California State University Maritime Academy
California Nautical School (1929–39)|
California Maritime Academy
|Motto||Laborare Pugnare Parati Sumus (Latin)|
Motto in English
|We are prepared to work and fight|
|Endowment||$8.2 million (2017)|
|President||Thomas A. Cropper|
|Students||1,107 (Fall 2016)|
|Undergraduates||1,079 (Fall 2016)|
|Postgraduates||28 (Fall 2016)|
|Location||Vallejo, California, United States|
National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) |
California Pacific Conference (CalPac)
|Affiliations||California State University system|
The California State University Maritime Academy (Cal Maritime or CSU Maritime Academy), formerly known as the California Maritime Academy, is one of 23 campuses in the California State University system and is one of seven degree-granting maritime academies in the United States and the only one on the West Coast. It is located in Vallejo, California. The university offers six different Bachelor's degrees, and one Master's degree, but no Doctoral degrees.
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The California Nautical School was established in 1929, when California State Assembly Bill No. 253 was signed into law by Governor C. C. Young. The bill authorized the creation of the school, the appointment of a Board of Governors to manage the school and the acquisition of a training vessel. The school's mission was "to give practical and theoretical instruction in navigation, seamanship, steam engines, gas engines, and electricity in order to prepare young men to serve as officers in the American Merchant Marine." By 1930, a training vessel and a school site was acquired; the original location of what would become California Maritime Academy was California City (now Tiburon, California) in the San Francisco Bay Area.
Due to the Great Depression, the early days of the Academy were full of financial uncertainty. As early as 1933, some state legislators were calling for the school's abolition. In order to save money, the cadets and instructors alike lived and held classes aboard the training vessel, the T.S. California State. Only after the passage of the Merchant Marine Act of 1936 did the funding for the Academy stabilize.
In 1939 the California Nautical School adopted the name, the California Maritime Academy. By 1940, the Academy was granting Bachelor of Science degrees and Naval Reserve commissions to its graduates; this step marked the beginning of the transition from the status of trade school to college. In 1943, the Academy moved to its present location in Vallejo, California.
In the 1970s, after surviving another round of budget cuts and calls for the Academy's abolition, California Maritime Academy became a four-year institution. The 1970s also marked the time when the first minority and female cadets graduated from California Maritime Academy.
In 1996 California Maritime Academy became the twenty-second campus of the California State University system. The new affiliation improved the Academy's funding prospects considerably. The current training vessel is the T.S. Golden Bear, and is the third training ship to carry that name.
In September 2015, President Cropper proposed a campus name change before the California State University Board of Trustees from the California Maritime Academy to California State University Maritime Academy. It was approved.
Superintendents and presidents
Since the passage of the Merchant Marine Act of 1970, the position of President of the California Maritime Academy is commissioned as a Rear Admiral (Upper Half) in the United States Maritime Service. Two past Presidents are alumni of the Academy itself.
|May 11, 1930||February 14, 1934||Emil Topp||LCDR, USN (ret)|
|February 15, 1934||June 30, 1937||Dr. Richard C. Dwyer||See Note 1|
|July 1, 1937||June 30, 1940||Neil E. Nichols||CAPT, USN (ret)|
|July 1, 1940||October 31, 1947||Claude B. Mayo||CAPT, USN (ret)||See Note 2|
|November 1, 1947||February 15, 1955||Russel M. Ihreg||COMMO, USN (ret)|
|February 16, 1955||June 20, 1955||Carroll T. Bonney||CAPT, USN (ret)||Acting Superintendent|
|June 21, 1955||November 1, 1965||Henry E. Richter||CAPT, USN (ret)|
|October 15, 1965||October 1, 1971||Francis T. Williamson||RADM, USN (ret)|
|October 1, 1971||August 1, 1972||Edwin C. Miller||CDR, USN (ret)||'34-D CMA, Interim See Note 3,|
|August 2, 1972||November 11, 1983||Joseph P. Rizza||RADM, USMS||CAPT, USN (ret), See Note 4|
|November 11, 1983||August 31, 1990||John J. Ekelund||RADM, USMS||RADM, USN (ret)|
|August 31, 1990||June 30, 1996||Dr. Mary E. Lyons||RADM, USMS||CDR, USNR|
|July 1, 1996||June 30, 2001||Jerry A. Aspland||RADM, USMS||'62-D CMA|
|July 1, 2001||June 30, 2012||Dr. William B. Eisenhardt||RADM, USMS||Unk, USN|
|July 1, 2012||January 2, 2018||Thomas A. Cropper||RADM, USMS||RDML, USN (ret)|
- R.C.Dwyer replaced by N.E. Nichols due to Navy requirements for regular Navy officers to be in charge of Navy-owned ships.
- Early WWII – Superintendent and Master became separate positions.
- Edwin C. Miller appointed Interim Superintendent October 1971 – July 1972.
- On February 27, 1975, the title of "Superintendent" was changed to "President."
|1931||1946||T. S. California State/ T. S. Golden State||USS Henry County (IX-34)|
|1946||1971||T. S. Golden Bear||USS Mellena (AKA-32)|
|1971||1995||T. S. Golden Bear II||USS Crescent City (APA-21)|
|1996||Present||T. S. Golden Bear III||USNS Maury (T-AGS 39)|
Cal Maritime offers one graduate and six undergraduate degrees, all of which are tied to a nautical curriculum.
According to a study by the Equality of Opportunity Project, the California Maritime Academy had the best results of any California college in helping transform students whose parents were relatively poor (bottom 20 percent of the income bracket) into adults who are relatively wealthy (top 20 percent income) within a decade after graduation. 85% of poor students eventually became relatively wealthy. However, only 6% of the students came from poor families.
Corps of Cadets
California Maritime Academy is the United States' only maritime academy on the West Coast. It is also the only university on the West Coast that requires all undergraduate students to participate in the Corps of Cadets. The only similar program in the Western United States is at the junior college New Mexico Military Institute. Since Maritime Academies comply with Title 46 Part 310 of the Code of Federal Regulations students are referred to as Cadets, required to wear uniforms, and utilize a demerit-based disciplinary system. Participation in Navy Reserve Merchant Marine training program is no longer required, but Cadets still utilize Merchant Marine Navy-style uniforms, customs, and traditions. Based on academic majors cadets are organized into Squads, Sections, Divisions and Companies which regularly muster in Morning Formations several times a week, as well as stand watches on campus and aboard the training ship.
There is no armed service obligation attached to graduation from the California Maritime Academy. However, financial aid and additional career opportunities exist for those students who choose to participate in any of the several military programs available on the CMA campus:
- Coast Guard – Auxiliary University Program, Maritime Academy Graduate Program
- Navy / Merchant Marine – Strategic Sealift Officer Program
- Navy – Reserve Officer Training Corps
- Marine Corps – Reserve Officer Training Corps
- Air Force – Reserve Officer Training Corps
Athletics teams at California Maritime Academy are part of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA), primarily competing in the California Pacific Conference (CalPac). Men's sports include basketball, crew, cross country, golf, rugby, sailing, soccer and water polo; while women's sports include basketball, crew, cross country, sailing, and water polo. The name of the intercollegiate athletic program is "Keelhaulers". The women's sports teams are informally known as "Sea Hags".
The Keelhauler mascot was chosen as Cal Maritime’s athletic mascot by cadets in 1974, the name taken from a form of corporal punishment that was formerly used in the Dutch and English navies. Keelhauling involved tying the hands of a crewmember to a rope and hauling him under the keel of the ship. While the practice of Keelhauling was formally abolished in 1853, the Keelhauler lives on as the official mascot of Cal Maritime athletics.
Cal Maritime has a long history of athletic activities. Before it joined regular intercollegiate athletics, sports teams from Cal Maritime usually played military teams from local bases. In the 1970s, Cal Maritime began to organize its sports under intercollegiate guidelines, and the student body chose the "Keelhauler" as the Academy's mascot. Until then, the Academy's teams were known as the Seawolves. During the 2004–2005 academic year, the women's basketball team was formed and now also competes in the CalPac.
Cal Maritime's rugby program was started in 1998 and gained varsity status in 2001. Rugby was at one time the school's most successful sport, going undefeated against Division 2 opponents in home matches from 2007-2010. Cal Maritime's rugby team has been nationally ranked in college rugby, won the Pacific Coast League's Western Division Championship in 2009 and 2010, and was the runner up in the 2012 championship of the National Small College Rugby Organization.
The Academy's sailing team captured the Kennedy Cup – the National Collegiate Sailing Championship – in the fall of 2009. That victory earned it the right to serve as the U.S. representative in the annual Student World Yachting Cup championships in October 2010 in La Rochelle, France, where it placed 5th of 14.
In 2012, the Varsity 4+ of the men's crew team took first place in its event at the Head of the American Regatta. It beat teams from UC Davis, UC Berkeley , CSU Sacramento, CSU Long Beach, Humboldt State University, Saint Mary's College of California, Sonoma State University, and the University of the Pacific. At the 2013 WIRA championships, the men's pair placed 2nd out of 16, while the men's novice 4+ placed 6th out of 19. Also in 2012, California Maritime added a men's cross country running team that finished 5th out of 8 teams in the Cal Pac Conference.
In 2014, the California Maritime Academy added a women's water polo team.
- United States Maritime Administration
- United States service academies
- Maritime Academy
- United States Merchant Marine
- Senior Military College
- Vallejo Campus Tour
- As of June 30, 2017. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year (FY) 2017 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2016 to FY 2017" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers and Commonfund Institute. 2017.
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