Hüma Hatun

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Not to be confused with Hüma Hatun (daughter of Bayezid I).
Hüma Hatun
Valide Hatun of the Ottoman Sultanate
Tenure August 1444 ‒ September 1446
Predecessor Emine Hatun
Successor Emine Hatun
Born c. 1410
Died September 1449
Bursa, Ottoman Sultanate
Burial Muradiye Mosque, Bursa
Spouse Murad II
Issue Mehmed the Conqueror
Religion Islam

Hatice Âlime (Halime) Hüma Hatun (Ottoman Turkish: هما خاتون‎, c. 1410 - September 1449) was the fourth wife of Ottoman Sultan Murad II and mother of Mehmed II. She was a slave girl.[1] Nothing is known of her family background, apart from the fact that an Ottoman inscription (vakfiye) describes her as Hātun binti Abdullah (Daughter of Abdullah); at that time, people who converted to Islam were given the name Abdullah meaning Servant of God,[2] which is evidence of her non-Muslim origin.[3] Her name, hüma, means "bird of paradise", after the Persian legend.[3] There are two theories on her origin: She was an Italian named Stella;[3] She was Serbian,[4] some sources saying that she was a princess from the Principality of Zeta and a relative of Đurađ II Balšić.[5] S. Runciman[6] and Ilber Ortayli support that she was of Slavic descent. She died in September 1449 in Bursa.

Her tomb is located at the site known as "Hatuniye Kümbedi" (Hatuniye Tomb) to the east of Muradiye Mosque. The quarter where her tomb lies has been known thus far as Hüma Hatun Quarter.[7] Her name is not inscribed on the 1449 dated epitaph of the türbe, but she is praised as an excellent Muslim mother. In addition, her name is given as "Hüma Hatun", the mother of Mehmed II in Bursa Şer’iyye sicils (The notebooks number 31, 201 and 370).

Hüma's titles include:[importance?]

  • Dürretü tâcü'n-nisâ fi'l-âlemin ve gurretü cebheti'l-islâm ve'l-müslimîn meliketü'l-melikât
  • inüsdiletü siyâbi'l-hasenât ve'l-meberrât
  • es-sittü'l-celiletü el-müeyyed bi-te'yidi'l-meliki'l ilâh Hüma Hatun binti Abdullah.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Doukas (1 January 1975). Decline and Fall of Byzantium to the Ottoman Turks. Wayne State University Press. p. 304. ISBN 978-0-8143-1540-8. 
  2. ^ John Freely (2009). The Grand Turk: Sultan Mehmet II - Conqueror of Constantinople, Master of an Empire and Lord of Two Seas. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-0-857-73022-0. 
  3. ^ a b c Franz Babinger (1992). Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time. Princeton University Press. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-691-01078-6. 
  4. ^ Li Tang; Dietmar W. Winkler (2013). From the Oxus River to the Chinese Shores: Studies on East Syriac Christianity in China and Central Asia. LIT Verlag Münster. pp. 308–. ISBN 978-3-643-90329-7. 
  5. ^ "Turkey: The Imperial House of Osman". web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2 May 2006. Retrieved 6 February 2014. 
  6. ^ Steven Runciman (1990). Die Eroberung von Konstantinopel 1453. C.H.Beck. p. 59. ISBN 978-3-406-02528-0. 
  7. ^ Ahmed Akgündüz, Said Öztürk (2011). Ottoman History: Misperceptions and Truths. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-9-090-26108-9. 

External links[edit]

  • Osmanlı Padişahlarının yabancı anneleri ve padişahların yabancılarla evlenme gerekçeleri. Cafrande Kültür Sanat ve Hayat. 13 March 2008. General Culture
Ottoman royalty
Preceded by
Emine Hatun
Valide Hatun
August 1444 ‒ September 1446
Succeeded by
Emine Hatun