Saliha Dilaşub Sultan

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Saliha Dilaşub Sultan
صالحہ دل آشوب سلطان
Valide Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Tenure 8 November 1687 – 4 December 1689
Predecessor Turhan Hatice Sultan
Successor Rabia Gülnuş Sultan
Haseki Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Tenure until 12 August 1648
Predecessor Ayşe Sultan
Successor Rabia Gülnuş Sultan
Co-Haseki Turhan Hatice
Hatice Muazzez
Hümaşah
Ayşe
Mahenver
Șivekar
Leylâ Saçbağlı
Born c. 1627
Died 4 December 1689(1689-12-04) (aged 61–62)
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Burial Süleymaniye Mosque, Istanbul
Spouse Ibrahim I
Issue Suleiman II
Ümmügülsüm Sultan
Ayşe Sultan
House House of Osman (by marriage)
Religion Islam

Saliha Dilaşub Sultan (ca. 1627 – 4 December 1689) was a consort of Ottoman Sultan Ibrahim I and Valide Sultan to their son Suleiman II. She was one of the favorite consorts of Sultan Ibrahim.

The husband of Sâliha Dil-Âşûb Valida Sultânā, Ottoman Sultan Ibrahim I.

Life[edit]

Her origin is unknown.[1] On 15 April 1642 she gave birth to her only son, Suleiman II, who the younger brother of Mehmed IV (reign 1648–87), son of her fellow consort Turhan Hatice Sultan.

The resting place of Sâliha Dil-Âşûb Valida Sultânā is located at the türbe (mausoleum) of Suleyman the Magnificent inside the Süleymaniye Mosque in Fatih.
The son of Sâliha Dil-Âşûb Valida Sultânā, Suleiman II.

In some of the Ottoman chronicles she is called Aşub, and was the first favourite of Sultan Ibrahim before Telli Hümaşah Sultan, this is exemplified bu the fact that Ibrahim's Haseki Sultans received all 1,000 aspers a day except for the second, Saliha Dilaşub Sultan who received 1,300 aspers a day.[2][3] Saliha Dilaşub was described as a simple hearted woman of unruly character.[2]

After the deposition and death of Sultan Ibrahim Saliha Dilaşub along with the her fellow consorts and other members of Ibrahim's entourage were sent to the old palace.[2] She was hoping that the conflict between the first wife of Ibrahim, the Ukrainian Hatice Turhan, and the mother of the sultan Mahpeyker Kösem Sultan would change her fortune in that she became mother of the sultan herself. Kösem Sultan was planning to kill her daughter-in-law and dethrone her grandson Sultan Mehmed IV (1648-1687) with the help of some high officers in the yeniçeri corps, and to place Şehzade Suleiman, the son of Saliha Dilaşub, on the throne. However, a slave girl from the Harem warned Hatice Turhan who managed to strangle her mother-in-law with the help of the eunuchs in the Harem. This brought Saliha Dilaşub 39 years of imprisonment in the Old Palace. In 1687 Mehmed IV was deposed and the throne was overtaken by Suleiman II, the son of Sâliha Dil-Âşûb[2] and she became the next Valide Sultan.

Her resting place[edit]

She died on 4 December 1689, and was buried in the mausoleum of Suleiman the Magnificent in Süleymaniye Mosque, Istanbul.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alderson, A.D., The Structure of the Ottoman Dynasty, Oxford university press, 1956, Table XII p.83
  2. ^ a b c d Lucienne Thys-Şenocak (2006). Ottoman Women Builders: The Architectural Patronage of Hadice Turhan Sultan. Ashgate. ISBN 978-0-754-63310-5. [page needed]
  3. ^ Peirce, Leslie (1993). The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire. Oxford University Press. p. 108. ISBN 0-19-508677-5. 

Succession[edit]

Ottoman royalty
Preceded by
Ayşe Sultan
Haseki Sultan
until 12 August 1648
concurrently with Turhan Hatice, Hatice Muazzez, Hümaşah, Ayşe, Mahenver, Șivekar, and Leylâ Saçbağlı
Succeeded by
Emetullah Rabia Gülnuş Sultan
Preceded by
Turhan Hatice Sultan
Valide Sultan
8 November 1687 - 4 December 1689
Succeeded by
Emetullah Râbi'a Gülnûş Sultan