|Location||Elizabeth Brady, 0.3 N of US 70 Business, Hillsborough, North Carolina, United States|
|Owner||Preservation North Carolina|
|Opened||May 5, 1947|
|Former names||Orange Speedway|
|Major events||Hillsboro 150 (1949–1968)|
|Length||0.9 mi (1.5 km)|
|Area||44 acres (18 ha)|
|NRHP reference #||02000435|
|Added to NRHP||May 2, 2002|
It is located just outside the town of Hillsborough, North Carolina.
The Occoneechee farm occupied the land in the late 19th century. The farm was named after the Occaneechi Indians that lived in the area in the late 17th century and late 18th century. The landowner, Julian S. Carr, raced horses, and built a half mile horse racing track.
Bill France noticed the horse racing track and expanse of open land while piloting his airplane. On the site of the earlier horse track, he built a 0.9 dirt mile track in September, 1947, two months before NASCAR was organized. In its earliest days, Fonty Flock and his brothers Bob and Tim dominated the track. Louise Smith became NASCAR's first female driver at the track in the fall of 1949.
The track was renamed Orange Speedway in 1954.
In part due the resistance of the local religious authorities, Bill France, Sr. finally gave up on the Occoneechee Speedway. On September 15, 1968 France shut down the operation after Richard Petty's win.
The Occoneechee Speedway site is now heavily forested with pines and sycamores. The grandstands are still visible, as is much of the mile–long oval track. It was placed on the National Register of Historic Places and now comprises 44 acres (180,000 m2) with over 3 miles (4.8 km) of trails. A walking trail was built in 2003 that crisscrosses the clay track.
|Race||Date||Cars||Winner||Make / Model||Length||Miles||Purse||Pole||Speed (mph)|
|1949-03||08/07/49||28||Bob Flock||1948 Oldsmobile||1.000||200||$5,000||76.800|
|1950-10||08/13/50||27||Fireball Roberts||1949 Oldsmobile||1.000||100||$3,975|
|1950-19||10/29/50||29||Lee Petty||1949 Plymouth||1.000||175||$4,675||85.898|
|1951-05||04/15/51||33||Fonty Flock||1950 Oldsmobile||1.000||95||$4,665||88.287||80.889|
|1951-31||10/07/51||24||Herb Thomas||1951 Hudson||1.000||150||$3,550||79.628||72.454|
|1952-15||06/08/52||19||Tim Flock||1951 Hudson||1.000||100||$3,425||91.977||81.008|
|1952-30||10/12/52||29||Fonty Flock||1952 Oldsmobile||1.000||150||$5,045||75.901||73.489|
|1953-26||08/09/53||19||Curtis Turner||1953 Oldsmobile||1.000||100||$3,425||89.078||75.125|
|1954-08||04/18/54||28||Herb Thomas||1954 Hudson||1.000||100||$3,825||86.767||77.386|
|1955-07||03/27/55||21||Jim Paschal||1955 Oldsmobile||1.000||100||$3,800||91.896||82.304|
|1955-45||10/30/55||25||Tim Flock||1955 Chrysler||1.000||100||$4,285||81.673||70.465|
|1956-17||05/13/56||31||Buck Baker||1956 Chrysler||.900||90||$4,285||89.305||83.720|
|1956-50||09/30/56||23||Fireball Roberts||1956 Ford||.900||99||$4,560||88.067||72.734|
|1957-07||03/24/57||19||Buck Baker||1957 Chevrolet||.900||99||$3,835||87.828||82.233|
|1958-06||03/23/58||18||Buck Baker||1957 Chevrolet||.900||99||$3,585||83.076||78.502|
|1958-47||09/28/58||33||Joe Eubanks||1957 Pontiac||.900||99||$3,885||87.308||72.439|
|1959-04||03/01/59||22||Curtis Turner||1959 T-Bird||.900||99||$3,785||87.544||81.612|
|1959-40||09/20/59||22||Lee Petty||1959 Plymouth||.900||99||$3,945||85.533||77.868|
|1960-18||05/29/60||23||Lee Petty||1960 Plymouth||.900||99||$3,985||88.190||83.583|
|1960-39||09/18/60||18||Richard Petty||1960 Plymouth||.900||99||$3,785||85.285||80.161|
|1961-11||04/02/61||20||Cotton Owens||1960 Pontiac||.900||99||$3,895||91.836||84.695|
|1961-52||10/29/61||20||Joe Weatherly||1961 Pontiac||.900||149||$5,625||95.154||85.249|
|1962-09||03/18/62||21||Rex White||1961 Chevrolet||.900||99||$4,575||96.285||86.948|
|1963-10||03/10/63||23||Junior Johnson||1963 Chevrolet||.900||149||$6,900||95.716||83.129|
|1963-54||10/27/63||24||Joe Weatherly||1963 Pontiac||.900||150||$6,650||93.156||85.559|
|1964-15||04/12/64||27||David Pearson||1964 Dodge||.900||150||$6,800||99.784||83.319|
|1964-55||09/20/64||28||Ned Jarrett||1964 Ford||.900||150||$7,000||89.280||86.725|
|1965-08||03/14/65||23||Ned Jarrett||1965 Ford||.900||150||$6,600||98.570||90.663|
|1965-53||10/24/65||20||Dick Hutcherson||1965 Ford||.900||101||$4,540||98.810||87.462|
|1966-45||09/18/66||23||Dick Hutcherson||1966 Ford||.900||150||$6,600||95.716||90.603|
|1967-44||09/17/67||28||Richard Petty||1967 Plymouth||.900||150||$6,850||94.159||81.574|
|1968-43||09/15/68||24||Richard Petty||1968 Plymouth||.900||150||$6,900||93.245||87.681|
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Brief History, Page 1
- Brief History, Page 2
- Jennifer Martin and Sarah Woodard, and Virginia Freeze (August 2001). "Occoneechee Speedway" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places — Nomination and Inventory. North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved 2015-02-01.
- Brief History, Page 3
- Mark Vaughn (May 22, 2017). "'Cars 3' will pay tribute to abandoned ‘ghost’ tracks". AutoWeek.
- Occoneechee-Orange Speedway by Ed Sanseverino
- The Historic Speedway Group
- Occoneechee Speedway Trail
- Historic Occoneechee Speedway Trail
- Racing vs. Religion: A Brief History of Occoneechee Speedway
- Kickin' Up Dust At The Orange Speedway
- Occoneechee Speedway: from Eno River website
- NASCAR track history at racing-reference.info
- Occoneechee-Orange Speedway — Magazine (Speedway Spotlite Publications) by Ed Sanseverino (1994)