The wooden church of Tuusula
Location of Tuusula in Finland
|• Municipal manager||Hannu Joensivu|
|• Total||225.45 km2 (87.05 sq mi)|
|• Land||219.51 km2 (84.75 sq mi)|
|• Water||5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi)|
|Area rank||254th largest in Finland|
|Elevation||63 m (207 ft)|
|• Rank||29th largest in Finland|
|• Density||176.47/km2 (457.1/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||96.4% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||22.2%|
|• 15 to 64||67.1%|
|• 65 or older||10.7%|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||18.25%|
Tuusula (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈtuːsulɑ]; Swedish: Tusby [ˈtʉːsbyː]) is a municipality of Finland. It belongs to the Helsinki sub-region of the Uusimaa region. The municipality has a population of 38,736 (31 August 2018).
Tuusula, lying on the shores of Tuusulanjärvi lake, is located in the province of Southern Finland and is part of the Uusimaa region. It covers an area of 225.45 square kilometres (87.05 sq mi) of which 5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi) is water. The population density is 176.47 inhabitants per square kilometre (457.1/sq mi).
Tuusula has three population centres. The administrative centre is Hyrylä (about 19,500 residents), other two are Jokela (5,300 residents) and Kellokoski (4,300 residents). The remaining 4,400 residents are distributed to the rural areas outside of municipal centres.
The area in what is now Tuusula was located in the larger municipality of Sipoo. In 1643, it became a separate parish in the municipality, and in 1653, it became a separate municipality. Tuusula's boundaries have not always remained the same: in 1924 the municipality of Kerava split from here; in 1950 the municipality of Korso was split between Tuusula, Kerava, and Sipoo; and in 1951 the municipality of Järvenpää split from here.
During the Crimean War (1853–1856), a Russian garrison was stationed in what is now Hyrylä. The modern parish mostly developed around it.
The area had always been a fairly fertile area, thus encouraging farming. The development of other industries began in 1795, when an ironworks was created in Kellokoski that functioned until the 1980s. The establishment of a railway in Jokela furthered the growth.
Soon after this industrial time another aspect of Tuusulan history was realised. The Tuusulanjärvi lake attracted many artists who wanted to paint the beautiful landscape. Following the footsteps of Aleksis Kivi, the Finnish national poet who spent the last years of his life in a hut on the shores of the lake, Jean Sibelius, Juhani Aho, and Pekka Halonen even established their main residences here. Recently these houses have become tourist sites, especially Sibelius' house Ainola. Also, Tuusula Lake Road on the eastern shore of the lake is an outside museum.
The Jokela rail crash was a rail crash which occurred on 21 April 1996 here.
Tuusula, in the Helsinki suburbs, has been in a positive balance of population, with it more than doubling in size since 1970.
The municipality is officially Finnish. Swedish was the second official language until 1943. Today only 2% are Swedish-speaking.
- 1970 – 17.235
- 1980 – 22.151
- 1987 – 26.234
- 1990 – 27.328
- 1997 – 29.957
- 2000 – 31.957
- 2007 – 34.890
Results of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2011 in Tuusula:
- National Coalition Party 28.6%
- True Finns 22.5%
- Social Democratic Party 21.0%
- Centre Party 10.1%
- Green League 7.1%
- Left Alliance 4.8%
- Christian Democrats 3.3%
- Swedish People's Party 1.1%
|Party||Percent of the council||Seats|
|National Coalition Party||26.2%||14|
|Tuusulan Puolesta (Eng. "For Tuusula")||25.2%||14|
|Social Democratic Party of Finland||25.1%||13|
|Swedish People's Party||1.1%||1|
Twin towns – Sister cities
Tuusula is twinned with:
Economy and Infrastructure
Due its proximity to the Helsinki, Tuusula is, for the most part, a commuter town. Tuusula itself has around 10,000 jobs. 66% of the jobs are in the service sector, 31% in the workforce, and 1.5% are farmers. The unemployment rate amounted to 3% (2007), far below the national average.
From the centre of Tuusula, Hyrylä, there are good bus connections to Helsinki, via the Tuusula motorway. There are also two train stations in the main railway line of Finland, Jokela and Nuppulinna. Nuppulinna, however, was discontinued in 2016.
Tuusula's network of schools include:
- 18 primary schools
- 4 secondary schools
- 3 high schools
- 1 hospital school
The most common surnames in Tuusula and their frequencies as of 2014:
- 1. Nieminen (1:185)
- 2. Virtanen (1:202)
- 3. Mäkinen (1:203)
- 4. Järvinen (1:215)
- 5. Laine (1:228)
- 6. Hämäläinen (1:238)
- 7. Niemi (1:246)
- 8. Lehtonen (1:262)
- 9. Lehtinen (1:268)
- 10. Korhonen (1:278)
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Ennakkoväkiluku kuukausittain sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2018" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Tuusulassa on kolme keskusta ja niitä ympäröivät maaseutualueet Archived 2007-11-07 at the Wayback Machine (in Finnish)
- "Teen gunman dead from critical injuries who opened fire on Finnish classmates". CNN. 2007-11-07. Archived from the original on 2007-11-09. Retrieved 2007-11-07.
- "Fatal shooting at Finnish school". BBC News. 2007-11-07. Retrieved 2007-11-07.
- 2004 election results
- Most common surnames in Tuusula
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tuusula.|
- Municipality of Tuusula – official site