Sastamala

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sastamala
Town
Sastamalan kaupunki
Sastamala stad
Onkiniemenkatu in Vammala, an administrative centre of Sastamala.
Onkiniemenkatu in Vammala, an administrative centre of Sastamala.
Coat of arms of Sastamala
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Book Capital of Finland[1]
Location of Sastamala in Finland
Location of Sastamala in Finland
Coordinates: 61°20.5′N 022°54.5′E / 61.3417°N 22.9083°E / 61.3417; 22.9083Coordinates: 61°20.5′N 022°54.5′E / 61.3417°N 22.9083°E / 61.3417; 22.9083
Country Finland
RegionPirkanmaa
Sub-regionSouth Western Pirkanmaa sub-region
Charter2009
SeatVammala
Government
 • Town managerJarkko Malmberg
Area
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total1,531.75 km2 (591.41 sq mi)
 • Land1,291.42 km2 (498.62 sq mi)
 • Water96.14 km2 (37.12 sq mi)
Area rank49th largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-03-31)[3]
 • Total24,068
 • Rank43rd largest in Finland
 • Density18.64/km2 (48.3/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish98.7% (official)
 • Swedish0.2%
 • Others1.2%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1414.3%
 • 15 to 6455.5%
 • 65 or older30.2%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[6]21.5%
Websitewww.sastamala.fi

Sastamala (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈs̠ɑs̠t̪ɑˌmɑlɑ]) is a town and municipality of Finland. It is located in the Pirkanmaa region. The town has a population of 24,068 (31 March 2021)[3] and covers an area of 1,531.75 square kilometres (591.41 sq mi) of which 96.14 km2 (37.12 sq mi) is water,[2] making it the largest municipality in the Pirkanmaa region in terms of area. The population density is 18.64 inhabitants per square kilometre (48.3/sq mi). The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

Sastamala was created on January 1, 2009, when the municipalities of Vammala, Äetsä and Mouhijärvi were consolidated into a single town. Later, Kiikoinen also joined Sastamala in 2013. Today, its neighbouring municipalities are Huittinen, Hämeenkyrö, Ikaalinen, Kankaanpää, Kokemäki, Lavia, Nokia, Punkalaidun, Ulvila, Urjala and Vesilahti. The city of Tampere is located 51 kilometres (32 mi) from Sastamala. Sastamala's administrative center is Vammala, which was home to about 10,000 inhabitants in the 2011 population survey.[7]

There are two highways through Sastamala: Highway 11 between Pori and Nokia and Highway 12 between Rauma and Kouvola.

Heraldry[edit]

The coat of arms of Sastamala is the former coat of arms of the now defunct municipality of Karkku, originally approved by the Karkku municipal council on November 26, 1962, and approved for use by the Ministry of the Interior on February 12, 1963. The coat of arms refers to the 14th century St. Mary Church of Sastamala. The explanation of the coat of arms is “in the blue field, a golden consecration cross with a crossed edge”. The coat of arms was designed by Lauri Ahlgrén.[8][9]

History[edit]

The stone grave with its swords, dating to the 4th century in Ristimäki, Vammala, is reminiscent of the prosperous armed burials of the younger Roman Iron Age (200–400 AD) in coastal areas. It is also the only inland tomb corresponding to the coastal burial tradition at that time.[10] During the Vendel Period, cemeteries became more common in the Sastamala area, which contributes to population growth and population density.[11] The parish of Sastamala was the largest parish belonging to the historical province of Satakunta.

The name Sastamala first appeared in the form Sastamall in a letter from King Birger Magnusson from 1300 or 1303.[12][13]

Geography[edit]

Sastamala is located on both sides of the Kokemäki River's watershed in the southwest corner of Pirkanmaa. The municipality is divided by Kokemäki River, Lake Liekovesi, Lake Rautavesi and Lake Kulovesi. Other significant severe waters in the municipality are Lake Houha, Lake Ylinen, Lake Kiikoinen and Lake Mouhijärvi.[14]

There are a total of 161 villages in Sastamala, and two thirds of the municipality's population lives in rural areas and villages. The villages are organized into more than 40 village associations.[15] The division of the village was created by the Great Partition in the 18th century and thus does not fully correspond to the current situation; for example, Illo and Putaja are located on the lands of other villages and are not listed.[16]

Economy[edit]

In 2015, the municipality had 8,426 jobs. Of these, 8,5% were in primary production (agriculture, forestry and fisheries), 63% in services and 27% in processing. The share of the unemployed in the labor force was 12,3%.[17] The largest corporate tax is paid by the building design company Partnos, the manufacturer of rubber and plastic products Teknikum and the manufacturer of district heating reed valves.[18]

Culture[edit]

Pukstaavi, the museum of the Finnish books in Vammala, Sastamala

Sastamala has a long tradition in literature. One of the biggest themed events is the Old Literature Days (Vanhan kirjallisuuden päivät) in the town center during the summer.[19] In July 2011, the Finnish Book Museum Pukstaavi was also opened in Sastamala, which promotes Finnish book culture and reading. Pukstaavi is a national museum that tells the popular story of a Finnish book on cultural history and social significance.[20] At the beginning of 2013, the town of Sastamala was declared the "book capital of Finland".[1]

Sights and happenings[edit]

Sports[edit]

VaLePa (or Vammalan Lentopallo) is a volleyball club founded in 1978[21] in Vammala, Sastamala, whose representative team plays in the Finland Volleyball League.[22] The six Finnish championships won by VaLePa will take place in 2012, 2014, 2017, 2018, 2019 and 2021. VaLePa has won the Finnish Championship silver in 2011 and 2016 and the Fourth Championship bronze in 1992, 2008, 2013 and 2015.[23][24]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Sastamala is twinned with:

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Georg Haggrén, Petri Halinen, Mika Lavento, Sami Raninen & Anna Wessman (2015). Muinaisuutemme jäljet (in Finnish). Gaudeamus.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sastamala julistautui Suomen kirjapääkaupungiksi – Alueviesti (in Finnish)
  2. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  4. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  5. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  6. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  7. ^ "Taajamat väkiluvun ja väestöntiheyden mukaan 31.12.2011" (in Finnish). Tilastokeskus. February 8, 2013. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  8. ^ Suomen kunnallisvaakunat (in Finnish). Suomen Kunnallisliitto. 1982. p. 137. ISBN 951-773-085-3.
  9. ^ "Sisäasiainministeriön vahvistamat kaupunkien, kauppaloiden ja kuntien vaakunat 1949-1995 I:9 Karkku". Kansallisarkiston digitaaliarkisto (in Finnish). Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  10. ^ Muinaisuutemme jäljet, p. 246. (in Finnish)
  11. ^ Muinaisuutemme jäljet, p. 265. (in Finnish)
  12. ^ Historia - Wanha-Pappila (in Finnish)
  13. ^ Sastamalan 710-vuotisjuhlavuodelle oma logo - Alueviesti (in Finnish)
  14. ^ "Kokemäenjoki – Yleistä". Kokemäenjoen käyttötieto -palvelu (in Finnish). Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  15. ^ "Sastamalan maaseutuohjelma 2014–2017" (PDF) (in Finnish). Town of Sastamala. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  16. ^ "Suodenniemen kyläkartta" (in Finnish). Suodenniemi-Seura. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  17. ^ "Kuntien avainluvut". Tilastokeskus (in Finnish). Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  18. ^ "Alueen Sastamala yhteisöverotiedot". YLE (in Finnish). Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  19. ^ Vanhan kirjallisuuden päivät (in Finnish)
  20. ^ Pukstaavi (in Finnish)
  21. ^ Lehtileikkeitä kaudelta 1978–1979 (in Finnish)
  22. ^ Neva, Tapio (December 5, 2017). "Hyppy Eurooppaan". Ilkka/Lännen Media (in Finnish). Lännen Media.
  23. ^ Saarinen, Ossi (April 25, 2014). "VaLePa juhlii lentopallon Suomen mestaruutta". YLE Urheilu (in Finnish). YLE. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  24. ^ "Vammalan Lentopallo". Mestaruusliiga (in Finnish). Retrieved April 1, 2021.

External links[edit]

Media related to Sastamala at Wikimedia Commons