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Quick Response Code Indonesia Standard (abbreviated as QRIS, the abbreviation being a play on keris, a traditional sword; Indonesian: Kode QR Standar Indonesia) is an Indonesian QR code standard developed by Bank Indonesia (BI) and Indonesian Payment System Association for cashless payments in Indonesia.


Before Bank Indonesia (BI) applied the standard, QR codes used by mobile payment services were exclusive to themselves; a QR code issued by one service could not be used by another. On 16 August 2019, by the ratification of Board of Governor Decree No. 21/18/PADG/2019 on the Implementation of Quick Response Code National Standard for Payment Purpose, BI announced integration of cashless payment methods and services.[1] This standard, named Quick Response Code Indonesia Standard (QRIS), was launched on the 74th anniversary of Indonesia's Independence Day.[2] Payment services were required to implement QRIS by 1 January 2020.[3]

During the start of COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia, many small and large businesses in Indonesia registered their stores to obtain a QRIS-compliant QR code to accommodate increasing demand of online transactions and reduce the spread of COVID-19 from banknotes and coins. Secretary of Ministry of Cooperatives and SMEs of The Republic of Indonesia, Rully Indrawan, stated that by using QRIS, merchants "...could develop their credit profile which in turn increasing their chance to get funding loans. [...] Each transaction can also be documented and directly transferred to merchant's bank account, as well as helps prevent robbery and distribution of fake money."[4]

According to BI, by October 2020, QRIS had been implemented by 3.6 million small and micro businesses in Indonesia.[5] QRIS has also been implemented in several tourist attractions[6] and public transport ticketing apps.[7][8]

By October 2023, the number of QRIS merchants has reached 29.6 million merchants, with 92 percent being MSMEs.[9]

By October 2023, QRIS reached 43.44 million users.


  1. ^ Sugianto, Danang. "BI Terbitkan Pedoman Aturan Standar QR Code Indonesia". detikfinance (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  2. ^ Mediatama, Grahanusa (12 August 2019). "BI pastikan standardisasi QR code akan meluncur pada HUT Kemerdekaan RI". kontan.co.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  3. ^ Mediatama, Grahanusa (14 August 2019). "Mulai jalan 1 Januari 2020, begini ketentuan BI terkait QR code". kontan.co.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  4. ^ "Pandemi Covid-19 Jadi Momentum UMKM Terapkan QRIS". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  5. ^ "3,6 Juta UMKM Telah Menggunakan QRIS". pasardana.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  6. ^ "Berwisata dan Belanja Nontunai dengan QRIS". Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  7. ^ "Dengan QRIS, KAI Access Terima Pembayaran Dompet Digital". Republika Online (in Indonesian). 31 October 2020. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  8. ^ "Bayar Tiket Trans Batam Terintegrasi dengan Sistem QRIS | Sumatra Bisnis.com". Bisnis.com. 25 September 2020. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  9. ^ "Hingga Oktober Jumlah Merchant QRIS 29,6 Juta, Bank Indonesia: 92 Persennya UMKM". Tempo.co. 25 November 2023. Retrieved 3 December 2023.

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