Pacific Union College
Seal of Pacific Union College
|Motto||They shall be all taught by God.
(from John 6:45)
|Type||Private Liberal Arts College|
|President||Bob Cushman, Ph.D. |
|Location||Angwin, CA, United States
|Athletics||NAIA – Cal-Pac|
|Sports||6 varsity sports teams|
Pacific Union College (PUC) is a private liberal arts college located in Napa Valley, California. The campus is located in the upper valley town of Angwin, eight miles north of St. Helena, California and within the Howell Mountain wine appellation. It is the only four-year college in Napa County. It is among the top ten employers in the county. A coeducational residential college, it serves an almost exclusively undergraduate student body, the overwhelming majority of which live on campus.
PUC is fully accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges and maintains various programmatic accreditations. It is affiliated with the Adventist Church. It was the 12th college or university founded in the state of California. Enrollment at Pacific Union College is roughly 1,600. Students study a variety of courses offered by the school's 20 academic departments. The school offers over 70 undergraduate majors and one master's program. The campus occupies 150 acres (0.61 km2) of the college's 1,900 acres (7.7 km2) in property.
- 1 History
- 2 Academics
- 3 Campus and facilities
- 4 Student life
- 5 Alumni
- 6 Notes
- 7 References
- 8 Further reading
- 9 External links
Pacific Union College has had a total of twenty-three presidents. The first eight of these served while the school was still in Healdsburg. In 1983, Malcolm Maxwell became the first alumnus to lead PUC, serving for a record 18 years. Bob Cushman, the current president, took office in July 2017 after serving as the academic dean at Walla Walla University.
Pacific Union College was founded as Healdsburg Academy in 1882 in Healdsburg, California in northern Sonoma County. It was renamed Healdsburg College in 1899. Sidney Brownsberger was its first President. It is the twelfth oldest institution of higher education in the state of California, and the second founded by the Adventist Church, the first west of the Mississippi.
In 1909 the college moved to its current location in Angwin, on Howell Mountain in neighboring Napa County, where the school had purchased the 1,636-acre Angwin Resort for $60,000. One reason for relocating to Angwin Resort was its beautiful rural setting, overlooking California's Napa Valley wine country, which continues to be a defining characteristic.
In 1933, Pacific Union College became the first higher educational institution affiliated with the Adventist Church to achieve regional accreditation when it was awarded accreditation by the Northwest Association of Secondary and Higher Schools. The year before, PUC had become the first school to receive denominational accreditation. Pacific Union College also was the first Adventist school to form international affiliations; it affiliated with what is now Avondale College in Australia in 1954.
In 1935 the elementary school and high school of the college were administratively separated. The high school, PUC Preparatory School, is located on the campus itself while the elementary school is located down the road off campus.
In 2006 the faculty, administration and Board of Trustees underscored PUC's commitment to undergraduate education by making a formal decision to remain a college and not change its name to university, as other small private colleges had done. This decision was based on the institution's commitment to quality liberal arts undergraduate teaching.
In the summer of 2006, PUC's Board of Trustees announced its intention to enlarge its endowment through the sale and development of a portion of its land holdings into an ecovillage. The initial plans called for 591 homes and improvements to local businesses and shops. The original proposal specified master planned development, conservation easements and lot sales affecting approximately 885 acres (3.58 km2) out of PUC's current holdings of over 1,800 acres (7.3 km2). PUC announced on April 3, 2007 that in response to community input it had decided to reduce the planned number of housing units by 200, to 391. On October 4, 2010, Pacific Union College and Triad Corporation announced a decision to abandon the project.
In early 2014, there was a controversy when a long-time department chair announced his resignation in response to president Heather Knight, preparing to remove a 26-year, tenured professor in his department for "lectures on sex that administrators said clashed with church teachings." Her actions were viewed as a reinterpretation of the school's policy on academic freedom which were previously interpreted to allow variations from church teachings. Knight withdrew her threat to fire the professor but "doubled down" on her reinterpretation of academic freedom despite a major outcry from faculty, students and alumni.
Academic Dean Nancy Lecourt stated that the conflict originated from tension between the school's commitment to promote the church and professors' freedom to teach, stating, "How do we get students thinking? We poke at them, we introduce them to new ideas, and we ask difficult questions... But how do we get them thinking without losing their faith?" Following the school's re-evaluation of academic freedom, a professor, Greg Schneider, stated, "This damages the fabric [of the school's academic focus], and it's going to take some reweaving." Schneider, who had taught at PUC for 37 years, planned to retire soon and asked, rhetorically, "Can I still, with my whole being, communicate to my students that this is where you ought to be?"
In June 2014, the College received a $2.4 million unrestricted donation from a local resident. It was described as the single largest cash gift in the college's history.
Pacific Union College is the only four-year college located in Napa County, California. Pacific Union College offers bachelor's degrees, associate degrees and pre-professional programs. It has been recognized for its strong undergraduate program.
There are approximately 1,500 students, and the school maintains a student/teacher ratio of 13:1. PUC's most popular departments are Business, Nursing, Biology, and Psychology & Social Work. It has a very strong pre-med program, and is the largest source of students for Loma Linda University School of Medicine. According to the Angwin Community Council, the college "has been the training ground for an inordinately large number of outstanding physicians, dentists, nurses, teachers and theologians...among its well over 50,000 alumni..."
Pacific Union College school offers over 70 undergraduate majors and one master's program, throughout 20 academic departments. The school operates on a quarter-based academic calendar.
PUC offers a number of unique class offerings. In 2014, the college offered a "Psychology of Star Trek" course, which explored psychological topics through Star Trek series. Some are taught abroad including a course in "Sex Trafficking in Kolkata, India" taught in India, a class on tropical biology taught from a boat on the Amazon River, annual foreign study tours led by professors in the history department, the annual Honors Program summer course in Italy, among others.
PUC requires students to pick from a variety of fitness classes as part of its general education curriculum. Offerings have included fencing, trikke, pickleball, swimming, water aerobics, polo, canoeing, ski, snowboarding, soccer, dance, yoga, and more.
Some departments at Pacific Union College require students to submit a senior thesis project to complete their degrees. Studying abroad is also a requirement in many programs.
Pacific Union College offers an Honors Program to high achieving students modeled on a great books curriculum. The program replaces the general education curriculum with a series of seminars studying great books. Students in the program participate in a fully-paid-for study tour set in Florence, Italy, before their junior year as part of a seminar studying the definition of beauty centered around Renaissance Art. Students in the program are required to complete a senior capstone project.
The U.S. News and World Report ranked Pacific Union College as one of their "Top Tier Schools" in the Western Baccalaureate Colleges category for 17 consecutive years until 2010. In 2011, U.S. News began ranking Pacific Union College as a National Liberal Arts College. U.S. News also ranks PUC second among liberal arts colleges for diversity.
In 2012, Pacific Union College was named America's Most Beautiful College by Newsweek and The Daily Beast. The ranking reflected data on student attractiveness, weather as measured by the number of sunny days per year and the area's comfort index, which measures humidity and afternoon temperatures, and campus' aesthetics and surrounding area.
College Prowler also ranks Pacific Union College as a top school in a number of categories as of January 2012. The rankings are based on surveys taken by current students at the school. College Prowler ranked Pacific Union College's intramural athletics first out of 932 schools ranked as well as its academic advisors and friendliest students (of both genders). Pacific Union College was also listed in the top 50 for having the most spacious and cleanest dorms, best vegetarian/vegan friendly options in the dining hall, most athletic, friendly and hot girls, most friendly and hot guys, having the friendly locals and most manageable workloads.
Pacific Union College is fully accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC), the regional accreditation body recognized by the U.S. Department of Education for its region. In August 2011, following a six-year review process, WASC "awarded Pacific Union College uninterrupted [re-]accreditation through 2018." The college was first accredited by WASC in 1951.
In addition to institution-wide accreditation by WASC, many of PUC's programs and departments are accredited by their programmatic accreditation bodies. These include the Music Department and the Paulin Center for the Creative Arts which are accredited by the National Association of Schools of Music, the Department of Business Administration and Economics which has been accredited by the International Assembly for Collegiate Business Education since 2002, when it became the only Adventist college to receive such accreditation; the Education Department which is accredited by the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing, the Nursing Department which is accredited by the Accrediting Commission of the National League for Nursing and the State of California's Board of Nursing, and the Social Work Program, which has been accredited since 1982 by the Council on Social Work Education.
Campus and facilities
The college is located in Angwin, on Howell Mountain above the Napa Valley, 70 miles (110 km) north of San Francisco, 60 miles (85 km) from the Pacific Ocean, and 180 miles (290 km) southwest of the skiing resorts in Truckee and Lake Tahoe. The main campus is on about 150 acres (0.61 km2) of the college's 1,900 acres (7.7 km2) property. The school has over 30 miles of hiking and biking trails on the remaining property.
Thirteen wineries are located in or near the town of Angwin, many of which offer tours and tastings.
During the summer of 2011, PUC refurbished both the interior and exterior of the Nelson Memorial Library at a cost of over a million dollars. The previous winter, Pacific Union College renovated the Dining Commons, a major center of student life, in a "rustic yet contemporary aesthetic," Napa Valley style. The onsite restaurant at PUC serves exclusively vegetarian and vegan menu items in a socially responsible manner.
Pacific Union College also operates non-traditional learning programs on off-site locations including the Yuba Community College in Clearlake, California, Travis Air Force Base and in the City of Napa.
Albion Field Station
The Albion Field Station, in Mendocino County on the Pacific coast and the Albion River is owned and operated by Pacific Union College. The Station is designed for educational purposes, its tide pools, estuaries and diverse fauna offering ideal learning opportunities.
Pacific Union College owns and operates Angwin-Parrett Field, a public use airport located on its campus. The airport was the landing spot during George W. Bush's presidential visit to the Napa Valley in 2006. The airport also supports PUC's bachelor of science degree in aviation and offers ground schools and flight instruction to the community.
Much of the school's 1,900 acres (7.7 km2) in property is undeveloped and known as the 'back40' where an extensive network of trails is maintained. Two annual bike races are held: The Napa Valley Dirt Classic  and the Howell Mountain Challenge . Two runs, Angwin to Angwish  and the Napa Valley Off-Road Triathlon , are occur annually on the 'back40'.
Pacific Union College Church
Pacific Union College Church is the campus church, built in 1968. It has 1,800 members in addition to PUC students. The church houses Pacific Union College's notable pipe organ built by Rieger Orgelbau of Austria and installed in 1981. The church complex also has classrooms for theology classes and houses PUC's Office of Service, Justice, and Missions.
Paulin Hall is the home of Pacific Union College's music department as well as the Paulin Center for the Creative Arts, which offers enrichment classes to the community taught by the music and art faculties. Paulin Hall regularly hosts approximately 10 concerts a year featuring student performers as well as guest performers from around the world.
Rasmussen Art Gallery
The Rasmussen Art Gallery, located in the heart of the Pacific Union College campus mall, offers students and community a stimulating and enriching cultural dimension in the visual arts. The gallery's exhibitions provide exposure to contemporary work as well as to historically significant art. The gallery hosts six shows each school year and features work from invited artists as well as from faculty and students. Previous exhibitions have included artists such as Vernon Nye, Pirkle Jones, John Maxon, Nathan Greene, Arminee Chahbazian, Earl Thollander, and hosts of others. The gallery is run by the visual arts department. The gallery is open regularly 1-5 p.m. on Sunday, Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday during exhibitions. Gallery admission is free to the public.
Pacific Union College's stated focus is on undergraduate education. In the fall of 2011, 1,567 students were enrolled at PUC. As a residential college, the vast majority of these students live in one of seven on-campus residence halls or school-owned apartments.
Pacific Union College embraces diversity as part of its mission and as a prerequisite for a liberal arts education. In its Diversity Statement, Pacific Union College states that it understands diversity to include aspects listed in the WASC Statement of Diversity: race, ethnicity, socioeconomic class, gender, age, religious belief, sexual orientation and disability. It goes on to state that PUC supports a campus climate of "genuine appreciation, rather than mere tolerance, for community members representing the full range of human diversity."
The U.S. News & World Report ranks Pacific Union College second out of 219 ranked National Liberal Arts Colleges for Campus Ethnic Diversity. It also ranks PUC as a top 100 National Liberal Arts College for Economic Diversity and Most International Students.
In May 2013, a story in the school's student newspaper, the Campus Chronicle, reported on the school's non-religious population. It noted that although the student population "often identifies as religious," the official count that only 1.1% of students identify as non-theistic is probably understating the figure. The college is home to an active Secular Student Alliance "for atheists, agnostics, nontheists, humanists, skeptics, freethinkers and other non-religious students." The club states that "there is a large and growing non-theistic population on the campus" and that it aims "to represent this population of scholars at PUC while articulating our secularistic world-view and rejection of a higher power to the student body."
The Pacific Union College Student Association (PUCSA) was started in 1887, just five years after the college was founded. It consists of an executive branch and a Student Senate. PUCSA funds publication of the school newspaper, the Campus Chronicle, directory, Funnybook, and yearbook, the Diogenes Lantern. Recently, the Funnybook ceased print publication and is now accessible exclusively through its website.
There are more than 50 clubs, Honor's Associations and Student Ministries active on campus at Pacific Union College. These include the Secular Student Alliance , Biology Club, Asian Student Association, Pre-Med Club, Korean Adventist Student Association, Dramatic Arts Society, Musical Arts Symposium, Homeless Ministry, Psi Chi, College Democrats and others. In addition to the Campus Chronicle, there are several other student-run publications a literary periodical, Quicksilver.
In 2008, Pacific Union College students founded the first campus branch of REVO,[a] an international philanthropy movement. It is Pacific Union College's student-run philanthropical organization and selects a cause each year to support with fundraising and awareness events. During its inaugural year (2008-2009 school year), REVO raised over $10,000 for a shelter and vocational center for trafficked and abused children in Lima, Peru, during the 2009-2010 school year it raised money for the Napa Valley Food Bank. In 2011, REVO announced that it had raised over $10,000 for its project for the school-year ending that year, a self-sustaining community kitchen in Argentina's Salta province through ADRA.
Dramatic Arts Society
The Dramatic Arts Society is a campus club that was formed in 1990 by students Kimberly Howard and Joel Kindrick. The club's constitution states that it must be student run, with a faculty adviser overseeing activities, and that its mission is to give students opportunities in the performing arts field. Hundreds of students are now alumni of this club with many going on to professions in the entertainment field. Among the many DAS productions over the years have been: Twelfth Night, Hamlet, The Crucible, The Misanthrope, Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead, Fiddler on the Roof and original works like This Adventist Life and Red Books: Our Search for Ellen White.
Groups for LGBTQ students
A gay-straight alliance, GASP (Gay and Straight People), has operated on campus since 2008. According to its blog, is serves "lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) students at the college" and is open to students and faculty who would like to become more familiar with the challenges faced by LGBTQ individuals. The club is supported by the college president who meets regularly with its officers.
SafePlace is a program run by a network of nearly 30 faculty members whose members commit to a willingness to engage in safe, supportive, and accepting private conversations with LGBT students. Members signify their participation by placing a double triangle symbol on their office door. In 2012, the Student Senate passed a "Safe Place Policy Implementation Bill" which would have formalized the program through the Student Association. The bill was vetoed by college president Heather J. Knight who argued that administration's goal was to make "every place on PUC's campus a safe place for same-sex attracted students" and that the bill implied "that there are indeed places at PUC that are not safe for same-sex attracted students."
OurPlace, a group exclusively for LGBT students, also exists.
Pacific Union College teams, nicknamed athletically as the Pioneers, are part of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA), primarily competing in the California Pacific Conference (CalPac). Men's sports include basketball, cross country and soccer; while women's sports include basketball, cross country and volleyball.
PUC has been awarded the "California Pacific Conference Team Sportsmanship Award" five times since 2003, most recently for the 2010-11 school year. In fall 2011, the coaches for varsity women's volleyball and men's soccer described it as "rebuilding" time. This award signifies the school that displays outstanding sportsmanship and exemplifies the true spirit of the "Champions of Character" program set forth by the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA).
PUC maintains an active intramural athletic program under the name RecRadio.org. The intramural athletic program is the top intramural athletics program in the country according to College Prowler's "Best Intramural Sports" ranking.
Pacific Union College has produced a large number of distinguished alumni for a school of its size. It has been noted for being the "training ground for an inordinately large number of outstanding physicians, dentists, nurses, teachers and theologians" who make up part of its over 50,000 alumni. PUC's notable alumni include members of the United States Congress and California State Assembly; a Harlem Renaissance poet, a professional smooth jazz saxophonist, and others in the arts; multiple presidents of the World Seventh-day Adventist Church, judges, the founder of the Loma Linda University Medical Center, Glendale Adventist Medical Center, and Glendale Adventist Hospital; presidents of many institutions of higher education including the University of Houston and La Sierra University. Notable alumni also include numerous scientists, professors, television personalities and a surgeon in the Japanese Imperial Army.
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