653 86.7 −3.3
Registered electors 9,984
Liberal Unionist hold Swing −2.4
Lester
General election January 1910:Mid Norfolk[28][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist William Lewis Boyle 4,724 52.6 +2.8
Liberal William Richard Lester 4,265 47.4 −2.8
Majority 459 5.2 N/A
Turnout 8,989 90.0 +1.8
Registered electors 9,984
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +2.8

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Wodehouse
General election 1906:Mid Norfolk[29][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Wodehouse 4,197 50.2 −3.7
Liberal Unionist William Lewis Boyle 4,170 49.8 +3.7
Majority 27 0.4 −7.4
Turnout 8,367 88.2 +7.8
Registered electors 9,490
Liberal hold Swing −3.7
General election 1900:Mid Norfolk[29][30][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Frederick William Wilson 3,996 53.9 +3.1
Liberal Unionist William Lewis Boyle 3,422 46.1 −3.1
Majority 574 7.8 +6.2
Turnout 7,418 80.4 −6.9
Registered electors 9,226
Liberal hold Swing +3.1

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Wilson
General election 1895: Mid Norfolk [29][30][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Frederick William Wilson 4,220 50.8 −2.3
Liberal Unionist Robert Gurdon 4,086 49.2 +2.3
Majority 134 1.6 −4.6
Turnout 8,306 87.3 −1.9
Registered electors 9,509
Liberal hold Swing −2.3
By-election, 23 Apr 1895: Mid Norfolk [29][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Robert Gurdon 4,112 51.3 +4.4
Liberal Frederick William Wilson 3,904 48.7 −4.4
Majority 208 2.6 N/A
Turnout 8,016 84.3 −4.9
Registered electors 9,509
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +4.4
General election 1892: Mid Norfolk [29][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Clement Higgins 4,069 53.1 +6.7
Liberal Unionist Robert Gurdon 3,599 46.9 −6.7
Majority 470 6.2 N/A
Turnout 7,668 89.2 +32.6
Registered electors 8,601
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +6.7

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General election 1886: Mid Norfolk [29][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Robert Gurdon 3,032 53.6 +18.3
Liberal James Toller[31] 2,625 46.4 −18.3
Majority 407 7.2 N/A
Turnout 5,657 56.6 −24.9
Registered electors 9,992
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +18.3
General election 1885: Mid Norfolk [29][32][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Gurdon 5,275 64.7 N/A
Conservative Ailwyn Fellowes 2,872 35.3 N/A
Majority 2,403 29.4 N/A
Turnout 8,147 81.5 N/A
Registered electors 9,992
Liberal win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. ^ "'Norfolk Mid', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 14 March 2016. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  3. ^ "Broadland selection". ConservativeHome's Seats & Candidates blog.
  4. ^ Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
  5. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-13.
  6. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-13.
  7. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-13.
  8. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 2)
  10. ^ "Liberal Democrat Parliamentary Candidates". Mark Pack. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  11. ^ "Dr Adrian Heald (JRM would prefer Medicus Esq) on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  12. ^ "Election Data 2017". BBC. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
  13. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  14. ^ "UK ELECTION RESULTS: Norfolk Mid 2015".
  15. ^ "Why Anna?". Mid Norfolk UKIP. Archived from the original on 1 February 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  16. ^ http://www.libdems.org.uk/general_election_candidates#East_of_England
  17. ^ "Member of Parliament for Mid Norfolk". YourNextMP. Archived from the original on 1 February 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  18. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-14. Retrieved 2010-03-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  21. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  22. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  23. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  24. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  25. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  26. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  28. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  29. ^ a b c d e f g The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  30. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  31. ^ "Mid Division of Norfolk". Norwich Mercury. 25 August 1886. p. 1. Retrieved 5 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  32. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886