Taiwanese local elections, 2018

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Taiwanese local elections, 2018

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Party Democratic Progressive Kuomintang
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The Taiwanese local elections of 2018 are scheduled to be held on 24 November 2018.[1][2] Local elections are held across the country, with elections to 22 local authorities.

Seats up for election[edit]

This local election is the first test for the incumbent President Tsai Ing-wen since assuming office in 2016. The results may affect the next legislative and presidential election in 2020. The Central Election Commission opened election registration to candidates on 27 August 2018.[3]

Category Number of Seats Term
Mayor & Magistrate 6
16
Councillor 375
532
Municipal Head 198
6
  • Special municipality (Mountain indigenous District): 2nd
Municipal Councillor 2096
50
  • Special municipality (Mountain indigenous District): 2nd
Village Chief 7852

Political context prior to the elections[edit]

Recent election results
Dates of elections Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg Democratic Progressive Party Newpowerpartlogo
New Power Party
Sunrise Island.svg Taiwan Solidarity Union LogoPFP.svg People First Party Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent
Votes Votes % Votes Votes % Votes Votes % Votes Votes % Votes Votes % Votes Votes %
Local election 2014 5,463,570 45.76% 5,755,287 48.21% 704,385 5.90%
Presidential election, 2016 3,813,365 31.04% 6,894,744 56.12% 1,576,861 12.84%
Legislative election, 2016 (Constituency) 4,724,366 38.89% 5,416,659 44.59% 351,244 2.89% 97,765 0.80% 156,212 1.29% 668,441 5.50%
Legislative election, 2016 (Proportional representation) 3,280,949 26.91% 5,370,953 44.06% 744,315 6.11% 305,675 2.51% 794,838 6.52%

The Democratic Progressive Party has won the popular vote against the Kuomintang in all of the last three elections[4].

Political map
Local election 2014 Presidential election, 2016 Legislative election, 2016 (Constituency) Legislative election, 2016 (Proportional representation)
2014ROCCounty.svg 2016ROCPresident.svg 2016ROCLY.svg ROC 2016 Legislative Election Proportional Representation Township level.svg
Elected members of each electoral district or municipalities, gaining the highest number of votes:

This trend has continued in the 2016 elections, where the Democratic Progressive Party won a majority in the Legislative Yuan with 68 seats and the presidency.

Referendum[edit]

A multi-question referendum will be held 24 November 2018 alongside local elections. The referendum will be the first since the December 2017 reform to the Referendum Act which reduced the barrier to submitting questions to the ballot; under the new system, signatures from 1.5% of the electorate (around 280,000 people) are required to successfully put a question on the ballot.[5] Referendum need to have at least 25% registered voters support, down from at least 50% registered voters in 2005.[6]

The ten questions to appear on the ballot are (with original Chinese language in parenthesis):[7]

Environment & Nuclear Energy[edit]

  • "Do you agree the electricity output of thermal power plants should be lowered by "at least 1 percent per year on average?'" (你是否同意以「平均每年至少降低1%」之方式逐年降低火力發電廠發電量?) [8] (National Referendum 7th case)
  • "Do you agree that Taiwan should establish an energy policy that undertakes not to construct any new coal-fired power plants or generators or expand existing facilities (including the expansion of the Shen'ao Power Plant)?" (您是否同意確立「停止新建, 擴建任何燃煤發電廠或發電機組(包括深澳電廠擴建)」之能源政策?) [8] (National Referendum 8th case)
  • "Do you agree the government should maintain the ban on imports of agricultural products and food from areas in Japan affected by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant disaster on March 11, 2011, including Fukushima, Ibaraki, Gunma, Tochigi and Chiba prefectures?" (你是否同意政府維持禁止開放日本福島311核災相關地區,包括福島與周遭4縣市(茨城, 櫪木, 群馬, 千葉)等地區農產品及食品進口?) [8] (National Referendum 9th case)
  • "Do you agree to abolish Section 1 of Article 95 of the Electricity Act, which states that 'all nuclear energy based power-generating facilities shall cease operations by 2025'?" (您是否同意: 廢除電業法第95條第1項,即廢除「核能發電設備應於中華民國一百十四年以前,全部停止運轉」之條文?) [9] (National Referendum 16th case)

LGBT rights[edit]

oppose[edit]

  • "Do you agree that Civil Code regulations should restrict marriage to being between a man and a woman?" (你是否同意民法婚姻規定應限定在一男一女的結合?) [8] (National Referendum 10th case, oppose marriage equality)
  • "Do you agree that the Ministry of Education and individual schools should not teach homosexual-related education, as detailed under the Enforcement Rules for the Gender Equity Education Act, in elementary and high schools?" (你是否同意在國民教育階段內(國中及國小),教育部及各級學校不應對學生實施性別平等教育法施行細則所定之同志教育?) [8] (National Referendum 11th case, oppose LGBT sex education)
  • "Do you agree to types of unions, other than those stated in the marriage regulations in the Civil Code, to protect the rights of same-sex couples who live together permanently?" (你是否同意以民法婚姻規定以外之其他形式來保障同性別二人經營永久共同生活的權益?) [8] (National Referendum 12th case, recognize same-sex unions outside of civil marriage)

support[edit]

  • "Do you agree that the Civil Code marriage regulations should be used to guarantee the rights of same sex couples to get married?" (您是否同意,以民法婚姻章保障同性別二人建立婚姻關係?) [9] (National Referendum 14th case, support marriage equality)
  • "Do you agree that gender equity education as defined in the Gender Equity Education Act should be taught at all stages of the national curriculum and that such education should cover courses on emotional education, sex education and gay and lesbian education?" (您是否同意,以「性別平等教育法」明定在國民教育各階段內實施性別平等教育,且內容應涵蓋情感教育, 性教育, 同志教育等課程?) [8] (National Referendum 15th case, support LGBT sex education)

Sports[edit]

  • "Do you agree that Taiwan should apply to participate in all international sporting events, including the 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo, using the name 'Taiwan?'" (你是否同意,以「台灣」(Taiwan)為全名申請參加所有國際運動賽事及2020年東京奧運?) [8] (National Referendum 13th case, use Taiwan to replace Chinese Taipei, part of Taiwan independence movement)

Results[edit]

Case Referendum Articles Yes
(%)
No
(%)
Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Turnout
(%)
Result
7 "Do you agree the electricity output of thermal power plants should be lowered by "at least 1 percent per year on average?'"
8 "Do you agree that Taiwan should establish an energy policy that undertakes not to construct any new coal-fired power plants or generators or expand existing facilities (including the expansion of the Shen'ao Power Plant)?"
9 "Do you agree the government should maintain the ban on imports of agricultural products and food from areas in Japan affected by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant disaster on March 11, 2011, including Fukushima, Ibaraki, Gunma, Tochigi and Chiba prefectures?"
10 "Do you agree that Civil Code regulations should restrict marriage to being between a man and a woman?"
11 "Do you agree that the Ministry of Education and individual schools should not teach homosexual-related education, as detailed under the Enforcement Rules for the Gender Equity Education Act, in elementary and middle level schools?"
12 "Do you agree to types of unions, other than those stated in the marriage regulations in the Civil Code, to protect the rights of same-sex couples who live together permanently?"
13 "Do you agree that Taiwan should apply to participate in all international sporting events, including the 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo, using the name 'Taiwan?'"
14 "Do you agree that the Civil Code marriage regulations should be used to guarantee the rights of same sex couples to get married?"
15 "Do you agree that gender equity education as defined in 'the Gender Equity Education Act' should be taught at all stages of the national curriculum and that such education should cover courses on emotional education, sex education and gay and lesbian education?"
16 "Do you agree that abolishing the first section of Article 95 of the Electricity Act means abolishing the provision that 'all nuclear-energy-based power-generating facilities shall cease to operate by 2025'?"

Mayoral elections[edit]

Ticks represents nominated candidate, bold with tick represent incumbent running for re-election:

Special municipality Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg Democratic Progressive Party Stemicoon neutraal.png Others Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent
Province CountyProvincial city
Taipei City Ting Shou-chung Pasuya Yao Ko Wen-je
Lee Si-kuen
Wu Er-yang
New Taipei Hou You-yi Su Tseng-chang
Taoyuan City Apollo Chen Cheng Wen-tsan Zhu Mei-xue
Yang Li-huan
Taichung Lu Shiow-yen Lin Chia-lung Song Yuan-tong
Tainan Kao Su-po Huang Wei-cher Lin Yi-feng
Hsu Chun-hsin
Su Huan-chih
Chen Yong-he
Kaohsiung Han Kuo-yu Chen Chi-mai Chu Mei-feng
Su Ying-guei
Keelung City Hsieh Li-kung Lin Yu-chang
Yilan County Lin Zi-miao Chen Ou-po Lin Hsin-hua
Chen Qiu-jing
Lin Jin-kun
Hsinchu County Yang Wen-ko Cheng Chao-fang Hsu Hsin-ying Ye Fang-dong
Hsinchu City Hsu Ming-tsai Lin Chih-chien Huang Yuan-zhang
Hsieh Wen-jin
Li-Ji-qun
Guo Rong-ruei
Miaoli County Hsu Yao-chang Hsu Ding-zhen
Huang Yu-yen
Zhu Tai-pyng
Changhua County Wang Huei-mei Wei Ming-ku Hung Min-xiong
Huang Wen-ling
Bai Ya-tsan
Nantou County Lin Ming-chen Hung Guo-haw
Yunlin County Chang Li-shan Lee Chin-yung Lin Jia-yu
Wang Li-ping
Chiayi County Wu Yu-jen Weng Chang-liang Wu Fang-ming
Lin Kuo-lung
Chiayi City Huang Min-hui Twu Shiing-jer Hsiao Shui-li
Huang Hung Chen Taiwan Ah Chen World Great Person Rich President
Pingtung County Su Qing-quan Pan Men-an Li Rong-ren
Taitung County Rao Qing-ling Liu Chao-hao Peng Quan-kuo
Huang Yu-bin
Kuang Li-zhen
Hualien County Hsu Chen-wei Liuh Siao-Mei Huang Shi-peng
Penghu County Lai Feng-wei Chen Kuang-fu Wu Zheng-long
Cheng Qing-fa
Lu Hua-yuan
Chen Da-song
Weng Zhen-sheng
Kinmen County Yang Cheng-wu Hong Zhi-heng(金门高粱党)
Wang Cheng-hua(教科文预算e联盟)
Chen Fu-hai
Hsieh Yi-zhen
Hong He-cheng
Lienchiang County Liu Cheng-ying Su Po-hao Wei Yao-gan
Zhu Shiow-zhen

Councillors[edit]

2014 Councillors Results[edit]

Elected Councillors Elected Speaker Elected Deputy Speaker
2014ROC Council.svg 2014年中華民國縣市議長結果.png 2014年中華民國縣市副議長結果.png
  Independent


Province County Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg KMT Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg DPP Sunrise Island.svg TSU LogoPFP.svg PFP LogoCNP.svg NP Independent candidate icon (TW).svg IND/Other Total
Special municipality
Taipei 28 27 1 2 2 3 63
New Taipei 26 32 1 7 66
Taoyuan 29 20 1 10 60
Taichung 28 27 2 6 63
Tainan 16 28 1 12 57
Kaohsiung 24 33 1 1 7 66
Keelung 14 10 3 4 31
Yilan County 11 12 1 9 34
Hsinchu 15 7 1 10 33
Hsinchu County 23 2 9 36
Miaoli County 19 4 15 38
Changhua County 24 17 13 54
Nantou County 17 8 11 37
Yunlin County 7 13 1 22 43
Chiayi 6 5 1 12 24
Chiayi County 9 18 10 37
Hualien County 20 6 7 33
Taitung County 22 1 7 30
Pingtung County 19 18 1 7 55
Penghu County 8 2 9 19
Kinmen County 15 1 3 19
Lienchiang County 6 3 9
Total 386 291 9 9 2 208 907
Note:
  • Bold represents largest party

2018 Councillors Election[edit]

Nominations[edit]

Nominations
Province County Members Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg KMT Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg DPP Sunrise Island.svg TSU LogoPFP.svg PFP LogoCNP.svg NP Newpowerpartlogo.png New Power Party Independent candidate icon (TW).svg IND/Other
Special municipality
Taipei 63 33 27 1 4 7 5 48
New Taipei 66 36 36 3 6 41
Taoyuan 63 38 34 3 2 53
Taichung 65 37 36 3 4 51
Tainan 57 22 37 2 1 1 49
Kaohsiung 66 37 38 3 3 3 48
Taiwan Province
Keelung 31 19 15 6 1 19
Yilan County 34 16 18 1 3 36
Hsinchu 34 20 12 1 4 36
Hsinchu County 36 27 7 1 49
Miaoli County 38 18 10 2 42
Changhua County 54 29 26 1 32
Nantou County 37 20 13 29
Yunlin County 43 10 20 1 2 42
Chiayi 23 8 8 2 1 24
Chiayi County 37 9 22 30
Hualien County 33 33 9 2 25
Taitung County 30 29 4 2 2 30
Pingtung County 55 32 30 1 43
Penghu County 19 4 4 1 30
Fujian Province Kinmen County 19 10 1 2 22
Lienchiang County 9 10 3
Total 912 497 407 10 26 10 41 777

Opinion polls[edit]

2018 Municipal Councillor & County Councillor Nationwide Polls
Poll source Date of completion Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg Democratic Progressive Party Stemicoon neutraal.png Others Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent Lead
Taiwan Think Tank April 1, 2018 28.5% 33.6% 4.9% 5.1%
Taiwan Brain Trust July 28, 2018 29.9% 22.9% 3.6% 7%
New Power Party September 5, 2018 25.2% 23.6% 12.1% 1.6%
Taipei
China Times June 4, 2018 39.4% 16.6% 22.8%
Trends July 16, 2018 27.1% 14.1% 7.1% 3.9% 13%
CM Media July 26, 2018 35% 16.2% 12.7% 18.8%
Formosa October 12, 2018 28.5% 16.3% 5.6% 12.2%
Taichung
CM Media July 31, 2018 27.7% 21.3% 16% 6.4%
Kaohsiung
CM Media September 18, 2018 27.5% 24.1% 17.3% 3.4%
Hsinchu City
Taiwan Green Party August 24, 2018 27.3% 12.2% 10.2% 15.1%
Changhua County
CM Media October 16, 2018 32.5% 17.8% 14.9% 14.7%
Chiayi City
CM Media September 5, 2018 25% 24.7% 16.8% 0.3%
Yilan County
CM Media September 26, 2018 27% 20.5% 15.3% 7.5%

Results[edit]

Municipal Head[edit]

2014 Township Head Results[edit]

2014 Republic of China Township Head Results:
  Taiwanese Aboriginal Party
  Independent
Province County Members Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg Democratic Progressive Party TWN Tree Party Emblem.svgTrees Party Taiwan First Nations Party Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent
Special municipality
(Mountain indigenous District
Taiwan Province Yilan County 12 4 6 2
Hsinchu County 13 8 1 4
Miaoli County 18 11 7
Changhua County 26 8 8 10
Nantou County 13 4 2 1 6
Yunlin County 20 1 12 7
Chiayi County 18 1 13 4
Pingtung County 33 7 10 16
Taitung County 16 12 1 3
Hualien County 13 9 1 3
Penghu County 6 2 4
Fujian Province Kinmen County 6 6
Lienchiang County 4 4
New Taipei CityWulai District 1 1
TaoyuanFuxing District 1 1
TaichungHeping District 1 1
KaohsiungMaolin District,
Taoyuan District,Namaxia District
3 2 1
Total 204 80 54 1 1 68
Note:
  • The results of the election are subject to the Republic of China Central Election Commission.
  • The color of each municipality, county, and city is based on the party with the highest vote in the current election.

2018 Township Head Election[edit]

2014 Republic of China Township Head Results:
  Taiwanese Aboriginal Party
  Independent

Nominations[edit]

Province County Members Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg Democratic Progressive Party Free Taiwan Party logos 20150501.svg Free Taiwan Party Stemicoon neutraal.png Others Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent
Special municipality
(Mountain indigenous District
Taiwan Province Yilan County 12 11 10 11
Hsinchu County 13 14 1 22
Miaoli County 18 13 2 29
Changhua County 26 19 19 44
Nantou County 13 13 6 19
Yunlin County 20 5 18 32
Chiayi County 18 2 14 19
Pingtung County 33 12 20 1 1 56
Taitung County 16 13 3 27
Hualien County 13 17 2 13
Penghu County 6 3 2 7
Fujian Province Kinmen County 6 8 1 10
Lienchiang County 4 5
New Taipei CityWulai District 1 4
TaoyuanFuxing District 1 1 2
TaichungHeping District 1 1 2
KaohsiungMaolin District,
Taoyuan District,Namaxia District
3 2 7
Total 204 139 97 1 2 304
Note:
  • The results of the election are subject to the Republic of China Central Election Commission.
  • Other parties include:
    Youth Party: 1 candidate in Kinmen County. Taiwan Advance Party: One candidate in Pingtung County.
  • The color of each municipality, county, and city is based on the party with the highest vote in the current election.

Results[edit]

Municipal Councillor[edit]

2014 Municipal Councillor Results[edit]

Province County Members Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg Democratic Progressive Party Blue spiral.png Unionist Party Labor Party TWN Tree Party Emblem.svg Trees Party Taiwan First Nations Party Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent
Special municipality
(Mountain indigenous District
Taiwan Province Yilan County 131 40 33 58
Hsinchu County 141 75 2 1 1 1 61
Miaoli County 193 49 7 137
Changhua County 317 42 47 228
Nantou County 163 36 3 124
Yunlin County 228 12 25 1 190
Chiayi County 193 18 27 148
Pingtung County 334 44 45 245
Taitung County 136 63 1 72
Hualien County 142 90 4 48
Penghu County 51 5 1 45
Fujian Province Kinmen County 45 32 13
Lienchiang County 22 17 5
New Taipei CityWulai District 7 1 6
TaoyuanFuxing District 11 6 5
TaichungHeping District 11 5 6
KaohsiungMaolin District,
Taoyuan District,Namaxia District
21 5 16
Total 2,146 540 194 2 1 1 1 1,407
Note
  • The results of the election are subject to the Republic of China Central Election Commission.
  • The color of each municipality, county, and city is based on the party with the highest vote in the current election.

2018 Municipal Councillor Election[edit]

Nominations[edit]

Province County Members Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg Democratic Progressive Party Labor Party TWN Tree Party Emblem.svg Trees Party Template:Pfp/short People's First Party Template:NPPT New Power Party Stemicoon neutraal.png Others Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent
Special municipality
(Mountain indigenous District
Taiwan Province Yilan County 131 49 37 2 143
Hsinchu County 142 68 5 1 1 1 187
Miaoli County 193 17 6 295
Changhua County 317 47 85 385
Nantou County 163 43 5 208
Yunlin County 228 15 45 293
Chiayi County 193 19 6 247
Pingtung County 334 55 53 2 420
Taitung County 136 59 6 2 169
Hualien County 142 92 8 1 143
Penghu County 51 4 3 7 75
Fujian Province Kinmen County 47 20 4 41
Lienchiang County 22 20 13
New Taipei CityWulai District 7 13
TaoyuanFuxing District 11 4 21
TaichungHeping District 11 6 12
KaohsiungMaolin District,
Taoyuan District,Namaxia District
21 5 37
Total 2,149 523 259 1 8 1 4 7 2,702
  • The results of the election are subject to the Republic of China Central Election Commission.
  • The color of each municipality, county, and city is based on the party with the highest vote in the current election.

Results[edit]

Village Chief[edit]

2014 Village Chief Results[edit]

Special municipality Members Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg Democratic Progressive Party Blue spiral.png Chinese Unity Promotion Party Sunrise Island.svg TSU Taiwan Solidarity Union LogoPFP.svg PFP People First Party People's Democratic Front Independent candidate icon (TW).svg IND/Other
Province County
Taipei 456 230 50 1 1 174
New Taipei 1,032 280 36 1 1 714
Taoyuan 495 142 2 351
Taichung 625 174 31 420
Tainan 752 71 76 605
Kaohsiung 891 148 147 596
Taiwan Province Keelung City 157 55 1 101
Yilan County 233 29 11 193
Hsinchu County 191 91 100
Hsinchu City 122 29 93
Miaoli County 274 62 212
Changhua County 589 60 7 522
Nantou County 262 60 3 199
Yunlin County 388 12 6 370
Chiayi County 357 18 11 1 327
Chiayi City 84 23 2 59
Pingtung County 464 51 6 407
Taitung County 147 73 74
Hualien County 177 106 1 70
Penghu County 96 29 67
Fujian Province Kinmen County 37 34 3
Lienchiang County 22 19 3
Total 7,851 1,796 390 2 1 1 1 5,660
Note:
  • The results of the election are subject to the Republic of China Central Election Commission.
  • The color of each municipality, county, and city is based on the party with the highest vote in the current election.

2018 Village Chief Election[edit]

Nominations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liu, Lee-jung; Lin, Ko (16 January 2018). "Local elections to be held in November". Central News Agency. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  2. ^ Yang, Sophia (16 January 2018). "Taiwan to host nine-in-one elections on Nov. 24". Taiwan News. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  3. ^ Chen, Yu-fu; Hetherington, William (27 August 2018). "Election registrations open today". Taipei Times. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  4. ^ 中選會資料庫網站,中央選舉委員會
  5. ^ Taiwan to hold 7 referendums during Nov. local elections Taiwan News, 10 October 2018.
  6. ^ "婚姻平權, 性平教育公投成案 中選會決議共9案併大選". Apple Daily (Taiwan). Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  7. ^ "中選會發布全國性公民投票案第7案至第拾陸案投票公告". Central Election Commission (in Taiwanese Mandarin). 24 October 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Liu Lee-jung; Elizabeth Hsu. "CEC approves 7 referendums alongside local elections". Focus Taiwan. Central News Agency. Archived from the original on 1 November 2018. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  9. ^ a b Claudia Liu; Elizabeth Hsu. "CEC approves 2 more referendum proposals, making 9 in total". Focus Taiwan. Central News Agency. Archived from the original on 1 November 2018. Retrieved 1 November 2018.