Sajur

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Sajur
  • סָג'וּר, סאג'ור
  • ساجور
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259 Saǧur
סאגור.JPG
Sajur is located in Northwest Israel
Sajur
Sajur
Coordinates: 32°55′54″N 35°19′11″E / 32.93167°N 35.31972°E / 32.93167; 35.31972Coordinates: 32°55′54″N 35°19′11″E / 32.93167°N 35.31972°E / 32.93167; 35.31972
Grid position 182/260 PAL
District Northern
Government
 • Type Local council
Area
 • Total 3,296 dunams (3.296 km2 or 1.273 sq mi)
Population (2017)[1]
 • Total 4,148
Name meaning Seijur, possibly from "a dog collar", or "red turbid water"[2]

Sajur (Hebrew: סָג'וּר‬; Arabic: ساجور‎) is an Druze town (local council) in the Galilee region of northern Israel, with an area of 3,000 dunams (3 km²). It achieved recognition as an independent local council in 1992. In 2017 it had a population of 4,148.[1]

History[edit]

A salvage dig in January 2002 on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority excavated a tomb with 13 loculi that dated to the Roman–Byzantine periods, a tomb with eight or nine loculi dating to the end of the second century CE and a small tomb with a single room dating to the first–second centuries CE. The presence of many finds at the bottom of the stratigraphic sequence is evidence of Iron Age occupation at Sajur.[3]

In the Crusader era Sajur was known as Seisor or Saor.[4] In 1249 John Aleman transferred land, including the Casales of Beit Jann, Sajur, Majd al-Krum and Nahf to the Teutonic Knights.[5]

In 1322 Marino Sanuto the Elder showed Sanur on his map, named Seggori.[6]

Ottoman era[edit]

Sajur was mentioned as a village in the Ottoman defter for the year 1555-6, located in the Nahiya of Acre of the Liwa of Safad. The land was designated as Sahi land, that is, land belonging to the Sultan.[7]

In 1875, Victor Guérin noted that "It is today a small village, inhabited by Druze; it is located on a hill that was once completely covered with houses. At the bottom, some gardens are planted with fig, olive, pomegranate and mulberry trees."[8]

In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it as: "A village, built of stone, containing about 100 Druzes; in the plain, with olives and arable land; water from cisterns and spring near".[9]

A population list from about 1887 showed that Sejur had 190 inhabitants; all Druze.[10]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Sajur had a population of 196; 176 Druse, 17 Muslims and 3 Christians,[11] where the Christians were all Orthodox.[12] The population increased in the 1931 census to 254; 141 Druse, 11 Muslims and 2 Christians, in a total of 53 houses.[13]

In the 1945 statistics, Sajur had 350 inhabitants; 10 Muslims and 340 classified as “others” (=Druse).[14] They owned a total of 8,172 dunams of land, while 64 dunams were public.[15] 4 dunams were used for citrus and bananas, 1,380 for plantations and irrigable land, 1,933 for cereals,[16] while 7 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[17]

Demographics[edit]

According to Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a low ranking (3 out of 10) on the country's socioeconomic index (December 2001). The average salary that year was NIS 3,531 per month, whereas the national average was NIS 6,835.

Landmarks[edit]

According to Jewish tradition, the tombs of Ishmael ben Elisha ha-Kohen and Simeon Shezuri are located in Sajur.[18]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018. 
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, pp. 93, 50, 65
  3. ^ Barbe, 2006, Sajur
  4. ^ Frankel, 1988, pp. 265, 267
  5. ^ Strehlke, 1869, pp. 78-79, No. 100; cited in Röhricht, 1893, RHH, p. 308, No. 1175; cited in Frankel, 1988, p. 254
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 208
  7. ^ Rohde, 1979, p. 95
  8. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 453
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 204
  10. ^ Schumacher, 1888, p. 174
  11. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Acre, p. 36
  12. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XVI, p. 50
  13. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 102
  14. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 4
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 41
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 81
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 131
  18. ^ Hadad, David. (2007), Ma'aseh Avos. Feldheim Publishers. p. 211 and p. 496. ISBN 1583309632

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]