Public holidays in Brazil

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In Brazil, public holidays may be legislated at the federal, statewide and municipal levels. Most holidays are observed nationwide.[1]

Apart from the yearly official holidays (listed below),[2][3][4] the Constitution of Brazil also establishes that election days are to be considered national holidays as well. General elections are biennially held on the first Sunday of October in the first round, and on the last Sunday of October in the second round. Numerous religious and ethnic holidays are also celebrated in Brazil.

Date English name Portuguese name Remarks
January 1 New Year's Day Ano Novo / Confraternização Universal Celebrates the beginning of the year. Festivities include counting down to midnight starting from the preceding night. It also signals the traditional end of the holiday season.
April 21 Tiradentes' Day Dia de Tiradentes Anniversary of the death of Tiradentes (1792), considered the national martyr for being part of the Inconfidência Mineira, an insurgent movement that aimed to establish an independent Brazilian republic.
May 1 Labour Day Dia do Trabalhador / Dia do Trabalho Celebrates the achievements of workers and the labour movement.
September 7 Independence Day Dia da Independência Celebrates Brazil's declaration of independence from Portugal on September 7, 1822.
October 12 Our Lady of Aparecida Nossa Senhora Aparecida Commemorates the Virgin Mary as Nossa Senhora da Conceição Aparecida, patron saint of Brazil.
November 2 All Souls' Day Dia de Finados Christian holiday; it commemorates the faithful departed.
November 15 Republic Proclamation Day Proclamação da República Commemorates the end of the Empire of Brazil and the proclamation of the Brazilian Republic on November 15, 1889.
December 25 Christmas Natal Celebrates the nativity of Jesus.

Secondary holidays[edit]

Regional holidays[edit]

Federal law gives each state the right to create one state holiday, and each municipality to create up to four municipal holidays. Some of the more notable ones are:

  • January 12: Founding of Belém, City of Belém only.
  • January 20: Saint Sebastian (São Sebastião), City of Rio de Janeiro only.
  • January 22: Founding of the first city in Brazil, São Vicente. City of São Vicente only.
  • January 25: Founding of São Paulo (Aniversário de São Paulo), City of São Paulo only.
  • January 26: Founding of Santos (Aniversario de Santos), City of Santos only.
  • April 21: Founding of Brasilia (Aniversário de Brasília), coinciding with Tiradentes, Federal District only.
  • April 23: Saint George (São Jorge), City of Rio de Janeiro only. In 2007, governor Sérgio Cabral expanded this holiday to all the State of Rio de Janeiro.
  • July 2: Bahia Independence Day, State of Bahia only.
  • July 8: Sergipe Political Emancipation Day, State of Sergipe only
  • July 9: Constitutionalist Revolution (Revolução Constitucionalista), State of São Paulo only.
  • August 15: Our Lady of the Good Voyage (Nossa Senhora da Boa Viagem), City of Belo Horizonte only.
  • August 26: Emancipation of the city of Campo Grande, City of Campo Grande only.
  • September 8: Our Lady of the Light in the Pine (Nossa Senhora da Luz dos Pinhais), City of Curitiba only.
  • September 20: Farroupilha's Revolution (Revolução Farroupilha), State of Rio Grande do Sul only.
  • October 11: Creation of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, separated from Mato Grosso in 1977, State of Mato Grosso do Sul only.
  • October 3: Uruaçú and Cunhaú Martyrs Day, State of Rio Grande do Norte only.
  • October 24: Founding of Goiânia, City of Goiânia only.
  • November 4: Founding of São Carlos, City of São Carlos only.
  • November 20: Zumbi of Palmares, Black Awareness Day (Zumbi dos Palmares, Dia da Consciência Negra), cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro only.
  • November 21: Our Lady of Apresentação (Nossa Senhora da Apresentação) Day, City of Natal only.
  • November 30: Evangelical Day (Dia do Evangélico), Federal District only.
  • December 8: Our Lady of Conceição (Dia de Nossa Senhora da Conceição), State of Pernambuco, City of Belo Horizonte, City of Dourados, and City of Santa Maria only.
  • December 19: Emancipation of the Province of Paraná, State of Paraná only.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "L9093". Presidência da República Casa Civil.
  2. ^ "L0662". Presidência da República Casa Civil.
  3. ^ "L6802". Presidência da República Casa Civil.
  4. ^ "L10607". Presidência da República Casa Civil.

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