|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2015)|
|Launched||1 January 1989|
|Owned by||ProSiebenSat.1 Media|
|Picture format||576i 16:9 SDTV
|Audience share||5.5% (2014, KEK)|
|Slogan||We love to entertain you.|
Also distributed in:
Italy (South Tyrol)
ProSieben (Sieben is German for seven) is a commercial television station in Germany. It is largely distributed by cable and satellite and to a lesser extent DVB-T (Digital Video Broadcasting – Terrestrial). It began operations on January 1, 1989. Since 2003 the station, part ProSiebenSat.1 Media, is owned by a group of investors led by Haim Saban. ProSieben is Germany's second largest privately owned television company. Although ProSieben produces some of its programming itself, it also airs many American imports. On May 3, 2012, ProSieben launched a payTV channel called ProSieben Fun. A third channel called ProSieben Maxx started broadcasting on September 3, 2013.
There are three different variants of the channel: ProSieben (for Germany), ProSieben Austria (for Austria) and ProSieben Schweiz (for Switzerland). The main difference is that they have different adverts and news for each target country.
The channel uses an English slogan: "We love to entertain you."
On 13 October 1988, ProSieben Television GmbH was founded as a successor to Eureka TV. The founding partners were Gerhard Ackermans (51 percent) and Thomas Kirch (49 percent). Shortly after, Thomas Kirch took completely complete control of the channel.
On 1 January 1989, ProSieben (known at the time as "Pro 7"), began broadcasting from Munich, broadasting nine hours of programming a day. CEO was Georg Kofler from South Tyrol. ProSieben employed 70 employees at that time and claimed to reach 2.44 million viewers.
The station began broadcasting on the DFS Kopernikus satellite in July 1989. Broadcasting hours were gradually increased to 17 hours a day. ProSieben was also awarded the first terrestrial frequency in Munich for a private broadcaster. Starting on 8 December 1989, the station was broadcast via Astra 1A satellite.
On 1 March 1990, the television station moved from Munich-Schwabing to Unterföhring near Munich. At that time ProSieben had 120 employees. ProSieben has broadcast its programs around the clock since 1 October 1990.
In 1991, ProSieben created a subsidiary called Teledirekt GmbH to promote the spread of satellite technology in Germany. In 1992, although ProSieben was still lossmaking, it co-founded a special-interest channel, Der Kabelkanal, with German Bundespost TELEKOM. ProSieben held a 45 percent share. Since initially the channel could only be received via cable connection, the channel helped attract new customers to for Telekom's cable television network. In 1995, ProSieben bought the channel outright and renamed it Kabel 1 and began broadcasting it on the SES Astra satellite.
In July 1992 MGM Media Gruppe München (SevenOne Media today) was established. It was responsible for selling advertising on ProSieben channels. On 24 September 1993 SZM Studios (broadcasting center in Munich, since June 2004: ProSiebenSat.1 Produktion GmbH) were inaugurated. At the end of 1993 ProSieben made a profit for the first time.
In 1994, ProSieben started a teletext service. On 24 October 1994, it started using a new station logo. Turnover in 1994 was DM 1.192 billion (now about € 786 million) and pre-tax profit was DM 144 million (today about € 95 million). On 19 December 1995, ProSieben Television GmbH was transformed into a joint-stock company called ProSieben Television AG (after 1996 ProSieben Media AG, since 2000 ProSiebenSat.1 Media AG). Thomas Kirch remained the main shareholder and the Rewe Group was a co-shareholder with 41.6 percent. The chairman was Georg Kofler.
In 1996 ProSieben was granted a nationwide broadcast license and launched its Internet site. That same year, ProSieben bought AT & TV Merchandising Concepts GmbH and Merchandising München KG. Sales rose to DM 1.69 billion.
Wholly-owned subsidiaries of Pro Sieben Media AG in 1998 (incomplete list):
- Asta Vista
- Starwatch Navigation
- MGM Mediagruppe
- Agentur für Urheberrechte
- Pro Sieben Business Communication
- Pro Sieben Home Entertainment
- ddp news agency
Advertising slots for were added for Switzerland in 1997 and Austria in 1998. ProSieben Austria also had its own news broadcast (ProSieben Austria News, formerly ProSieben Austria TopNews). Together with RTL, ProSieben operated a combined slot in Switzerland, which was cancelled after seven months in the spring of 2000. In Austria, there is a program slot on ProSieben Austria, Sat.1 Österreich and kabel eins Austria, which has been continuously expanded. In cooperation with the Austrian station PULS 4, the three-hour morning show Café Puls has been broadcast on all three stations since 2004.
On 7 July 1997 ProSieben went public, the shares were oversubscribed 50 fold. This way a non-voting preference was used to divide up the shares. A year later the company was added to MDAX. 1998 in Berlin brought the inauguration of the DM 12 million ProSieben building. Kirch Media AG held 58.4 percent of ProSieben Media AG in 1998.
A news channel N24was started in 1999, it went on the air in early 2000. ProSieben wanted to make compete with n-tv, which was very popular, mainly because of the stock market boom, and enlarge the family of channels. N24 now has a bigger audience share than n-tv but is no longer owned by the company. In 1998, ProSieben took over the news agency ddp.
The end of 1999 Thomas Kirch brought over his shares in KirchMedia, his father's company, which then made up the majority shares of Sat.1 and ProSieben-Gruppe. On 1 February 2000, the Swiss business lawyer Urs Rohner, was appointed CEO of ProSieben; Georg Kofler who was the CEO of ProSieben since its inception, resigned from the company. Urs Rohner had no experience in the television business. He was appointed at the request of Leo Kirch to legally secure the fusion between Sat.1 and ProSieben.
In March 2000, the ProSieben subsidiary SevenSenses was established, to which in June 2004 merged with the SZM Studios to create the ProSiebenSat.1 Produktion GmbH. On 13 October 2000, twelve years after the founding of ProSieben, the first shares from ProSiebenSat.1 Media AG were traded at the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. In the following month of November, the merger of the marketing companies occurred between Media Group Munich (ProSieben) and MEDIA 1, creating SevenOne Media.
With the merger came the founding of the ProSieben Television GmbH, which operates the ProSieben television station.
Managing Director of ProSieben was Nicolas Paalzow in 2000. He was succeeded in May 2004 by Dejan Jocic, who was then replaced in December 2005 by Andreas Bartl - who was previously CEO of kabel eins. In May 2008, Thilo Proff became chief of the station, followed by Jürgen Hörner (April 2011). Since August 2012, Wolfgang Link is the Managing Director of ProSieben.
In 2005, Axel Springer SE wanted to take over ProSieben for approximately €2.2 billion which would have created the third largest media group in Europe. This purchase, however, at the end of 2005 / beginning of 2006 was not authorized by the Federal Cartel Office and the Commission on Concentration in the Media (KEK). On 31 January 2006, Springer finally announced the failure of the takeover. Saban stuck to the intention to sell the channel. On 14 December 2006 the investment companies KKR and Permira took over a majority shares (50.5 percent) in the stock capital of ProSiebenSat.1 Media AG and became new majority shareholder.
Current Foreign Series
- 2 Broke Girls
- Don't Trust the B---- in Apartment 23 (Apartment 23)
- Eureka (EUReKA – Die geheime Stadt)
- Falling Skies
- Family Guy
- Fringe (Fringe – Grenzfälle des FBI)
- Grey's Anatomy (Grey's Anatomy – Die jungen Ärzte)
- How I Met Your Mother (reruns)
- Malcolm in the Middle (Malcolm mittendrin) (reruns)
- New Girl
- Primeval: New World
- Private Practice
- Reaper (reruns)
- Scrubs (Scrubs – Die Anfänger) (reruns)
- Spartacus: Vengeance
- The Big Bang Theory
- The Flash (2014 TV series)
- The Simpsons (Die Simpsons)
- The Vampire Diaries
- Two and a Half Men (1st season first named Mein cooler Onkel Charlie) (reruns)
Current German Programmes
- Absolute Mehrheit (talk show on politics, every three months)
- Bully & Rick (reruns)
- Circus HalliGalli
- comedystreet (reruns)
- Crazy Competition
- Galileo Mystery
- Germany's Next Topmodel
- Kalkofes Mattscheibe
- Noch Besserwissen (reruns)
- Quatsch Comedy Club
- Quizboxen (lit. quiz boxing)
- red! Stars, Lifestyle & More
- Schlag den Raab
- Schlag den Star
- superspots – Die besten Clips im Umlauf (reruns)
- Switch (reruns)
- Switch reloaded
- talk talk talk
- TV total
- 17 Meter
- Joko gegen Klaas – Das Duell um die Welt
- Joko und Klaas – Die Rechnung geht auf uns
- Unter fremden Decken
- Bundesvision Song Contest (annually)
- TV total events:
Former Foreign Series
- Alias (Alias – Die Agentin)
- Aliens in America
- Body of Proof
- Buffy the Vampire Slayer (Buffy – Im Bann der Dämonen)
- Brothers & Sisters
- Charmed (Charmed – Zauberhafte Hexen)
- Cold Case (Cold Case – Kein Opfer ist je vergessen)
- Cougar Town
- Desperate Housewives
- Doctor Who
- Early Edition (Allein gegen die Zukunft)
- ER (Emergency Room – Die Notaufnahme)
- Everybody Hates Chris (Alle hassen Chris)
- Everybody Loves Raymond (Alle lieben Raymond)
- Family Matters (Alle unter einem Dach)
- Ghost Whisperer (Ghost Whisperer - Stimmen aus dem Jenseits)
- Gossip Girl
- Grounded for Life (Keine Gnade für Dad)
- Harper's Island
- Human Target
- Kyle XY
- Legend of the Seeker (Legend of the Seeker - Das Schwert der Wahrheit)
- Lipstick Jungle
- Married...with Children (Eine schrecklich nette Familie)
- Medical Investigation
- My Wife and Kids (What's Up, Dad?)
- One Tree Hill
- Perfect Strangers (Ein Grieche erobert Chicago)
- Primeval (Primeval – Rückkehr der Urzeitmonster)
- Pushing Daisies
- Queer as Folk
- Sabrina, the Teenage Witch (Sabrina – total verhext!)
- Sex and the City
- Sliders (Sliders – Das Tor in eine fremde Dimension)
- Space: Above and Beyond (Space 2063)
- Star Wars: The Clone Wars
- Spartacus: Gods of the Arena
- Taz-Mania (Tazmania)
- Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles
- Terra Nova
- The 4400 (4400 – Die Rückkehrer)
- The Good Wife
- The L Word (The L Word – Wenn Frauen Frauen lieben)
- The O.C. (O.C., California)
- The X-Files (Akte X – Die unheimlichen Fälle des FBI)
- V (V – Die Besucher)
- Weeds (Weeds – Kleine Deals unter Nachbarn)
Former German Programmes
- 18 – Allein unter Mädchen
- Alles außer Sex
- Avenzio – Schöner leben!
- Axel! will's wissen!
- Bravo TV
- Das Geständnis – Heute sage ich alles
- Der kleine Mann
- Die ProSieben Märchenstunde
- Focus TV
- Lebe deinen Traum!
- ProSieben Funny Movie
- ProSieben Reportage
- ProSieben Spätnachrichten
- Prosieben Spezial – Wissen Weltweit
- The Next Uri Geller
- U20 – Deutschland, deine Teenies
- "1984 - 1988". ProSiebenSat.1. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- "1989 - 1996". ProSiebenSat.1. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- "Dr. Georg Kofler". Kofler Energies. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- "Rewe wird Großaktionär bei TV-Sender Pro Sieben" (in German). DIE WELT. 5 January 1996. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "Finanzinvestoren verabschieden sich: ProSieben zieht es in den Dax" (in German). n-tv. 17 January 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "ProSieben-Gruppe gründet Nachrichtensender N24". new-business.de (in German). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "1997 - 2000". ProSiebenSat.1. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Johannes Hofmeister. "Fernsehen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland seit 1980". tv-kult.com (in German). Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "ProSieben-Chef steigt auf" (in German). manager magazin. 5 May 2008. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "Jürgen Hörner wird neuer ProSieben-Geschäftsführer". t-online.de (in German). 4 March 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "Großes Stühlerücken: Neue Chefs für ProSiebenSat.1-Sender" (in German). SPIEGEL ONLINE. 31 July 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- Michael Hanfeld (15 December 2006). "Haim Saban nimmt Abschied von Pro Sieben Sat.1" (in German). Frankfurter Allgemeine. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- Donald Koeleman (27 June 2007). "ProSiebenSat.1 acquires SBS". Broadband TV News. Retrieved 25 August 2015.