University of Virginia School of Medicine

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University of Virginia School of Medicine
UVaSchoolofMedicineLogo.gif
Established 1819
Type Public
Dean Randolph J. Canterbury
Location Charlottesville, Virginia, US
Website School of Medicine at UVA

The University of Virginia School of Medicine is a medical school located in Charlottesville, Virginia, United States. The tenth medical school to open in the United States, it has been part of the University of Virginia since the University's establishment in 1819 by Thomas Jefferson. The school's facilities are on the University of Virginia Grounds adjacent to the historic Academical Village, and it shares a close association with the University of Virginia Health System.

The current dean of the School of Medicine is Dr. Randolph J. Canterbury who has served as interim dean since November 2014. Beginning September 15, Dr. David S. Wilkes, former executive associate dean for research affairs at the Indiana University School of Medicine will become the new dean.

Reputation[edit]

In 2013, U.S. News & World Report ranked the UVA School of Medicine 26th in the nation for research and 18th for primary care. UVA is one of just five schools in the mid-Atlantic region, including Johns Hopkins University, Duke University, and University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, to be included in the Top 30 in the research category.[1]

Medical Scientist Training Program[edit]

The University of Virginia School of Medicine is one of only 43 NIH funded MD/PhD programs in the country.[2] The current program director is Dr. Dean Kedes.[3] The program was first founded in 1979 and currently has 32 current members and 97 alumni. Notable alumni include Dr. Shawn Carbonell and Dr. Oliver McDonald.

Notable faculty[edit]

The faculty of the School of Medicine are recognized nationally and internationally. The faculty includes 15 members of the Institute of Medicine and National Academy of Sciences; three members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; 12 members of the American Association for the Advancement of Science; five recipients of the Virginia Outstanding Faculty Award; four recipients of the Virginia Outstanding Scientist Award; and two recipients of the Virginia Life Achievement Award in Science.[4]

Historical Milestones[edit]

  • 1826 - Anatomical Hall designed and built by Jefferson.
  • 1827 - Faculty expanded to include John Patton Emmett, Ph.D., Jefferson’s professor of natural history, who later became professor of chemistry and materia medica, and Thomas Johnson, M.D., professor of surgery.
  • 1828 - First University degrees awarded to four medical graduates.
  • 1832 - Medical catalogue describing the first admissions requirements to any medical school.
  • 1840 - Policy initiated that a comprehensive examination would be the sole criterion for the M.D. degree.
  • 1846 - Description of inflammation by Augustus L.Warner, M.D., professor of anatomy, physiology, and surgery.
  • 1850 - John Lawrence Smith, Ph.D., professor of chemistry and material medica, invented the inverted microscope.
  • 1859 - Publication of “The Testimony of Modern Science to the Unity of Mankind” by James Lawrence Cabell, M.D., professor of anatomy and surgery. The work advanced the idea of evolution one year before publication of Darwin’s “Origin of Species.” Cabell founded the National Board of Health which in 1880 became the U.S. Public Health Service. Cabell was a full professor at the School of Medicine for 52 years (1842-1889) and was an early pioneer of the sanitary preparation of the surgical patient following Lister’s principles.
  • 1869 - Walter Reed received his M.D. degree from the University of Virginia. Reed determined the transmission of yellow fever by the mosquito.
  • 1888 - Clinical description of epidemic pleurodynia by William Cecil Dabney, M.D., professor of medicine, obstetrics, and medical jurisprudence.
  • 1892 - Medical course lengthened to two years.
  • 1893 - Hugh S. Cumming received his M.D. degree from the University of Virginia. Cumming was surgeon general of the U.S. Public Health Service, 1922-1936, and vice president of the Health Section of the League of Nations. He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences and an honorary fellow of the American College of Surgeons.
  • 1894 - Hugh Hampton Young received his M.D. degree from the University of Virginia. Five years later he was made head of the Department of Urological Surgery at Johns Hopkins. His operation for excision of the prostate stands as one of the milestones of modern surgery and urology.
  • 1895 - Medical course extended to three years.
  • 1896- Paul Barringer, M.D., LL.D., professor of physiology and surgery, was chairman of the faculty of the University of Virginia. Barringer oversaw major revision of the medical curriculum with the addition of the clinical years of education. He also was the main driving force behind the construction and staffing of the first University of Virginia Hospital. He later became president of Virginia Polytechnic and State University in Blacksburg.
  • 1898 - Medical course lengthened to four years.
  • 1901 - Opening of the University of Virginia Hospital (25 beds). Dr. Paul Barringer named superintendent.
  • 1903 - Wade Hampton Frost received his M.D. degree from the University of Virginia. Frost established epidemiology as a science. He introduced the cohort theory of tuberculosis and was the founding dean of the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health.
  • 1904 - William Gay Christian, M.D., professor of anatomy and surgery, appointed dean of the Department of Medicine.
  • 1905 - Richard Henry Whitehead, M.D., LL.D., dean of the University of North Carolina School of Medicine named first dean of the University of Virginia School of Medicine. Whitehead reorganized the hospital to a primarily teaching facility. He emphasized scholarship and basic science well in advance of the Flexner Report.
  • 1916 - Theodore Hough, Ph.D., professor of physiology and biochemistry, named dean. Hough engaged Abraham Flexner, his personal friend, to campaign against removal of the School of Medicine and Hospital to Richmond.
  • 1924 - James Carroll Flippin, M.D., professor of clinical medicine, became dean. Flippin brought all medical departments together in the medical school building, constructed in 1929.
  • 1925 - 1928 - Homer William Smith, M.D., commonly acknowledged as the founder of modern renal physiology, was professor of physiology. Smith developed the concepts of clearance methodology for measurement of renal plasma flow and glomerular filtration rate.
  • 1929 - New medical school building opened (cost $1.4 million).
  • 1928 - 1952 - Sidney William Britton, Ph.D., professor of physiolgy and Herbert Silvette, Ph.D., professor of pharmacology, demonstrated that the adrenal cortex contained a hormone, not epinephrine, which influenced carbohydrate storage and metabolism.
  • 1935 - 1967 - Alfred Chanutin, Ph.D., professor and chair of biochemistry, discovered the role of red blood cell 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG) in oxygen transfer from hemoglobin. This finding had enormous impact on the preservation of blood for transfusion therapy.
  • 1938 - Harvey F. Jordan, Ph.D., D.Sc., a distinguished histologist and embryologist, became dean. Jordan was the first to suggest that intercalated discs are contraction bands of cardiac muscle and that vascular smooth muscle does not differentiate into striated muscle. Jordan organized the Eighth Evacuation Hospital Unit and appointed Dr. Staige Davis Blackford as director in 1942.
  • 1939 - Dupont Guerry III, M.D. intern, and William Wirt Waddell Jr., a pediatrician, discovered the role of vitamin K in the etiology, treatment, and prevention of hypoprothrombinemia and hemorrhagic disease of the newborn.
  • 1939 - 1943 - Eugene M. Landis, M.D., who performed the first direct measurements of capillary pressure and permeability, was professor and head of the Department of Internal Medicine.
  • 1943 - Leonard Malis received his M.D. degree from the University of Virginia. Malis became professor and chair of Neurosurgery at Mount Sinai School of Medicine. He introduced new instruments and techniques to neurosurgery, was the first to use a microscope in the operating room, and introduced the field of microsurgery. He set world standards for removal of meningiomas and acoustic neuromas.
  • 1949 - Vernon W. Lippard, M.D., became dean. At that time there were 48 medical faculty. Lippard served for 4 years and became dean at Yale medical school. He pushed for the modernization of the University of Virginia Hospital.
  • 1953 - Thomas H. Hunter, M.D., became dean. Hunter established international outreach programs in medical education. He also demonstrated synergism between penicillin and streptomycin in the treatment of subacute bacterial endocarditis and, together with Joseph Fletcher, developed the discipline of clinical ethics. Hunter received the Thomas Jefferson Award of the University in 1970 and the Abraham Flexner Award of the Association of American Medical Colleges in 1988.
  • 1954 - Gerald D. Aurbach received his M.D. degree from the University of Virginia. Aurbach isolated and purified parathyroid hormone, determined that parathyroid hormone acts through cyclic AMP, and demonstrated that pseudohypoparathyroidism is a disorder of the parathyroid hormone receptor complex. Aurbach was a member of the National Academy of Sciences.
  • 1960 - New University Hospital (682 beds) completed at a cost of $6.5 million.
  • 1962 - Kenneth R. Crispell, M.D., a noted endocrinologist, named dean. Crispell built the main section of Jordan Hall, the Primary Care Center, and the Health Sciences Library. He recruited 10 clinical and 5 basic science department chairs.
  • 1962 - Henry B. Mulholland, M.D., professor and chair of the Department of Medicine and a noted diabetologist, received the Thomas Jefferson Award of the University of Virginia.
  • 1972 - William R. Drucker, M.D., a noted general surgeon, named dean.
  • 1971 - S.Ward Casscells, a medical alumnus, introduced arthroscopy of the knee joint into practice in the United States.
  • 1971 - 1981 - Alfred G. Gilman, M.D., Ph.D., professor of pharmacology discovered G-proteins, cellular mediators of hormone action, for which he received the 1989 Albert Lasker Award and the 1994 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology.
  • 1970 – 1983 - Ferid Murad, M.D., Ph.D., professor of medicine, discovered that endothelium-derived relaxing factor is nitric oxide, which acts as a vasodilator by stimulating guanylyl cyclase. Murad received the Albert Lasker Award in 1996 and the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology in 1998 for this discovery.
  • 1954 - 1976 - William H. Muller Jr., M.D., was professor and chair of the Department of Surgery. He pioneered the surgical treatment of pulmonary hypertension and invented one of the first artificial aortic valves. Muller was president of the American College of Surgeons and received the Thomas Jefferson Award of the University in 1982.
  • 1966 - 1988 - Robert M. Berne, M.D., professor and chair of physiology, pioneered adenosine in cardiovascular function and introduced adenosine as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of supraventricular tachycardia. Berne was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1988.
  • 1969 - 1998 - Edward W. Hook Jr., M.D., professor and chair of the Department of Medicine, received the Thomas Jefferson Award of the University in 1996. Hook performed pioneering research in infectious disease, developed an outstanding Department of Medicine, and initiated the Humanities in Medicine Program. He was president of the American College of Physicians and the American Clinical and Climatological Association.
  • 1977 - 1986 - Norman J. Knorr, M.D., a psychiatrist, served as dean. Knorr initiated shared facilities for medical science and built the first section of the Medical Research Building (MR-4).
  • 1976 - Michael O.Thorner, M.B.B.S., D.Sc., professor of medicine, discovered a new hypothalamic hormone, growth hormone releasing hormone. Thorner received the 1995 NIH General Clinical Research Centers Award for his work in clinical neuroendocrinology.
  • 1986 - 2002 – Robert M. Carey, M.D. served as dean. An internationally recognized endocrinologist, Carey founded departments of health evaluation sciences, emergency medicine, radiation oncology and physical medicine and rehabilitation. He initiated a clinical trials center, a biomedical ethics center, a humanities in medicine program, a generalist medicine program, a program in international health, a digestive health center of excellence, and a clinical cancer center. He developed new research centers in cell signaling, structural biology, retrovirology, reproduction, immunology and cardiovascular sciences.
  • 1989 - University of Virginia Replacement Hospital (556 beds), planned and developed by William H. Muller Jr., M.D., vice president for health sciences, was dedicated.
  • 1995 - Barry Marshall, M.B.B.S., Associate Professor of Internal Medicine, received the Albert Lasker Award Medicine for his discovery that the bacterium Helicobacter pylori is the cause of peptic ulcer disease and also is associated with gastric carcinoma.
  • 2002 - Arthur Garson, Jr., M.D., M.P.H., appointed dean. Garson, a pediatric cardiologist and former president of the American College of Cardiology, led the first Health System-wide strategic planning effort, and established a Master in Public Health Program, the Academy of Distinguished Educators, the Center on Health Care Disparities, the Patient Education Institute, and the Virginia Institute for Clinical and Translational Research.
  • 2002 - Janine Jagger, Ph.D., an epidemiologist and director of the International Health Care Worker Safety Center, was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship for her groundbreaking research on how to protect health care workers from the transmission of blood-borne diseases.
  • 2005 - Barry Marshall, M.B.B.S., was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his “discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.”

Deans of the School of Medicine[edit]

  • Randolph J. Canterbury, MD 2014-2015
  • Nancy E. Dunlap, MD, Ph.D., M.B.A. 2013-2014
  • Steven T. DeKosky, MD 2008–2013
  • Sharon L. Hostler, MD (Interim) 2007-2008
  • Arthur Garson, Jr., MD 2002-2007
  • Robert Munson Carey, MD 1986-2002
  • Norman John Knorr, MD 1977-1986
  • William Richard Drucker, MD 1972-1977
  • Kenneth Raymond Crispell, MD 1964-1971
  • Thomas Harrison Hunter, MD 1953-1964
  • Vernon William Lippard, MD 1949-1952
  • Harvey Ernest Jordan, PhD 1939-1949
  • James Carroll Flippin, MD 1924-1938
  • Theodore Hough, PhD 1916-1924
  • Richard Henry Whitehead, MD 1905-1916

Notable alumni[edit]

Travis Lane Stork - American emergency physician and television personality, best known for appearing on The Bachelor, and as the host of the syndicated daytime talk show, The Doctors. He earned his medical degree from the University of Virginia in 2003.

J. Hartwell Harrison - pioneer in organ transplantation surgery, member of the class of '32

Charles Taylor Pepper - the original inspiration for the Dr Pepper brand, according to the Dr Pepper/Seven Up company. Born in Montgomery County, Virginia, he earned his medical degree from the University of Virginia in 1855.

Mike Fisher - two-time Hermann Trophy winner and former UVA Soccer midfielder. Fisher was chosen second overall in the 1997 MLS College Draft, but instead decided to enroll in the School of Medicine.

Walter Reed - physician and discoverer of the yellow fever vaccine.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. News & World Report
  2. ^ NIH MSTP
  3. ^ UVA MSTP
  4. ^ "Highlights of Faculty Achievements". Factbook, UVA School of Medicine. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 

External links[edit]