Kherson Oblast

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Kherson Oblast
Херсонська область
Khersonska oblast[2]
Kherson Oblast State Administration
Kherson Oblast State Administration
Flag of Kherson Oblast
Coat of arms of Kherson Oblast
Nickname: 
Херсонщина (Khersonshchyna)
Kherson in Ukraine (claims hatched).svg
Country Ukraine
(Largely occupied by Russia)[1]
Administrative centerKherson
Government
 • GovernorHennadiy Lahuta[3] (We Have to Live Here[4])
 • Oblast council64 seats
Area
 • Total28,461 km2 (10,989 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[5]
 • Total1,016,707
 • RankRanked 22nd
 • Density36/km2 (93/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3(MSK)[6][7][8][9][10]
Area code+380-55
ISO 3166 codeUA-65
Vehicle registrationВT
Raions18
Cities (total)9
• Regional cities3
Urban-type settlements30
Villages658
FIPS 10-4UP08
Websitekhoda.gov.ua

Kherson Oblast (Ukrainian: Херсо́нська о́бласть, romanizedKhersónsʹka óblastʹ, IPA: [xerˈsɔnʲsʲkɐ ˈɔbɫɐsʲtʲ]), also known as Khersonshchyna (Ukrainian: Херсо́нщина, [xerˈsɔnʃt͡ʃɪnɐ]), is an oblast (province) in southern Ukraine. It is located just north of Crimea. Its administrative center is Kherson, on the West Bank of the Dnieper which bisects the oblast. The area of the region is 28,461 km2 and the population 1,016,707 (2021 est.)[5] It is considered the 'fruit basket' of the country, as much of its agricultural production is dispersed throughout the country, with production peaking during the summer months.

History[edit]

20th century[edit]

During the 1991 referendum, 90.13% of votes in Kherson Oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine.[11]

21st century[edit]

A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology found 90.9% of the oblast's population opposed their region joining Russia, 1% did support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond.[11]

Since the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine began on 24 February, Kherson city and most of the oblast has been occupied by Russian forces as the Kherson military–civilian administration.[12]

On 27 July 2022 the Ukrainian army destroyed the Antonovsky Bridge, as part of its wider campaign to isolate the Russian 49th Combined Arms Army on the left shore of the Dnipro river.[13]

On 5 August 2022, Volodymyr Saldo, the Russian appointed governor, was hospitalized because he was poisoned.[12]

On 31 August it was reported that the defenders of the ill-gotten Kherson territory were the 49CAA and what was left of the 35CAA.[14]

On 5 September it was announced that the newly-installed Russian administration had postponed its plans to hold a referendum on the planned secession from Ukraine. The plebiscite had been scheduled to occur on 11 September, in order to coincide with the Russian electoral calendar. Due to the contestation of the oblast by the Ukrainian forces it was found to be impractical to hold at this time.[15]

Geography[edit]

Kherson Oblast is bordered by Dnipropetrovsk Oblast to the north, the Black Sea and the disputed region of Crimea to the south, Mykolaiv Oblast to the west, and the Azov Sea and Zaporizhzhia Oblast to the east. The Dnieper River, which includes the Kakhovka Reservoir, runs through the oblast.

The oblast is split by the Dnieper. Before the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine there were two bridges across that river: the Khakovsky Bridge near Nova Kakhovka and the Antonovsky Bridge at Kherson. Another significant bridge, the Daryivka Bridge crosses the Inhulets river and connects Kherson via the M14 highway to Beryslav, the other abutment of the Khakovsky Bridge .

The oblast's Henichesk Raion includes the northern portion of the Arabat Spit, a thin strip of land between the brackish Syvash and the Sea of Azov that is geographically part of the Crimean Peninsula. Due to Russia gaining de facto control of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in 2014, this strip within Kherson Oblast was the only part of the Crimean Peninsula under Ukrainian control immediately prior to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Until the 2020 re-organisation, the Kherson Oblast was administratively subdivided into 18 raions (districts) and 3 municipalities. The municipalities – Kherson (administrative center of the oblast), Nova Kakhovka, and Kakhovka – were directly subordinate to the oblast government. The Kherson municipality was subdivided into 3 urban districts. All information below was current as of 2015.[16]

Name Ukrainian name Area
(km2)
Population
2015
Admin. center Urban population only
Kherson Херсон (місто) 423 333,737 Kherson 322,260
Hola Prystan Гола Пристань (місто) 9 14,883 Hola Prystan 14,568
Nova Kakhovka Нова Каховкa (місто) 223 68,205 Nova Kakhovka 62,128
Kakhovka Каховкa (місто) 16 36,958 Kakhovka 36,958
Beryslav Raion Бериславський (район) 1,721 48,025 Beryslav 16,682
Bilozerka Raion Білозерський (район) 1,534 66,564 Bilozerka 9,739
Chaplynka Raion Чаплинський (район) 1,722 35,219 Chaplynka 12,638
Henichesk Raion Генічеський (район) 3,008 59,991 Henichesk 33,748
Hola Prystan Raion Голопристанський (район) 3,411 45,827 Hola Prystan 14,666
Hornostaivka Raion Горностаївський (район) 1,018 19,788 Hornostaivka 6,681
Ivanivka Raion Іванівський (район) 1,120 13,995 Ivanivka 4,560
Kalanchak Raion Каланчацький (район) 916 21,568 Kalanchak 11,169
Kakhovka Raion Каховський (район) 1,450 35,968 Kakhovka N/A *
Novotroitske Raion Новотроїцький (район) 2,298 35,921 Novotroitske 14,979
Novovorontsovka Raion Нововоронцовський (район) 1,005 21,442 Novovorontsovka 6,379
Nyzhni Sirohozy Raion Нижньосірогозький (район) 1,209 15,985 Nyzhni Sirohozy 4,891
Oleshky Raion Олешківський (район) 1,759 71,888 Oleshky 36,317
Skadovsk Raion Скадовський (район) 1,456 47,930 Skadovsk 21,830
Velyka Lepetykha Raion Великолепетиський (район) 1,000 16,827 Velyka Lepetykha 8,326
Velyka Oleksandrivka Raion Великоолександрівський (район) 1,540 25,948 Velyka Oleksandrivka 9,747
Verkhniy Rohachyk Raion Верхньорогачицький (район) 915 12,003 Verkhniy Rohachyk 5,698
Vysokopillia Raion Високопільський (район) 701 15,121 Vysokopillia 6,148

.* Note: Though the administrative center of the raion is housed in the city/town that it is named after, cities do not answer to the raion authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of raion statistics.

At a lower level of administration, these district-level administrations are subdivided into:

The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Kherson Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Kherson Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Demographics[edit]

The population of the oblast is 1,083,367 (2012), which is 2.4% of the total population of Ukraine. It is also ranked 21st by its population. The population density is 38 per km2.

About 61.5% or 745,400 people live in urban areas of the Oblast and 38.5% or 467,600 people live in agricultural centers/villages. Men make up 46.7% or 565,400 people of the population, women make up 53.3% or 644,600 people, and pensioners make up 26.2% or 317,400 people of the Oblast population.

Ukrainian National Census (2001):

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 15.1% Increase (male 83,397/female 79,303)
15-64 years: 70.5% Decrease (male 364,907/female 393,933)
65 years and over: 14.4% Steady (male 50,404/female 104,856) (2013 official)

Median age[edit]

total: 39.5 years Increase
male: 36.2 years Increase
female: 42.7 years Increase (2013 official)

Attractions[edit]

Typical agricultural landscape of Kherson Oblast

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Russia Says It Takes Control Of Ukraine's Entire Kherson Region". The Nation. 15 March 2022.
  2. ^ Syvak, Nina; Ponomarenko, Valerii; Khodzinska, Olha; Lakeichuk, Iryna (2011). Veklych, Lesia (ed.). Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division. scientific consultant Iryna Rudenko; reviewed by Nataliia Kizilowa; translated by Olha Khodzinska. Kyiv: DerzhHeoKadastr and Kartographia. p. 20. ISBN 978-966-475-839-7. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  3. ^ Zelensky replaces head of Kherson Regional State Administration, Ukrinform (27 October 2021)
  4. ^ (in Ukrainian) Zelensky appointed a new head of the Kherson region in exchange for refusing the election, Ukrayinska Pravda (27 October 2021)
  5. ^ a b Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  6. ^ "Московское время и закрытие границы на Херсонщине, облавы на военнообязанных, потери Украины, обстрелы Донбасса. Хроника событий на Украине на 12:00 28 мая".
  7. ^ "Херсонская область перешла на московское время".
  8. ^ "Херсонская область перешла на московское время".
  9. ^ "Херсонская область перейдет на московское время, отказавшись от зимнего".
  10. ^ "Херсонская область перешла на московское время".
  11. ^ a b Лише 3% українців хочуть приєднання їх області до Росії [Only 3% of Ukrainians want their region to become part of Russia]. Dzerkalo Tyzhnia (in Ukrainian). 3 January 2015.
  12. ^ a b "Russia-Appointed Official In Ukraine Killed In Car Bombing". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 24 August 2022.
  13. ^ Axe, David (29 July 2022). "In Southern Ukraine, Kyiv's Artillery Drops Bridges And Isolates A Whole Russian Army". Forbes.
  14. ^ Kuczyński, Grzegorz (31 August 2022). "Ukraine Starts Counteroffensive In Country's South". Warsaw Institute.
  15. ^ "Russia 'pauses' Kherson annexation referendum over security concerns". DW News. 6 September 2022.
  16. ^ "Population Quantity". UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 7 January 2016.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°30′N 34°00′E / 46.500°N 34.000°E / 46.500; 34.000