Kherson Oblast

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Kherson Oblast
Херсонська область
Khersons’ka oblast’
Oblast
Flag of Kherson Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Kherson Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Херсонщина (Khersonshchyna)
Kherson in Ukraine.svg
Country  Ukraine
Administrative center Kherson
Government
 • Governor Andriy Hordeyev[1] (Petro Poroshenko Bloc "Solidarity"[1])
Area
 • Total 28,461 km2 (10,989 sq mi)
Population (2015)
 • Total 1,063,803[2]
 • Rank Ranked 22nd
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area code +380-55
ISO 3166 code UA-65
Vehicle registration ВT
Raions 18
Cities (total)
— Regional cities
9
3
Urban-type settlements 30
Villages 658
FIPS 10-4 UP08
Website www.oda.kherson.ua

Kherson Oblast (Ukrainian: Херсонська область, translit. Khersons’ka oblast’; also referred to as KhersonshchynaUkrainian: Херсонщина) is an oblast (province) in southern Ukraine, just north of Crimea. Its administrative center is Kherson. The area of the region is 28,461 km², its population (as of 1 January 2012) is 1,083,367.[3]

Important cities in the oblast include:

Geography[edit]

The Kherson Oblast is bordered by the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast on the north, the Black Sea and the disputed region of Crimea on the south, the Mykolayiv Oblast on the west, and the Azov Sea and the Zaporizhzhia Oblast on the east.

The Dnieper River runs through the oblast which includes the Kakhovka Reservoir.

The oblast includes (within Henichesk Raion) the northern portion of the Arabat Spit, a thin strip of land between the brackish Syvash and the Sea of Azov that is geographically part of the Crimean Peninsula. Due to Russia gaining de facto control of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in 2014 the southern areas of Kherson are the only parts of the Crimean Peninsula under direct Ukrainian control.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The Kherson Oblast is administratively subdivided into 18 raions (districts) and 3 municipalities which are directly subordinate to the oblast government - Kherson (administrative center of the oblast), Nova Kakhovka, and Kakhovka. The Kherson municipality is subdivided into 3 urban districts. All information below is current as of 2015[2]

Name Ukrainian name Area
(km2)
Population
census 2015
Admin.center Urban Population Only
Kherson Херсон (місто) 423 333,737 Kherson (city) 322,260
Nova Kakhovka Нова Каховкa (місто) 223 68,205 Nova Kakhovka + Tavriisk (city) 62,128
Kakhovka Каховкa(місто) 16 36,958 Kakhovka (city) 36,958
Beryslav Raion Бериславський (район) 1,721 48,025 Beryslav 16,682
Bilozerka Raion Білозерський (район) 1,534 66,564 Bilozerka 9,739
Chaplynka Raion Чаплинський (район) 1,722 35,219 Chaplynka 12,638
Henichesk Raion Генічеський (район) 3,008 59,991 Henichesk 33,748
Hola Prystan Raion Голопристанський (район) 3,411 45,827 Hola Prystan 14,666
Hornostaivka Raion Горностаївський (район) 1,018 19,788 Hornostaivka 6,681
Ivanivka Raion Іванівський (район) 1,120 13,995 Ivanivka 4,560
Kalanchak Raion Каланчацький (район) 916 21,568 Kalanchak 11,169
Kakhovka Raion Каховський (район) 1,450 35,968 Kakhovka (city) N/A *
Novotroitske Raion Новотроїцький (район) 2,298 35,921 Novotroitske 14,979
Novovorontsovka Raion Нововоронцовський (район) 1,005 21,442 Novovorontsovka 6,379
Nyzhni Sirohozy Raion Нижньосірогозький (район) 1,209 15,985 Nyzhni Sirohozy 4,891
Oleshky Raion Олешківський (район) 1,759 71,888 Oleshky 36,317
Skadovsk Raion Скадовський (район) 1,456 47,930 Skadovsk 21,830
Velyka Lepetykha Raion Великолепетиський (район) 1,000 16,827 Velyka Lepetykha 8,326
Velyka Oleksandrivka Raion Великоолександрівський (район) 1,540 25,948 Velyka Oleksandrivka 9,747
Verkhnii Rohachyk Raion Верхньорогачицький (район) 915 12,003 Verkhnii Rohachyk 5,698
Vysokopillia Raion Високопільський (район) 701 15,121 Vysokopillia 6,148

.* Note: Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that its named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.

At a lower level of administration, these district-level administrations are subdivided into:

The local administration of the oblast' is controlled by the Kherson Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Kherson Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Kherson Oblast State Administration

Demographics[edit]

The population of the oblast is 1,083,367 (2012), which is 2.4% of the total population of Ukraine. It is also ranked 21st by its population. The population density is 38 per km².

About 61.5% or 745,400 people live in urban areas of the Oblast and 38.5% or 467,600 people live in agricultural centers/villages. Men make up 46.7% or 565,400 people of the population, women make up 53.3% or 644,600 people, and pensioners make up 26.2% or 317,400 people of the Oblast population.

Ukrainian National Census (2001):

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 15.1% Increase (male 83,397/female 79,303)
15-64 years: 70.5% Decrease (male 364,907/female 393,933)
65 years and over: 14.4% Steady (male 50,404/female 104,856) (2013 official)

Median age[edit]

total: 39.5 years Increase
male: 36.2 years Increase
female: 42.7 years Increase (2013 official)

Attractions[edit]

Typical agricultural landscape of Ukraine, Kherson Oblast

Public opinion[edit]

During the 1991 referendum, 90.13% of votes in Kherson Oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine. A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology found 1% of the oblast's population supported their region joining Russia, 94.9% did not support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°30′N 34°00′E / 46.500°N 34.000°E / 46.500; 34.000