Sikar

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Sikar
Sky View of Sikar city, Rajasthan
Sky View of Sikar city, Rajasthan
Sikar is located in Rajasthan
Sikar
Sikar
Location in Rajasthan, India
Sikar is located in India
Sikar
Sikar
Sikar (India)
Coordinates: 27°37′N 75°09′E / 27.62°N 75.15°E / 27.62; 75.15Coordinates: 27°37′N 75°09′E / 27.62°N 75.15°E / 27.62; 75.15
Country India
StateRajasthan
DistrictSikar
Settled1687; 335 years ago (1687)[1]
Government
 • TypeFederal Republic
 • BodyGovernment of Rajasthan
Area
 • Total26.57 km2 (10.26 sq mi)
Elevation
427 m (1,401 ft)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total359,293
 • Rank10th
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
332001
Telephone code91-1572
Vehicle registrationRJ-23
Literacy81.25%(2nd)
Distance from Delhi280 kilometres (170 mi) (land)
Distance from Jaipur114 kilometres (71 mi) (land)
Websitewww.sikar.rajasthan.gov.in

Sikar is a city and municipal council in Sikar district of the state of Rajasthan in India. It is administrative headquarters of Sikar district. It is part of the Shekhawati region, which consists of Sikar, Churu and Jhunjhunu.

It is the administrative headquarters of the Sikar District. Sikar is a historical city and contains many old havelis (large houses with Mughal's architecture ) which were built by the people who came to be known as marwaris across the India. They were actually from the Shekhawati region, comprising communities of Dotasara , Moond and Oswal. It is located 115 Km away from Jaipur, 320 Km from Jodhpur, 215 Km from Bikaner, and 280 Km from New Delhi.

History[edit]

Sikar had been the biggest Thikana (Estate) of the Jaipur state. Previously Sikar was known as Shekhawati. It was the capital of Thikana Sikar. Sikar is surrounded by fortified walls consisting of seven "Pols" (gates). These historic gates are named: Bawari Gate, Fatehpuri Gate, Nani Gate, Surajpole Gate, Dujod Gate Old, Dujod Gate New, and Chandpole Gate. Shekhawat Rajputs were rulers of this region.

Geography and climate[edit]

Geography[edit]

Sikar city is the district headquarters of Rajasthan's Sikar district, which is situated in the eastern part of Rajasthan. It is the sixth most populous city of Rajasthan. It is located at27°37′N 75°09′E / 27.62°N 75.15°E / 27.62; 75.15.[2] It has an average elevation of 427 meters (1401 feet).

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Sikar (1981–2010, extremes 1946–2009)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.4
(88.5)
37.4
(99.3)
45.0
(113.0)
45.5
(113.9)
49.0
(120.2)
49.7
(121.5)
44.4
(111.9)
41.1
(106.0)
40.0
(104.0)
41.0
(105.8)
37.8
(100.0)
32.5
(90.5)
49.7
(121.5)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 27.3
(81.1)
30.4
(86.7)
36.2
(97.2)
41.9
(107.4)
44.1
(111.4)
44.7
(112.5)
40.4
(104.7)
37.4
(99.3)
37.7
(99.9)
37.4
(99.3)
33.1
(91.6)
28.6
(83.5)
44.9
(112.8)
Average high °C (°F) 22.2
(72.0)
25.1
(77.2)
30.9
(87.6)
36.8
(98.2)
39.8
(103.6)
40.1
(104.2)
35.4
(95.7)
33.7
(92.7)
34.5
(94.1)
34.0
(93.2)
28.5
(83.3)
23.5
(74.3)
32.1
(89.8)
Average low °C (°F) 4.9
(40.8)
8.0
(46.4)
13.9
(57.0)
19.5
(67.1)
24.4
(75.9)
26.2
(79.2)
25.0
(77.0)
24.4
(75.9)
23.3
(73.9)
17.9
(64.2)
11.0
(51.8)
6.0
(42.8)
17.0
(62.6)
Mean minimum °C (°F) 1.1
(34.0)
3.9
(39.0)
9.3
(48.7)
13.9
(57.0)
19.7
(67.5)
21.5
(70.7)
22.0
(71.6)
21.9
(71.4)
20.4
(68.7)
13.6
(56.5)
6.8
(44.2)
1.8
(35.2)
1.0
(33.8)
Record low °C (°F) −3.0
(26.6)
−4.2
(24.4)
1.3
(34.3)
7.0
(44.6)
10.1
(50.2)
11.9
(53.4)
15.1
(59.2)
16.9
(62.4)
13.1
(55.6)
5.4
(41.7)
0.0
(32.0)
−4.9
(23.2)
−4.9
(23.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 5.1
(0.20)
7.7
(0.30)
2.8
(0.11)
4.5
(0.18)
17.0
(0.67)
50.7
(2.00)
125.8
(4.95)
95.5
(3.76)
36.1
(1.42)
9.6
(0.38)
1.9
(0.07)
1.8
(0.07)
358.5
(14.11)
Average rainy days 0.6 0.9 0.4 0.6 1.4 2.0 5.3 5.0 2.4 0.5 0.4 0.2 19.8
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 50 41 36 33 35 39 58 60 52 38 38 42 44
Source: India Meteorological Department[3][4]

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Sikar city (2011)
Religion Percent
Hinduism
56.26%
Islam
42.43%

Sikar City had a population of about 237,579[5] people according to the census of 2011. As per provisional reports of Census India, the population of Sikar in 2011 is 237,579; of which there are approximately 123,156 males and 114,423 females. The sex ratio of Sikar City is 929 females per 1000 males. Regarding education, total literates in Sikar city are 158,413 of which 91,403 are males while 67,010 are females. The average literacy rate of Sikar City is 77.13, male and female literacy status is 86.29 and 67.37, respectively. The total population of children (0-6) in Sikar City is about 32,189, consisting of 17,236 boys and 14,953 girls. The child sex ratio of girls is 868 per 1000 boys.

Places of interest[edit]

Bawdi at Fatehpur
Harshnath Temple, Sikar, made in 973 AD
Laxmangarh Fort, Rajasthan, built in 1862 AD
  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Mathur Colony
  • Rajkumar Hardyal Singh Government Museum Sikar
  • Sikar Fort
  • Sai Dham (Mundwara)
  • Sri Digamber Jain Bada Mandir, Bawari Gate
  • Madho Niwas Kothi
  • Hameerpura haveli (Hameerpura)
  • Hameerpura Purana Kunva, Bagichi (Hameerpura)
  • Radha Damodar Mandir
  • Bolta Balaji mandir
  • Rani Mahal
  • Devi Pura Balaji
  • Shree Santoshi Mataji Mandir
  • Ganesh Mandir, Fatehpuri Gate
  • Temple of Gopinathji, Subhash Chowk
  • Temple of Raghunathji, Bawari Gate
  • Maroo Park
  • Nehru Park
  • Diwan Ji Ki Nashiya, Jatiya Bazar
  • Diwan Ji ki Haveli
  • Shobhagyavati mandir
  • Shri Ram Hanuman mandir (Radha kishan pura Sikar)
  • Shree Jeen Mataji Mandir
  • Shree Shakambhari Mataji Mandir
  • Dungari Ke Balaji Temple Puranbadi sikar
  • Shyam Mandir Khatushyamji
  • Samolai Balaji Temple
  • Deeppura Rajaji Fort
  • Maa Durga Mandir Bhairupura Jagir
  • Harshnath Mountain and temple
  • Shree Mansa Mataji Mandir (khoh)
  • Shree Ganeshwar Dham
  • Karni Mata Mandir, Thedi

Administration[edit]

Sikar city is governed by a Municipal Council, which comes under the Sikar Urban Agglomeration. The new municipal council building is built in Shekhawati style like a mahal or haveli. Sikar city is divided into 60 wards. Although Sikar city has a population of 237,579 (in 2011), its urban/metropolitan population is 244,563 (in 2011). The Sikar metropolitan area includes Chandrapura (Rural), Radhakrishnpura, Samarthpura, Shivsinghpura and Sikar city. The current Member of Parliament from Sikar is Swami Sumedhanand Saraswati elected in May 2014 and continue in May 2019. The District Magistrate and Collector of Sikar is Mr. Avichal Chaturvedi (2012) and Superintendent of Police is Dr. Gagan Deep Singla (2010).

Modes of transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Sikar Junction railway station comes within the territory of the North Western Railway. Sikar City is connected to Jhunjhunu, Rewari, Delhi, Churu, Bikaner, Sri Ganganagar, Hisar, Jaipur, Kota, Ajmer, Udaipur, Abu Road, Indore, Ahmedabad and Mumbai, Mathura,[Prayagraj]]Alwar. And there is a new line proposal since 2010 of Sikar to Nokha via Sujangarh.and Sikar to Neem ka thana via Udaipurwati

Road[edit]

Sikar is well connected by roads from all the major cities of Rajasthan and nearby states. A four-lane national highway NH-52 passes through the city. NH-52 connects Sikar with Jaipur and Bikaner. The western freight corridor also pass through Ringas of Sikar, as a main project of the central government. Kotputali Kuchaman Mega Highway also passes through Sikar. Jhunjhunu-Jaipur state highway is also passes through sikar

Air[edit]

The nearest airport to Sikar City is Jaipur International Airport, which operates daily flights to Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Pune, Indore, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Guwahati, Kolkata, Udaipur, Dubai, Sharjah, and Muscat. A new airport is proposed at Shahpura (a town in Jaipur district) that is very close to Sikar. A small air strip at Tarpura village is also available for the landing of small private planes against payment.

Education[edit]

Over the past decade, a burgeoning coaching industry has catapulted Sikar into a popular education hub,[6] concurrently stimulating the local economy and augmenting the prominence of this previously obscure town. Thousands of high school students from neighboring areas, and increasingly from far-flung corners, flock every year to enroll in one of the wide array of Sikar's premier coaching institutes, which prepare them for the notoriously competitive engineering and medical entrance examinations that preface the greatly coveted IITs and Medical Colleges.

The city also attracts a substantial number of college undergraduates and post-graduates seeking coaching for the competitive exams that determine their government job prospects. With regards to higher education institutes, Sikar boasts several leading public and private universities offering sciences, arts, and engineering degrees, such as the Shri Kalyan Government College and Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Shekhawati University. Most notably, the government recently established the Sikar Medical College, a varsity part of the distinguished, nationwide public medical college network.

This newfound stature and renown has led the media to dub Sikar as the "Education City of Rajasthan",[7] and colloquially, as the 'Kota of Northern Rajasthan,' owing to Kota's status as the coaching capital of India.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sikar".
  2. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc a – Sikar". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  3. ^ "Station: Sikar: Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 715–716. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  4. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M187. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  5. ^ "Census 2011 data – Sikar city". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  6. ^ "'Sikar growing as an education hub' - Times of India". The Times of India.
  7. ^ "Shekhawati region fast emerging as education hub | Jaipur News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  8. ^ Puri, Anjali (31 December 2015). "How Kota became India's capital for educational coaching". Business Standard India.

External links[edit]