Devlet Hatun

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Devlet Hātūn
دولت خاتون
Tacü'l-havatin[1]
Sultanü'l-havatin
Seyyidetü'l-muhadderat
Devlet Hatun Turbesi2.jpg
Devlet Hatun's Türbe at Bursa
Valide Hatun of the Ottoman Sultanate
Tenure 5 July 1413 – 23 January 1414
Predecessor Nilüfer Hatun
Successor Emine Hatun
Born Daulat bint-i Abd Allah[1]
c. (?)[2]
Kütahya, Germiyan dynasty
Died 23 January 1414[2]
Bursa, Ottoman Empire
Burial Devlet Hatun Türbesi, Bursa
Spouse Bayezid I
Issue Mehmed I[1][2][3]
Religion Islam

Devlet Hatun (full name Tâcü'l-havatin Devlet Hâtun bint-i Abdullah;[1] died 23 January 1414) was the twelfth[2] wife of Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I and the mother of Mehmed I.[1][4]

Biography[edit]

Devlet Hatun was the twelfth[2] and last wife of Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I and the mother of Bayezid's successor, Mehmed I. Her name in her vakfîyya is registered as Daulât bint-i Abd'Allah. This implies that the mother of Mehmed I was of non-Turkish origin.[1] Although the sign at her tomb (see image in next section) says that Devlet was the daughter of a Germiyanid (i.e. Turkic) prince, she was ethnically of non-Turkish origin.[1] Since both Devlet Hâtun, and Devlet-Şâh Hâtun died in 1414, she is frequently confused with Devlet-Şâh Hâtun, the daughter of Süleyman of Germiyan.[5]

Devlet Hatun died on 23 January 1414[2] and was buried at the Devlet Hatun Tomb (Türbesi) in Bursa.

Burial place[edit]

Inscription at the entrance of "Devlet Hātûn Türbe" states that she was a Germiyanid and her mother was a granddaughter of Mawlana Rumi. "Devlet Hātûn Türbe" had been constructed by Mehmed I in memory of his mother,[1] Devlet Hātûn. According to the inscription she died on 1412. She is frequently being confused with Devletşah Hatun.[1]

The tomb of Devlet Hatun stands alone in Bursa neighbourhoods separate from the mosque complexes that contained the tombs of the sultans and other members of the dynasty, following two royal mothers, Nilüfer Hatun and Gülçiçek Hatun. It is well tended by the Bursa neighborhood in which it is situated and functions as a local pilgrimage site. The sign outside her tomb gives the following details:

V. padişah Çelebi Mehmet yaptırmıştır. Devlet Hatun, Yıldırım Beyazıtın karısı ve Çelebi Sultan Mehmedin annesidir. Germiyan beyinin kızıdır Devlet Hatunun annesi Mevlâna Celâleddini Rum-i'nin torunudur. Devlet Hatun 1412 yılında ölmüştür.[6]

It was built by Sultan Mehmed I. Devlet Hatun was the wife of Sultan Bayezid I and the mother of Sultan Mehmed I. She was the daughter of a Germiyanid prince.[1][a] Her mother was the granddaughter of Mevlâna Celâleddini Rumi. Devlet Hatun died in 1412.[1]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ According to İ. H. Uzunçarşılı in Osmanlı Tarihi; İ. H. Danişmend in Kronoloji; Y. Öztuna in Türkiye Tarihi on the other hand, she was the daughter of Süleyman Şah of the Germiyanids.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Ottoman royalty
Preceded by
Nilüfer Hatun
Valide Hâtun
5 July 1413 – January 1414
Succeeded by
Emine Hatun