IWAS World Games

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The International Wheelchair and Amputee Sports (IWAS) World Games (or IWAS World Games) are a multi-sport competition for athletes with a disability, which under the former name of the International Stoke Mandeville Games were the forerunner of the Paralympic Games. The competition has been formerly known as the World Wheelchair and Amputee Games, the Stoke Mandeville Wheelchair Games, the Stoke Mandeville Games, the World Wheelchair Games, and in the 1960s and 1970s was often referred to as the Wheelchair Olympics.

The Games were originally held in 1948 by neurologist Sir Ludwig Guttmann, who organized a sporting competition involving World War II veterans with spinal cord injuries at the Stoke Mandeville Hospital rehabilitation facility in Aylesbury, England, taking place concurrently with the first post-war Summer Olympics in London. In 1952, the Netherlands joined in the event, creating the first international sports competition for the disabled. In 1960, the Ninth Stoke Mandeville Games were held in Rome, Italy, following that year's Olympic Games. These are considered to be the first Paralympic Games.[1] The 2012 Paralympic mascot Mandeville was named after Stoke Mandeville Hospital.[2]

While the Paralympic Games evolved to include athletes from all disability groups, the Stoke Mandeville games continued to be organized as a multi-sport event for wheelchair athletes. Games were held annually in Aylesbury under the direction of the International Stoke Mandeville Games Federation (ISMGF), which became the International Stoke Mandeville Wheelchair Sports Federation (ISMWSF).

In 1999, the World Wheelchair Games were held in Christchurch, New Zealand. In 2003, the Games were again held in Christchurch, and combined with a competition for amputee athletes organized by the International Sports Organization for the Disabled. In 2004, ISMWSF and ISOD merged to create the International Wheelchair and Amputee Sports Federation (IWAS). The first games held under the name IWAS World Wheelchair and Amputee Games were held in 2005 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The second IWAS Games were held in 2007 in Chinese Taipei and the third IWAS games were held in Bangalore, India in November 2009.

Games by year[edit]

Year Name of the event Host annotation
1948 Stoke Mandeville Games for the Paralyzed[3]  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville July 28, 1948, archery competition, 16 competitors[4] (14 men, 2 women[5])
1949 Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1950 Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1951 Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1952 1st International Stoke Mandeville Games[6]  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville A Dutch team participated, making it an international event[4]
1953 2nd International Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1954 3rd International Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1955 4th International Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1956 5th International Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1957 6th International Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1958 7th International Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1959 8th International Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1960 9th International Stoke Mandeville Games.
later known as the 1st Paralympic Games[7]
 Italy Rome
1961 10th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1962 11th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1963 12th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1964 13th International Stoke Mandeville Games.
later known as the 2nd Paralympic Games[8]
 Japan Tokio
1965 14th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1966 15th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1967 16th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1968 17th International Stoke Mandeville Games.
later known as the 3rd Paralympic Games.[9]
 Israel Tel Aviv
1969 18th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1970 19th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1971 20th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1972 21st International Stoke Mandeville Games.
later known as the 4th Paralympic Games[9][10]
 Germany Heidelberg
1973 22nd International Stoke Mandeville Games
1974 23rd International Stoke Mandeville Games
1975 24th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1976 5th Summer Paralympics  Canada Toronto
1977 25th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1978 26th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1979 27th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1980 6th Summer Paralympics  Netherlands Arnhem
1981 28th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1982 29th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1983 30th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1984 7th Summer Paralympics  United States
 United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1985 31st International Stoke Mandeville Games
1986 32nd International Stoke Mandeville Games
1987 33rd International Stoke Mandeville Games
1988 8th Summer Paralympics  South Korea Seoul
1989 34th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1990 35th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1991 36th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1992 9th Summer Paralympics  Spain Barcelona
1993 37th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1994 38th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1995 39th International Stoke Mandeville Games
1996 10th Summer Paralympics  United States Atlanta

From 1997, the IWAS event was renamed World Wheelchair Games.

Year Name of the event Host annotation
1997 World Wheelchair Games
1998 World Wheelchair Games
1999 World Wheelchair Games  New Zealand Christchurch
2000 11th Summer Paralympics  Australia Sydney
2001 World Wheelchair Games[11]
2002 World Wheelchair Games[11]
2003 World Wheelchair Games[11]  New Zealand Christchurch
2004 12th Summer Paralympics  Greece Athens
2005 World Wheelchair and Amputee Games[12]  Brazil Rio de Janeiro Over 700 athletes from 44 nations. Five events: track and field, table tennis, archery, shooting, and billiards.[13]
2006 World Wheelchair and Amputee Games  India Bangalore
2007 World Wheelchair and Amputee Games[14]  Taiwan Taipei
2008 13th Summer Paralympics  China Beijing
2009 IWAS World Games[15] [16][17][18]  India Bangalore
2011 IWAS World Games  United Arab Emirates Sharjah December 1–10, 2011[19]
2012 14th Summer Paralympics  United Kingdom London
2013 IWAS World Games  Netherlands Stadskanaal
2015 IWAS World Games  Russia Sotchi
2016 15th Summer Paralympics  Brazil Rio de Janeiro
2017 IWAS World Games  Portugal Vila Real de Santo António
2019 IWAS World Games

IWAS World Games[edit]

Names :

  • 1-International Stoke Mandeville Games (1948 to 1995 consist of four paralympic games) - 39 Editions
  • 2-World Wheelchair Games (1997-2003) - 6 Editions
  • 3-World Wheelchair and Amputee Games (2005-2007) - 3 Editions
  • 4-IWAS World Games (2009 to 2017) - 5 Editions
No. Year Host City Events
1 2009 India Bangalore, India
2 2011 United Arab Emirates Sharjah, UAE
3 2013 Netherlands Stadskanaal, Netherlands
4 2015 Russia Sochi, Russia
5 2017 Portugal Vila Real de Santo António, Portugal

IWAS Under 23 World Games (IWAS Junior World Games)[edit]

No. Year Host City Events
1 2005 United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville, UK
2 2006 Republic of Ireland Ireland
3 2007 South Africa South Africa
4 2008 United States United States
5 2009 Switzerland Nottwill, Switzerland
6 2010 Czech Republic Olomouc, Czech Republic
7 2011 United Arab Emirates Dubai, UAE
8 2012 Czech Republic Olomouc, Czech Republic
9 2013 Puerto Rico Mayaguez, Puerto Rico
10 2014 United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville, UK
11 2015 Netherlands Stadskanaal, Netherlands
12 2016 Czech Republic Prague, Czech Republic

IWAS World Junior Games / IWAS Under 23 World Games[edit]

For some years now, the IWAS Federation has hosted junior competitions, which were named IWAS World Junior Games by 2015. Since 2016 they are called IWAS Under 23 World Games and will only be played in years with even numbers.[20]

No. Year Date Venue Results
1 2005 July 6/7 Stoke Mandeville Stadion Result list
2 2006 July 14-16 Dublin Stadion Result list
3 2007 4-6 April Ekurhuleni Germiston Sports Precinct Result list
4 2008 July 18-27 Piscataway Results
5 2009 July 16-19 Nottwil SPZ Nottwil Result list
6 2010 August 19-26 Olomouc Results
7 2011 April 14-21 Dubai Result List
8 2012 July 19-21 Olomouc Results
9 2013 August 6-14 Mayaguez Central American Stadium Ergebnisliste
10 2014 August 3-7 Stoke Mandeville Results
11 2015 July 2-8 Stadskanaal Sportpark Stadskanaal Ergebnisliste
12 2016 June 29–July 3 Prague Results

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Randi Druzin (September 5, 2008). "Paralympics traces roots to Second World War". CBC Sports.
  2. ^ BBC Wenlock and Mandeville
  3. ^ Paralympics: Where Heroes Come Archived 2010-06-11 at the Wayback Machine., by Dr. Robert Steadward and Cynthia Peterson. Edmonton, Alberta: One Shot Holdings Ltd., 1997, melazerte.com, May 30, 2010
  4. ^ a b Remembering Paralympics past, BBC, July 15, 2008
  5. ^ The Paralympics: It all started with Veterans Archived 2016-08-15 at the Wayback Machine.. Veteran Affairs Canada
  6. ^ Chronology of Events in the Development of Wheelchair Basketball Archived 2011-04-30 at the Wayback Machine., International Wheelchair Basketball Federation (IWBF)
  7. ^ Rome 1960, International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
  8. ^ The Thirteenth International Stoke Mandeville Games for The Paralysed, dinf.ne.jp, March 17, 1999
  9. ^ a b Summer Games Governance 1960 to 1992 Archived 2012-12-16 at Archive.is, International Wheelchair and Amputee Sports Federation (IWAS)
  10. ^ 21st Wheelchair Olympics, by Charles J. Bierbauer, The Pittsburgh Press, August 1, 1972, Google News Archive Search
  11. ^ a b c 2003 World Wheelchair Games / Jeux Mondiaux 2003 Archived 2010-02-17 at the Wayback Machine., Canadian Wheelchair Sports Association
  12. ^ 2005 World Wheelchair and Amputee Games Archived 2010-12-12 at the Wayback Machine., cwsa.ca
  13. ^ 21. Sports – Accomplishments Abroad – The First IWAS World Wheelchair and Amputee Games Archived 2011-06-18 at the Wayback Machine., gio.gov.tw
  14. ^ Singapore wins 14 medals at 2007 World Wheelchair and Amputee Games, sglead.wordpress.com, September 18, 2007
  15. ^ Official website of the 2009 IWAS World Games Archived 2010-05-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ 2009 IWAS World Wheelchair & Amputee Games, International Wheelchair and Amputee Sports Federation (IWAS) Archived 2012-09-08 at Archive.is
  17. ^ The Official Website of 2009 IWAS World Games Archived 2010-05-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ 2009 IWAS World Games, International Wheelchair and Amputee Sports Federation (IWAS), November 24, 2009
  19. ^ IWAS announced today that the bid to host the IWAS World Games, International Wheelchair and Amputee Sports Federation (IWAS), February 8, 2011
  20. ^ IWAS announces a new look for their IWAS Games programme, auf: iwasf.com, abgerufen 9. September 2016

External links[edit]