Rotterdam Centraal station

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Rotterdam Centraal
w:Nederlandse Spoorwegen Eurostar RET metro logo.svg
Rtd CS-III.JPG
The station building in February 2014
LocationRotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands
Coordinates51°55′28″N 4°28′10″E / 51.92444°N 4.46944°E / 51.92444; 4.46944Coordinates: 51°55′28″N 4°28′10″E / 51.92444°N 4.46944°E / 51.92444; 4.46944
Line(s)Amsterdam–Rotterdam railway
HSL-Zuid
Utrecht–Rotterdam railway
Breda–Rotterdam railway
Tracks13
ConnectionsRET metro logo.svg RET Rotterdam Metro:  D ,  E 
Tram interchange RET Rotterdam Tram: 4, 7, 8, 12, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25
Bus transport RET: 33, 38, 39, 40, 44, 48
Bus transport Eurolines
Other information
Station codeRtd
History
Opened1847 (first), 21 May 1957 (train), 9 February 1968 (metro/subway), March 2014 (current building)
Services
Preceding station   Eurostar   Following station
Eurostar
toward 
Thalys
toward Paris Nord
Thalys 9300
toward Lille Europe
Thalys
Thalys Neige (winter)
Thalys Soleil (summer)
NS International
Intercity Direct 900
Terminus
Intercity Direct 1000Terminus
Intercity Direct 9200
Terminus
Nederlandse Spoorwegen
TerminusNS Intercity 500
toward Groningen
NS Intercity 600Terminus
NS Intercity 1100
toward Eindhoven
NS Nachtnet 1400
toward Vlissingen
NS Intercity 2200
toward Dordrecht
NS Intercity 2400
NS Intercity 3700
toward Venlo
TerminusNS Intercity 2800
NS Nachtnet 21400Terminus
toward Uitgeest
NS Sprinter 4000
NS Sprinter 4100
NS Sprinter 4200
NS Sprinter 5000
NS Sprinter 7100
TerminusNS Sprinter 7700
Rotterdam Metro
toward De Akkers
Line DTerminus
toward Slinge
Line E
Location
Rotterdam Centraal is located in Southwest Randstad
Rotterdam Centraal
Rotterdam Centraal
Location within Southwest Randstad
Rotterdam Centraal is located in Netherlands
Rotterdam Centraal
Rotterdam Centraal
Rotterdam Centraal (Netherlands)

Rotterdam Centraal railway station (Dutch pronunciation: [rɔtərˈdɑm sɛnˈtraːl]) is the main railway station of the city Rotterdam in South Holland, Netherlands. The station received an average of 110,000 passengers daily in 2007.[1] The current station building, located at Station Square, was officially opened in March 2014.[2]

History[edit]

Railways in Rotterdam in 1936.
Rotterdam's former Centraal Station by architect Sybold van Ravesteyn built 1950–1957.

Before World War II, Rotterdam did not have a central railway station - instead there were four stations in and around the city centre:

Delftse Poort station was badly damaged by bombing in the Rotterdam Blitz. The new Centraal station was rebuilt just westwards of the site. Its original building was designed by architect Sybold van Ravesteyn and was completed on 13 March 1957, officially opening on 21 May. Maas station had closed in 1953 and trains from Utrecht were diverted to Centraal station via the new Rotterdam Noord station. However, the Hofpleinlijn (which later became part of RandstadRail) continued to bypass the station. Hofplein station was eventually closed in 2010 after the Hofpleinlijn was redirected through a tunnel and connected to Centraal station for the first time.

On 9 February 1968 Princess Beatrix opened the first metro line in the Netherlands at Centraal station. The line connected the station to the south of Rotterdam and is now known as Line D. The first subway station had an island platform with two tracks. On 28 September 2009, a new and more spacious underground station opened right next to the old one, which was immediately demolished. The new station has two island platforms with three tracks.

The mainline station nowadays has seven island platforms with thirteen platform tracks. There are three tracks without platform (tracks 2, 5 and 10). In 2007, it was used by approximately 110,000 passengers a day.

The 1957 station building was closed in 2007 and demolished the next year - making it the first major post-war railway station in the Netherlands to be taken down to make way for a new one. The new station was completed and opened in 2014.

New Rotterdam Centraal[edit]

A total reconstruction of the station and its surroundings started in 2004 to cope with an increasing number of trains, for example the high-speed train between Amsterdam, Brussels and Paris, and to accommodate for RandstadRail. Furthermore, the existing station, especially the passenger tunnel, also became too small to handle the growing number of passengers. Traveller numbers were projected to be 320,000 per day in 2025. To cope with this increase, a new station was necessary.

Rearranged roof text spelled the 1957 Central Stations swan song.
Temporary blue station building (2007-2012)
The clock and letters from 1957 were carried over on the new station

In June 2004, ProRail, NS and the Municipality of Rotterdam awarded the contract to Team CS, a cooperative between Benthem Crouwel Architekten, MVSA Meyer & Van Schooten Architects, and West 8, for transforming the existing plans into a design for the new Central Station.

On 16 May 2006 Mayor Ivo Opstelten revealed a work of Onno Poiesz consisting of the word EXIT, which was mounted behind the windows of the facade. Some of the letters "CENTRAAL STATION" that stood on the roof of the station until its closing were put in a different order by Peter Hopman and Margien Reuvekamp of Bureau Lakenvelder to read "TRAAN LATEN" ("SHED A TEAR"). The final closure of the outdated station took place on 2 September 2007 in the presence of Mayor Opstelten, to allow for the demolition of the station. Between 16 January 2008 and the end of March 2008 the station was completely demolished.

Passengers then, for years, had to use amenities housed in a temporary shelter, a smurf-blue building complex on Conrad Street on the northeast corner of the Groothandelsgebouw. The bicycle tunnel served as a temporary passenger tunnel. On 28 November 2012 the six-times-as-large, new passenger tunnel opened, and on 28 August 2013 the renovated bicycle tunnel opened; the so-called biscuits - artworks that had adorned the wings of the former Central Station - are now above the ends of the bicycle tunnel. The full completion of the station was on 13 March 2014, when the station was reopened by King Willem-Alexander.[3] Rotterdam Centraal Station, as the station is now officially called - on the south side, at the explicit request of the citizens of Rotterdam, the name Centraal Station in the lettering that architect Van Ravensteyn had put on the old station, has returned - will obtain the status of world station, as it is on the international high-speed railway towards Belgium. Some modifications to accommodate security screening of Eurostar passengers from the UK are being made and are due to finish in March 2018.[4]

In addition to the railway station, the old metro station of Rotterdam Centraal with two tracks and an island platform was renewed and extended to accommodate for the light rail connection to The Hague Central Station. The location of the former island platform is now occupied by switches. The tracks of the RandstadRail Metro Line E were connected to the rest of the metro network with a new tunnel at Rotterdam Central Station. The new metro station has three tracks and two island platforms. Track 1 serves metro line E, part of RandstadRail in the direction Den Haag Central Station. Track 2 is for metro line E towards Slinge; additional services between Slinge - Rotterdam Central vv also use track 2 as terminus of metro line D. Track 3 is between the two island platforms; uniquely the doors of the subway open on both sides while halting at this platform. The latter track is used as the starting point of Metro Line D to the Akkers. On 28 September 2009 the new metro station was opened, after it had been closed for two days. The connection for RandstadRail was officially opened on 16 August 2010, a day after it was available for passenger service.

On 26 March 2014, one of the 60-year-old trees that had to 'move' to allow for the renovation of the station area was placed on Conrad Street.

On 4 February 2020, the Minister of Infrastructure and Water Management, Cora van Nieuwenhuizen, and the UK Transport Secretary, Grant Shapps, announced that juxtaposed controls would be established in the station. According to the announcement, starting from 18 May 2020, Eurostar passengers travelling to the UK would clear exit checks from the Schengen Area as well as UK entry checks (conducted by the UK Border Force) in the station before boarding their train (without having to disembark at Brussels-South station, go through the juxtaposed controls there, and re-board the train before continuing their journey to the UK).[5][6] However, the launch was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[7]

Destinations[edit]

As it is one of the four main stations in the Netherlands it is well connected with cities all over the country. Major destinations include:

Amsterdam, Amersfoort, Bergen op Zoom, Breda, Dordrecht, Delft, Den Haag, Eindhoven, Gouda, Groningen, Haarlem, Leeuwarden, Leiden, Middelburg, Roosendaal, Tilburg, Utrecht, Venlo, Vlissingen and Zwolle.

There are also international services to Antwerp, Brussels and Paris up to 14 times a day and to Disneyland Paris twice per day.

Eurostar services from London to Amsterdam Centraal also call here. Direct services to London were due to start on 18 May 2020,[6] but this was postponed to 26 October due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[8]

Train services[edit]

As of 15 December 2019, the following train services call at this station:

  • International service
    • Thalys: Amsterdam – Rotterdam Central – Antwerp – Brussels – Chambéry – Bourg-Saint-Maurice (in winter)
    • Thalys: Amsterdam – Rotterdam Central – Antwerp – Brussels – Avignon – Marseille (in summer)
    • Thalys: Amsterdam – Rotterdam Central – Antwerp – Brussels – Paris
    • Thalys: Amsterdam – Rotterdam Central – Antwerp – Brussels – Aéroport Charles de Gaulle - Marne-la-Vallée-Chessy
    • Eurostar: Amsterdam <– Rotterdam Central <– Brussels <– London
    • Eurostar: Amsterdam –> Rotterdam Central –> Brussels
    • Intercity Direct: Amsterdam – Schiphol – Rotterdam Central – Breda – Noorderkempen – Antwerp – Mechelen – Brussels Airport Zaventem – Brussels South/Midi
    • Intercity : The Hague HS – Rotterdam Central – Breda – Noorderkempen – Antwerp – Mechelen – Brussels Airport Zaventem – Brussels South/Midi
  • Express services
    • Intercity: Rotterdam Central – Gouda – Utrecht – Amersfoort – Zwolle – Assen – Groningen
    • Intercity: Rotterdam Central – Gouda – Utrecht – Amersfoort – Zwolle – Meppel – Steenwijk – Heerenveen – Leeuwarden
    • Intercity Direct: Amsterdam – Schiphol – Rotterdam Central – Breda
    • Intercity Direct: Amsterdam – Schiphol – Rotterdam Central
    • Intercity: The Hague – Delft – Rotterdam Central – Breda – Tilburg – Eindhoven
    • Nachtnet: Rotterdam Central – Gouda/Delft – The Hague HS – Leiden – Schiphol – Amsterdam – Utrecht
    • Intercity: Vlissingen – Middelburg – Goes – Bergen op Zoom – Roosendaal – Dordrecht – Rotterdam Central – Schiedam – Delft – The Hague HS – Leiden – Haarlem – Amsterdam
    • Intercity: Dordrecht – Rotterdam Central – Schiedam – Delft – The Hague HS – Leiden – Schiphol – Amsterdam Zuid – Duivendrecht – Almere – Lelystad **
    • Intercity: Rotterdam Central – Gouda – Utrecht
    • Nachtnet: Rotterdam Central – Dordrecht – Breda – Tilburg – Eindhoven
  • Only during evening and on Sundays:
    • Intercity: Dordrecht – Rotterdam – Schiedam – Delft – The Hague HS – Leiden – Schiphol – Amsterdam Zuid – Amsterdam Bijlmer ArenA – Utrecht – 's-Hertogenbosch – Eindhoven – Helmond – Deurne – Horst Sevenum – Blerick – Venlo**
  • Local services
    • Sprinter: Uitgeest – Zaandam – Amsterdam – Breukelen – Woerden – Gouda – Rotterdam Central
    • Sprinter: The Hague – Delft – Rotterdam Central – Dordrecht
    • Sprinter: The Hague – Delft – Rotterdam Central – Dordrecht
    • Sprinter: Rotterdam Central – Gouda – Gouda Goverwelle
Panorama of the former Rotterdam Centraal

Metro services[edit]

Rotterdam Centraal currently serves as a terminus for metro line D, while line E trains continue further south to Slinge station, sharing the section between Rotterdam Centraal and Slinge with line D. The trains are operated by RET

Tram services[edit]

The station is served by almost all lines in the Rotterdam tramway network (4, 7, 8, 12, 20, 21, 23, 24 and 25) and are operated by RET

The routes of the trams are as follows:

Line Route Frequency Notes
4 Marconiplein Metro station - Delfshaven - Delfshaven Metro station - Eendrachtsplein Metro station - Centraal Station - Weena - Oude Noorden - Station Noord - Hillegersberg - Molenlaan
  • Outside Summer and Christmas holidays: 6x/hour, but only 4x/hour on weekends and only 3x/hour on evenings
  • Summer and Christmas holidays: 4x/hour, but only 3x/hour on evenings
7 Willemsplein - Willemskade - Eendrachtsplein Metro station - Centraal Station - Weena - Crooswijk - Kralingen - Voorschoterlaan Metro station - Woudestein - Erasmus Universiteit
  • Outside holidays: 6x/hour, but only 4x/hour on weekends and only 3x/hour on evenings
  • Holidays: 4x/hour, but only 3x/hour on evenings
8 Spangen - Marconiplein Metro station - Delfshaven - Delfshaven Metro station - Euromast/Erasmus MC - Leuvehaven Metro station - Beurs Metro station - Lijnbaan - Centraal Station - Weena - Oude Noorden - Station Noord - Kleiweg
  • Outside holidays: 6x/hour, but only 4x/hour on weekends and only 3x/hour on evenings
  • Holidays: 4x/hour, but only 3x/hour on evenings
12 Centraal Station - Weena - Stadhuis Metro station - Beurs Metro station - Leuvehaven Metro station - Wilhelminaplein Metro station - Kop van Zuid - De Kuip (Stadion Feijenoord) Special tram line that operates only at football matches and concerts at De Kuip
20 Kreekhuizen - Station Lombardijen - Lombardijen - Randweg - Laan op Zuid - Wilhelminaplein Metro station - Leuvehaven Metro station - Beurs Metro station - Lijnbaan - Centraal Station
  • Outside holidays: 8x/hour
  • Holidays: 6x/hour
Weekdays rush hours only
21 De Esch - Woudestein - Oostplein Metro station - Station Blaak - Beurs Metro station - Stadhuis Metro station - Weena - Centraal Station - Middellandstraat - Nieuwe Westen - Marconiplein Metro station - Station Schiedam Centrum - Schiedam, Parkweg - Station Schiedam Nieuwland - Schiedam, Bachplein - Schiedam, Woudhoek
  • Outside Summer and Christmas holidays: 4x/hour, but only 3x/hour on weekends
  • Summer and Christmas holidays: 4x/hour, but only 3x/hour on evenings
Not on evenings and Sunday mornings
23 Beverwaard - Keizerswaard - IJsselmonde - De Kuip (Stadion Feijenoord) - Kop van Zuid - Wilhelminaplein Metro station - Leuvehaven Metro station - Beurs Metro station - Stadhuis Metro station - Weena - Centraal Station - Middellandstraat - Nieuwe Westen - Marconiplein Metro station
  • Outside Summer and Christmas holidays: 8x/hour, but only 6x/hour on weekends and only 4x/hour on evenings
  • Summer and Christmas holidays: 6x/hour, but only 4x/hour on evenings
24 De Esch - Woudestein - Oostplein Metro station - Station Blaak - Beurs Metro station - Stadhuis Metro station - Weena - Centraal Station - Middellandstraat - Nieuwe Westen - Marconiplein Metro station - Station Schiedam Centrum - Schiedam, Parkweg - Station Schiedam Nieuwland - Schiedam, Bachplein - Vlaardingen, Holy
  • Outside Summer and Christmas holidays: 4x/hour, but only 3x/hour on weekends
  • Summer and Christmas holidays: 3x/hour
25 Barendrecht, Carnisselande - Zuidwijk - Randweg - Laan op Zuid - Wilhelminaplein Metro station - Leuvehaven Metro station - Beurs Metro station - Lijnbaan - Centraal Station - Weena - Schiekade - Sint Franciscus Gasthuis - Melanchtonweg Metro station - Schiebroek
  • Outside Summer and Christmas holidays: 8x/hour, but only 6x/hour on weekends and only 4x/hour on evenings
  • Summer and Christmas holidays: 6x/hour, but only 4x/hour on evenings

Bus services[edit]

  • 33 Rotterdam Centraal - Blijdorp Zoo - Overschie - Rotterdam-The Hague Airport - Meijersplein Metro
  • 38 Crooswijk - Rotterdam Centraal - Oud-Mathenesse - Schiedam Centrum
  • 40 Rotterdam Centraal - Blijdorp Zoo - Overschie - Delft University - Delft
  • 44 Rotterdam Centraal - Erasmus University Medical Center - Carnisse - Zuidplein
  • Eurolines
  • Flixbus

There are also 13 nightbus lines operating every Friday and Saturday.

Amenities[edit]

The new travelers passage includes two supermarkets, a HEMA, a range of take-away food options, and two branches of Starbucks. There is also a "Station Living room".[9] The south side features an underground bicycle parking for over 5,000 bicycles. Both the north and the south side have taxi stops. Under the Kruisplein an underground parking garage has been built with a water storage facility on top; This garage is accessible from the south (=west-east) tube of the Weena Tunnel and will be connected to the parking garage under the Schouwburgplein.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Dutch) Rotterdam Centraal. Home page Archived 2007-11-21 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved November 14, 2008
  2. ^ Rotterdam Centraal station reopens with a pointed metal-clad entrance, Alyn Griffiths, 22 March 2014
  3. ^ King Willem Alexander opens new Rotterdam Central Station
  4. ^ http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/infrastructure/single-view/view/rotterdam-centraal-station-to-be-modified-for-eurostar-services.html
  5. ^ "Transport Secretary hails new horizons for rail travel across Europe". Gov.uk. HM Government. 4 February 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Eurostar transforms link between London and Amsterdam with services now direct both to and from the Netherlands". Eurostar. 4 February 2020. Archived from the original on 28 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  7. ^ Hampson, Laura (30 April 2020). "Amsterdam to London Eurostar launch delayed due to coronavirus pandemic". Evening Standard. London. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  8. ^ https://www.treinreiziger.nl/lancering-eurostar-amsterdam-londen-uitgesteld/
  9. ^ "Archived copy" (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2014-05-22. Retrieved 2014-05-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]