Devlet Hatun

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Not to be confused with Devletşah Hatun.
This is an Ottoman Turkish style name. Devlet is the given name, the title is Hatun, and there is no family name.
Devlet Hātūn
دولت خاتون
Tacü'l-havatin[1]
Sultanü'l-havatin
Seyyidetü'l-muhadderat
Devlet Hatun Turbesi2.jpg
Devlet Hatun's Türbe at Bursa
Valide Hatun of the Ottoman Sultanate
Tenure 5 July 1413 – January 1414
Predecessor Nilüfer Hatun
Successor Emine Hatun
Born Daulat bint-i Abd Allah[2]
c. (?)[3]
Kütahya, Germiyan dynasty
Died c. January 1414[3]
Bursa, Ottoman Empire
Spouse Beyazid I
Issue Mehmed I[2][3][4]
Religion Islam

Devlet Hatun (fully Devletlu İsmetlu Daulat Hātûn Hazretleri, Ottoman Turkish: دولت شاه خاتون‎, c. (? – January 1414) (Daulat meaning "State"), was the twelfth[3] wife of Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I and the mother of Mehmed I.[1][2][5]

Biography[edit]

Devlet Hatun was the twelfth[3] and last wife of Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I and the mother of Bayezid's successor, Mehmed I. Her name in her vakfîyya is registered as Daulât bint-i Abd'Allah. This implies that the mother of Mehmed I was of non-Turkish origin.[2] Although the sign at her tomb (see image in next section) says that Devlet was the daughter of a Germiyanid (i.e. Turkic) prince, she was ethnically of non-Turkish origin.[1] Since both Devlet Hâtun, and Devlet-Şâh Hâtun died in 1414, she is frequently confused with Devlet-Şâh Hâtun, the daughter of Süleyman of Germiyan.[6]

Devlet Hatun died in January 1414[3] and was buried at the Devlet Hatun Tomb (Türbesi) in Bursa.

Burial place[edit]

Inscription at the entrance of "Devlet Hātûn Türbe" states that she was a Germiyanid and her mother was a granddaughter of Mawlana Rumi. "Devlet Hātûn Türbe" had been constructed by Mehmed I in memory of his mother,[7] Devlet Hātûn. According to the inscription she died on 1412. She is frequently being confused with Devletşah Hatun.[2]

The tomb of Devlet Hatun stands alone in Bursa neighbourhoods separate from the mosque complexes that contained the tombs of the sultans and other mbers of the dynasty, following two royal mothers, Nilüfer Hatun and Gülçiçek Hatun. It is well tended by the Bursa neighbourhood in which it is situated and functions as a local pilgrimage site. The sign outside her tomb gives the following details:

It was built by Sultan Mehmed I. Devlet Hatun was the wife of Sultan Bayezid I and the mother of Sultan Mehmed I. She was the daughter of a Germiyanid prince.[8] Her mother was the granddaughter of Mevlâna Celâleddini Rumi. Devlet Hatun died in 1412.[9][7]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Necdet Sakaoğlu (2008). Bu mülkün kadın sultanları: Vâlide sultanlar, hâtunlar, hasekiler, kadınefendiler, sultanefendiler. Oğlak Yayıncılık. p. 60. ISBN 978-9-753-29623-6. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Necdet Sakaoğlu, Bu Mülkün Sultanları, Chapter of Çelebi Mehmed, Oğlak publications.
  3. ^ a b c d e f The Imperial House of Osman
  4. ^ Uzunçarşılı, İ. H., Kütahya Şehri, p. 48, İstanbul State Printing Office, 1932.
  5. ^ Ahmed Akgündüz, Said Öztürk (2011). Ottoman History: Misperceptions and Truths. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-9-090-26108-9. 
  6. ^ The Imperial House of Osman - 2
  7. ^ a b Sakaoğlu, Necdet (2008). Bu mülkün kadın sultanları: Vâlide sultanlar, hâtunlar, hasekiler, kadınefendiler, sultanefendiler. Oğlak Yayıncılık. p. 61. ISBN 978-9-753-29623-6.  (Amongst those Turkish, Rum, Serbian and Bulgarian wives of Yıldırım Bayezid, who are admitted into his Harem just for political purposes, whoever holds the title of Devlet or any other Turkish-Muslim names are yet not determined explicitly).
  8. ^ Sakaoğlu, Necdet (2008). Bu mülkün kadın sultanları: Vâlide sultanlar, hâtunlar, hasekiler, kadınefendiler, sultanefendiler. Oğlak Yayıncılık. p. 60. ISBN 978-9-753-29623-6.  (According to İ. H. Uzunçarşılı in Osmanlı Tarihi; İ. H. Danişmend in Kronoloji; Y. Öztuna in Türkiye Tarihi on the other hand, she was the daughter of Süleyman Şah of the Germiyanids).
  9. ^ Board located outside the mausoleum of Devlet Hatun
Ottoman royalty
Preceded by
Nilüfer Hatun
Valide Hâtun
5 July 1413 – January 1414
Succeeded by
Emine Hatun