|Brand(s)||Raw (2002–2011; 2016–present)
SmackDown (2002–2011; 2016–present)
|First event||SummerSlam (1988)|
SummerSlam is a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event, produced annually in August by professional wrestling promotion WWE. Dubbed as "The Biggest Party of the Summer", it is one of the original "Big Four" pay-per-view events of WWE (along with WrestleMania, Royal Rumble and Survivor Series). The inaugural SummerSlam took place on August 29, 1988 at Madison Square Garden in New York City and was broadcast via pay-per-view. SummerSlam has been touted by WWE as their second biggest event of the year after WrestleMania. From 2009 to 2014, SummerSlam remained exclusive to Staples Center in Los Angeles. In 2015, the event took place in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, where it will return for the next two years.
In the 1980s, Vince McMahon's World Wrestling Federation (WWF)'s main competition in the professional wrestling industry was from the Charlotte based Jim Crockett Promotions (JCP) who was a member of the National Wrestling Alliance (NWA). McMahon countered Jim Crockett's successful Starrcade closed-circuit television event, which began airing in 1983, by making the WrestleMania franchise. After WrestleMania III, the most successful professional wrestling pay-per-view event in history, McMahon created the Survivor Series franchise, which aired the same day as Starrcade '87 in November 1987. After defeating Crockett in the ratings, McMahon created the Royal Rumble, an event airing for free on the USA Network in January 1988, which set a ratings record for the network with eight million households tuning in to watch the event. In retaliation, Crockett created the Clash of the Champions event, which aired simultaneously with WrestleMania IV. WrestleMania IV garnered higher ratings, and not long after, Crockett filed for bankruptcy and sold his company to Ted Turner, who renamed it World Championship Wrestling (WCW).
As the WWF continued to replace its closed circuit programming with pay-per-view programming, Vince McMahon added more pay-per-views to the lineup to capitalize on the success of his previous events. In addition to WrestleMania in March and Survivor Series in November, McMahon added a third pay-per-view for August, which he named SummerSlam. To keep the WWF from having a pay-per-view market monopoly, Turner began airing monthly WCW pay-per-views, and both companies began bringing in hundreds of millions of dollars of revenue. SummerSlam became one of World Wrestling Federation's (and later World Wrestling Entertainment's) most successful events and one of the "Big Four" pay-per-views, along with WrestleMania, Survivor Series, and Royal Rumble. Those four events, along with King of the Ring, are known as the "Classic Five".
The first SummerSlam was held on August 29, 1988 in Madison Square Garden in New York City. In 2002, WWE instituted a "brand extension", where the roster was split and wrestlers and pay-per-views were made exclusive to the RAW and SmackDown! brands; SummerSlam, WrestleMania, Royal Rumble, and Survivor Series were the only four events involving wrestlers and matches from both brands. The 2006 event was the first to also include the newly made ECW brand. In 2007, all pay-per-views began once again involving talent from all three brands, until ECW was dissolved in 2010.
Dates and venues
|1||SummerSlam (1988)||August 29, 1988||New York, New York||Madison Square Garden||Hulk Hogan and Randy Savage vs. Ted DiBiase and André The Giant|
|2||SummerSlam (1989)||August 28, 1989||East Rutherford, New Jersey||Brendan Byrne Arena||Hulk Hogan and Brutus Beefcake vs. Randy Savage and Zeus|
|3||SummerSlam (1990)||August 27, 1990||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||Spectrum||The Ultimate Warrior (c) vs. Rick Rude in a Steel Cage match for the WWF World Heavyweight Championship|
|4||SummerSlam (1991)||August 26, 1991||New York, New York||Madison Square Garden||Hulk Hogan and The Ultimate Warrior vs. Sgt. Slaughter, General Adnan and Colonel Mustafa|
|5||SummerSlam (1992)||August 29, 1992||London, England||Wembley Stadium||Bret Hart (c) vs. The British Bulldog for the WWF Intercontinental Heavyweight Championship|
|6||SummerSlam (1993)||August 30, 1993||Auburn Hills, Michigan||The Palace of Auburn Hills||Yokozuna (c) vs. Lex Luger for the WWF World Heavyweight Championship|
|7||SummerSlam (1994)||August 29, 1994||Chicago, Illinois||United Center||The Undertaker vs. "The Undertaker"|
|8||SummerSlam (1995)||August 27, 1995||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania||Pittsburgh Civic Arena||Diesel (c) vs. King Mabel for the WWF World Heavyweight Championship|
|9||SummerSlam (1996)||August 18, 1996||Cleveland, Ohio||Gund Arena||Shawn Michaels (c) vs. Vader for the WWF World Heavyweight Championship|
|10||SummerSlam (1997)||August 3, 1997||East Rutherford, New Jersey||Continental Airlines Arena||The Undertaker (c) vs. Bret Hart for the WWF World Heavyweight Championship|
|11||SummerSlam (1998)||August 30, 1998||New York, New York||Madison Square Garden||Stone Cold Steve Austin (c) vs. The Undertaker for the WWF Championship|
|12||SummerSlam (1999)||August 22, 1999||Minneapolis, Minnesota||Target Center||Stone Cold Steve Austin (c) vs. Triple H vs. Mankind for the WWF Championship|
|13||SummerSlam (2000)||August 27, 2000||Raleigh, North Carolina||Entertainment and Sports Arena||The Rock (c) vs. Kurt Angle vs. Triple H for the WWF Championship|
|14||SummerSlam (2001)||August 19, 2001||San Jose, California||Compaq Center at San Jose||Booker T (c) vs. The Rock for the WCW Championship|
|15||SummerSlam (2002)||August 25, 2002||Uniondale, New York||Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum||The Rock (c) vs. Brock Lesnar for the WWE Undisputed Championship|
|16||SummerSlam (2003)||August 24, 2003||Phoenix, Arizona||America West Arena||Triple H (c) vs. Chris Jericho vs. Kevin Nash vs. Shawn Michaels vs. Randy Orton vs. Goldberg in an Elimination Chamber match for the World Heavyweight Championship|
|17||SummerSlam (2004)||August 15, 2004||Toronto, Ontario, Canada||Air Canada Centre||Chris Benoit (c) vs. Randy Orton for the World Heavyweight Championship|
|18||SummerSlam (2005)||August 21, 2005||Washington, D.C.||MCI Center||Hulk Hogan vs. Shawn Michaels|
|19||SummerSlam (2006)||August 20, 2006||Boston, Massachusetts||TD Banknorth Garden||Edge (c) vs. John Cena for the WWE Championship|
|20||SummerSlam (2007)||August 26, 2007||East Rutherford, New Jersey||Continental Airlines Arena||John Cena (c) vs. Randy Orton for the WWE Championship|
|21||SummerSlam (2008)||August 17, 2008||Indianapolis, Indiana||Conseco Fieldhouse||The Undertaker vs. Edge in a Hell in a Cell match|
|22||SummerSlam (2009)||August 23, 2009||Los Angeles, California||Staples Center||Jeff Hardy (c) vs. CM Punk in a Tables, Ladders, and Chairs match for the World Heavyweight Championship|
|23||SummerSlam (2010)||August 15, 2010||John Cena, Daniel Bryan, Edge, Chris Jericho, Bret Hart, R-Truth and John Morrison vs. Wade Barrett, Justin Gabriel, Heath Slater, David Otunga, Skip Sheffield, Michael Tarver and Darren Young|
|24||SummerSlam (2011)||August 14, 2011||CM Punk (c) vs. John Cena (c) for the Undisputed WWE Championship|
|25||SummerSlam (2012)||August 19, 2012||Brock Lesnar vs. Triple H in a No Disqualification match|
|26||SummerSlam (2013)||August 18, 2013||John Cena (c) vs. Daniel Bryan for the WWE Championship|
|27||SummerSlam (2014)||August 17, 2014||John Cena (c) vs. Brock Lesnar for the WWE World Heavyweight Championship|
|28||SummerSlam (2015)||August 23, 2015||Brooklyn, New York||Barclays Center||The Undertaker vs. Brock Lesnar|
|29||SummerSlam (2016)||August 21, 2016||Brock Lesnar vs. Randy Orton|
|30||SummerSlam (2017)||August 20, 2017||TBD|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to SummerSlam.|
- Dee, Louie (2006-05-17). "Let the Party Begin". WWE.com. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
- Assael, Shaun. Sex, Lies, & Headlocks, 94–95.
- "WWE and SummerSlam sizzle in Los Angeles". WWE. August 9, 2010. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- Assael, Shaun. Sex, Lies, & Headlocks, 74–80.
- Keith, Scott (2004). Wrestling's One Ring Circus: The Death of the World Wrestling Federation. Citadel Press. p. 160. ISBN 0-8065-2619-X.
- Hamilton, Ian (2006). Wrestling's Sinking Ship: What Happens to an Industry Without Competition. Lulu.com. p. 160. ISBN 1-4116-1210-8.
- Shields, Brian (2006). Main Event: WWE in the Raging 80s (4th ed.). Pocket Books. p. 166. ISBN 978-1-4165-3257-6.
- "WWE Pay-Per-Views To Follow WrestleMania Formula". WWE. 2007-03-14. Retrieved 2008-05-14.
- Dale Plummer and Nick Tylwalk (2006-08-21). "Flair & Hogan top average SummerSlam". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-05-14.
- Martin, Adam (2008-11-20). "Reader Notes: Bret Hart, WWE in Elmira, 2009 PPVs". WrestleView. Retrieved 2008-11-21.
- "SummerSlam". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved 2010-03-18.