Toblach

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Toblach
Comune
Gemeinde Toblach
Comune di Dobbiaco
Toblach
Toblach
Coat of arms of Toblach
Coat of arms
Toblach is located in Italy
Toblach
Toblach
Location of Toblach in Italy
Coordinates: 46°44′N 12°13′E / 46.733°N 12.217°E / 46.733; 12.217Coordinates: 46°44′N 12°13′E / 46.733°N 12.217°E / 46.733; 12.217
CountryItaly
RegionTrentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
ProvinceSouth Tyrol (BZ)
FrazioniAufkirchen, Wahlen
Government
 • MayorGuido Bocher
Area
 • Total126.6 km2 (48.9 sq mi)
Elevation1,241 m (4,072 ft)
Population (Nov. 2010)
 • Total3,283
 • Density26/km2 (67/sq mi)
Demonym(s)German: Toblacher or Toblinger
Italian: dobbiacensi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code39034
Dialing code0474
Saint dayMay 28
WebsiteOfficial website
the krampus in Toblach

Toblach (German pronunciation: [ˈtoˑblax]; Italian: Dobbiaco [dobˈbjaːko]) is a comune/Gemeinde (municipality) in South Tyrol in northern Italy, located in the Puster Valley about 70 kilometres (43 mi) northeast of the city of Bolzano, on the border with Austria.

Geography[edit]

As of November 30, 2010, it had a population of 3,283 and an area of 126.6 square kilometres (48.9 sq mi).[1]

Toblach borders the following municipalities: Gsies, Innichen, Niederdorf, Prags, Auronzo di Cadore, Cortina d'Ampezzo and Innervillgraten (Austria).

The prominent mountain peaks, Tre Cime di Lavaredo/Drei Zinnen are located nearby. The Drava/Drau also flows from the nearby mountains; other rivers in the comune include the Rienz.

Frazioni[edit]

The municipality of Toblach contains the frazione (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Aufkirchen/Santa Maria and Wahlen/San Silvestro.

History[edit]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The escutcheon is divided vertically into two parts with a central circle, the colors are red and white alternating. It was the arms of the Lords of Herbstenburg who bought the castle in 1509 and ruled the village. The emblem was granted in 1967.[2]

Artists[edit]

Here, in a tiny wood cabin in the pine forests close to Toblach, in the summers of 1908–10 Gustav Mahler composed his ninth symphony, the last he completed, and Das Lied von der Erde, and also began work on his tenth symphony.

Society[edit]

Linguistic distribution[edit]

According to the 2011 census, 84.10% of the population speak German, 15.58% Italian and 0.32% Ladin as first language.[3]

Demographic evolution[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Toblach (1971–2000, extremes 1946–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.4
(59.7)
14.6
(58.3)
18.1
(64.6)
23.6
(74.5)
28.6
(83.5)
32.0
(89.6)
32.4
(90.3)
31.2
(88.2)
28.2
(82.8)
24.4
(75.9)
17.6
(63.7)
12.1
(53.8)
32.4
(90.3)
Average high °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
2.8
(37)
6.6
(43.9)
10.3
(50.5)
15.4
(59.7)
18.9
(66)
21.7
(71.1)
21.2
(70.2)
17.4
(63.3)
11.6
(52.9)
4.8
(40.6)
0.4
(32.7)
10.9
(51.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.2
(24.4)
−2.3
(27.9)
1.6
(34.9)
5.1
(41.2)
9.8
(49.6)
13.2
(55.8)
15.6
(60.1)
15.2
(59.4)
11.7
(53.1)
6.8
(44.2)
0.6
(33.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
5.8
(42.4)
Average low °C (°F) −8.5
(16.7)
−7.3
(18.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.2
(39.6)
7.4
(45.3)
9.5
(49.1)
9.2
(48.6)
6.0
(42.8)
1.9
(35.4)
−3.5
(25.7)
−7.3
(18.9)
0.7
(33.3)
Record low °C (°F) −30.0
(−22)
−27.4
(−17.3)
−23.8
(−10.8)
−15.0
(5)
−12.2
(10)
−4.0
(24.8)
−1.0
(30.2)
−1.0
(30.2)
−5.9
(21.4)
−12.0
(10.4)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−24.6
(−12.3)
−30.0
(−22)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 22.2
(0.874)
28.8
(1.134)
33.9
(1.335)
43.8
(1.724)
78.6
(3.094)
103.9
(4.091)
120.5
(4.744)
97.9
(3.854)
75.8
(2.984)
72.1
(2.839)
44.4
(1.748)
29.6
(1.165)
751.5
(29.587)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4.2 3.7 5.0 7.3 10.6 13.0 12.7 11.7 7.9 7.1 6.1 5.2 94.5
Average relative humidity (%) 71 67 64 64 65 62 60 63 66 69 72 74 66
Source: Servizio Meteorologico (humidity 1961–1990)[4][5][6]

Airport[edit]

Approximately 1km to the South of Toblach lies Toblach Airport Italy's northern-most airport. The small military airfield has a 700m long and 50m wide grass runway and is managed by the Italian Air Force's Airport Detachment Toblach. From May to October the airport is open for civilian traffic on weekends and holidays.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  2. ^ Heraldry of the World: Toblach
  3. ^ "Volkszählung 2011/Censimento della popolazione 2011". astat info. Provincial Statistics Institute of the Autonomous Province of South Tyrol (38): 6–7. June 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
  4. ^ "Dobbiaco (BZ)" (PDF). Atlante climatico. Servizio Meteorologico. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
  5. ^ "STAZIONE 033 Dobbiaco: medie mensili periodo 61 - 90". Servizio Meteorologico. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
  6. ^ "Dobbiaco: Record mensili dal 1946" (in Italian). Servizio Meteorologico dell’Aeronautica Militare. Retrieved 19 May 2015.

External links[edit]

Media related to Toblach at Wikimedia Commons