Sikar

Coordinates: 27°37′N 75°09′E / 27.62°N 75.15°E / 27.62; 75.15
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Sikar
City
Sikar is located in Rajasthan
Sikar
Sikar
Location in Rajasthan, India
Sikar is located in India
Sikar
Sikar
Sikar (India)
Coordinates: 27°37′N 75°09′E / 27.62°N 75.15°E / 27.62; 75.15
Country India
StateRajasthan
DistrictSikar
Settled1687; 337 years ago (1687)[1]
Government
 • TypeFederal Republic
 • BodyGovernment of Rajasthan
Area
 • Total26.57 km2 (10.26 sq mi)
Elevation
427 m (1,401 ft)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total359,293
 • Ranktenth
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Rajasthani
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
332001
Telephone code+91-1572 / 01572
Vehicle registrationRJ-23
Literacy81.25%(2nd)
Distance from New Delhi280 kilometres (170 mi) (land)
Distance from Jaipur114 kilometres (71 mi) (land)
Websitewww.sikar.rajasthan.gov.in

Sikar is a city and municipal council in the Sikar district of the state of Rajasthan in India. It is the administrative headquarters of the Sikar district. It is largest city of the Shekhawati region, which consists of Sikar, Churu and Jhunjhunu. After Kota, Sikar is one of the major coaching hubs in the country for competitive examination preparations and has a number of engineering and medical coaching institutes.[2]

Sikar is also a major hub for agricultural trade, given it is surrounded by large plains areas west of the Aravalli range.[3] It is also a major rail and road junction.

Sikar is a historical city and contains many old havelis. It is 115 km (71 mi) away from Jaipur, 320 km (200 mi) from Jodhpur, 215 km (134 mi) from Bikaner, and 280 km (170 mi) from New Delhi.

Sikar district is also popular for Khatu Shyam Temple, situated in the town of Khatoo, 16 km from Reengus.

History[edit]

Sikar had been the biggest Thikana (Estate) of the Jaipur state. Previously Sikar was known as Shekhawati Pradesh. It was the capital of Thikana Sikar. Sikar is surrounded by fortified walls consisting of seven "Pols" (gates). These historic gates are named: Bawari Gate, Fatehpuri Gate, Nani Gate, Surajpole Gate, Dujod Gate Old, Dujod Gate New, and Chandpole Gate. Shekhawat Rajputs were rulers of this region.

Geography and climate[edit]

Geography[edit]

Sikar city is the district headquarters of Rajasthan's Sikar district, which is situated in the eastern part of Rajasthan. It is the sixth most populous city of Rajasthan. It is located a t27°37′N 75°09′E / 27.62°N 75.15°E / 27.62; 75.15.[4] It has an average elevation of 427 metres (1,401 ft).

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Sikar (1981–2010, extremes 1946–2009)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.4
(88.5)
37.4
(99.3)
45.0
(113.0)
45.5
(113.9)
49.0
(120.2)
49.7
(121.5)
44.4
(111.9)
41.1
(106.0)
40.0
(104.0)
41.0
(105.8)
37.8
(100.0)
32.5
(90.5)
49.7
(121.5)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 27.3
(81.1)
30.4
(86.7)
36.2
(97.2)
41.9
(107.4)
44.1
(111.4)
44.7
(112.5)
40.4
(104.7)
37.4
(99.3)
37.7
(99.9)
37.4
(99.3)
33.1
(91.6)
28.6
(83.5)
44.9
(112.8)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 22.2
(72.0)
25.1
(77.2)
30.9
(87.6)
36.8
(98.2)
39.8
(103.6)
40.1
(104.2)
35.4
(95.7)
33.7
(92.7)
34.5
(94.1)
34.0
(93.2)
28.5
(83.3)
23.5
(74.3)
32.1
(89.8)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 4.9
(40.8)
8.0
(46.4)
13.9
(57.0)
19.5
(67.1)
24.4
(75.9)
26.2
(79.2)
25.0
(77.0)
24.4
(75.9)
23.3
(73.9)
17.9
(64.2)
11.0
(51.8)
6.0
(42.8)
17.0
(62.6)
Mean minimum °C (°F) 1.1
(34.0)
3.9
(39.0)
9.3
(48.7)
13.9
(57.0)
19.7
(67.5)
21.5
(70.7)
22.0
(71.6)
21.9
(71.4)
20.4
(68.7)
13.6
(56.5)
6.8
(44.2)
1.8
(35.2)
1.0
(33.8)
Record low °C (°F) −3.0
(26.6)
−4.2
(24.4)
1.3
(34.3)
7.0
(44.6)
10.1
(50.2)
11.9
(53.4)
15.1
(59.2)
16.9
(62.4)
13.1
(55.6)
5.4
(41.7)
0.0
(32.0)
−4.9
(23.2)
−4.9
(23.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 5.1
(0.20)
7.7
(0.30)
2.8
(0.11)
4.5
(0.18)
17.0
(0.67)
50.7
(2.00)
125.8
(4.95)
95.5
(3.76)
36.1
(1.42)
9.6
(0.38)
1.9
(0.07)
1.8
(0.07)
358.5
(14.11)
Average rainy days 0.6 0.9 0.4 0.6 1.4 2.0 5.3 5.0 2.4 0.5 0.4 0.2 19.8
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 50 41 36 33 35 39 58 60 52 38 38 42 44
Source: India Meteorological Department[5][6]

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Sikar city (2011)
Religion Percent
Hinduism
91.26%
Islam
8.43%

Sikar City had a population of about 237,579[7] people according to the census of 2011. As per provisional reports of Census India, the population of Sikar in 2011 is 237,579; of which there are approximately 123,156 males and 114,423 females. The sex ratio of Sikar City is 929 females per 1000 males. Regarding education, total literates in Sikar city are 158,413 of which 91,403 are males while 67,010 are females. The average literacy rate of Sikar City is 77.13, male and female literacy status is 86.29 and 67.37, respectively. The total population of children (0-6) in Sikar City is about 32,189, consisting of 17,236 boys and 14,953 girls. The child sex ratio of girls is 868 per 1000 boys.

Places of interest[edit]

Being a City in Rajasthan with rich cultural backdrop, Sikar has many havelis, some of which are centuries old. Other than its havelis, Sikar is also famous for its ancient forts made before and during the British rule in India. It also contains the village Charanwas.

.[8][9]

0.[2]

Bawdi at Fatehpur
Harshnath Temple, Sikar, made in 973 AD
Khatu Shyam Temple in Khatoo village, Sikar district
Laxmangarh Fort, Rajasthan, built in 1862 AD

Administration[edit]

The Collector and District Magistrate (DM) of Sikar is Shree Saurabh Swami[10] and Superintendent of Police is Shri Anil Paris Deshmukh[10]

Sikar city is governed by a Municipal Council, which comes under the Sikar Urban Agglomeration. The new municipal council building is built in Shekhawati style like a mahal or haveli. Sikar city is divided into 60 wards. Although Sikar city has a population of 237,579 (in 2011), its urban/metropolitan population is 244,563 (in 2011). The Sikar metropolitan area includes Chandrapura (Rural), Radhakrishnpura, Samarthpura, Shivsinghpura and Sikar city. The current Member of Parliament from Sikar is Swami Subhedanand Saraswati elected in May 2014 and continue in May 2019

Notable Persons[edit]

  1. Himani Shah - Princess of Sikar (now Former Crown Princess of Nepal)
  1. Jamnalal Bajaj- He was an industrialist and freedom fighter, he was also known as the fifth son of Mahatma Gandhi. He was also a well known businessman whose many leading companies are running at national and international level in finance, automobiles, electronics and others. He was a great donor for the country. He had donated many buildings and an across Asia famous TB sanitorium namely Sanwli, 5 km from Sikar town. He was born at Kashi ka Bass, a small village near Sikar. He also established 'Bajaj Bhawan', presently at Bajaj road in Sikar. It is known for its upper hall for meetings and seminars and the lower place has many rooms and a shop cum KHADI looms house. He has donated many places in Sikar and Mumbai where he had his businesses.
  2. Dinesh Kumar - Professor and dean at Central University of Gujarat[11]
  3. Mahadeo Singh Khandela - politician from Indian National Congress
  4. Banshidhar Bajiya - politician and former Member of Legislative Assembly from Khandela constituenc

Modes of transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Sikar Junction railway station comes within the territory of the North Western Railway. Sikar City is connected to Jhunjhunu, Rewari, Delhi, Churu, Bikaner, Sri Ganganagar, Hisar, Jaipur, Kota, Ajmer, Udaipur, Abu Road, Indore, Ahmedabad and Mumbai, Mathura, PrayagrajAlwar. New lines proposed since 2010 are Sikar to Nokha via Sujangarh and Sikar to Neem-Ka-Thana via Udaipurwati.

Road[edit]

Sikar is well connected by roads from all the major cities of Rajasthan and nearby states. A four-lane national highway NH-52 passes through the city. NH-52 connects Sikar with Jaipur and Bikaner. The western freight corridor also pass through Ringas of Sikar, as a main project of the central government. Kotputali Kuchaman Mega Highway also passes through Sikar. Jhunjhunu-Jaipur state highway is also passes through Sikar.

Airport[edit]

The nearest airport to Sikar City is Jaipur International Airport, which operates daily flights to Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Pune, Indore, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Guwahati, Kolkata, Udaipur, Dubai, Sharjah, and Muscat. A new airport is proposed at Shahpura (a town in Jaipur district) that is very close to Sikar. A small air strip at Tarpura village is also available for the landing of small private planes against payment.

Education[edit]

Sikar has made significant strides in the field of education in recent years. Sikar is also home to many coaching institutes that prepare students for competitive exams such as the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE), National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET), and the Civil Services Examination.

Most notably, the government recently established Medical College in Sikar.

This newfound stature and renown has led the media to dub Sikar as the "Education City of Rajasthan"[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sikar".
  2. ^ a b "Shekhawati region fast emerging as education hub | Jaipur News - Times of India". The Times of India. TNN. 30 November 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
  3. ^ "Sikar | Rajasthan, Forts, Temples | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 29 August 2023.
  4. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc a – Sikar". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  5. ^ "Station: Sikar: Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 715–716. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  6. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M187. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  7. ^ "Census 2011 data – Sikar city". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  8. ^ Bureau, The Hindu (27 June 2022). "Rajasthan's Sikar highest performing district in school education across India". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
  9. ^ Edu, Sikar (14 December 2020). "JEE coaching in Sikar | IIT, JEE Main, JEE Advanced, Engineering Exam". Sikar Education Hub. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
  10. ^ a b "DOP".
  11. ^ "Prof. Dinesh Kumar". Cug.irins.org.
  12. ^ "Shekhawati region fast emerging as education hub | Jaipur News - Times of India". The Times of India. 30 November 2020.

External links[edit]