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Roller skates

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A pair of roller skates

Roller skates are shoes or bindings that fit onto shoes that are worn to enable the wearer to roll along on wheels. The first roller skate was an inline skate design, effectively an ice skate with wheels replacing the blade. Later the "quad skate" style became more popular, consisting of four wheels arranged in the same configuration as a typical car.

Roller skating is a hobby, sport, and mode of transportation using roller skates.


A pair of roller skates within the permanent collection of The Children's Museum of Indianapolis. Skates like these fit over shoes and were adjustable with a roller skate key.

While the first reported use of wheeled skates was on a London stage in 1743, the first patented "roller skate" was introduced in 1760 by Belgian inventor John Joseph Merlin.[1] They were hard to steer and stopping was difficult due to the fact that they did not have any type of braking mechanism and as such they failed to gain popularity. Merlin demonstrated his invention during a party in the city of Huy, during which he skated while playing the violin.[citation needed]

In the 1840s, Meyerbeer's opera Le prophète featured a scene in which performers used roller-skates to simulate ice-skating on a frozen lake set on stage. This exposure had an impact on audiences and led to the rise of roller skating as a new and popular activity throughout the Continent. As ice skaters subsequently developed the art of figure skating, roller skaters wanted the ability to turn in their skates in a similar fashion.[2]

In 1863, James Plimpton from Massachusetts invented the "rocking" skate and used a four-wheel configuration for stability, and independent axles that turned by pressing to one side of the skate or the other when the skater wants to create an edge. This was a vast improvement on the Merlin design, one that was easier to use and drove the huge popularity of roller skating, dubbed "rinkomania" in the 1860s and 1870s,[3] which spread to Europe and around the world, and continued through the 1930s. The Plimpton skate is still used today.

Eventually, roller skating evolved from just a pastime to a competitive sport; speed skating, racing on skates, and inline figure skating, very similar to what can be seen in the Olympics on ice. In the mid 1990s roller hockey, played with a ball rather than a puck, became so popular that it even made an appearance in the Olympics in 1992. The National Sporting Goods Association statistics showed, from a 1999 study, that 2.5 million people played roller hockey. Roller skating was considered for the 2012 Summer Olympics[4] but has never become an Olympic event. Other roller skating sports include jam skating and roller derby.

Roller skating popularity began during the late 1950s and 1960s at rock 'n' roll teen dance halls, but exploded and took off in the disco and new wave era of the 1970s and 1980s, becoming popular and an iconic thing of that time. In the early 1990s it would begin to diminish in popularity. Sales of roller skates increased during the COVID-19 pandemic as people sought safe outdoor activities.[5]

Roller skating saw a revival in the late 2010s and early 2020s, spurred on by a number of viral videos on the popular video-sharing app TikTok and also a revival of 1970s and 1980s pop culture from film and TV nostalgia. Many popular brands sold out to the point of back-order, with many people taking up the hobby during COVID-19 quarantines across the globe.[6]


The Roller Skating Rink Operators Association was developed in the U.S. in 1937. It is currently named the Roller Skating Association. The association promotes roller skating and offers classes to the public, aiming to educate the population about roller skating. Its current president is Bobby Pender and the associations headquarters are located in Indianapolis.


Health benefits[edit]

The Roller Skating Association's web page offers some health benefits of roller skating. Some of the benefits they list include:[7]

  • Providing a complete aerobic workout
  • Burning 330 kilocalories (1,400 kJ) per hour while skating 10 km/h (6 mph) for a 65-kilogram (143 lb) person or 600 kilocalories (2,500 kJ) while skating 15 km/h (10 mph).
  • A study from the University of Massachusetts found that in-line skating causes less than 50% of the impact shock to joints compared to running.
  • Roller skating is equivalent to jogging in terms of health benefits
  • The American Heart Association recommends roller skating as an aerobic fitness sport.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Valderrabano, Victor; Easley, Mark E., eds. (21 February 2017). Foot and ankle sports orthopaedics. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-15735-1. ISBN 978-3-319-15734-4. OCLC 972330993.
  2. ^ Wilson, David Gordon (2004). Bicycling Science (3 ed.). Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-73154-1.
  3. ^ "The Victorian craze that sparked a mini-sexual revolution", BBC News, 6 April 2015
  4. ^ "Article: Roller Skating Being Considered for Olympics @ SkateMall.com". Archived from the original on 16 July 2011.
  5. ^ Spellings, Sarah (2 July 2020). "There's a Worldwide Shortage of Roller Skates". Vogue. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  6. ^ Conlon, Scarlett (8 January 2021). "Roller skating is having a revival, but whatever you do don't call it a trend". Harper's BAZAAR. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
  7. ^ "All About Roller Skatin". Roller Skating Association International. Retrieved 26 January 2018.

External links[edit]