One Bush Plaza
|One Bush Plaza|
The Crown Zellerbach Building (left)
and Shell Building from Market Street in 2007
|Alternative names||Crown Zellerbach Building|
|Location||1 Bush Street
San Francisco, California
|Completed||1959, 58 years ago|
|Roof||308 ft (94 m)|
|Floor area||439,000 sq ft (40,800 m2)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
Hertzka & Knowles
|Structural engineer||H.J. Brunnier Associates|
One Bush Plaza also known as the Crown Zellerbach Building is an office building in the western United States in San Francisco, California. Located on Bush Street and Battery Street at Market Street in the Financial District, the 20-story, 308-foot (94 m) building was completed in 1959.
The building was originally the headquarters of the Crown Zellerbach, a Fortune 500 forest products conglomerate acquired by Sir James Goldsmith in a 1985 hostile takeover. The majority of the pulp and paper assets were sold to James River in 1986, which in turn became a part of Georgia-Pacific in 2000. (The brown paper container division became Gaylord Container). James River's headquarters were in Richmond, Virginia, and Gaylord's moved to suburban Chicago. The building was later the headquarters of Hambrecht & Quist.
Constructed in the late 1950s, it was the first significant structure erected in downtown San Francisco in the thirty years following the start of the Great Depression. It was the first International Style building in San Francisco and one of the first International Style buildings in the U.S., being completed shortly after the Lever House and Seagram Building. It was not however the first building in San Francisco to feature a glass curtain wall, that designation belongs to the Hallidie Building, two blocks to the west.
It is controversial due to the decision for the building to face Bush St. instead of Market St., Market St. being in decline during the time it was built. It is notable for taking up an entire city block and being freestanding. It is directly facing the Shell Building, an iconic Art Deco skyscraper in San Francisco.
- 1959 Administrative Management Magazine – Office of the Year Award: Award of Merit
- 1960 American Institute of Steel Construction – Award of Excellence
- 1961 American Institute of Architects – Award of Merit
- 1997 American Institute of Architects - California Council 25 Year Award
- "City of San Francisco Designated Landmarks". City of San Francisco. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
- One Bush Plaza at Emporis
- "One Bush Plaza". SkyscraperPage.
- One Bush Plaza at Structurae
- "Financier obtains control of Crown Zellerbach". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. July 26, 1985. p. 1B.
- "Goldsmith wins in C-Z takeover". Bend Bulletin. (Oregon). UPI. July 26, 1985. p. A13.
- "James River plans to take over mill". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. December 17, 1985. p. 6B.
- "Crown Z makes stock swap". Ellensburg Daily Record. (Washington). UPI. December 17, 1985. p. 13.
- "James River to buy most of Zellerbach". Spokane Chronicle. (Washington). December 17, 1985. p. B5.
- "Hayford, Pomerantz to buy 2d paper products company". Chicago Tribune. September 20, 1986. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
- "Hallidie Building". Great Buildings Collection. Architecture Week. Retrieved 2010-12-01.
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