FIS Cross-Country World Cup

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FIS Cross-Country World Cup
2016 Ski Tour Canada Quebec city 15.JPG
Genre Cross-country skiing
Date(s) Northern wintertime season
Begins November
Ends March
Location(s) Europe
Russia
Canada
United States (rare)
Japan (rare)
China (rare)
South Korea (rare)
Inaugurated 1973 (1973) (unofficial)
9 January 1982 (9 January 1982) (men)
9 January 1982 (9 January 1982) (ladies)
Most recent 2017–18 FIS Cross-Country World Cup
Next event 2018–19 FIS Cross-Country World Cup
Organised by International Ski Federation
People Pierre Mignerey (race director)
Sandra Spitz (event coordinator)
Sponsor Audi Quattro, Helvetia

The FIS Cross-Country World Cup is an annual cross-country skiing competition, arranged by the International Ski Federation (FIS) since 1981. The competition was arranged unofficially between 1973 and 1981, although it received provisional recognition on the 31st FIS Congress, 29–30 April 1977 in Bariloche, Argentina.[1]

Contents

Most World Cup wins[edit]

As of 18 March 2018
  • With 84 victories in World Cup and total 114 including Stage World Cup wins Marit Bjørgen is record-holder among both men and ladies.

Overall World Cup standings[edit]

The table below shows the three highest ranked skiers each year.

  • With 6 overall World Cup titles Bjørn Dæhlie is record-holder among both men and ladies.
  Countries no longer exist

Sprint World Cup standings[edit]

Distance World Cup standings[edit]

U23 World Cup standings[edit]

Nations Cup[edit]

All results of female and male athletes of a nation are counted for the Nations Cup.

Season Winner Runner-up Third   Men's winner Ladies' winner
1981–82  Norway  Czechoslovakia  Sweden  Norway  Norway
1982–83  Norway  Soviet Union  Finland  Norway  Norway
1983–84  Norway  Soviet Union  Sweden  Norway  Norway
1984–85  Norway  Sweden  Soviet Union  Norway  Norway
1985–86  Norway  Sweden  Soviet Union  Sweden  Norway
1986–87  Sweden  Norway  Soviet Union (3)  Sweden  Norway
1987–88  Sweden (2)  Soviet Union (3)  Norway  Sweden  Soviet Union
1988–89  Soviet Union  Sweden  Norway (2)  Sweden  Soviet Union
1989–90  Soviet Union  Norway  Sweden  Norway  Soviet Union
1990–91  Soviet Union (3)  Norway  Sweden  Norway  Soviet Union (4)
1991–92  Norway  CIS  Italy  Norway  CIS
1992–93  Norway  Russia  Italy  Norway  Russia
1993–94  Norway  Russia  Italy  Norway  Russia
1994–95  Russia  Norway  Italy  Norway  Russia
1995–96  Russia (2)  Norway  Italy  Norway  Russia
1996–97  Norway  Russia  Italy  Norway  Russia
1997–98  Norway  Russia  Italy  Norway  Russia
1998–99  Norway  Russia  Sweden  Norway  Russia
1999–00  Norway  Russia  Italy  Norway  Russia
2000–01  Norway  Russia  Italy  Norway  Russia (9)
2001–02  Norway  Russia  Italy  Norway  Norway
2002–03  Norway  Germany  Sweden  Sweden (5)  Norway
2003–04  Norway  Germany  Italy  Norway  Norway
2004–05  Norway  Germany  Russia  Norway  Norway
2005–06  Norway  Sweden  Germany  Norway  Norway
2006–07  Norway  Germany (4)  Finland  Norway  Finland
2007–08  Norway  Finland  Germany (2)  Norway  Norway
2008–09  Norway  Finland (2)  Italy (12)  Norway  Finland (2)
2009–10  Norway  Russia  Sweden  Norway  Norway
2010–11  Norway  Sweden  Russia  Norway  Norway
2011–12  Norway  Russia  Sweden  Russia  Norway
2012–13  Norway  Russia  Sweden  Russia (2)  Norway
2013–14  Norway  Russia  Sweden  Norway  Norway
2014–15  Norway  Russia  Sweden (11)  Norway  Norway
2015–16  Norway  Russia (14)  Finland  Norway  Norway
2016–17  Norway  Sweden  Finland (4)  Norway  Norway
2017–18  Norway (29)  Sweden (7)  Russia (3)  Norway (30)  Norway (20)

Timeline calendar[edit]

Season Men Men's Team Ladies Ladies' Team Mixed Team
DI SP ST Total RL TS Total DI SP ST Total RL TS Total MR Total
1981–82 10 10 1 1 10 10 1 1
1982–83 10 10 10 10
1983–84 10 10 4 4 10 10 4 4
1984–85 10 10 4 4 11 11 4 4
1985–86 9 9 5 5 9 9 5 5
1986–87 11 11 6 6 11 11 6 6
1987–88 11 11 6 6 10 10 6 6
1988–89 12 12 5 5 12 12 5 5
1989–90 11 11 6 6 11 11 6 6
1990–91 12 12 5 5 12 12 5 5
1991–92 12 12 5 5 12 12 5 5
1992–93 13 13 6 6 13 13 6 6
1993–94 13 13 6 6 13 13 6 6
1994–95 15 15 6 6 15 15 6 6
1995–96 15 1 16 5 1 6 15 1 16 4 1 5
1996–97 14 1 15 5 1 6 14 1 15 6 1 7
1997–98 11 1 12 3 1 4 11 1 12 3 1 4
1998–99 15 4 19 6 1 7 15 4 19 6 1 7
1999–00 15 6 21 5 1 6 15 6 21 5 1 6
2000–01 13 7 20 3 1 4 13 7 20 3 1 4
2001–02 13 7 20 3 2 5 13 7 20 3 2 5
2002–03 13 8 21 4 2 6 13 8 21 4 2 6 1 1
2003–04 17 8 25 5 4 9 17 8 25 5 4 9
2004–05 12 8 20 3 4 7 12 8 20 3 4 7
2005–06 15 9 24 2 3 5 15 9 24 2 3 5
2006–07 15 10 1 26 4 1 5 15 10 1 26 4 1 5
2007–08 19 11 1 31 3 2 5 19 11 1 31 3 2 5
2008–09 18 12 2 32 2 2 4 18 12 2 32 2 2 4
2009–10 18 12 2 32 2 2 4 18 12 2 32 2 2 4
2010–11 18 11 3 32 3 2 5 18 11 3 32 3 2 5
2011–12 22 13 3 38 2 2 4 22 13 3 38 2 2 4
2012–13 19 10 3 32 2 3 5 19 10 3 32 2 3 5
2013–14 15 11 3 29 1 2 3 15 11 3 29 1 2 3
2014–15 16 10 2 28 1 1 16 10 2 28 1 1
2015–16 21 12 3 36 2 1 3 21 12 3 36 2 1 3
2016–17 18 10 3 31 2 2 4 18 10 3 31 2 2 4
2017–18 17 10 3 30 1 1 17 10 3 30 1 1
Total events 528 192 29 749 132 42 174 528 192 29 749 132 42 174 1 1
Double wins 1 1 3 1 4
Total winners 529 192 29 750 132 42 174 531 193 29 753 132 42 174 1 1

World Cup winners by nations[edit]

Nations which have won World Cup races[edit]

The table below lists those nations which have won at least one individual World Cup race (current as of 18 March 2018).

  Countries no longer exist
Rank Nation Total wins   Wins by disciplines
Men   Ladies
Men Ladies All DI SP ST DI SP ST
1  Norway 296 297 593 177 103 16 196 81 20
2  Sweden 130 43 173 94 36 16 25 2
3  Russia 66 91 157 44 18 4 83 8
4  Finland 30 69 99 29 1 53 14 2
5  Italy 39 52 91 20 19 45 7
6  Poland 1 50 51 1 35 10 5
7  Germany 34 7 41 30 3 1 6 1
8  Soviet Union (6 RUS / 1 KAZ) 14 24 38 14 24
9  Czech Republic 18 19 37 16 2 17 2
10  Kazakhstan 35 35 34 1
11    Switzerland 28 3 31 19 3 6 1 2
12  Slovenia 27 27 4 23
13  United States 7 20 27 6 1 6 14
14  Estonia 6 16 22 6 14 2
15  France 20 20 19 1
16  Canada 14 6 20 10 4 3 3
17  Czechoslovakia (2 CZE / 1 SVK) 12 12 12
18  Spain 7 7 7
 CIS 7 7 7
20  Ukraine 5 5 5
21  West Germany 1 1 2 1 1
 East Germany 2 2 2
 Austria 2 2 2
 Slovakia 1 1 2 1 1
25  Belarus 1 1 1
 Lithuania 1 1 1
Total 750 753 1503 529 192 29 531 193 29

Note: Team events (relays and team sprints) are not included in the table due to lack of appropriate sources for many relay races prior to 1995/96 World Cup season.

Most World Cup podiums, top 10 results and individual starts[edit]

As of 18 March 2018
  Active skiers

Season records[edit]

As of 18 March 2018

Men[edit]

Ladies[edit]

Consecutive victories and podiums[edit]

As of 18 March 2018

Youngest and oldest race winners[edit]

  Active skiers

Men's youngest winners[edit]

     No.      Skier      Born      Date      Location      Race      Level      Age
1 Norway Petter Northug 06.01.1986 08.03.2006 Sweden Falun, Sweden 10 km + 10 km C/F Pursuit World Cup 20 years 61 days
2 Norway Johannes Høsflot Klæbo 22.10.1996 18.02.2017 Estonia Otepää, Estonia 1.4 km Sprint F World Cup 20 years 124 days
3 Norway Pål Gunnar Mikkelsplass 29.04.1961 09.01.1982 West Germany Reit im Winkl, West Germany 15 km Individual World Cup 20 years 255 days
4 Sweden Gunde Svan 12.01.1962 19.03.1983 United States Anchorage, United States 15 km Individual World Cup 21 years 66 days
5 Russia Alexander Bolshunov 31.12.1996 17.03.2018 Sweden Falun, Sweden 15 km C Mass Start Stage World Cup 21 years 76 days
6 Russia Mikhail Devyatyarov 11.11.1985 21.03.2007 Sweden Stockholm, Sweden 1.0 km Sprint C World Cup 21 years 130 days
7 Russia Nikolay Morilov 11.08.1986 30.12.2007 Czech Republic Prague, Czech Republic 1.0 km Sprint F Stage World Cup 21 years 141 days
8 Norway Anders Gløersen 22.05.1986 16.12.2007 Russia Rybinsk, Russia 1.2 km Sprint F World Cup 21 years 208 days
9 Sweden Per Elofsson 02.04.1977 28.11.1998 Finland Muonio, Finland 10 km F Individual World Cup 21 years 240 days
10 Russia Sergey Ustiugov 08.04.1992 11.01.2014 Czech Republic Nové Město, Czech Republic 1.5 km Sprint F World Cup 21 years 278 days

Ladies' youngest winners[edit]

     No.      Skier      Born      Date      Location      Race      Level      Age
1 East Germany Gaby Nestler 16.02.1967 11.01.1986 France Les Saisies, France 10 km F Individual World Cup 18 years 329 days
2 Finland Pirjo Manninen 08.03.1981 17.12.2000 Italy Brusson, Italy 1.4 km Sprint F World Cup 19 years 284 days
3 Czech Republic Kateřina Neumannová 15.02.1973 12.12.1992 Austria Ramsau, Austria 5 km C Individual World Cup 19 years 300 days
4 Norway Brit Pettersen 24.11.1961 13.04.1982 Sweden Falun, Sweden 20 km Individual World Cup 20 years 108 days
5 East Germany Simone Greiner-Petter 15.09.1967 15.01.1988 Italy Toblach, Italy 20 km F Individual World Cup 20 years 122 days
6 Sweden Hanna Falk 05.07.1989 05.12.2009 Germany Düsseldorf, Germany 0.8 km Sprint F World Cup 20 years 153 days
7 Sweden Charlotte Kalla 22.07.1987 06.01.2008 Czech Republic Nové Město, Czech Republic 10 km F Pursuit Stage World Cup 20 years 168 days
8 Norway Therese Johaug 25.06.1988 04.01.2009 Italy Val di Fiemme, Italy 9 km F Pursuit Final Climb Stage World Cup 20 years 193 days
9 Soviet Union Yelena Välbe 20.04.1968 14.12.1988  Switzerland  Campra, Switzerland 15 km F Individual World Cup 20 years 238 days
10 Russia Yevgeniya Shapovalova 15.06.1986 15.02.2007 China Changchun, China 1.2 km Sprint C World Cup 20 years 245 days

Men's oldest winners[edit]

     No.      Skier      Born      Date      Location      Race      Level      Age
1 Finland Harri Kirvesniemi 10.05.1958 11.03.2000 Norway Oslo, Norway 50 km C Individual World Cup 41 years 306 days
2 Italy Giorgio Di Centa 07.10.1972 05.02.2010 Canada Canmore, Canada 15 km F Individual World Cup 37 years 121 days
3 Italy Maurilio De Zolt 25.09.1950 21.02.1987 West Germany Oberstdorf, West Germany 50 km C Individual World Championships[nb 3] 36 years 149 days
4 Czech Republic Lukáš Bauer 18.08.1977 30.11.2013 Finland Kuusamo, Finland 10 km C Individual Stage World Cup 36 years 104 days
5 Norway Odd-Bjørn Hjelmeset 06.12.1971 05.01.2008 Italy Val di Fiemme, Italy 20 km C Mass Start Stage World Cup 36 years 30 days
6 Norway Erling Jevne 24.03.1966 15.12.2001  Switzerland  Davos, Switzerland 15 km C Individual World Cup 35 years 266 days
7 Italy Fulvio Valbusa 15.02.1969 06.02.2004 France La Clusaz, France 15 km F Individual World Cup 34 years 354 days
8 Norway Tor Arne Hetland 12.01.1974 29.12.2008 Czech Republic Prague, Czech Republic 1.3 km Sprint F Stage World Cup 34 years 352 days
9 Estonia Andrus Veerpalu 08.02.1971 12.03.2005 Norway Oslo, Norway 50 km C Individual World Cup 34 years 32 days
10 Italy Pietro Piller Cottrer 20.12.1974 17.01.2009 Canada Whistler, Canada 15 km + 15 km C/F Pursuit World Cup 34 years 29 days

Ladies' oldest winners[edit]

     No.      Skier      Born      Date      Location      Race      Level      Age
1 Norway Hilde Gjermundshaug Pedersen 08.11.1964 07.01.2006 Estonia Otepää, Estonia 10 km C Individual World Cup 41 years 60 days
2 Norway Marit Bjørgen 21.03.1980 11.03.2018 Norway Oslo, Norway 30 km F Mass Start World Cup 37 years 355 days
3 Finland Marja-Liisa Kirvesniemi 10.09.1955 07.03.1992 Sweden Funäsdalen, Sweden 5 km C Individual World Cup 36 years 179 days
4 Russia Larisa Lazutina 01.06.1965 18.03.2001 Sweden Falun, Sweden 10 km C Individual World Cup 35 years 290 days
5 Russia Nina Gavrylyuk 13.04.1965 27.12.1999  Switzerland  Engelberg, Switzerland Sprint C World Cup 34 years 259 days
6 Italy Gabriella Paruzzi 21.06.1969 25.01.2004 Italy Val di Fiemme, Italy 70 km C Mass Start World Cup 34 years 218 days
7 Norway Anita Moen 31.08.1967 29.12.2001 Austria Salzburg, Austria Sprint C World Cup 34 years 120 days
8 Norway Inger Helene Nybråten 08.12.1960 28.01.1995 Finland Lahti, Finland 10 km C Individual World Cup 34 years 51 days
9 Poland Justyna Kowalczyk 23.01.1983[nb 4] 04.02.2017 South Korea Pyeongchang, South Korea 7.5 km + 7.5 km C/F Skiathlon World Cup 34 years 12 days
10 Czech Republic Kateřina Neumannová 15.02.1973 16.02.2007 China Changchun, China 10 km F Individual World Cup 34 years 1 day

Multi winners[edit]

Men's double winners[edit]

     No.      Date      Location      Race      Level      Winners
1 03.02.2007  Switzerland  Davos, Switzerland 15 km C Individual World Cup France Vincent Vittoz  Switzerland  Toni Livers

Ladies' double winners[edit]

     No.      Date      Location      Race      Level      Winners
1 20.12.1994 Italy Sappada, Italy 5 km F Individual World Cup Russia Nina Gavrylyuk Russia Yelena Välbe
2 23.11.2002 Sweden Kiruna, Sweden 5 km F Individual World Cup Estonia Kristina Šmigun Germany Evi Sachenbacher
3 12.02.2005 Germany Reit im Winkl, Germany 10 km F Individual World Cup Russia Yevgeniya Medvedeva-Arbuzova Russia Olga Zavyalova
4 27.01.2018 Austria Seefeld, Austria 1.1 km Sprint F World Cup United States Sophie Caldwell  Switzerland  Laurien van der Graaff

World Cup all-time records[edit]

World Cup scoring system[edit]

1981/82 season to 2005/06 season[edit]

Seasons Races Place
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
1981/821984/85 Individual 26 22 19 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 points were not awarded
Relay
1985/861991/92 Individual 25 20 15 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 points were not awarded
Relay
1992/932005/06 Individual 100 80 60 50 45 40 36 32 29 26 24 22 20 18 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Team Sprint[a]
Relay 200 160 120 100 90 80 72 64 58 52 48 44 40 36 32 30 28 26 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2
a. 1 Team sprint discipline was first introduced in 1995/96 season.

2006/07 season to present[edit]

Races Place
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Individual 100 80 60 50 45 40 36 32 29 26 24 22 20 18 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Team Sprint
Nordic Opening[a] 200 160 120 100 90 80 72 64 58 52 48 44 40 36 32 30 28 26 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2
World Cup Final[b]
Relay
Tour de Ski[c] 400 320 240 200 180 160 144 128 116 104 96 88 80 72 64 60 56 52 48 44 40 36 32 28 24 20 16 12 8 4
Ski Tour Canada[d]
Stage Nordic Opening[a] 50 46 43 40 37 34 32 30 28 26 24 22 20 18 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Stage World Cup Final[b]
Stage Tour de Ski[c]
Stage Ski Tour Canada[d]
Bonus points 15 12 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 1 points were not awarded
a. 1 2 Nordic Opening is held annually since 2010/11 season.
b. 1 2 World Cup Final is held since 2007/08 season, except 2014/15 and 2015/16 seasons. The stages of its first edition were not counted as a Stage World Cup race, hence no World Cup points were awarded.
c. 1 2 Tour de Ski is held annually since 2006/07 season. World Cup points were not awarded for the stage races in its first edition.
d. 1 2 Ski Tour Canada was held only in 2015/16 season.

World Cup hosts[edit]

Country Place Seasons
'82 '83 '84 '85 '86 '87 '88 '89 '90 '91 '92 '93 '94 '95 '96 '97 '98 '99 '00 '01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '16 '17 '18
 Austria Kitzbühel
Linz
Ramsau
Salzburg
Seefeld
Tauplitzalm
 Bulgaria Vitosha
 Canada Calgary
Canmore
Gatineau
Labrador City
Montreal
Quebec City
Silver Star
Thunder Bay
Vernon
Whistler
 China Changchun
 Czech Republic[a] Liberec
Prague
Nové Město CNX
 Czechoslovakia Stachy, Zadov
 Estonia Otepää
 Finland Kuopio
Kuusamo/Ruka
Lahti
Muonio
Rovaniemi
Vantaa
Vuokatti
 France Albertville
Autrans
La Bresse
La Clusaz
La Forclaz
Lamoura-Mouthe
Les Saisies
 Germany Dresden
Düsseldorf
Furtwangen
Garmisch-Partenkirchen
Klingenthal
Munich
Oberhof
Oberstdorf
Reit im Winkl