California State University Maritime Academy
|California Nautical School (1929–39)|
California Maritime Academy (1939-2015)
|Motto||Laborare Pugnare Parati Sumus (Latin)|
Motto in English
|We are prepared to work and fight|
|Endowment||$8.8 million (2018)|
|President||Thomas A. Cropper|
|Students||1,107 (Fall 2016)|
|Undergraduates||1,079 (Fall 2016)|
|Postgraduates||28 (Fall 2016)|
|Athletics||National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) |
California Pacific Conference (CalPac)
|Affiliations||California State University system|
The California State University Maritime Academy (Cal Maritime or CSU Maritime Academy), formerly known as the California Maritime Academy, is one of 23 campuses in the California State University system and is one of seven degree-granting maritime academies in the United States and the only one on the West Coast. It is located in Vallejo, California. The university offers six different Bachelor's degrees, and one Master's degree, but no Doctoral degrees.
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The California Nautical School was established in 1929, when California State Assembly Bill No. 253 was signed into law by Governor C. C. Young. The bill authorized the creation of the school, the appointment of a Board of Governors to manage the school and the acquisition of a training vessel. The school's mission was "to give practical and theoretical instruction in navigation, seamanship, steam engines, gas engines, and electricity in order to prepare young men to serve as officers in the American Merchant Marine." By 1930, a training vessel and a school site was acquired; the original location of what would become California Maritime Academy was California City (now Tiburon, California) in the San Francisco Bay Area.
Due to the Great Depression, the early days of the Academy were full of financial uncertainty. As early as 1933, some state legislators were calling for the school's abolition. In order to save money, the cadets and instructors alike lived and held classes aboard the training vessel, the T.S. California State. Only after the passage of the Merchant Marine Act of 1936 did the funding for the Academy stabilize.
In 1939 the California Nautical School adopted the name, the California Maritime Academy. By 1940, the Academy was granting Bachelor of Science degrees and Naval Reserve commissions to its graduates; this step marked the beginning of the transition from the status of trade school to college. In 1943, the Academy moved to its present location in Vallejo, California.
In the 1970s, after surviving another round of budget cuts and calls for the Academy's abolition, California Maritime Academy became a four-year institution. The 1970s also marked the time when the first minority and female cadets graduated from California Maritime Academy.
In 1996 California Maritime Academy became the twenty-second campus of the California State University system and was renamed California State University, Maritime. The new affiliation improved the Academy's funding prospects considerably. The current training vessel is the T.S. Golden Bear, and is the third training ship to carry that name.
In September 2015, President Cropper proposed a campus name change before the California State University Board of Trustees to restore Academy to the official name. The Trustees approved the new name - California State University Maritime Academy.
Superintendents and presidents
Since the passage of the Merchant Marine Act of 1970, the position of President of the Cal Maritime is commissioned as a Rear Admiral (Upper Half) in the United States Maritime Service. Two past Presidents are alumni of the Academy itself.
|May 11, 1930||February 14, 1934||Emil Topp||LCDR, USN (ret)|
|February 15, 1934||June 30, 1937||Dr. Richard C. Dwyer||See Note 1|
|July 1, 1937||June 30, 1940||Neil E. Nichols||CAPT, USN (ret)|
|July 1, 1940||October 31, 1947||Claude B. Mayo||CAPT, USN (ret)||See Note 2|
|November 1, 1947||February 15, 1955||Russel M. Ihreg||COMMO, USN (ret)|
|February 16, 1955||June 20, 1955||Carroll T. Bonney||CAPT, USN (ret)||Acting Superintendent|
|June 21, 1955||November 1, 1965||Henry E. Richter||CAPT, USN (ret)|
|October 15, 1965||October 1, 1971||Francis T. Williamson||RADM, USN (ret)|
|October 1, 1971||August 1, 1972||Edwin C. Miller||CDR, USN (ret)||'34-D CMA, Interim See Note 3,|
|August 2, 1972||November 11, 1983||Joseph P. Rizza||RADM, USMS||CAPT, USN (ret), See Note 4|
|November 11, 1983||August 31, 1990||John J. Ekelund||RADM, USMS||RADM, USN (ret)|
|August 31, 1990||June 30, 1996||Dr. Mary E. Lyons||RADM, USMS||CDR, USNR|
|July 1, 1996||June 30, 2001||Jerry A. Aspland||RADM, USMS||'62-D CMA|
|July 1, 2001||June 30, 2012||Dr. William B. Eisenhardt||RADM, USMS||Unk, USN|
|July 1, 2012||January 2, 2018||Thomas A. Cropper||RADM, USMS||RDML, USN (ret)|
- R.C.Dwyer replaced by N.E. Nichols due to Navy requirements for regular Navy officers to be in charge of Navy-owned ships.
- Early WWII – Superintendent and Master became separate positions.
- Edwin C. Miller appointed Interim Superintendent October 1971 – July 1972.
- On February 27, 1975, the title of "Superintendent" was changed to "President."
|1931||1946||T. S. California State/ T. S. Golden State||USS Henry County (IX-34)|
|1946||1971||T. S. Golden Bear||USS Mellena (AKA-32)|
|1971||1995||T. S. Golden Bear II||USS Crescent City (APA-21)|
|1996||Present||T. S. Golden Bear III||USNS Maury (T-AGS 39)|
|* All levels, freshman through graduate|
|White European Americans||47.0%|
|Native American/American Indian||0.3%|
|Other Latino American||6.4%|
Cal Maritime offers one graduate and six undergraduate degrees, all of which are tied to a nautical curriculum. An additional Oceanography major is expected to be added in Fall 2020. As of fall 2018 CSU Maritime has the larges enrollment percentage of Pacific Islander Americans and Multiracial Americans, the second White and third percentage of Unknown Americans in the California State University system.
According to a study by the Equality of Opportunity Project, the Cal Maritime had the best results of any California college in helping transform students whose parents were relatively poor (bottom 20 percent of the income bracket) into adults who are relatively wealthy (top 20 percent income) within a decade after graduation. 85% of poor students eventually became relatively wealthy. However, only 6% of the students came from poor families.
Corps of Cadets
Cal Maritime is the United States' only maritime academy on the West Coast and requires all undergraduate students to participate in the Corps of Cadets. The only similar program in the Western United States is at the junior college New Mexico Military Institute. Since Maritime Academies comply with Title 46 Part 310 of the Code of Federal Regulations students are referred to as Cadets, required to wear uniforms, and utilize a demerit-based disciplinary system. Participation in Navy Reserve Merchant Marine training program is no longer required, but Cadets still utilize Merchant Marine Navy-style uniforms, customs, and traditions. Based on academic majors cadets are organized into Squads, Sections, Divisions and Companies which regularly muster in Morning Formations several times a week, as well as stand watches on campus and aboard the training ship.
There is no armed service obligation attached to graduation from the Cal Maritime. However, financial aid and additional career opportunities exist for those students who choose to participate in any of the several military programs available on the Cal Maritime campus:
- Coast Guard – Auxiliary University Program, Maritime Academy Graduate Program
- Navy – Strategic Sealift Officer Program
- Navy – Reserve Officer Training Corps
- Marine Corps – Reserve Officer Training Corps
- Air Force – Reserve Officer Training Corps
Athletics teams at Cal Maritime are part of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA), primarily competing in the California Pacific Conference (CalPac). Men's sports include basketball, crew, cross country, golf, rugby, sailing, soccer and water polo; while women's sports include basketball, crew, cross country, sailing, and water polo. The name of the intercollegiate athletic program is "Keelhaulers".
The Keelhauler mascot was chosen as Cal Maritime’s athletic mascot by cadets in 1974, the name taken from a form of corporal punishment that was formerly used in the Dutch and English navies. Keelhauling involved tying the hands of a crewmember to a rope and hauling him under the keel of the ship. While the practice of Keelhauling was formally abolished in 1853, the Keelhauler lives on as the official mascot of Cal Maritime athletics.
Cal Maritime has a long history of athletic activities. Before it joined regular intercollegiate athletics, sports teams from Cal Maritime usually played military teams from local bases. In the 1970s, Cal Maritime began to organize its sports under intercollegiate guidelines, and the student body chose the "Keelhauler" as the Academy's mascot. Until then, the Academy's teams were known as the Seawolves.
Cal Maritime's rugby program was started in 1998 and gained varsity status in 2001. Rugby was at one time the school's most successful sport, going undefeated against Division 2 opponents in home matches from 2007-2010. Cal Maritime's rugby team has been nationally ranked in college rugby, won the Pacific Coast League's Western Division Championship in 2009 and 2010, and was the runner up in the 2012 championship of the National Small College Rugby Organization. During the 2004–2005 academic year, the women's basketball team was formed and now also competes in the CalPac.
The Academy's sailing team captured the Kennedy Cup – the National Collegiate Sailing Championship – in the fall of 2009. That victory earned it the right to serve as the U.S. representative in the annual Student World Yachting Cup championships in October 2010 in La Rochelle, France, where it placed 5th of 14.
In 2012, the Varsity 4+ of the men's crew team took first place in its event at the Head of the American Regatta. It beat teams from UC Berkeley, UC Davis, CSU Sacramento, CSU Long Beach, Humboldt State University, Saint Mary's College of California, Sonoma State University, and the University of the Pacific. At the 2013 WIRA championships, the men's pair placed 2nd out of 16, while the men's novice 4+ placed 6th out of 19. Also in 2012, Cal Maritime added a men's cross country running team that finished 5th out of 8 teams in the Cal Pac Conference.
- Kate McCue (Class of 2000), Celebrity Cruises Captain
- Jamila Reinhardt (Class of 2012), rugby union player
- United States Maritime Administration
- United States service academies
- Maritime Academy
- United States Merchant Marine
- Senior Military College
- "California Maritime Academy Officially Renamed as California State University Maritime Academy". California State University Maritime Academy. September 9, 2015.
- Vallejo Campus Tour
- As of June 30, 2018. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year (FY) 2018 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2017 to FY 2018" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers and Commonfund Institute. 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2019.
- "Total Enrollment by Sex and Student Level, Fall 2016". The California State University. Retrieved March 11, 2017.
- "California Maritime Academy Officially Renamed as California State University Maritime Academy". California State University Maritime Academy. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- "California Maritime Academy - Marine Transportation, Logistics & Engineering Education". Retrieved October 24, 2018.
- "Search CSU Degrees". Degrees.calstate.edu. Retrieved August 18, 2014.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 24, 2015. Retrieved March 19, 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "CSUM | Support » New Name". www.csum.edu. Retrieved December 8, 2015.
- Douglas Peterson. (2004). A Brief History: The California Maritime Academy Historical Archives. Retrieved July 29, 2014, from "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 30, 2014. Retrieved July 29, 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Cal Maritime Administration (accessed July 17, 2012) Archived September 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- "Ethnicity Enrollment Profile". www.calstate.edu. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
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- Which California colleges help transform impoverished students into wealthy adults? , Sacramento Bee, January 24, 2017
- "CSUM". Retrieved December 26, 2014.
- California Maritime Academy. "California Maritime Academy Pre-Commissioning Program". Retrieved January 14, 2012.
- California Maritime Academy. "Strategic Sealift Officers Program". Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved January 14, 2012.
- California Maritime Academy. "Navy ROTC". Retrieved January 14, 2012.
- "CSUM". Retrieved December 26, 2014.
- Cal Maritime, Cal Maritime's Highly Successful Rugby Coach Announces Departure, August 25, 2010, http://www.csum.edu/c/document_library/get_file?uuid=1a48d66d-7506-4e55-aec4-88776bcd4a14&groupId=61902
- "Collegiate Men & Women: WIRA Championships - complete results". Row2k.com. April 28, 2013. Retrieved August 18, 2014.
- "CSU Maritime Academy: Alumni Association: News". July 2015. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
a graduate of Cal Maritime in 2000
- "US woman becomes captain of Celebrity ship". Seatrade Cruise News. July 13, 2015. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
- "CSU Maritime Academy: Alumni Association: News". October 27, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
Jamila Reinhardt, '12
- "Jamila Reinhardt". USA Rugby. Retrieved December 3, 2018.