Raseborg

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Raseborg
RaseborgRaasepori
Town
Raseborgs stad
Raaseporin kaupunki
Castle of Raseborg
Castle of Raseborg
Flag of Raseborg
Coat of arms of Raseborg
Location of Raseborg in Finland
Location of Raseborg in Finland
Coordinates: 59°58.5′N 023°26′E / 59.9750°N 23.433°E / 59.9750; 23.433Coordinates: 59°58.5′N 023°26′E / 59.9750°N 23.433°E / 59.9750; 23.433
Country Finland
RegionUusimaa
Sub-regionRaseborg sub-region
Charter2009
Administrative centreEkenäs
Government
 • Town managerPetra Theman
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total2,354.24 km2 (908.98 sq mi)
 • Land1,147.70 km2 (443.13 sq mi)
 • Water1,206.47 km2 (465.82 sq mi)
 • Rank67th largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total27,481
 • Rank39th largest in Finland
 • Density23.94/km2 (62.0/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Swedish66.2% (official)
 • Finnish31%
 • Others2.8%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1414.5%
 • 15 to 6458%
 • 65 or older27.6%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]22%
ClimateDfb
Websitewww.raseborg.fi

Raseborg (Finnish: Raasepori) is a town (administrative area) and municipality of Finland. It was created on January 1, 2009, when the municipalities of Ekenäs, Karis and Pohja were consolidated into a single town.[6] Of these, Ekenäs now serves as the administrative center of Raseborg.

The town has a population of 27,481 (31 December 2021)[2] and covers an area of 2,354.24 square kilometres (908.98 sq mi) of which 1,206.47 km2 (465.82 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 23.94 inhabitants per square kilometre (62.0/sq mi).

The name of the new town is based on the Castle of Raseborg located in Ekenäs, or formerly in the municipality of Snappertuna. Historically the name of the county was also Raseborg in the 14th century.

The town is bilingual, the majority of the town being Swedish-speakers, taking up two-thirds of the population (66.2%) and Finnish-speakers being the minority, which approximately takes up the remaining one-third of the population (31%).

In February 2011, Raseborg Municipality entered into a "Friendship Co-operation Agreement" with Makana Municipality in South Africa. The project, which is to last three years, seeks to facilitate information sharing in the fields of economic development, arts and culture, women's development, youth development, and education.[7]

History[edit]

Municipalities of the area, all of them except Hanko are now parts of Raseborg.

Raseborg as a municipal name is a new coinage, but the castle of Raseborg was first mentioned in 1378 as Rasaborge. It acted as the center of the Raseborg slottslän (Finnish: linnalääni) covering western Uusimaa and some parts of Finland Proper such as Kisko.

The area of the modern municipality had eight municipalities at its peak: Ekenäs, Ekenäs landskommun, Snappertuna, Karis, Karis landskommun, Pohja, Tenala and Bromarv. The first merger in the area happened in 1969, when Karis landskommun was merged into Karis. By 2008, only Ekenäs, Pohja and Karis were independent municipalities, forming the modern Raseborg municipality in 2009.[8]

Politics[edit]

After the 2021 municipal election the municipal council of Raseborg became the following:[9]

Party Share of vote (%) Seats
Swedish People's Party 49.2 23
Social democrats 27.6 12
Greens 7.5 3
National Coalition Party 5.9 2
Left 4.6 2
Finns Party 4 1

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M12*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Local Councils Vote to in Favour of Municipal Merger". Yle.fi. YLE. 2007-06-19. Retrieved 2007-06-19.
  7. ^ "Finland Trip Feedback". Makana Municipality. Archived from the original on 2012-04-19. Retrieved 2011-11-29.
  8. ^ "SuomalainenPaikannimikirja_e-kirja_kuvallinen.pdf" (PDF). kaino.kotus.fi (in Finnish). p. 367. Retrieved December 21, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ "Yle - Result service - Raasepori - Uudenmaan vaalipiiri - Municipal Elections 2021 - Yle.fi". vaalit.yle.fi. Retrieved 2021-09-07.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Raseborg at Wikimedia Commons
  • Raseborg travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • City of Raseborg – Official website (in Swedish and Finnish)
  • Makana-Raseborg - blog documenting the progress of the friendship co-operation agreement