Rauff Hakeem

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Honourable
Rauff Hakeem
MP MPC
ரவூப் ஹக்கீம்
රවුෆ් හකීම්
Rauff Hakeem.jpg
Minister of Urban Development, Water Supply and Drainage [a]
Assumed office
12 January 2015
President Maithripala Sirisena
Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe
Minister of Justice
In office
22 November 2010 – 28 December 2014
President Mahinda Rajapaksa
Prime Minister D. M. Jayaratne
Preceded by Athauda Seneviratne
Succeeded by Wijeyadasa Rajapakshe
Minister of Posts and Telecommunication
In office
28 January 2007 – 16 December 2007
President Mahinda Rajapaksa
Prime Minister D. M. Jayaratne
Minister of Ports Development and Shipping
In office
December 2001 – April 2004
President Chandrika Kumaratunga
Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe
Preceded by Mahinda Rajapaksa
Succeeded by Mangala Samaraweera
Minister of Internal and International Trade Commerce, Muslim Religious Affairs and Shipping Development
In office
19 October 2000 – 20 June 2001
President Chandrika Kumaratunga
Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremanayake
Succeeded by Ronnie de Mel [b]
Deputy Chairman of Committees of the Parliament of Sri Lanka
In office
25 August 1994 – 18 August 2000
Preceded by Ariya B. Rekawa
In office
14 September 2000 – 10 October 2000
Succeeded by Lalith Dissanayake
Leader of Sri Lanka Muslim Congress
Assumed office
2000
Preceded by M. H. M. Ashraff
Member of the Sri Lankan Parliament
for Kandy District
Assumed office
2010
In office
2000–2004
Member of the Sri Lankan Parliament
for Ampara District
In office
2004–2008
Succeeded by A. M. M. Naushad
Member of the Sri Lankan Parliament
for National List
In office
2008–2010
Preceded by Basheer Segu Dawood
In office
1994–2000
Member of the Eastern Provincial Council for Trincomalee District
In office
2008–2008
Succeeded by A. U. Razik Fareed
Personal details
Born (1960-04-13) 13 April 1960 (age 57)
Nawalapitiya, Ceylon
Political party Sri Lanka Muslim Congress
Other political
affiliations
United National Front for Good Governance
Alma mater Sri Lanka Law College
Profession Lawyer
Religion Islam
Ethnicity Sri Lankan Moor
Website rauffhakeem.lk
  1. ^ Minister of City Planning and Water Supply from September 2015.
  2. ^ As Minister of Trade, Industrial Development and Rural Industries

Abdul Rauff Hibbathul Hakeem (born 13 April 1960) is a Sri Lankan politician, Member of Parliament and cabinet minister. He is the current leader of the Sri Lanka Muslim Congress (SLMC), a member of the United National Front for Good Governance (UNFGG).

Early life and family[edit]

Hakeem was born 13 April 1960 in Nawalapitiya in central Ceylon.[1][2] He was educated at Royal College, Colombo.[2][3][4] After school he joined Sri Lanka Law College.[5] He later received a LL.M. degree.[2]

Hakeem is married to Shanaz (Shahnaz), owner of an ice cream parlour in Colombo.[6][7][8] During the 2001 parliamentary election campaign Kumari Cooray, daughter of politician Mervyn J. Cooray, claimed and then denied that she had been having an affair with Hakeem.[9] In May 2004, during the struggle to fill the Speaker position in Parliament, Cooray appeared on Rupavahini and claimed that Hakeem had ended their relationship and that she was suicidal.[10][11] Cooray killed herself by setting herself ablaze outside Hakeem's home in Kollupitiya on 6 October 2005.[12][13] According to the Sunday Times, two months prior to her suicide Cooray had made a complaint at Kollupitiya police station that Hakeem had assaulted her at her home.[14]

Career[edit]

Hakeem came across M. H. M. Ashraff, founder/leader of the Sri Lanka Muslim Congress (SLMC), whilst working at Faisz Musthapha's chambers.[15]

Hakeem joined the SLMC in 1988.[1] He served as general-secretary of the party from 1992 to 2000 and represented it at the All Party Conference between 1991 and 1993.[5] Prior to the 1994 parliamentary election the SLMC entered into an electoral pact with main opposition People's Alliance (PA).[16] After the election Hakeem was appointed as a PA National List MP in the Sri Lankan Parliament.[17][18] Following the PA's victory the SLMC joined the new government.[16] Ashraff was appointed Minister of Shipping, Ports and Rehabilitation and two other SLMC MPs became deputy ministers whilst Hakeem became Deputy Chairman of Committees.[16][19][20][21][22]

By 2000 relations between the SLMC and PA had become strained.[23] Earlier, in 1999, Ashraff had founded the National Unity Alliance (NUA) with the aim of creating a "united Sri Lanka by 2012".[24][25] Ashraff was killed in a mysterious helicopter crash on 16 September 2000.[26][27][28] Hakeem contested the 2000 parliamentary election as one of the NUA's candidates in Kandy District. He was elected and re-entered Parliament.[29] He was appointed Minister of Internal and International Trade Commerce, Muslim Religious Affairs and Shipping Development after the election.[30][31]

Following the death of Ashraff in September 2000 Hakeem became the SLMC's "thesiya thalaivar" (national leader) but there was a power struggle between Ashraff's widow Ferial Ashraff and Hakeem for control of the party.[5][32] In June 2001 President Chandrika Kumaratunga dismissed Hakeem from the cabinet.[33][34] As a result, Hakeem and most SLMC MPs left the PA.[32][35][36] However, Ferial Ashraff remained in the PA as leader of the NUA.[32] In October 2001 the Hakeem led SLMC joined the United National Party dominated United National Front (UNF).[37] Hakeem contested the 2001 parliamentary election as one of the UNF's candidates in Kandy District. He was elected and re-entered Parliament.[38] The UNF defeated the PA at the election after which Hakeem was appointed Minister of Ports Development and Shipping in the UNF government.[39][40]

Hakeem contested the 2004 parliamentary election as one of the SLMC's candidates in Ampara District. He was elected and re-entered Parliament.[41] He however lost his cabinet position after the UNF was defeated by the newly formed United People's Freedom Alliance (UPFA). In January 2007 the SLMC joined the UPFA.[42][43][44] Hakeem was rewarded by being appointed Minister of Posts and Telecommunication.[45][46] The SLMC left the UPFA in December 2007.[47][48] Hakeem resigned from Parliament in April 2008 to contest the provincial council election.[49] He contested the 2008 provincial council election as one of the UNF's candidates in Trincomalee District and was elected to the Eastern Provincial Council (EPC).[50] After the UNF failed to win control of the EPC Hakeem resigned in July 2008 and was appointed as UNF National List MP.[51][52]

Hakeem contested the 2010 parliamentary election as one of the UNF's candidates in Kandy District. He was elected and re-entered Parliament.[53] In November 2010 the SLMC joined UPFA again.[54][55] Hakeem was rewarded by being appointed Minister of Justice.[56][57] The SLMC left the UPFA in December 2014 to support common opposition candidate Maithripala Sirisena at the presidential election.[58][59] President Mahinda Rajapaksa dismissed Hakeem from the cabinet.[60] After the election newly elected President Sirisena rewarded Hakeem by appointing him Minister of Urban Development, Water Supply and Drainage.[61][62][63][64]

In July 2015 the SLMC joined with other anti-Rajapaksa parties to form the United National Front for Good Governance (UNFGG) to contest the parliamentary election.[65][66][67] Hakeem was one of the UNFGG's candidates in Kandy District at the 2015 parliamentary election. He was elected and re-entered Parliament.[68][69] His cabinet portfolio was changed to Minister of City Planning and Water Supply after the election.[70][71][72]

Electoral history[edit]

Electoral history of Rauff Hakeem
Election Constituency Party Votes Result
2000 parliamentary[29] Kandy District NUA 28,033 Elected
2001 parliamentary[38] Kandy District UNF 71,094 Elected
2004 parliamentary[41] Ampara District SLMC 68,627 Elected
2008 provincial Trincomalee District UNF Elected
2010 parliamentary[53] Kandy District UNF 54,047 Elected
2015 parliamentary[73] Kandy District UNFGG 102,186 Elected

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Directory of Members: Rauff Hakeem". Parliament of Sri Lanka. 
  2. ^ a b c Liyanasuriya, Sathya (6 March 2014). "'Astute Hakeem will survive to tell the tale'". The Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka). 
  3. ^ "PA consorts with SLMC". The Island (Sri Lanka). 24 September 2000. 
  4. ^ Goonarathne, Elmo (27 February 2015). "Ideals ofashraff and hakeem". Ceylon Today. 
  5. ^ a b c Peebles, Patrick (2015). Historical Dictionary of Sri Lanka. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 167. ISBN 978-1-4422-5584-5. 
  6. ^ "Features". The Island (Sri Lanka). 4 September 2003. 
  7. ^ Abeynayake, Rajpal (13 October 2002). "A different parlour game altogether". The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka). 
  8. ^ Jayasekara, Bandula (4 March 2016). "Anagarika Mahinda, Soprano Ranil ,CBK into Coconuts". The Island (Sri Lanka). 
  9. ^ Satyapalan, Franklin R. (7 October 2005). "Suicide drama in Hakeem's compound". The Island (Sri Lanka). 
  10. ^ "Rauff Hakeem cheated me in love". Daily News (Sri Lanka). 17 May 2004. 
  11. ^ "We will pay you Rs. 20 million". The Sunday Leader. 23 May 2004. 
  12. ^ Hettiarachchi, Kumudini (23 October 2005). "From fame to flames". The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka). 
  13. ^ Jayasinghe, Jayampathy (9 October 2005). "Kumari Cooray suicide : Police probe security lapse". Sunday Observer (Sri Lanka). 
  14. ^ Fuard, Asif (9 October 2005). "Police question Hakeem on Kumari's death". The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka). 
  15. ^ Jeyaraj, D. B. S. (20 September 2015). "Remembering MHM Ashraff the Legendary Leader of the Muslim Congress on his 15th Death Anniversary". dbsjeyaraj.com. 
  16. ^ a b c Jeyaraj, D. B. S. (30 September 2000). "Obituary: A pioneering leader - M.H.M. Ashraff, 1948-2000". Frontline (magazine). 17 (20). 
  17. ^ "Segudawood and Nijamudeen betrayed Muslim Congress - DUA". Daily News (Sri Lanka). 3 July 2004. 
  18. ^ Jeyaraj, D. B. S. (9 February 2003). "The leadership crisis in the Muslim congress". The Sunday Leader. 
  19. ^ "Senior Sri Lankan Minister killed in helicopter crash". TamilNet. 16 September 2000. 
  20. ^ "The New Cabinet" (PDF). Tamil Times. XIII (8): 4. 15 August 1994. ISSN 0266-4488. 
  21. ^ Samad, Ashraff A. (16 September 2012). "Remembering a Minister, poet and inspiring Muslim leader". The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka). 
  22. ^ "Deputy Chairman of Committees". Parliament of Sri Lanka. 
  23. ^ "Helicopter crash probe launched". BBC News. 17 September 2000. 
  24. ^ Peiris, Roshan (19 September 1999). "Ashraff's mission 2012: unity in diversity". The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka). 
  25. ^ Salman, M. H. M. (27 January 2015). "Democracy without Opposition and the NUA". The Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka). 
  26. ^ "Key minister killed in Sri Lanka crash". BBC News. 16 September 2000. 
  27. ^ "Ashraff dies in mystery crash". The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka). 17 September 2000. 
  28. ^ "Minister Ashraff among 14 killed in helicopter crash" (PDF). Tamil Times. XIX (9): 4. 15 September 2000. ISSN 0266-4488. 
  29. ^ a b "General Election 2000 Preferences" (PDF). Department of Elections, Sri Lanka. 
  30. ^ "New cabinet sworn in today". Current Affairs. Policy Research and Information Unit, Presidential Secretariat. 19 October 2000. 
  31. ^ "SLMC, EPDP get plum portfolios". TamilNet. 19 October 2000. 
  32. ^ a b c Farook, Latheef (23 December 2014). "SLMC: Liability on the Muslim community". Daily FT. 
  33. ^ "Rauff Hakeem removed from cabinet". TamilNet. 20 June 2001. 
  34. ^ Subramanian, Nirupama (21 June 2001). "SLMC may offer issue-based support". The Hindu. 
  35. ^ Satyapalan, Franklin R. (21 June 2001). "SLMC-NUA quit PA coalition". The Island (Sri Lanka). 
  36. ^ "Sri Lanka govt. faces collapse as Muslims leave". TamilNet. 20 June 2001. 
  37. ^ "UNP to contest as UNF with elephant symbol". TamilNet. 21 October 2001. 
  38. ^ a b "General Election 2001 Preferences" (PDF). Department of Elections, Sri Lanka. 
  39. ^ "New Ministers". Daily News (Sri Lanka). 13 December 2001. 
  40. ^ "Wickremesinghe appoints cabinet of 25". TamilNet. 12 December 2001. 
  41. ^ a b "General Election 2004 Preferences" (PDF). Department of Elections, Sri Lanka. 
  42. ^ "UNP dissidents, SLMC join UPFA government, appointed ministers". TamilNet. 28 January 2007. 
  43. ^ "18 jumbos cross over". Daily News (Sri Lanka). 29 January 2007. 
  44. ^ Chandani Kirinde and Chris Kamalendran (28 January 2007). "Crossover today, MoU ends". The Sunday Times. 
  45. ^ "PART I : SECTION (I) — GENERAL Appointments & c., by the President" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Extraordinary. 1482/08. 29 January 2007. 
  46. ^ "The New Cabinet". The Island (Sri Lanka). 29 January 2007. 
  47. ^ "SLMC resigns from Rajapaksa government". TamilNet. 12 December 2007. 
  48. ^ "Why the SLMC quit the Rajapaska government". The Nation (Sri Lanka). 16 December 2007. 
  49. ^ "Hakeem resigns parliamentary seat to contest EPC election". TamilNet. 2 April 2008. 
  50. ^ "PART I : SECTION (I) — GENERAL Government Notifications PROVINCIAL COUNCILS ELECTIONS ACT, No. 2 OF 1988 Eastern Province Provincial Council" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Extraordinary. 1549/17. 15 May 2008. 
  51. ^ "Hakim takes oath as UNP national list parliamentarian". TamilNet. 10 July 2008. 
  52. ^ Nakkawita, Wijitha; de Silva, Lakshmi (11 July 2008). "Hakeem sworn in as MP". The Island (Sri Lanka). 
  53. ^ a b "Parliamentary General Election - 2010 Kandy Preferences" (PDF). Department of Elections, Sri Lanka. 
  54. ^ "SLMC officially crosses over to government". TamilNet. 22 November 2010. 
  55. ^ Bandara, Kelum (13 November 2010). "SLMC decides to join govt.". The Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka). 
  56. ^ "PART I : SECTION (I) — GENERAL Appointments & c., by the President" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Extraordinary. 1681/2. 22 November 2010. 
  57. ^ "New Faced Boost Cabinet as Hopes Rise". The Nation (Sri Lanka). 28 November 2010. 
  58. ^ "Sri Lanka's biggest Muslim party ditches Rajapaksa". The Guardian. Associated Press. 28 December 2014. 
  59. ^ "SLMC to support Sirisena, Hakeem resigns ministerial portfolio". TamilNet. 28 December 2014. 
  60. ^ "PART I : SECTION (I) — GENERAL Government Notifications NOTIFICATION" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Extraordinary. 1895/45. 3 January 2015. 
  61. ^ "PART I : SECTION (I) — GENERAL Appointments & c., by the President" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Extraordinary. 1897/16. 18 January 2015. 
  62. ^ "New Cabinet ministers sworn in". The Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka). 12 January 2015. 
  63. ^ "New Cabinet takes oaths". The Nation (Sri Lanka). 12 January 2015. 
  64. ^ Imtiaz, Zahrah; Moramudali, Umesh (13 January 2015). "27-member cabinet 10 State ministers 08 Deputy ministers". Ceylon Today. 
  65. ^ Perera, Yohan (13 July 2015). "Good Governance MoU signed". The Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka). 
  66. ^ "Disillusioned supporters of Sri Lanka President form a new front with UNP to contest parliamentary elections". Colombo Page. 11 July 2015. 
  67. ^ Rajasingham, K. T. (12 July 2015). "A Broad Holy Alliance for Good Governance – Minus Maithripala Srisena". Asian Tribune. 
  68. ^ "PART I : SECTION (I) — GENERAL Government Notifications PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS ACT, No. 1 OF 1981" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Extraordinary. 1928/03. 19 August 2015. 
  69. ^ "Ranil tops with over 500,000 votes in Colombo". The Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka). 19 August 2015. 
  70. ^ "PART I : SECTION (I) — GENERAL Appointments & c., by the President" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Extraordinary. 1932/07. 14 September 2015. 
  71. ^ "New Cabinet". The Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka). 4 September 2015. 
  72. ^ "The new Cabinet". Ceylon Today. 4 September 2015. 
  73. ^ Jayakody, Pradeep (28 August 2015). "The Comparison of Preferential Votes in 2015 & 2010". The Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka). 

External links[edit]