From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The following events occurred in September 1981:
- 1 September 1, 1981 (Tuesday)
- 2 September 2, 1981 (Wednesday)
- 3 September 3, 1981 (Thursday)
- 4 September 4, 1981 (Friday)
- 5 September 5, 1981 (Saturday)
- 6 September 6, 1981 (Sunday)
- 7 September 7, 1981 (Monday)
- 8 September 8, 1981 (Tuesday)
- 9 September 9, 1981 (Wednesday)
- 10 September 10, 1981 (Thursday)
- 11 September 11, 1981 (Friday)
- 12 September 12, 1981 (Saturday)
- 13 September 13, 1981 (Sunday)
- 14 September 14, 1981 (Monday)
- 15 September 15, 1981 (Tuesday)
- 16 September 16, 1981 (Wednesday)
- 17 September 17, 1981 (Thursday)
- 18 September 18, 1981 (Friday)
- 19 September 19, 1981 (Saturday)
- 20 September 20, 1981 (Sunday)
- 21 September 21, 1981 (Monday)
- 22 September 22, 1981 (Tuesday)
- 23 September 23, 1981 (Wednesday)
- 24 September 24, 1981 (Thursday)
- 25 September 25, 1981 (Friday)
- 26 September 26, 1981 (Saturday)
- 27 September 27, 1981 (Sunday)
- 28 September 28, 1981 (Monday)
- 29 September 29, 1981 (Tuesday)
- 30 September 30, 1981 (Wednesday)
- 31 References
September 1, 1981 (Tuesday)
- 1981 Pacific typhoon season#Typhoon Agnes (Pining) struck South Korea, bringing with it the heaviest rainfall seen on the Korean peninsula in the 20th century, with as much as 28 inches (71 cm) falling over the next two days. The final toll was 120 people dead or missing.
- David Dacko, who had recently been re-elected, quit as President of the Central African Republic, turned over control to army commander General Andre Kolingba. General Kolingba remained in power until 1993.
September 2, 1981 (Wednesday)
September 3, 1981 (Thursday)
- The United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), adopted by the UN General Assembly on December 18, 1979, went into effect by its own terms after being ratified by at least 20 nations.
- In Egypt, a nationwide arrest of 1,536 people, most of them Islamist activists, was carried out on orders of President Anwar Sadat. One of those seized was Mohammed Islambouli, leader of the Islamic Association branch at Assiut University. His younger brother, Egyptian army Lt. Khalid Islambouli, a member of the group Jihad, was so outraged that he vowed to get revenge on Sadat. A few days later, Khalid was assigned to be part of a military parade scheduled for October 6 to commemorate the eighth anniversary of Egypt's attack on Israel in the Yom Kippur War, and used the opportunity to conspire with fellow members of Jihad to carry out an assassination.
- Born: Fearne Cotton, British television presenter, as Fearne Wood in Northwood, London
September 4, 1981 (Friday)
- The United States Department of Agriculture issued proposed new regulations concerning nutritional requirements for the federally subsidized school lunch program. Both ketchup and pickle relish were classified as vegetables for purposes of defining a balanced meal. The USDA withdrew the proposal three weeks later after a reporter from the Washington Post called attention to the new rules.
- An explosion at a mine in Záluží, Czechoslovakia, killed 65 people. Another 40 were rescued.
- Louis Delamare, France's ambassador to Lebanon, was assassinated in Beirut. Delamare was being driven home when four gunmen pulled alongside his BMW and opened fire.
- At 8:51 a.m. on the day of its bicentennial, Los Angeles got what was nicknamed "the birthday quake", a tremor of 5.8 magnitude, the strongest since the 1971 quake that had killed 65 people.
- Sobhuza II celebrated his 60th anniversary as King of Swaziland, in a ceremony attended by Egypt's President Sadat and Britain's Princess Margaret. Sobhuza was the first monarch since Queen Victoria to observe a diamond jubilee.
- Born: Beyoncé Knowles, American actress and R&B singer (Destiny's Child); in Houston
September 5, 1981 (Saturday)
- Pope Shenuda III, head of the Coptic Christian Church of Egypt, was deposed from his job by President Anwar Sadat, who charged that Muslim and Christian extremists were conspiring to overthrow the government. Three years after Sadat's assassination, Shenuda, who had been exiled to the monastery of Saint Bishoi, was allowed by President Hosni Mubarak to return to Cairo.
- John Barnes, who would become England's greatest black soccer football player, made his professional debut at age 17, playing for the last 15 minutes of Watford F.C.'s game against Oldham Athletic.
- In the largest jailbreak within a Communist nation, 154 inmates escaped from a jail in Bydgoszcz, Poland. The mass breakout happened after a riot that began when a 17-year-old burglary suspect had been shot during an attempted escape.
September 6, 1981 (Sunday)
- Nawal El Saadawi was arrested as part of the roundup of Sadat's opponents, and stayed in the Barrage Prison until November 25. She later recounted the story in her book, Mozakerati fi signel nissa (Memoirs from the Women's Prison, 1983)
September 7, 1981 (Monday)
- The People's Court made its syndicated television debut on 39 television stations in the United States. Created by producer Ralph Edwards, the show presented real small claims court cases, with the litigants agreeing to dismiss court proceedings and to go before retired Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Joseph A. Wapner. Of the $800 provided by the producers for each case, the amount not awarded to the plaintiff ($750 maximum) would be divided evenly between both sides. The very first case saw a landlady receive an award of $614.
- The first issue of the American weekly newsmagazine Education Week was published.
- Special Effort won the All American Futurity to become quarter horse racing's first Triple Crown Winner.
- Died: Edwin Link, 77, American inventor who created the first flight simulator
September 8, 1981 (Tuesday)
- Stephen King's horror novel about a crazed St. Bernard dog, Cujo, was first published.
- Born: Jonathan Taylor Thomas, American TV actor, in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
September 9, 1981 (Wednesday)
- Indian newspaper owner Jagat Narain, 92, was assassinated by three gunmen after publishing articles critical of Sikh militant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and Sikh demands for a separate nation. On September 20, Bhindranwale surrendered to the police, but was released on October 14 by orders of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
- Died: Jacques Lacan, 80, French psychiatrist and founder of the Lacanian technique of psychoanalysis
September 10, 1981 (Thursday)
- Picasso's painting "Guernica" was returned to the Museo del Prado in Madrid after having been kept at New York's Museum of Modern Art since 1939. Transfer of the painting had been kept secret until its arrival.
- In a hastily called referendum, voters in Egypt overwhelmingly endorsed his crackdown against religious and political opponents, with a reported 99.45% of nearly 11 million ballots in favor, and only 33,561 against.
- John Carta, a 35-year-old unemployed stonemason from New Rochelle, New York, became the first person to parachute on to the World Trade Center. Carta jumped from a plane at an altitude of 10,000 feet, then guided himself to a landing on to the observation deck on Tower Two.
September 11, 1981 (Friday)
- A small plane crashed into the Swing Auditorium in San Bernardino, California, damaging the venue beyond repair.
- Born: Dylan Klebold, American murderer in the Columbine High School Massacre; in Lakewood, Colorado (commited suicide, 1999)
- Died: Frank McHugh, 83, American film actor
September 12, 1981 (Saturday)
- The Smurfs began a nine-season run on NBC Saturday morning television.
- The National Assembly of France voted 329-129 to remove most of the powers of the prefects in France's 95 departments, in the first step toward decentralization of government. The bill still needed to pass the Senate and the signature of President Mitterrand to become law.
- Born: Jennifer Hudson, American singer and actress, in Chicago
- Died: Eugenio Montale, 84, Italian writer, 1975 Nobel Prize in Literature laureate
September 13, 1981 (Sunday)
- Two days of elections began in Norway, and the Labor Party lost its majority in the 155 member Storting. Labor, let by Gro Harlem Brundtland, retained 67 seats, but the Conservatives, led by supply side economist Kare Willoch, claimed victory with 54 seats and a potential coalition of 79.
September 14, 1981 (Monday)
- Entertainment Tonight made its syndicated debut in various television markets.
- Nikolai Glushkov, Chairman of the State Prices Commission in the Soviet Union, confirmed rumors that had caused a run on stores, announcing sharp price increases for the following day, doubling the price of gasoline from the equivalent of $1.06 a gallon to $2.12. Glushkov also increased prices on tobacco and liquor, saying that it was in response by requests from workers "to limit the demand for them". He also said that prices for synthetic fabrics, household appliances, medicines and some watches would be cut by up to 37%, and noted that meat, dairy and bread prices had been unchanged for nearly 20 years.
September 15, 1981 (Tuesday)
- General Frederick J. Kroesen, commander of the U.S. Army in Europe, was slightly injured in an assassination attempt in West Germany. Two rocket-propelled grenades were fired at his armor-plated car as he was being driven through Heidelberg.
- The John Bull became the oldest operable steam locomotive in the world, at 150 years old, when it operated under its own power outside Washington, DC.
- Died: Harold Bennett, 81, British actor
September 16, 1981 (Wednesday)
- World Boxing Council champion Sugar Ray Leonard and World Boxing Association champion Thomas Hearns fought at Caesar's Palace in Las Vegas for the world welterweight boxing championship. In the 14th round, Leonard won in a technical knockout, pounding away with Hearns on the ropes, until referee Davey Pearl stopped the fight.
- In Britain, the Liberal Party conference voted 1,688-112 for an electoral pact with the new Social Democratic Party.
- Born: Alexis Bledel, American actress, in Houston
September 17, 1981 (Thursday)
- The Gerald R. Ford Presidential Museum was dedicated at Grand Rapids, Michigan in a ceremony attended by the three heads of government of North America. U.S. President Ronald Reagan, Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, and Mexican President Jose Lopez Portillo met in a "minisummit" at breakfast in Reagan's hotel suite, and comedian Bob Hope later entertained the 38th President and his guests.
- Ric Flair defeated Dusty Rhodes to win his first World Heavyweight Wrestling Championship in Kansas City.
- Died: Rafael Méndez, 75, Mexican-born trumpet virtuoso
September 18, 1981 (Friday)
- EINECS, the European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances, was issued by the European Community, containing the first list of every chemical substance in the EC nations.
- The Memphis Group, a collection of innovative post-modern furniture designers led by Ettore Sottsass, debuted its work in Milan, Italy.
- An Aeroflot passenger airplane with 33 people on board was making its approach for a landing at the Russian city of Zheleznogorsk-Ilimsky when it was struck by a Soviet Army helicopter on a training mission. All 33 on the plane, and 7 on the helicopter, were killed.
September 19, 1981 (Saturday)
- Simon & Garfunkel reunited to perform The Concert in Central Park, a free concert in New York in front of approximately half a million people.
- The 80-year-old Brazilian river boat Sobral Santos capsized in the Amazon River, Óbidos, Brazil, killing at least 300 people.
September 20, 1981 (Sunday)
- For the first time, China launched three satellites into orbit, on a rocket from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center. The feat led some observers to speculate that China had gained the ability to launch multiple nuclear warheads or that it had set up an early warning system against missile attacks.
- Karen Williams, a stewardess on board World Airways Flight 32, a DC-10, was crushed to death in the airplane's service elevator during a flight from Baltimore to London.
September 21, 1981 (Monday)
- Belize, formerly the British Honduras attained independence, with George Price serving as its first Prime Minister, and Dame Minita Gordon as its Governor-General.
- The appointment of Sandra Day O'Connor was confirmed by the U.S. Senate, 99-0, for her to become the 102nd justice of the United States Supreme Court.
- Born: Nicole Richie, American actress, singer and socialite, in Berkeley, California
September 22, 1981 (Tuesday)
- The initial public offering of stock in The Home Depot was made at $12.00 per share as the company was listed on the NASDAQ exchange. The stock was worth 20 times as much within two years, and with 13 successive stock splits over the next 18 years, the value of a 1981 share of stock was worth 370 times as much, so that initial investment of $5,000 in 1981 would have been worth $1.8 million in 1999. By 2010, the $5,000 investment would have been worth more than six million dollars.
- Born: Alexei Ramirez, Cuban-born Major League Baseball player, in Pinar del Río
- Died: Harry Warren, 87, American songwriter and three time Oscar winner
September 23, 1981 (Wednesday)
- U.S. National Security Adviser Richard Allen announced plans by the Reagan Administration to create a radio station that would broadcast to Cuba, patterned after Radio Free Europe. Though initially set to launch in January 1982, Radio Marti did not start transmission until May 20, 1985.
- Died: Chief Dan George, 82, Canadian First Nations actor
September 24, 1981 (Thursday)
- A day after meeting for the first time, U.S. Secretary of State Alexander Haig, and U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko issued a joint statement that the two nations would resume discussions on controlling the growth of nuclear weapons in Europe, beginning on November 30 in Geneva.
- The largest crowd ever to attend a greyhound racing event in the United States—21,000 people—turned out at Southland Greyhound Park in West Memphis, Arkansas, wagering 1.3 million dollars on the racing dogs.
September 25, 1981 (Friday)
- The Sydney Tower, fifth tallest building in the world opened to the public.
- The Rolling Stones began their 40-city Tattoo You tour at JFK Stadium in Philadelphia, playing before a crowd of 90,000.
- Sandra Day O'Connor took her seat as the first female justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
September 26, 1981 (Saturday)
- Believed to have become extinct in 1975, the black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes) was rediscovered in Meeteetse, Wyoming by a dog, which had attacked and killed the animal. The following month, a live ferret was found in the same area.
- The Boeing 767 airliner made its first flight, taking off from Everett, Washington at 11:55 am. Piloted by Tom Edmonds and Lew Wallick, along with John Britt, the jet reached an altitude of 17,000 feet and a speed of 260 miles per hour, and landing again at 1:58 p.m.
September 27, 1981 (Sunday)
- The first commercial run of the TGV high-speed rail service train began, traversing the 300-mile distance between Paris and Lyons. At 6:15 am, the Train a Grande Vitesse pulled out of the Gare de Lyon in Paris with 772 passengers, then accelerated along the high-speed line at Saint-Florentin at 156 miles per hour, arriving in Lyons at 9:05 am.
- The hijacking of a Yugoslavian JAT Boeing 727 was thwarted after a fire alarm was sounded and the 101 passengers and 7 crew escaped unharmed. The plane had been seized the night before during a flight from Dubrovnik to Belgrade, flew to Athens for refueling, then landed at the Cypriot city of Larnaka, where the escape took place.
- Died: Robert Montgomery, 77, American actor
September 28, 1981 (Monday)
- After stock analyst Joseph Granville had predicted over the weekend that a "Blue Monday" would see stock prices fall, record sell-offs took place. In Tokyo, where the markets opened first, the Nikkei 225 fell 302.84 points, the largest single-day drop on record, and when the London Stock Exchange opened, the FT Index dropped a record 29.4 points. Less drastic declines happened in Sydney, Singapore, Hong Kong, Frankfurt, Zurich and Paris. Stock prices fell initially in New York and Toronto, but rallied later in the day. Tokyo and London made strong recoveries the next day.
- Died: Rómulo Betancourt, 73, former President of Venezuela
September 29, 1981 (Tuesday)
- President Reagan issued Executive Order 12324 to halt the flow of refugees from Haiti into the United States. Since 1978, almost 50,000 Haitian citizens fled the regime of Jean-Claude Duvalier and most were detained in South Florida. Reagan ordered the U.S. Coast Guard to intercept and board any refugee vessels and return them to their nation of origin.
- U.S. Senator William Proxmire (D-Wisconsin) completed a filibuster at 10:27 a.m., yielding the floor after beginning a speech of more than 16 hours the day before. Proxmire, famous for his monthly "Golden Fleece Award" for wasteful government spending, had spoken out against U.S. Senate approval of a bill to raise the debt ceiling above one trillion dollars. The cost of his speech to taxpayers, most of it for printing in the Congressional Record, was estimated at $64,674.
- A 22-year-old Mojahed detonated two hand grenades, killing himself, seventeen pasdars and Hojjat al-Islam Hasheminezhad, the Islamic Republican Party leader, in the city of Khorasan.
- Police found four people shot to death in an expensive home in Columbia, South Carolina, known as the "devil house".
- Died: Bill Shankly, 68, British football manager who won multiple championships for Liverpool F.C.
September 30, 1981 (Wednesday)
- The United States' debt ceiling was raised to one trillion dollars for the first time in history, the day after the U.S. Senate, by a margin of 64-34, approved an increase of the government's credit limit from $985 billion to $1,079,000,000,000. President Reagan signed the legislation at 8:15 pm in Washington.
- Pakistani commandos stormed a hijacked Indian Airlines jet and rescued all 45 hostages, two hours before a deadline for action. The plane had been seized the day before by three Sikh nationalists, then flown to Lahore.
- The International Olympic Committee session in Baden-Baden, West Germany awarded the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary and the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul.
- Born: Cecelia Ahern, Irish novelist, in Dublin
- "Typhoon Agnes leaves 51 dead", Montreal Gazette, September 5, 1981, p8
- "Agnes", in Encyclopedia of Weather and Climate, Volume 1 (Michael Allaby, ed.) (Infobase Publishing, 2002) p13
- "Central African president resigns", Milwaukee Journal, September 1, 1981, p2
- Pierre Kalck, Historical Dictionary of the Central African Republic (Scarecrow Press, 2005)
- "New Prime Minister", Milwaukee Journal, September 3, 1981, p10
- Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
- Caryle Murphy, Passion for Islam: Shaping the Modern Middle East: The Egyptian Experience (Simon and Schuster, 2002) p62; "Sadat sweep jails 500", Vancouver Sun, September 4, 1981, p1
- "Q: When Is Ketchup a Vegetable? A: When Tofu Is Meat", by Ward Sinclair, Washington Post, September 9, 1981, pA7; Manning Marable, Race, Reform, and Rebellion: The Second Reconstruction in Black America, 1945-1990 (University Press of Mississippi, 1991) p183; "Plan to count ketchup a vegetable left school lunch planners in a pickle", Miami News, September 30, 1981, p6A
- "Mine blast kills 65", Milwaukee Journal, September 4, 1981, p2
- "French envoy slain", Milwaukee Journal, September 4, 1981, p2
- "Strong quake jolts L.A. area", Milwaukee Journal, September 4, 1981, p3
- "King hits 60 years on the throne", Milwaukee Journal, September 4, 1981, p2
- "Sadat rips religious extremists", Milwaukee Journal, September 6, 1981, p1
- Otto Friedrich and August Meinardus, Two Thousand Years of Coptic Christianity (American University in Cairo Press, 2002) p80
- Dave Hill, Out of His Skin: The John Barnes Phenomenon (WSC Books Limited, 2001) p74
- "154 Polish inmates stage huge escape", Spokane Daily Chronicle, September 7, 1981, p2
- Nawal El Saadawi, The Nawal El Saadawi Reader (Palgrave Macmillan, 1998) p23, p58
- "TV: 'People's Court', 'Reality' in the Morning", New York Times, September 8, 1981; "Law: Oyez! Don't Touch That Dial", TIME Magazine, September 7, 1981
- Thomas C. Hunt, Encyclopedia of Educational Reform and Dissent, Volume 2 (SAGE, 2010) p330
- Michael R. Collings, Scaring Us to Death: The Impact of Stephen King on Popular Culture (Wildside Press LLC, 1997) p50
- Ananth V. Krishna, India Since Independence: Making Sense Of Indian Politics (Pearson Education India, 2011) pp273-274
- "Picasso's 'Guernica' goes home", Glasgow Herald, September 11, 1981, p5
- "Sadat referendum victory put at 99.45%", Milwaukee Journal, September 11, 1981, p2
- "Parachutist courts fine, Milwaukee Journal, September 11, 1981, p2
- "French assembly approves decentralization", Milwaukee Journal, September 13, 1981, p2
- "Conservatives claim Norwegian election", Anchorage Daily News, September 15, 1981, pA-10
- "Two magazine series to debut", Milwaukee Journal, September 13, 1981
- "Some Russ prices soar", Milwaukee Journal, September 15, 1981, p2
- "US general survives ambush", Milwaukee Journal, September 15, 1981, p1
- "Leonard stuns Hearns in the 14th", Milwaukee Sentinel, September 17, 1981, p2-1
- "British centrists form pact", Milwaukee Journal, September 17, 1981, p2
- "Ford Museum Dedicated With A Note Of Hope", Pittsburgh Press, September 18, 1981, p1
- Gordon L. Hollis, Surfactants Europa: A Directory of Surface Active Agents Available in Europe (Royal Society of Chemistry, 1995)
- Lakshmi Bhaskaran, Designs of the Times: Using Key Movements and Styles for Contemporary Design (Rotovision, 2005)
- Aviation Safety Network
- "Simon-Garfunkel reunion draws huge crowd in New York", Milwaukee Journal, September 20, 1981, p15
- "300 bodies sought in Amazon", Ottawa Citizen, September 21, 1981, p56
- "Chinese can launch multiple warheads", St. Petersburg (FL) Independent, September 23, 1981, p13-A; Federation of American Scientists
- "Chinese satellites to protect against nuclear missile hits", Nashua (NH) Telegraph, September 21, 1981, p4
- "Stewardess' death probed", Milwaukee Journal, September 21, 1981, p2
- "Belize, independent at last, wary of future", Montreal Gazette, September 21, 1981, p57
- "99-0 Senate vote cheers O'Connor", Milwaukee Journal, September 22, 1981, p3
- HomeDepot.com, Investor FAQ
- Chris Roush, Inside Home Depot: How One Company Revolutionized an Industry through the Relentless Pursuit of Growth (McGraw-Hill Professional, 1999) p2
- "U.S. To Beam Radio News To Cuba", Toledo Blade, September 23, 1981, p2
- Loch K. Johnson, Strategic Intelligence, Volume 1 (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2007) pp112-113
- "U.S.-Russian talks slated on nuclear arms control", Vancouver Sun, September 24, 1981, pA7
- Southland Greyhound Park website
- "Sydney Tower- A special Herald feature to mark today's opening to the public of Australia's tallest building", Sydney Morning Herald, September 25, 1981
- "Jagger, 38, still has some flash", Milwaukee Journal, September 26, 1981, p2
- Miriam Aronin, Black-footed Ferrets: Back from the Brink (Bearport Publishing, 2007) p4
- "Hydraulic problem fails to mar Boeing 767 test", Lewiston (ID) Morning Tribune, September 27, 1981, p2-B
- "Large crowds ride high-speed train", Calgary Herald, September 28, 1981, pB10
- "Yugoslav plane hijacked", Milwaukee Journal, September 27, 1981, p2; "Yugoslav hijackers seized", Journal, September 28, 1981, p2
- "Foreign stocks take a dive, but Wall St. gets up for the bell", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 29, 1981, p1
- "U.S. stocks edge higher; London, Tokyo recover", Madison (WI) Courier, September 29, 1981, p1
- "Reagan Orders Halt To Illegal Alien Flow From Caribbean", Toledo Blade, September 30, 1981, p1
- "Proxmire Filibuster on Wasteful Federal Spending Costs Taxpayers $64,000", Schenectady (NY) Gazette, September 29, 1981, p4
- Baqer Moin, Khomeini: Life of the Ayatollah (Macmillan, 2000) p242
- "Four die in gruesome massacre", Milwaukee Journal, September 30, 1981, p2
- "Reagan Signs Bill For Trillion-dollar Debt", Dubuque (IA) Telegraph-Herald, October 1, 1981, p2
- "Indian jet hijacked", Milwaukee Journal, September 29, 1981, p2; "Indian hijacking ends safely", Milwaukee Journal, September 30, 1981, p2
- IOC vote history
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