IWAS World Games

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Stoke Mandeville Games)
Jump to: navigation, search

The International Wheelchair and Amputee Sports (IWAS) World Games (or IWAS World Games) are a multi-sport competition for athletes with a disability, which under the former name of the International Stoke Mandeville Games were the forerunner of the Paralympic Games. The competition has been formerly known as the World Wheelchair and Amputee Games, the Stoke Mandeville Wheelchair Games, the Stoke Mandeville Games, the World Wheelchair Games, and in the 1960s and 1970s was often referred to as the Wheelchair Olympics.

The Games were originally held in 1948 by neurologist Sir Ludwig Guttmann, who organized a sporting competition involving World War II veterans with spinal cord injuries at the Stoke Mandeville Hospital rehabilitation facility in Aylesbury, England, taking place concurrently with the first post-war Summer Olympics in London. In 1952, the Netherlands joined in the event, creating the first international sports competition for the disabled. In 1960, the Ninth Stoke Mandeville Games were held in Rome, Italy, following that year's Olympic Games. These are considered to be the first Paralympic Games.[1] The 2012 Paralympic mascot Mandeville was named after Stoke Mandeville Hospital.[2]

While the Paralympic Games evolved to include athletes from all disability groups, the Stoke Mandeville games continued to be organized as a multi-sport event for wheelchair athletes. Games were held annually in Aylesbury under the direction of the International Stoke Mandeville Games Federation (ISMGF), which became the International Stoke Mandeville Wheelchair Sports Federation (ISMWSF).

In 1999, the World Wheelchair Games were held in Christchurch, New Zealand. In 2003, the Games were again held in Christchurch, and combined with a competition for amputee athletes organized by the International Sports Organization for the Disabled. In 2004, ISMWSF and ISOD merged to create the International Wheelchair and Amputee Sports Federation (IWAS). The first games held under the name IWAS World Wheelchair and Amputee Games were held in 2005 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The second IWAS Games were held in 2007 in Chinese Taipei and the third IWAS games were held in Bangalore, India in November 2009.

Games by year (incomplete)[edit]

  • 1948: Stoke Mandeville Games for the Paralyzed[3] July 28, 1948, archery competition, 16 competitors[4] (14 men, 2 women[5])
  • 1949–1951: Stoke Mandeville Games
  • 1952:Stoke Mandeville, England – First International Stoke Mandeville Games[6] A Dutch team participated, making it an international event[4]
  • 1953–1959: International Stoke Mandeville Games (2nd–8th)
  • 1960: 9th Annual International Stoke Mandeville Games, Rome, Italy – later known as the 1st Paralympic Games[7]
  • 1961–1963: International Stoke Mandeville Games (10th–12th)
  • 1964: 13th International Stoke Mandeville Games for the Paralysed, Tokyo, Japan – later known as the 2nd Paralympic Games[8]
  • 1965–1967: International Stoke Mandeville Games (14th–16th)
  • 1968: 17th International Stoke Mandeville Games, Tel Aviv, Israel[9] – later known as the 3rd Paralympic Games
  • 1969–1972: International Stoke Mandeville Games (18th–20th)
  • 1972: 21st International Stoke Mandeville Games, Heidelberg, Germany – later known as the 4th Paralympic Games[9][10]
  • 1973–1975: International Stoke Mandeville Games
  • 1976: None (5th Paralympic Year)
  • 1977–1979: International Stoke Mandeville Games
  • 1980: None (6th Paralympic Year)
  • 1981–1983: International Stoke Mandeville Games
  • 1984: None (7th Paralympic Year)
  • 1985–1987: International Stoke Mandeville Games
  • 1988: None (8th Paralympic Year)
  • 1989–1991: International Stoke Mandeville Games
  • 1992: None (9th Paralympic Year)
  • 1993–1995: International Stoke Mandeville Games
  • 1996: None (10th Paralympic Year)
  • 1997–2000 – World Wheelchair Games
  • 2000: None (11th Paralympic Year)
  • 2001–2003: World Wheelchair Games[11]
  • 2004: None (12th Paralympic Year)
  • 2005: World Wheelchair and Amputee Games[12]Rio de Janeiro,  Brazil. Over 700 athletes from 44 nations. Five events: track and field, table tennis, archery, shooting, and billiards.[13]
  • 2006 World Wheelchair and Amputee Games, Bangalore,  India
  • 2007: World Wheelchair and Amputee Games Chinese Taipei Taipei[14]
  • 2008: None (13th Paralympic Year)
  • 2009: IWAS World Games – Bangalore,  India,[15][16][17]
  • 2011: IWAS World Games – Sharjah,  United Arab Emirates – 1–10 December 2011[18]
  • 2012: None (14th Paralympic Year)
  • 2013: IWAS World Games, Stadskanaal,  Netherlands
  • 2015: IWAS World Games, Sochi,  Russia
  • 2016: None (15th Paralympic Year)
  • 2017: IWAS World Games, Vila Real de Santo António,  Portugal
  • 2018: IWAS World Games

=== Spiele, Jahre, Austragungsorte === (need to translate from german to english)

complete and translate to english and add to table

Jahr Name der Veranstaltung Gastgeber
1948 Stoke Mandeville Games for the Paralysed  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1949 Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1950 Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1951 Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1952 1. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1953 2. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1954 3. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1955 4. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1956 5. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1957 6. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1958 7. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1959 8. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games  United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1960 9. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games.
Heute als 1. Sommer-Paralympics 1960 bezeichnet.
 Italy Rom
1961 10. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1962 11. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1963 12. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1964 13. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games.
Heute als 2. Sommer-Paralympics 1964 bezeichnet.
 Japan Tokio
1965 14. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1966 15. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1967 16. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1968 17. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games.
Heute als 3. Sommer-Paralympics 1968 bezeichnet.
 Israel Tel Aviv
1969 18. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1970 19. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1971 20. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1972 21. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games.
Heute als 4. Sommer-Paralympics 1972 bezeichnet.
 Germany Heidelberg
1973 22. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1974 23. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1975 24. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1976 5. Sommer-Paralympics 1976  Canada Toronto
1977 25. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1978 26. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1979 27. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1980 6. Sommer-Paralympics 1980  Netherlands Arnhem
1981 28. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1982 29. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1983 30. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1984 7. Sommer-Paralympics 1984  United States
 United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
1985 31. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1986 32. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1987 33. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1988 8. Sommer-Paralympics 1988  South Korea Seoul
1989 34. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1990 35. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1991 36. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1992 9. Sommer-Paralympics 1992  Spain Barcelona
1993 37. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1994 38. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1995 39. Internationale Stoke Mandeville Games
1996 10. Sommer-Paralympics 1996  United States Atlanta

Ab 1997 wurde die Veranstaltung der IWAS in World Wheelchair Games umbenannt.

Jahr Name der Veranstaltung Gastgeber
1997 World Wheelchair Games
1998 World Wheelchair Games
1999 World Wheelchair Games  New Zealand Christchurch
2000 11. Sommer-Paralympics 2000  Australia Sydney
2001 World Wheelchair Games
2002 World Wheelchair Games
2003 World Wheelchair Games  New Zealand Christchurch
2004 12. Sommer-Paralympics 2004  Greece Athen
2005 World Wheelchair and Amputee Games  Brazil Rio de Janeiro
2006 World Wheelchair and Amputee Games  India Bangalore
2007 World Wheelchair and Amputee Games  China Taipeh
2008 13. Sommer-Paralympics 2008  China Peking
2009 IWAS World Games  India Bangalore[19]
2011 IWAS World Games Template:VAE Sharjah
2012 14. Sommer-Paralympics 2012  United Kingdom London
2013 IWAS World Games  Netherlands Stadskanaal
2015 IWAS World Games  Russia Sotschi
2016 15. Sommer-Paralympics 2016  Brazil Rio de Janeiro
2017 IWAS World Games  Portugal Vila Real de Santo António
2018 IWAS World Games nicht vergeben

IWAS World Games[edit]

Names :

  • 1-International Stoke Mandeville Games (1948 to 1995 consist of four paralympic games) - 39 Editions
  • 2-World Wheelchair Games (1997-2003) - 6 Editions
  • 3-World Wheelchair and Amputee Games (2005-2007) - 3 Editions
  • 4-IWAS World Games (2009 to 2017) - 5 Editions
No. Year Host City Events
1 2009 India Bangalore, India
2 2011 United Arab Emirates Sharjah, UAE
3 2013 Netherlands Stadskanaal, Netherlands
4 2015 Russia Sochi, Russia
5 2017 Portugal Vila Real de Santo António, Portugal

All time medal table[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Total

IWAS Under 23 World Games (IWAS Junior World Games)[edit]

No. Year Host City Events
1 2005 United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville, UK
2 2006 Republic of Ireland -, Ireland
3 2007 South Africa -, South Africa
4 2008 United States -, United States
5 2009 Switzerland Nottwill, Switzerland
6 2010 Czech Republic Olomouc, Czech Republic
7 2011 United Arab Emirates Dubai, UAE
8 2012 Czech Republic Olomouc, Czech Republic
9 2013 Puerto Rico Mayaguez, Puerto Rico
10 2014 United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville, UK
11 2015 Netherlands Stadskanaal, Netherlands
12 2016 Czech Republic Prague, Czech Republic

IWAS World Junior Games / IWAS Under 23 World Games[edit]

Seit einigen Jahren werden durch die IWAS Federation zusätzlich auch Juniorenwettkämpfe ausgetragen, die bis 2015 IWAS World Junior Games hießen. Seit 2016 heißen sie IWAS Under 23 World Games und werden nur noch in Jahren mit geraden Zahlen ausgetragen.[20]

Nr. Jahr Datum Ort Austragungsstätte Ergebnisse
1. 2005 6./7. Juli Stoke Mandeville Stadion Result list
2. 2006 14.-16. Juli Dublin Stadion Result list
3. 2007 4.-6. April Ekurhuleni Germiston Sports Precinct Result list
4. 2008 18.-27. Juli Piscataway Results
5. 2009 16.-19. Juli Nottwil SPZ Nottwil Result list
6. 2010 19.-26. August Olomouc Results
7. 2011 14.-21. April Dubai Result List
8. 2012 19.-21. Juli Olomouc Results
9. 2013 6.-14. August Mayaguez Central American Stadium Ergebnisliste
10. 2014 3.-7. August Stoke Mandeville Results
11. 2015 2.-8. Juli Stadskanaal Sportpark Stadskanaal Ergebnisliste
12. 2016 29. Juni – 3. Juli Prague Results

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Randi Druzin (September 5, 2008). "Paralympics traces roots to Second World War". CBC Sports. 
  2. ^ BBC Wenlock and Mandeville
  3. ^ Paralympics: Where Heroes Come Archived 2010-06-11 at the Wayback Machine., by Dr. Robert Steadward and Cynthia Peterson. Edmonton, Alberta: One Shot Holdings Ltd., 1997, melazerte.com, May 30, 2010
  4. ^ a b Remembering Paralympics past, BBC, July 15, 2008
  5. ^ The Paralympics: It all started with Veterans Archived 2016-08-15 at the Wayback Machine.. Veteran Affairs Canada
  6. ^ Chronology of Events in the Development of Wheelchair Basketball Archived 2011-04-30 at the Wayback Machine., International Wheelchair Basketball Federation (IWBF)
  7. ^ Rome 1960, International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
  8. ^ The Thirteenth International Stoke Mandeville Games for The Paralysed, dinf.ne.jp, March 17, 1999
  9. ^ a b Summer Games Governance 1960 to 1992 Archived 2012-12-16 at Archive.is, International Wheelchair and Amputee Sports Federation (IWAS)
  10. ^ 21st Wheelchair Olympics, by Charles J. Bierbauer, The Pittsburgh Press, August 1, 1972, Google News Archive Search
  11. ^ 2003 World Wheelchair Games / Jeux Mondiaux 2003 Archived 2010-02-17 at the Wayback Machine., Canadian Wheelchair Sports Association
  12. ^ 2005 World Wheelchair and Amputee Games Archived 2010-12-12 at the Wayback Machine., cwsa.ca
  13. ^ 21. Sports – Accomplishments Abroad – The First IWAS World Wheelchair and Amputee Games Archived 2011-06-18 at the Wayback Machine., gio.gov.tw
  14. ^ Singapore wins 14 medals at World Wheelchair and Amputee Games 2007, sglead.wordpress.com, September 18, 2007
  15. ^ IWAS World Wheelchair & Amputee Games 2009, International Wheelchair and Amputee Sports Federation (IWAS) Archived 2012-09-08 at Archive.is
  16. ^ The Official Website of IWAS World Games 2009 Archived 2010-05-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ IWAS World Games 2009, International Wheelchair and Amputee Sports Federation (IWAS), November 24, 2009
  18. ^ IWAS announced today that the bid to host the IWAS World Games, International Wheelchair and Amputee Sports Federation (IWAS), February 8, 2011
  19. ^ Offizielle Webseite der IWAS World Games 2009 Archived 2010-05-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ IWAS announces a new look for their IWAS Games programme, auf: iwasf.com, abgerufen 9. September 2016

External links[edit]