Time in Russia

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Time in Russia
     USZ1 Kaliningrad Time UTC+2 (MSK–1)
     MSK Moscow Time UTC+3 (MSK±0)
     SAMT Samara Time UTC+4 (MSK+1)
     YEKT Yekaterinburg Time UTC+5 (MSK+2)
     OMST Omsk Time UTC+6 (MSK+3)
     KRAT Krasnoyarsk Time UTC+7 (MSK+4)
     IRKT Irkutsk Time UTC+8 (MSK+5)
     YAKT Yakutsk Time UTC+9 (MSK+6)
     VLAT Vladivostok Time UTC+10 (MSK+7)
     MAGT Magadan Time UTC+11 (MSK+8)
     PETT Kamchatka Time UTC+12 (MSK+9)

There are eleven time zones in Russia, which currently observe times ranging from UTC+02:00 to UTC+12:00. Daylight saving time is not used in Russia (since March 2011).

List of zones[edit]

Since 24 July 2016, the time zones are as follows:[1][2]

Time Zone Name Time of day and abbreviation(s) UTC offset MSK offset Area covered Population
Kaliningrad Time 19:47, 29 July 2016 USZ1 [refresh] UTC+02 MSK-1 Kaliningrad Oblast 941,873
Moscow Time 20:47, July 29, 2016 MSK [refresh] UTC+03 MSK Most of European Russia, excluding federal subjects from UTC+02, UTC+04 and UTC+05 timezones 81,760,452
Samara Time 21:47, 29 July 2016 SAMT [refresh] UTC+04 MSK+1 Astrakhan Oblast, Samara Oblast, Udmurtia, Ulyanovsk Oblast 7,039,824
Yekaterinburg Time 22:47, 29 July 2016 YEKT [refresh] UTC+05 MSK+2 Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Kurgan Oblast, Orenburg Oblast, Perm Krai, Sverdlovsk Oblast (partly in Europe), Tyumen Oblast, and Yamalia 45,752,626
Omsk Time 23:47, 29 July 2016 OMST [refresh] UTC+06 MSK+3 Omsk Oblast 1,977,665
Krasnoyarsk Time
Novosibirsk Time
00:47, 30 July 2016 KRAT [refresh] UTC+07 MSK+4 Altai Krai, Altai Republic, Kemerovo Oblast, Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Novosibirsk Oblast, Tomsk Oblast and Tuva 12,770,883
Irkutsk Time 01:47, 30 July 2016 IRKT [refresh] UTC+08 MSK+5 Irkutsk Oblast and Buryatia 3,400,771
Yakutsk Time 02:47, 30 July 2016 YAKT [refresh] UTC+09 MSK+6 Amur Oblast, Zabaykalsky Krai and most of Sakha Republic 2,835,547
Vladivostok Time 03:47, 30 July 2016 VLAT [refresh] UTC+10 MSK+7 Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Primorsky Krai and the Oymyakonsky, Ust-Yansky and Verkhoyansky districts of Sakha Republic 3,507,904
Magadan Time
Sakhalin Time
Srednekolymsk Time
04:47, 30 July 2016 SRET [refresh] UTC+11 MSK+8 Magadan Oblast, Sakhalin Oblast, and the Abyysky, Allaikhovsky, Momsky, Nizhnekolymsky, Srednekolymsky and Verkhnekolymsky districts of the Sakha Republic 684,180
Kamchatka Time 05:47, 30 July 2016 PETT [refresh] UTC+12 MSK+9 Chukotka and Kamchatka Krai 372,605

Daylight saving time[edit]

Prior to 2011, Russia moved its clocks backward and forward on the same annual cycle as Europe. On 27 March 2011, clocks were advanced as usual, but they did not go back that October, effectively making Moscow Time UTC+4 permanently.[3] On 26 October 2014, following another change in the law, the clocks in most of the country were moved back one hour, but DST was not reintroduced; Moscow Time returned to UTC+3 permanently.[4]

History of zone boundaries[edit]

In 1992, the Government of Russia issued a resolution establishing the borders of the eleven time zones dividing the country's territory.[5]

In November 2009, President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev proposed reducing the number of time zones spanning the country,[6] as well as the abolition of daylight saving time.[citation needed]

1993 zone boundary changes[edit]

On 23 May 1993 00:00:00, Novosibirsk Oblast changed its time zone from MSK+4 to MSK+3.[7]

The change occurred during DST effectively changing the offset from UTC+8 to UTC+7, the offset without DST was therefore changed from UTC+7 to UTC+6.[citation needed]

2002 zone boundary changes[edit]

11 time zones in Russia from 2002 to 2010

In 2002, Tomsk Oblast changed its time zone from MSK+4 to MSK+3.[8]

2010 zone boundary changes[edit]

April 2010: 9 zones

On 28 March 2010, the following changes were introduced, which, in particular, led to abolition of two of the eleven time zones.

Although the Russian government wants to reduce the number of time zones even further, there have been protests in far-eastern Russia on the recent changes, including protests and a 20,000-strong petition in support of Kamchatka returning to UTC+12.[13]

2011 zone boundary changes[edit]

September 2011: 9 zones, "permanent DST".

The decree No. 725 [14] (31 August 2011) defines Moscow Time and lists the zones, numbered 1 to 9 and in turn defined relative to Moscow Time. The offsets from UTC are altered, the reference zone, Moscow Time Zone, now uses UTC+04:00. This is similar to the 1930 USSR reform with decree time coming into operation. The notions of decree time and daylight saving time were abolished in the law, but in fact, this law mandated permanent daylight saving time (or even double daylight saving time in regions that had not abolished the decree time).

As a result, some districts of the Sakha Republic switched from Vladivostok Time to Yakutsk Time (Zone 7):

Some districts switched from Magadan Time to Vladivostok Time:

Blue Yakutsk Time (MSK+6), pink Vladivostok Time (MSK+7), red Magadan Time (MSK+8).

2014 zone boundary changes[edit]

October 2014: 11 zones

As a result of the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, local authorities in the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol decreed that clocks in the newly proclaimed Russian federal subjects should jump ahead two hours at 10 p.m. on 29 March 2014 to switch from Eastern European Time to Moscow Time.[15]

In July 2014, further changes were passed, which took effect on 26 October 2014. All of Russia moved back one hour, except:[16]

Annual DST changes will not be observed.[17]

Time zones in Russia, difference with standard time:
  -2 h ± 30 min
  -1 h ± 30 min
  ± 30 min
  +1 h ± 30 min
  +2 h ± 30 min

2016 zone boundary changes[edit]

The following time zone changes occurred on 27 March 2016:[18]

  • Astrakhan and Ulyanovsk oblasts moved forward one hour from UTC+03:00 to UTC+04:00 (from Moscow to Samara time)
  • Altai Krai and Altai Republic moved forward one hour from UTC+06:00 to UTC+07:00 (from Omsk to Krasnoyarsk time)
  • Zabaykalsky Krai moved forward one hour from UTC+08:00 to UTC+09:00 (from Irkutsk to Yakutsk time)
  • Sakhalin Oblast moved forward one hour from UTC+10:00 to UTC+11:00 (from Vladivostok to Srednekolymsk time), except Severo-Kurilsky District, which was already in UTC+11:00 (Srednekolymsk Time)

The following time zone change occurred on 24 April 2016:[19]

  • Magadan Oblast moved forward one hour from UTC+10:00 to UTC+11:00 (from Vladivostok to Srednekolymsk time)

After these changes, the UTC+11:00 time zone is also named Magadan Time or Sakhalin Time.[2]

The following time zone change occurred on 29 May 2016:[20]

  • Tomsk Oblast moved forward one hour from UTC+06:00 to UTC+07:00 (from Omsk to Krasnoyarsk time)

The following time zone change occurred on 24 July 2016:[21]

  • Novosibirsk Oblast moved forward one hour from UTC+06:00 to UTC+07:00 (from Omsk to Krasnoyarsk time)

Railway time[edit]

All timetables on Russian Railways (except Sakhalin railways) follow Moscow Time.[22] Airports, however, follow local time.[23]

tz database[edit]

For Russia, the tz database contains several zones in the file zone.tab.

List of zones[edit]

The list below shows the 16 zones for Russia as defined in the file zone.tab of the database. The database aims to identify regions that had the same time offset rules since 1970.

Two zones, namely Asia/Omsk and Asia/Novosibirsk, each cover area that did not observe the same rule set since 1970, all now using Omsk Time.

On the last Sunday in October 2011, daylight-saving time ended in tzdata, but all zones moved forward one hour. In other words, the clocks did not change, but the names of the time zones reverted permanently to their standard time variants and there will be no more daylight-saving time going forward.[citation needed]

If available, the change column lists the offset changes that caused a creation of a new zone in the tz database.

"Initial zone" means that in 1970 there was already a difference in time offset from the offsets in any other zone.

C.c. Coordinates tzid Comments UTC offset (without DST, permanent since 2011) Covered area Split from[citation needed] Changes
RU +5443+02030 Europe/Kaliningrad Moscow-01 - Kaliningrad +02:00 Kaliningrad Oblast Initial zone
RU +5545+03735 Europe/Moscow Moscow+00 - west Russia +03:00 Most of European Russia. Complete list given here. Initial zone
RU +4844+04425 Europe/Volgograd Moscow+00 - Caspian Sea +03:00 Kirov Oblast, Saratov Oblast, Volgograd Oblast, and Astrakhan Oblast Europe/Samara 1992-03-29 Zone creation, causing change from UTC+04 to UTC+03
RU +5312+05009 Europe/Samara Moscow+00 (Moscow+01 after 2014-10-26) - Samara, Udmurtia +04:00 Samara Oblast and Udmurtia Initial zone 2010-03-28 Change from UTC+04 to UTC+03
RU +5651+06036 Asia/Yekaterinburg Moscow+02 - Urals +05:00 Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Kurgan Oblast, Orenburg Oblast, Perm Krai, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Tyumen Oblast, and Yamalia Initial zone
RU +5500+07324 Asia/Omsk Moscow+03 - west Siberia +06:00 Altai Krai, Altai Republic, and Omsk Oblast
RU +5502+08255 Asia/Novosibirsk Moscow+03 - Novosibirsk +06:00 Novosibirsk Oblast and Tomsk Oblast.
RU +5345+08707 Asia/Novokuznetsk Moscow+03 (Moscow+04 after 2014-10-26) - Kemerovo +07:00 Kemerovo Oblast Asia/Novosibirsk 2010-03-28 Zone creation, causing change from Krasnoyarsk Time to Novosibirsk Time[24]
RU +5601+09250 Asia/Krasnoyarsk Moscow+04 - Yenisei River +07:00 Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk Krai, and Tuva Republic
RU +5216+10420 Asia/Irkutsk Moscow+05 - Lake Baikal +08:00 Irkutsk Oblast and Buryatia
RU +6200+12940 Asia/Yakutsk Moscow+06 - Lena River +09:00 Amur Oblast, Zabaykalsky Krai, and western Sakha Republic
RU +4310+13156 Asia/Vladivostok Moscow+07 - Amur River +10:00 Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Primorsky Krai, and central Sakha Republic Initial zone
RU +4658+14242 Asia/Sakhalin Moscow+07 - Sakhalin Island +10:00 Sakhalin Island, and western Kuril Islands Asia/Magadan 1997-03-30 Zone creation, causing change from UTC+11 to UTC+10
RU +643337+1431336 Asia/Ust-Nera Moscow+07 - Oymyakonsky +10:00 Oymyakonsky District Asia/Yakutsk 1981-04-01 Changed to Magadan time
RU +5934+15048 Asia/Magadan Moscow+08 (Moscow+07 after 2014-10-26) - Magadan +10:00 Magadan Oblast Initial zone 2014-10-26 Split: Magadan Oblast changed to Vladivostok time, other areas using new Srednekolymsk time
RU +6728+15343 Asia/Srednekolymsk Moscow+08 - E Sakha, N Kuril Is +11:00 eastern Kuril Islands, and eastern Sakha Republic Asia/Magadan 2014-10-26
RU +5301+15839 Asia/Kamchatka Moscow+08 (Moscow+09 after 2014-10-26) - Kamchatka +12:00 Kamchatka Krai Initial zone 2010-03-28 Change from UTC+12 to UTC+11
RU +6445+17729 Asia/Anadyr Moscow+08 (Moscow+09 after 2014-10-26) - Bering Sea +12:00 Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Initial zone

Deleted zones[edit]

Asia/Ulan Ude was a time zone identifier from the zone file of the tz database. The reference point was Ulan-Ude. It was added in tz version 2011e.[25]

Federal subjects with multiple offsets at the same time[edit]

Per a 2011 law, last amended in 2016,[26] the territory of Sakha Republic observes more than one offset.

Sakha Republic

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ New time zones map of Russia from March 27, 2016, World Time Zone, 27 March 2016.
  2. ^ a b Time Zones Currently Being Used in Russia, Timeanddate.com.
  3. ^ "Медведев отменил зимнее время". Lenta.ru. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2011. 
  4. ^ Russian clocks go back for last time, BBC News, 25 October 2014
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №23 от 8 января 1992 г. «О порядке исчисления времени на территории Российской Федерации». (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #23 of 8 January 1992 On the Procedures of Keeping Time on the Territory of the Russian Federation. ).
  6. ^ "Russian president Dmitry Medvedev wants to cut 11 time zones.". BBC News. 15 November 2009. 
  7. ^ Time changes in year 1993 for Russia – Novosibirsk. Timeanddate.com. Retrieved on 2014-06-07.
  8. ^ a b Новости NEWSru.com :: С 1 мая Томская область перешла в новый часовой пояс. Newsru.com. Retrieved on 2014-06-07.
  9. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №166 от 17 марта 2010 г. «О применении на территории Удмуртской Республики времени второго часового пояса». Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №58, 22 марта 2010 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #166 of 17 March 2010 On Using the Time of the Second Time Zone on the Territory of the Udmurt Republic. ).
  10. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №170 от 19 марта 2010 г. «О применении на территории Самарской области времени второго часового пояса». Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №58, 22 марта 2010 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #170 of 19 March 2010 On Using the Time of the Second Time Zone on the Territory of Samara Oblast. ).
  11. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №740 от 14 сентября 2009 г. «О применении на территории Кемеровской области времени пятого часового пояса». (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #740 of 14 September 2009 On Using the Time of the Fifth Time Zone on the Territory of Kemerovo Oblast. ).
  12. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №171 от 19 марта 2010 г. «О применении на территории Камчатского края и Чукотского автономного округа времени десятого часового пояса». Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №58, 22 марта 2010 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #171 of 19 March 2010 On Using the Time of the Tenth Time Zone on the Territory of Kamchatka Krai and Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. ).
  13. ^ "Thousands Protest Time Zone Changes in Russia". 2010-12-13. Retrieved 2011-01-15. 
  14. ^ Постановление Правительства Российской Федерации № 725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации».
  15. ^ "Crimea switches to Moscow time". Voice of Russia. 29 March 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
  16. ^ "New Russian time zones and the corresponding areas from October 26, 2014", World Time Zone, 22 July 2014.
  17. ^ "Russia Moving to Permanent Winter Time From October 26", RIA Novosti 22 July 2014, retrieved 26 July 2014
  18. ^ Russia Changes Several Time Zones, Timeanddate.com, 17 March 2016.
  19. ^ Russia Changes Time Zone in Magadan, Timeanddate.com, 7 April 2016.
  20. ^ Proposed Time Change in Tomsk, Russia, Timeanddate.com, 27 April 2016.
  21. ^ Proposed Time Change in Novosibirsk, Russia, Timeanddate.com, 5 July 2016.
  22. ^ Russian Railways – Time tables
  23. ^ for example http://www.iktport.ru/
  24. ^ proposed time zone package changes. Gmane. Retrieved on 2014-06-07.
  25. ^ proposeed time zone package changes Chile Russia Irkutsk Buryatia Morocco. Gmane. Retrieved on 2014-06-07.
  26. ^ Federal law of 03.06.2011 N 107-FZ (edition of 09.03.2016) "On the calculation of time", Consultant Plus. (Russian)

External links[edit]