South African municipal elections, 2016

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South African municipal elections, 2016

← 2011 3 August 2016 2021 →

All councillors for all 8 metropolitan municipalities

All councillors for all 226 local municipalities

40% of councillors for all 44 district municipalities

  First party Second party
  Jacob Zuma 2014 (cropped).jpg Mmusi Maimane (cropped).jpg
Leader Jacob Zuma Mmusi Maimane
Party African National Congress Democratic Alliance
Last election 61.95% 23.94%
Popular vote 16,103,206 8,033,630
Percentage 53.91% 26.90%
Swing Decrease 8.04% Increase 2.96%

  Third party Fourth party
  Julius Malema 2011-09-14 cropped.jpg Mangosuthu Buthelezi (1983).jpg
Leader Julius Malema Mangosuthu Buthelezi
Party Economic Freedom Fighters Inkatha Freedom Party
Last election (New Party) 3.57%
Popular vote 2,447,353 1,268,824
Percentage 8.19% 4.25%
Swing Increase 8.19% (new) Increase 0.68%

The 2016 South African municipal elections were held on 3 August 2016,[1] to elect councils for all district, metropolitan and local municipalities in each of the country's nine provinces.[2] It was the fifth municipal election held in South Africa since the end of apartheid in 1994; municipal elections are held every five years.

The ruling African National Congress (ANC) was the largest party overall, earning 53.9% of the total vote.[a] It was followed by the official opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) with 26.9% and the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) with 8.2%. Popular support for the ANC fell to its lowest level since 1994, a shift which was most pronounced in the country's urban centres.[3] Despite marginal gains in some areas, the ANC lost control of three metropolitan municipalities – namely Nelson Mandela Bay, City of Tshwane and City of Johannesburg – to opposition parties as a result of the election. The DA achieved its best local electoral performance so far, while the EFF, contesting its first local government election, improved on its performance in the 2014 general election. The local polls were widely seen a turning point in the political landscape of South Africa, as the dominance of the ANC was greatly diminished while coalition and minority governments became more widespread.[4][5]

Electoral system[edit]

Local government in South Africa consists of municipalities of various types. The largest metropolitan areas are governed by metropolitan municipalities, while the rest of the country is divided into district municipalities, each of which consists of several local municipalities. After the 2016 election there were eight metropolitan municipalities, 44 district municipalities and 205 local municipalities.[6]

District and metropolitan (red) municipalities
Local municipalities

The councils of metropolitan and local municipalities are elected by a system of mixed-member proportional representation, in which half of the seats in each municipality are elected on the first-past-the-post system in single-member wards and the other half of the seats are allocated according to the proportional representation (PR) system. The latter takes into account the number of ward seats won by a party, and ensures that the final number of seats held by that party is proportional to their percentage of the total vote.[7] District municipality councils are partly elected by proportional representation and partly appointed by the councils of the constituent local municipalities.[8] Voters in both metropolitan and local municipalities elect a single ward candidate as well as a proportional representative in their municipal council. Residents of municipalities that form part of district councils (that is, excluding metropolitan municipalities) also cast a third vote to elect a proportional representative for their district council in addition to the two votes they cast for their local council.[9]

Political parties[edit]

The ruling African National Congress (ANC) has been the majority party in most municipalities across South Africa, with the exception of those in the Western Cape, since 1994. Its overall share of the vote decreased slightly from 65.7% in 2006 to 62.93% in 2011 amid growing discontent regarding the state of the country's economy and perceived corruption within the organisation since the end of apartheid.[10] The party was led by Jacob Zuma, who was replaced by Cyril Ramaphosa at the 57th National Conference in December 2017.

The official opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) increased its total share of the vote from 16.3% in 2006 to 24.1% in 2011, while assuming control of most Western Cape councils. The party contested an election for the first time under the leadership of Mmusi Maimane, who succeeded Helen Zille as leader in May 2015.[11]

The newly formed Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF), led by expelled ANC Youth League leader Julius Malema, contested its first municipal election since its formation in 2013. Smaller parties included the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP), which held several municipalities in its stronghold KwaZulu-Natal, and the Congress of the People (COPE), which was expected to decrease its share of the vote after the decline in support following the 2014 general election.[12] The National Freedom Party (NFP), a breakaway from the IFP led by former IFP chairperson Zanele kaMagwaza-Msibi, was barred from participating in the election after it failed to pay its registration fee to the Independent Electoral Commission.[13] The party had support in areas where the IFP had been strong, and prior to the election governed a number of municipalities in KwaZulu-Natal in coalition with the African National Congress. The NFP was, however, allowed to contest the election in one municipality, Nquthu, where its local branch had paid the registration fee on time.[14] The party obtained just two seats in this council, down from five seats in 2011.

Campaigning[edit]

2016 South African municipal election posters for the country's three most dominant political parties (ANC, DA, and EFF), in Hertzog Boulevard, Cape Town.

The country's ruling party, the ANC, was reported to have spent R1 billion (US$71 million) in campaigning in the election.[15][16] The Democratic Alliance (DA) was reported to have spent R350 million and the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) spent between R15 million and R20 million.[16] The United Democratic Movement (UDM) reportedly spent under R4 million contesting the election.[16]

The top three issues of the election were the constantly high unemployment rate, corruption and poor service delivery by government.[17] A major campaign issue during the election was corruption within the ANC, in particular President Jacob Zuma's relationship with the Gupta family[18] and funding for the construction of his homestead at Nkandla.[19]

The ANC was accused by commentators and the DA[20] of trying to make racism a key electoral issue by racalising the election.[21]

The run-up to the election was marked by a number of murders of ANC candidates allegedly by rivals within the ANC in an effort to secure lucrative positions in local government.[22] Inter ANC rivialries[23] also sparked protests from 20–22 June 2016 in the City of Tshwane over the ANC's selection of Thoko Didiza as mayoral candidate for the city[24] that left 5 people dead.[25]

In January 2017 the ANC was taken to court by a South African public relations expert (Sihle Bolani) for work done during the elections, Bolani stated that the ANC used her to launch and run a covert R50 million fake news and disinformation campaign aimed at discrediting opposition parties during the election.[26][27][28]

In his book How to Steal a City (2017), author Crispian Olver states that corruption and state capture within the ANC governed Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality led to the party losing the city to the DA in the 2016 elections.[29]

Municipal demarcation changes[edit]

South Africa's Municipal Demarcation Board announced changed ward demarcations and municipal boundaries, following former Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs Minister Pravin Gordhan suggesting the redrawing of boundaries to make municipalities more sustainable and financially viable. There are 34 cases that affect 90 municipalities.[30] The DA objected, and MP James Selfe has announced that the DA would take the Board to court over what it says is clear party-motivated and irrational boundary determinations.[31]

Target municipalities[edit]

The two major political parties announced that they were specifically targeting certain municipalities for the 2016 election. The African National Congress (ANC) claimed that, in addition to maintaining control of certain municipalities, it would also take control of the City of Cape Town.[32] The Democratic Alliance announced a "big five" plan to target specific municipalities: three metropolitan; Tshwane, Johannesburg, Nelson Mandela Bay, and Tlokwe Local Municipality for takeover, and an increased majority in Cape Town.[33]

Nelson Mandela Bay[edit]

Danny Jordaan was appointed Mayor of Nelson Mandela Bay in 2015 and also ran for the ANC in the 2016 election.[34] On April 13, 2015, the Democratic Alliance selected former DA Parliamentary Leader Athol Trollip as its mayoral candidate.[35]

Johannesburg[edit]

Incumbent Mayor Parks Tau represented the African National Congress in the election as its mayoral candidate,[36] despite some ANC members having suggested Geoff Makhubo as a potential alternative.[37] The Democratic Alliance selected businessman Herman Mashaba over Wits professor and DA councillor Rabelani Dagada as its mayoral candidate on January 16, 2016.[38] The EFF did not announce a mayoral candidate, but deployed Floyd Shivambu to build EFF election machinery in Johannesburg for the upcoming election.[39]

Tshwane[edit]

The incumbent mayor of Tshwane was Kgosientso (Sputla) Ramokgopa of the African National Congress. On 20 June 2016 riots broke out in Tshwane over the ANC's selection of Thoko Didiza as mayoral candidate for Tshwane.[40] On 5 September 2015 the Democratic Alliance selected MPL Solly Msimanga over 2011 mayoral candidate Brandon Topham and councillor Bronwyn Engelbrecht.[41]

Cape Town[edit]

Incumbent DA Mayor Patricia de Lille was renominated in January 2016 as her party's mayoral candidate.[42]

Election results[edit]

The ruling African National Congress (ANC) remained the largest party, obtaining 53.91% of the votes nationally, a fall from the 62.93% achieved in 2011. The Democratic Alliance (DA) remained the second largest at 26.90%, up from 24.1% in 2011. The Economic Freedom Fighters obtained 8.19% in their first municipal election.

The decline in ANC support was most significant in urban areas, with the ANC losing its outright majority in 4 of the country's 8 metropolitan municipalities for the first time since 1994. The ANC retained Buffalo City, Mangaung and eThekwini, but with decreased majorities in Buffalo City and eThekwini. In the City of Johannesburg and Ekurhuleni, the ANC lost its majority but retained a plurality. The DA increased its majority in the City of Cape Town, and achieved pluralities in Tshwane and Nelson Mandela Bay, its first in metropolitan municipalities outside of the Western Cape. Of the 4 hung metropolitan municipalities, the ANC retained Ekurhuleni through a coalition, while the DA gained control of Nelson Mandela Bay through a coalition, and formed minority governments in Johannesburg and Tshwane.

National results by party[edit]

Party Ward PR Ward + PR DC Total
Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes %
African National Congress 7,978,983 53.34% 8,124,223 54.49% 16,103,206 53.91% 5,347,126 61.68% 21,450,332 55.65%
Democratic Alliance 4,004,865 26.77% 4,028,765 27.02% 8,033,630 26.90% 1,429,868 16.52% 9,463,498 24.57%
Economic Freedom Fighters 1,217,805 8.14% 1,229,548 8.25% 2,447,353 8.19% 755,326 8.73% 3,202,679 8.31%
Inkatha Freedom Party 632,102 4.23% 636,722 4.27% 1,268,824 4.25% 554,558 6.41% 1,823,382 4.73%
African Independent Congress 88,501 0.59% 145,759 0.98% 234,260 0.78% 99,395 1.15% 333,655 0.87%
Freedom Front Plus 115,993 0.78% 113,288 0.76% 229,281 0.77% 78,268 0.90% 307,549 0.80%
United Democratic Movement 76,351 0.51% 91,271 0.61% 167,622 0.56% 70,378 0.81% 238,000 0.62%
Congress of the People 62,582 0.42% 67,779 0.45% 130,361 0.44% 55,824 0.65% 186,185 0.48%
African Christian Democratic Party 61,966 0.41% 62,463 0.42% 124,429 0.42% 26,536 0.31% 150,965 0.39%
Forum 4 Service Delivery 28,638 0.19% 28,849 0.19% 57,487 0.19% 29,180 0.34% 86,667 0.22%
African People's Convention 24,819 0.17% 40,758 0.27% 65,577 0.22% 19,002 0.22% 84,579 0.22%
Pan Africanist Congress 28,171 0.19% 29,807 0.20% 57,978 0.19% 16,629 0.19% 74,607 0.19%
Bushbuckridge Residents' Association 24,592 0.16% 24,889 0.17% 49,481 0.17% 23,987 0.28% 73,468 0.19%
Independent Civic Organisation 15,240 0.10% 15,239 0.10% 30,479 0.10% 13,762 0.16% 44,241 0.11%
Al Jama-ah 19,030 0.13% 17,223 0.12% 36,243 0.12% 648 0.01% 36,891 0.10%
United Christian Democratic Party 7,975 0.05% 9,695 0.07% 17,670 0.06% 10,571 0.12% 28,241 0.07%
Azanian People's Organisation 9,801 0.07% 10,126 0.07% 19,927 0.07% 8,122 0.09% 28,049 0.07%
Independent 341,030 2.28% N/A 341,030 1.14% N/A 341,030 0.89%
Total[43] 14,959,033 14,910,817 29,869,850 8,654,209 38,524,059

* PR=Proportional representation DC=District Council

Results by Municipal Type[edit]

Nature of the governments formed in the metropolitan and local municipalities

The statistics in this section are all sourced from the Independent Electoral Commission's official website unless specified otherwise.

Metropolitan Municipalities

Party Type of Control Municipalities Change
African National Congress ANC Majority 3 Decrease 4
ANC Coalition 1 Increase 1
Total 4 Decrease 3
Democratic Alliance DA Majority 1 Steady 0
DA Coalition 1 Increase 1
DA Minority 2 Increase 2
Total 4 Increase 3

District Municipalities

Local Municipalities

Party Type of Control Municipalities Change
African National Congress ANC Majority 158 Increase 5 1/6 [b]
ANC Coalition 3 Decrease 18 1/2 [c]
ANC Minority 2 Increase 1
Total 163 Decrease 13 2/3
Democratic Alliance DA Majority 17 Increase 5 2/3 [d]
DA Coalition 8 Decrease 2
DA Minority 4 Increase 4
Total 29 Increase 7 2/3
Inkatha Freedom Party IFP Majority 6 Increase 4
IFP Minority 5 Increase 5
Total 11 Increase 9
COPE COPE Coalition 0 Decrease 1
Total 0 Decrease 1
ICOSA ICOSA Coalition 0 Decrease 1
Total 0 Decrease 1
National Freedom Party NFP Majority 0 Decrease 1
NFP Coalition 0 Decrease 1
Total 0 Decrease 2

Seats won by province[edit]

Seat allocations in local and metropolitan councils, sorted by province.

Eastern Cape[edit]

In the following table, green rows indicate those won by the ANC with a majority, blue rows indicate municipalities won by the DA with a majority, and light blue rows indicate a DA minority, light green cells indicate municipalities won by the ANC with Minorities or Coalitions.

Municipality ANC DA EFF Others Total Prior Control New Control
Metropolitan Municipalities
Buffalo City 60 24 8 8 100 ANC majority ANC majority
Nelson Mandela Bay 50 57 6 7 120 ANC majority UDM-ANC-AIC-UF minority
District Municipalities
Sarah Baartman ANC majority ANC majority
Amothole ANC majority ANC majority
Chris Hani ANC majority ANC majority
Joe Gqabi ANC majority ANC majority
OR Tambo ANC majority ANC majority
Alfred Nzo ANC majority ANC majority
Local Municipalities
Dr Beyers Naudé 14 13 0 0 27 New municipality[e] ANC majority
Blue Crane Route 7 4 0 0 11 ANC majority ANC majority
Makana 17 8 2 0 27 ANC majority ANC majority
Ndlambe 13 6 1 0 20 ANC majority ANC majority
Sundays River Valley 11 4 1 0 16 ANC majority ANC majority
Kouga 12 17 0 0 29 ANC majority DA majority
Kou-Kamma 6 5 0 0 11 ANC majority ANC majority
Mbhashe 47 2 2 12 63 ANC majority ANC majority
Mnquma 48 3 3 8 62 ANC majority ANC majority
Great Kei 9 2 1 1 13 ANC majority ANC majority
Amahlathi 24 3 3 0 30 ANC majority ANC majority
Ngqushwa 20 2 1 0 23 ANC majority ANC majority
Raymond Mhlaba 38 5 3 0 46 ANC majority[f] ANC majority
Inxuba Yethemba 11 7 0 0 18 ANC majority ANC majority
Intsika Yethu 35 1 3 3 42 ANC majority ANC majority
Emalahleni 28 4 1 1 34 ANC majority ANC majority
Engcobo 33 1 2 3 39 ANC majority ANC majority
Sakhisizwe 14 1 1 1 17 ANC majority ANC majority
Enoch Mgijima 50 9 6 3 68 ANC majority[g] ANC majority
Elundini 28 2 1 3 34 ANC majority ANC majority
Senqu 23 2 1 8 34 ANC majority ANC majority
Walter Sisulu 15 5 1 1 22 ANC majority[h] ANC majority
Ngquza Hill 53 2 4 4 63 ANC majority ANC majority
Port St Johns 31 2 1 5 39 ANC majority ANC majority
Nyandeni 54 3 3 3 63 ANC majority ANC majority
Mhlontlo 40 2 2 7 51 ANC majority ANC majority
King Sabata Dalindyebo 46 3 3 20 72 ANC majority ANC majority
Matatiele 38 5 3 5 51 ANC majority ANC majority
Umzimvubu 41 4 3 5 53 ANC majority ANC majority
Mbizana 50 2 4 6 62 ANC majority ANC majority
Ntabankulu 29 2 2 1 34 ANC majority ANC majority

Free State[edit]

In the following table, green cells indicate those municipalities won by the ANC with Majorities. Light blue cells indicate those won by the DA with a minority or coalition, Light green cells indicate those won by the ANC with a minority or coalition.

Municipality ANC DA EFF Others Total Prior Control New Control
Metropolitan Municipalities
Mangaung 58 27 9 6 100 ANC majority ANC majority
District Municipalities
Fezile Dabi ANC majority ANC majority
Lejweleputswa ANC majority ANC majority
Thabo Mofutsanyana ANC majority ANC majority
Xhariep ANC majority ANC majority
Local Municipalities
Dihlabeng 25 8 3 3 39 ANC majority ANC majority
Kopanong 11 3 1 0 15 ANC majority ANC majority
Letsemeng 8 2 1 11 ANC majority ANC majority
Mafube 13 2 1 1 17 ANC majority ANC majority
Maluti-a-Phofung 47 5 9 8 69 ANC majority ANC majority
Mantsopa 11 3 2 1 17 ANC majority ANC majority
Masilonyana 12 4 2 1 19 ANC majority ANC majority
Matjhabeng 46 16 6 4 72 ANC majority ANC majority
Metsimaholo 19 12 8 3 42 ANC majority ANC-SACP coalition
Mohokare 7 2 2 0 11 ANC majority ANC majority
Moqhaka 27 11 4 3 45 ANC majority ANC majority
Nala 15 3 5 1 24 ANC majority ANC majority
Ngwathe 24 8 3 1 36 ANC majority ANC majority
Nketoana 13 3 1 1 18 ANC majority ANC majority
Phumelela 12 2 1 15 ANC majority ANC majority
Setsoto 21 5 3 4 33 ANC majority ANC majority
Tokologo 5 1 1 1 8 ANC majority ANC majority
Tswelopele 11 3 1 0 15 ANC majority ANC majority

Gauteng[edit]

In the following table, green cells indicate those municipalities won by the ANC with Majorities, light green cells indicate municipalities won by the ANC with Minorities or Coalitions. blue cells indicate municipalities won by the DA with a majority, light blue cells indicate those won by the DA with a minority or coalition.

Municipality ANC DA EFF Others Total Prior Control New Control
Metropolitan Municipalities
City of Johannesburg 121 104 30 15 270 ANC majority DA-IFP-FF+ minority [44][45]
Ekurhuleni 109 77 25 13 224 ANC majority ANC-AIC-PAC-PA coalition [46][47]
City of Tshwane 89 93 25 7 214 ANC majority DA-ACDP-FF+ minority [48][49]
District Municipalities
Sedibeng ANC majority ANC majority
West Rand 23 12 6 3 44 [50] ANC majority ANC majority
Local Municipalities
Emfuleni 50 22 11 7 90 ANC majority ANC majority
Lesedi 16 6 3 1 26 ANC majority ANC majority
Midvaal 9 17 2 1 29 DA majority DA majority
Merafong City 30 12 9 4 55 ANC majority ANC majority
Mogale City 38 27 9 3 77 ANC majority ANC minority [51]
Rand West City 37 19 8 5 69 ANC majority ANC majority

KwaZulu-Natal[edit]

In the following table, green rows indicate those won by the ANC with a majority, light green rows indicate those won by the ANC with a minority or coalition, red rows indicate those won by the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) with a majority, and pink rows indicate lead by an IFP minority. Orange cells indicate those one by National Freedom Party (NFP), and light orange indicate those led by NFP coalition.

Municipality ANC DA IFP Others Total Prior Control New Control
Metropolitan Municipalities
eThekwini 126 61 10 22 219 ANC majority ANC majority
District Municipalities
Amajuba ANC majority ANC majority
Harry Gwala ANC majority ANC majority
iLembe ANC majority
Ugu ANC majority
uMgungundlovu ANC majority
uMkhanyakude ANC majority
uMzinyathi ANC-NFP Coalition IFP minority
uThukela ANC Majority
uThungulu ANC majority
Zululand NFP-ANC Coalition IFP minority
Local Municipalities
Greater Kokstad 13 3 0 3 19 ANC majority ANC majority
Umuziwabantu 14 1 4 1 20 ANC majority ANC majority
Ray Nkonyeni 47 14 5 5 71 ANC majority ANC majority
Umzumbe 30 1 6 2 39 ANC majority ANC majority
Umzimkhulu 38 1 1 3 43 ANC majority ANC majority
Dr Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma 23 3 2 1 29 ANC majority ANC majority
Ubuhlebezwe 20 1 2 4 27 ANC majority ANC majority
Umdoni 23 7 3 4 37 ANC majority ANC majority
Mkhambathini 9 1 3 1 14 ANC majority ANC majority
Richmond 11 2 0 1 14 ANC majority ANC majority
Impendle 6 0 1 0 7 ANC majority ANC majority
Okhahlamba 15 2 7 5 29 ANC-NFP coalition ANC majority
Inkosi Langalibalele 23 2 18 3 46 New municipality ANC-Ind coalition [52]
Mooi Mpofana 7 1 1 0 9 ANC majority ANC majority
uMngeni 13 10 0 0 23 ANC majority ANC majority
Msunduzi 52 15 5 6 78 ANC majority ANC majority
Mkhambathini 9 1 3 1 14 ANC majority ANC majority
uMshwathi 20 2 4 1 27 ANC majority ANC majority
Alfred Duma 46 4 16 6 72 New municipality[i] ANC majority
Endumeni 6 2 4 1 13 ANC-NFP coalition IFP minority [53]
Nquthu 14 1 15 3 33 ANC-NFP coalition IFP minority [53]
Msinga 12 0 24 0 36 IFP majority IFP majority
Umvoti 15 1 11 0 27 ANC-NFP coalition ANC majority
Newcastle 41 6 11 9 67 ANC majority ANC majority
eMadlangeni 6 1 3 1 11 ANC-NFP coalition ANC majority
Dannhauser 14 1 8 2 25 ANC-NFP coalition ANC majority
eDumbe 8 5 3 0 16 NFP majority ANC minority
UPhongolo 15 2 10 2 29 ANC-NFP coalition ANC majority
AbaQulusi 21 3 19 1 44 ANC-NFP coalition IFP minority [53]
Nongoma 13 5 22 2 42 NFP-ANC coalition IFP majority
Ulundi 11 0 35 1 47 IFP majority IFP majority
Jozini 19 1 18 2 40 ANC-NFP coalition IFP minority [54]
Mtubatuba 18 2 18 2 40 ANC-NFP coalition IFP minority [53]
uMhlabuyalingana 22 1 10 2 35 ANC majority ANC majority
Big Five Hlabisa 11 1 13 0 25 New municipality IFP majority
uMhlathuze 43 8 13 3 67 ANC majority ANC majority
Mfolozi 17 0 15 1 33 ANC majority ANC majority
uMlalazi 30 1 22 1 54 ANC-NFP coalition ANC majority
Mthonjaneni 10 0 14 1 25 ANC-NFP coalition IFP majority
Nkandla 12 0 15 0 27 ANC-NFP coalition IFP majority
KwaDukuza 36 11 4 6 57 ANC majority ANC majority
Mandeni 25 1 7 2 35 ANC majority ANC majority
Maphumulo 13 0 9 0 22 ANC majority ANC majority
Ndwedwe 27 1 8 1 37 ANC majority ANC majority

Limpopo[edit]

In the following table, green cells indicate those municipalities won by the ANC with Majorities. Light blue cells indicate those won by the DA with a minority or coalition.

Municipality ANC DA EFF Others Total Prior Control New Control
District Municipalities
Capricorn ANC majority ANC majority
Mopani ANC majority ANC majority
Sekhukhune ANC majority ANC majority
Vhembe ANC majority ANC majority
Waterberg ANC majority ANC majority
Local Municipalities
Blouberg 33 2 8 1 44 ANC majority ANC majority
Lepele-Nkumpi 40 3 15 2 60 ANC majority ANC majority
Polokwane 52 10 26 2 90 ANC majority ANC majority
Ba-Phalaborwa 26 4 6 1 37 ANC majority ANC majority
Greater Giyani 51 2 5 4 62 ANC majority ANC majority
Greater Letaba 46 2 9 3 60 ANC majority ANC majority
Greater Tzaneen 52 7 8 2 69 ANC majority ANC majority
Maruleng 15 3 5 4 27 ANC majority ANC majority
Elias Motsoaledi 41 5 10 4 61 ANC majority ANC majority
Ephraim Mogale 20 3 7 2 32 ANC majority ANC majority
Greater Tubatse 54 4 15 4 77 ANC majority ANC majority
Makhuduthamaga 43 2 14 3 62 ANC majority ANC majority
Makhado 56 9 7 3 75 ANC majority ANC majority
Musina 18 3 3 0 24 ANC majority ANC majority
Thulamela 64 4 8 5 81 ANC majority ANC majority
Bela-Bela 9 5 2 1 17 ANC majority ANC majority
Lephalale 17 4 5 0 26 ANC majority ANC majority
Molemole 23 2 7 0 32 ANC majority ANC majority
Mogalakwena 41 6 13 4 64 ANC majority ANC majority
Modimolle/Mookgopong 13 7 6 2 28 ANC majority DA minority [55]
Thabazimbi 10 5 5 3 23 ANC majority DA minority [55]

Mpumalanga[edit]

The ANC's control of the municipalities in this province was not significantly challenged with the party winning over 55% support in every municipality. The DA failed to make any progress in this historically strongly ANC region, with the party's vote share shrinking by a few percentage points overall against a national backdrop of gains for the party. Due in large part to the lack of substantial DA support across the province, the EFF was able to become the main opposition to the ANC in four of the seventeen municipalities.

In the following table, green rows indicate those won by the ANC.

Municipality ANC DA EFF Others Total Prior Control New Control
District Municipalities
Ehlanzeni ANC majority ANC majority
Gert Sibande ANC majority ANC majority
Nkangala ANC majority ANC majority
Local Municipalities
Albert Luthuli 41 2 4 2 49 ANC majority ANC majority
Msukaligwa 29 5 3 1 38 ANC majority ANC majority
Mkhondo 29 3 2 4 38 ANC majority ANC majority
Pixley ka Seme 17 2 1 1 21 ANC majority ANC majority
Lekwa 20 5 2 3 30 ANC majority ANC majority
Dipaleseng 9 2 1 0 12 ANC majority ANC majority
Govan Mbeki 36 15 9 3 63 ANC majority ANC majority
Victor Khanye 11 4 2 0 17 ANC majority ANC majority
Emalahleni 41 17 8 2 68 ANC majority ANC majority
Steve Tshwete 32 17 7 2 58 ANC majority ANC majority
Emakhazeni 11 3 1 0 15 ANC majority ANC majority
Thembisile Hani 49 3 9 3 64 ANC majority ANC majority
Dr JS Moroka 43 4 10 5 62 ANC majority ANC majority
Thaba Chweu 17 7 2 1 27 ANC majority ANC majority
Nkomazi 54 4 7 0 65 ANC majority ANC majority
Bushbuckridge 53 3 4 16 76 ANC majority ANC majority
Mbombela 69 13 6 2 90 ANC majority ANC majority

North West[edit]

In the following table, green rows indicate those won by the ANC, and light green rows indicate those with an ANC minority or coalition.

Municipality ANC DA EFF Others Total Prior Control New Control
District Municipalities
Frances Baard ANC majority ANC majority
John Taolo Gaetsewe ANC majority ANC majority
Namakwa ANC majority ANC majority
Pixley ka Seme ANC majority ANC majority
ZF Mgcawu ANC majority ANC majority
Local Municipalities
Ditsobotla 25 6 5 3 40 ANC majority ANC majority
Kagisano-Molopo 22 2 2 3 29 ANC majority ANC majority
Greater Taung 34 2 6 6 48 ANC majority ANC majority
Kgetlengrivier 8 3 3 1 15 ANC majority ANC majority
Lekwa-Teemane 10 3 1 2 16 ANC majority ANC majority
Madibeng 45 16 14 6 81 ANC majority ANC majority
Mafikeng 43 7 12 7 69 ANC majority ANC majority
Mamusa 11 1 2 4 18 ANC majority ANC majority
Maquassi Hills 14 3 2 3 22 ANC majority ANC majority
Matlosana 46 17 7 7 77 ANC majority ANC majority
Moretele 38 4 8 2 52 ANC majority ANC majority
Moses Kotane 45 4 15 4 68 ANC majority ANC majority
Naledi 13 5 2 0 20 ANC majority ANC majority
Ramotshere Moiloa 23 2 6 7 38 ANC majority ANC majority
Ratlou 20 2 3 3 28 ANC majority ANC majority
Rustenburg 43 14 24 8 89 ANC majority ANC-AIC-BCM coalition
Tswaing 20 5 2 1 29 ANC majority ANC majority
JB Marks 34 22 5 6 67 ANC majority ANC majority

Northern Cape[edit]

In the following table, green rows indicate those won by the ANC majority, and light green cells indicate municipalities led by an ANC coalition or minority. Light blue rows indicate municipalities won led by a DA coalition or minority. Yellow cells indicate municipalities led by a COPE coalition or minority.

Municipality ANC DA EFF Others Total Prior Control New Control
District Municipalities
Frances Baard ANC majority ANC majority
John Taolo Gaetsewe ANC majority ANC majority
Namakwa ANC majority ANC majority
Pixley ka Seme ANC majority ANC majority
ZF Mgcawu ANC majority ANC majority
Local Municipalities
Richtersveld 4 3 0 0 7 ANC majority ANC majority
Nama Khoi 8 7 0 2 17 DA-COPE coalition ANC-KSR coalition[56]
Kamiesberg 4 2 1 0 7 ANC majority ANC majority
Hantam 5 4 0 0 9 DA-COPE coalition ANC majority
Karoo Hoogland 4 2 0 1 7 COPE-DA coalition ANC majority
Khâi-Ma 4 2 0 1 7 ANC majority ANC majority
Ubuntu 3 2 0 2 7 ANC minority[57] ANC minority[58]
Umsobomvu 7 3 1 0 11 ANC majority ANC majority
Emthanjeni 9 5 1 0 15 ANC-Ind coalition ANC majority
Kareeberg 4 2 1 0 7 ANC majority ANC majority
Renosterberg 4 3 0 0 7 ANC majority ANC majority
Thembelihle 4 2 1 0 7 ANC majority ANC majority
Siyathemba 6 3 0 0 9 ANC majority ANC majority
Siyancuma 8 3 2 0 13 ANC majority ANC majority
Kai !Garib 11 5 1 2 19 ANC majority ANC majority
!Kheis 4 1 0 2 7 ANC majority ANC majority
Tsantsabane 7 2 1 3 13 ANC majority ANC majority
Kgatelopele 3 2 0 2 7 ANC majority KGF-DA coalition[59][60]
Dawid Kruiper 18 10 1 2 31 New municipality[j] ANC majority
Sol Plaatje 38 19 5 3 65 ANC majority ANC majority
Dikgatlong 9 2 2 0 13 ANC majority ANC majority
Magareng 5 2 2 0 9 ANC majority ANC majority
Phokwane 12 3 3 1 19 ANC majority ANC majority
Joe Morolong 21 1 6 1 29 ANC majority ANC majority
Ga-Segonyana 18 3 5 1 27 ANC majority ANC majority
Gamagara 7 5 1 0 13 ANC majority ANC majority

Western Cape[edit]

In the following table, green cells indicate those municipalities won by the ANC with Majorities, light green cells indicate municipalities won by the ANC with Minorities or Coalitions. blue cells indicate municipalities won by the DA with a majority, light blue cells indicate those won by the DA with a minority or coalition.

Municipality ANC DA EFF Others Total Prior Control New Control
Metropolitan Municipalities
City of Cape Town 57 154 7 13 231 DA majority DA majority
District Municipalities
West Coast 9 16 0 0 25 DA majority DA majority
Cape Winelands 11 27 2 1 41 DA majority DA majority
Overberg 7 14 0 0 21 DA majority DA majority
Garden Route 12 21 0 2 35 DA-led Coalition DA majority
Central Karoo 4 6 0 3 13 ANC-KGP Coalition DA-KGP Coalition
Local Municipalities
Beaufort West 6 6 0 1 13 ANC majority DA-KDF coalition[61]
Bergrivier 4 9 0 0 13 DA majority DA majority
Breede Valley 12 22 1 6 41 DA majority DA majority
Bitou 6 6 0 1 13 DA majority DA-AUF coalition[62]
Cape Agulhas 3 6 0 2 11 ANC-Ind coalition DA majority
Cederberg 4 6 0 1 11 ANC majority DA majority
Drakenstein 15 43 2 5 65 DA majority DA majority
George 16 29 1 7 53 DA majority DA majority
Hessequa 8 8 0 1 17 DA-COPE coalition DA-FF+ coalition
Kannaland 2 2 0 3 7 ICOSA-ANC coalition ANC-DA coalition [63] (in doubt [64])
Knysna 7 10 0 4 21 DA majority DA-ACDP coalition[65]
Laingsburg 3 3 0 1 7 DA-COPE coalition DA-KOP coalition[61][66][67]
Langeberg 6 12 1 4 23 DA-COPE coalition DA majority
Matzikama 5 8 1 1 15 ANC-led coalition DA majority
Mossel Bay 7 17 0 3 27 DA majority DA majority
Oudtshoorn 7 14 1 3 25 Under Administration DA majority
Overstrand 8 16 1 0 25 DA majority DA majority
Prince Albert 2 3 0 2 7 KGP-ANC coalition DA-KGP coalition[61]
Saldanha Bay 8 17 1 1 27 DA majority DA majority
Stellenbosch 8 30 2 3 43 DA majority DA majority
Swartland 6 16 1 0 23 DA majority DA majority
Swellendam 5 6 0 0 11 DA-ACDP coalition DA majority
Theewaterskloof 10 14 1 2 27 DA majority DA majority
Witzenberg 8 11 1 3 23 DA-COPE-Ind-DCP coalition DA-COPE coalition

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ward + PR total, the figure used by most publications when reporting on the results. This figure provides the most accurate representation of the election outcome, as district municipality results (which favour rural areas) are not taken into account
  2. ^ Not a whole number due to merged municipalities
  3. ^ Not a whole number due to merged municipalities
  4. ^ Not a whole number due to merged municipalities
  5. ^ This municipality was formed by the merger of three smaller municipalities, two had ANC majorities and one a DA majority
  6. ^ This municipality was formed by the merger of two smaller municipalities, both of which had ANC majorities.
  7. ^ This municipality was formed by the merger of three smaller municipalities, all of which had ANC majorities.
  8. ^ This municipality was formed by the merger of two smaller municipalities, both of which had ANC majorities.
  9. ^ This municipality was formed by the merger of two municipalities, one of which was governed by an ANC-NFP Coalition, the other by an ANC majority.
  10. ^ This municipality was formed by the merger of two municipalities, both governed by an ANC majority.

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