Ramat Yishai

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Ramat Yishai
  • רָמַת יִשַּׁי
  • رمات يشاي
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259 Ramat Yiššay
Yaar Hashomrim0011.jpg
Official logo of Ramat Yishai
Logo
Ramat Yishai is located in Israel
Ramat Yishai
Ramat Yishai
Coordinates: 32°42′12.24″N 35°9′54.36″E / 32.7034000°N 35.1651000°E / 32.7034000; 35.1651000Coordinates: 32°42′12.24″N 35°9′54.36″E / 32.7034000°N 35.1651000°E / 32.7034000; 35.1651000
District Northern
Founded 1925
Government
 • Type Local council (from 1958)
 • Head of Municipality Ofer Ben-Eliezer
Area
 • Total 2,388 dunams (2.388 km2 or 590 acres)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,600

Ramat Yishai (Hebrew: רָמַת יִשַּׁי, Jesse's Heights; Arabic: رمات يشاي‎) is a town in the North District of Israel, located on the side of the HaifaNazareth road about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) eastern to Kiryat Tivon. It achieved local council status in 1958. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), it had a population of 6,600 in 2010, with a growth rate of 6.3%. The vast majority of the citizens of the village are Jewish.

History[edit]

Ottoman era[edit]

During the Ottoman era was here a Muslim village called Jeida.[1] The village appeared as Geida on the map which Pierre Jacotin compiled in 1799.[2]

In 1859, the village of Jeida was estimated to have 120 inhabitants, and the tillage was 20 feddans.[3] In 1875 Victor Guérin found rock-cut cisterns here.[4][5] In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) found that Jeida was much like Al-Harithiyah, but with houses of adobe. A spring existed 3/4 of a mile to the west.[3]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Jaida had a total population of 327; 324 Muslims and 3 Christians;[6] of which two were Roman Catholics and one was Melchite.[7]

In 1925 a Zionist organisation purchased 15,000 dunams in Jaida from the heirs of the Twsiny family (partners of the Sursuk family of Beirut.) At the time, there were 110 families living there.[8]

At the time of the 1931 census, Jeida had 29 occupied houses and a population of 77 Jews, 2 Christians, and 33 Muslims; a total of 115.[9]

The land, on the western edge of the Jezreel Valley, which belonged to the village of Jida, was bought by a group of American Zionists in the early 20's. It was renamed Manor and then Yefe Nof, but was almost deserted after a few years. In 1925, the British philanthropist Yisrael Yehudah Adler saved it from bankruptcy and it was renamed in his honour shortly thereafter.[10] Among the establishers of the village were 50 families from Łódź and Białystok who built a textile factory in the village. Weaving and textile manufacturing were, therefore, the local trades.[citation needed]

1929 passport issued to the founder of Ramat Yishai

One of the most known buildings in the village is called "the Khan", a 1909 building with surrounding walls. The logo of the village consists of this Ottoman-era building with a palm tree next to it. The town hall flies 2 logo-on-bedsheet flags with this emblem in dark blue on a light blue and a yellow field, respectively.[citation needed]

By 1945, Ramat Yishai had 50 residents, all Jewish. It was noted that it was previously called Jeida.[11][12]

The first residents were Yemenite Jews, later joined by immigrants from Romania.[13]

State of Israel[edit]

Since the 1990s, Ramat Yishai has undergone rapid development. In 2010, the population was estimated at close to 7,000 people, with 1,800 households at the high end of the socioeconomic scale.[14]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ from personal name. In Arabic it means "long-necked", according to Palmer, 1881, p. 109
  2. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 163
  3. ^ a b Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 270
  4. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 392
  5. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 308
  6. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-District of Haifa, p. 33
  7. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XVI, p. 49
  8. ^ List of villages sold by Sursocks and their partners to the Zionists since British occupation of Palestine, evidence to the Shaw Commission, 1930
  9. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 92
  10. ^ The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History, edited by William D. Rubinstein
  11. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 14
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 49
  13. ^ Betting on the Trans-Israel Highway
  14. ^ Betting on the Trans-Israel Highway

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]