List of G8 leaders

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This is a list of the heads of government of the Group of 8 nations at each G6, G7, G8 summit since the organisation's inception in 1975. The Group consists of the 6-7-8 largest industrialized democracies, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States. Also in attendance is the President of the European Commission, who represents the European Union. The G8 holds an annual summit, which each nation's head of government attends. Each year the heads of government take turns assuming the presidency, whose job it is to set the agenda for and host the annual summit. The leader who has been in office the longest of the eight leaders is considered the Senior G8 leader.

While the current G8 consists of eight nations, it didn't always. The group was formed as the Group of Six, G6, including all of today's members minus Canada. Under the leadership of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, Canada joined in the second year of the group's existence, 1976, forming the Group of Seven, G7. Russia, as the successor nation to the USSR, joined the group in 1997, following the collapse of its Communist predecessor, under the leadership of President Boris Yeltsin. As of 2019, Russia is currently suspended from the Group of 8.

Summit
(Host)
State
Canada France Germany Italy Japan Russia United Kingdom United States European Union
1st
1975
 France
Had not joined Valéry Giscard d'Estaing Helmut Schmidt Aldo Moro Takeo Miki Had not joined Harold Wilson Gerald Ford Had not joined
2nd
1976
 United States
Pierre Trudeau James Callaghan
3rd
1977
 United Kingdom
Giulio Andreotti Takeo Fukuda Jimmy Carter Roy Jenkins
4th
1978
 West Germany
5th
1979
 Japan
Joe Clark Masayoshi Ōhira Margaret Thatcher
6th
1980
 Italy
Pierre Trudeau Francesco Cossiga Saburo Okita[1]
7th
1981
 Canada
François Mitterrand Giovanni Spadolini Zenkō Suzuki Ronald Reagan Gaston Thorn
8th
1982
 France
9th
1983
 United States
Helmut Kohl Amintore Fanfani Yasuhiro Nakasone
10th
1984
 United Kingdom
Bettino Craxi
11th
1985
 West Germany
Brian Mulroney Jacques Delors
12th
1986
 Japan
13th
1987
 Italy
Amintore Fanfani
14th
1988
 Canada
Ciriaco De Mita Noboru Takeshita
15th
1989
 France
Sōsuke Uno George H. W. Bush
16th
1990
 United States
Giulio Andreotti Toshiki Kaifu
17th
1991
 United Kingdom
John Major
18th
1992
 Germany
Giuliano Amato Kiichi Miyazawa
19th
1993
 Japan
Kim Campbell Carlo Azeglio Ciampi Bill Clinton
20th
1994
 Italy
Jean Chrétien Silvio Berlusconi Tomiichi Murayama
21st
1995
 Canada
Jacques Chirac Lamberto Dini
22nd
1996
 France
Romano Prodi Ryutaro Hashimoto Jacques Santer
23rd
1997
 United States
Boris Yeltsin Tony Blair
24th
1998
 United Kingdom
25th
1999
 Germany
Gerhard Schröder Massimo D'Alema Keizō Obuchi Manuel Marín
26th
2000
 Japan
Giuliano Amato Yoshirō Mori Vladimir Putin Romano Prodi
27th
2001
 Italy
Silvio Berlusconi Junichirō Koizumi George W. Bush
28th
2002
 Canada
29th
2003
 France
30th
2004
 United States
Paul Martin
31st
2005
 United Kingdom
José Manuel Barroso
32nd
2006
 Russia
Stephen Harper Angela Merkel Romano Prodi
33rd
2007
 Germany
Nicolas Sarkozy Shinzō Abe
34th
2008
 Japan
Silvio Berlusconi Yasuo Fukuda Dmitry Medvedev Gordon Brown
35th
2009
 Italy
Tarō Asō Barack Obama
36th
2010
 Canada
Naoto Kan David Cameron José Manuel Barroso
&
Herman Van Rompuy
37th
2011
 France
38th
2012
 United States
François Hollande Mario Monti Yoshihiko Noda
39th
2013
 United Kingdom
Enrico Letta Shinzō Abe Vladimir Putin
40th
2014
 European Union
Matteo Renzi Suspended
41st
2015
 Germany
Jean-Claude Juncker
&
Donald Tusk
42nd
2016
 Japan
Justin Trudeau
43rd
2017
 Italy
Emmanuel Macron Paolo Gentiloni Theresa May Donald Trump
44th
2018
 Canada
Giuseppe Conte
45th
2019
 France
TBD

Chronology of longest serving G7 Leaders[edit]

The following is a chronology of senior G7 leaders from the founding of the G6 (a precursor organization to the G8) to the present.[2]

Entered office as
Head of State
or Government
Began time as
senior G8 leader
Ended time as
senior G8 leader
Term
Length
Person Office
16 October 1964[3] 15 November 1975 5 April 1976 142 days Harold Wilson United Kingdom Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
16 May 1974 5 April 1976 27 June 1976 83 days Helmut Schmidt Germany Chancellor of West Germany
20 April 1968 27 June 1976[4] 4 June 1979 2 years, 342 days Pierre Trudeau Canada Prime Minister of Canada
16 May 1974 4 June 1979 3 March 1980 273 days Helmut Schmidt Germany Chancellor of West Germany
20 April 1968[5] 3 March 1980 30 June 1984 4 years, 119 days Pierre Trudeau Canada Prime Minister of Canada
4 May 1979 30 June 1984 28 November 1990 6 years, 151 days Margaret Thatcher United Kingdom Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
10 May 1981 28 November 1990 17 May 1995 4 years, 170 days François Mitterrand France President of France
1 October 1982 17 May 1995 27 October 1998 3 years, 163 days Helmut Kohl Germany Chancellor of Germany
10 July 1991 27 October 1998 31 December 1999 1 year, 65 days Boris Yeltsin Russia President of Russia
20 January 1993 31 December 1999 20 January 2001 1 year, 20 days Bill Clinton United States President of the United States
4 November 1993 20 January 2001 12 December 2003 2 years, 326 days Jean Chrétien Canada Prime Minister of Canada
17 May 1995 12 December 2003 16 May 2007 3 years, 155 days Jacques Chirac France President of France
2 May 1997 16 May 2007 27 June 2007 42 days Tony Blair United Kingdom Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
7 May 2000 27 June 2007 7 May 2008 315 days Vladimir Putin Russia President of Russia
20 January 2001 7 May 2008 20 January 2009 258 days George W. Bush United States President of the United States
10 May 1994[6] 20 January 2009 16 November 2011 2 years, 300 days Silvio Berlusconi Italy Prime Minister of Italy
22 November 2005 16 November 2011 7 May 2012 173 days Angela Merkel Germany Chancellor of Germany
7 May 2000[7] 7 May 2012 24 March 2014 1 year, 321 days Vladimir Putin Russia President of Russia
22 November 2005 24 March 2014 Incumbent 5 years, 115 days Angela Merkel Germany Chancellor of Germany

G7 tenure[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Okita was actually Foreign Minister at the time, filling in for Prime Minister Ōhira, who died 10 days before the conference began.
  2. ^ Canada did not join the organization until 1976 while Russia did not join until 1997. Therefore, Canadian leaders prior to 1976 and Russian leaders before 1997 are not included in this list.
  3. ^ Wilson first served as Prime Minister from 16 October 1964 to 19 June 1970, and then again from 4 March 1974 to 5 April 1976.
  4. ^ Canada joined the organization on this date. Trudeau had been in office longer than any of the other leaders and so took the title of senior G8 leader from Schmidt.
  5. ^ Trudeau first served as Prime Minister from 20 April 1968 to 4 June 1979, and then again from 3 March 1980 to 30 June 1984.
  6. ^ Berlusconi first served as Prime Minister from 10 May 1994 to 17 January 1995, then again from 11 June 2001 to 17 May 2006, and then again from 8 May 2008 to 16 November 2011.
  7. ^ Putin first served as President of Russia from 2000 to 2008.