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|Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha|
|Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha|
|Preceded by||V. Alagirisamy|
|Succeeded by||A. Ravichandran|
|Constituency||Sivakasi, Tamil Nadu|
22 May 1944 |
Kalingapatty, Sankarankovil, Tirunelveli District Madras Presidency, British India
|Political party||Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam|
|Children||Durai Vaiyapuri, Rajalakshmi, Kannagi|
Vaiko is an Indian politician known for his advocacy on behalf of Tamil people. He is the founder and General Secretary of the Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK), a political party active mainly in the state of Tamil Nadu. He has supported the right to self-determination of Tamil people in Sri Lanka and also the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE).. Currently, he is imprisoned under sedition charges in Puzhal Prison for his voice during the Final War in Sri Lanka on 2009.
Early life and education
Vaiko was born to farming family in Kalingapatty near Sankarankovil, Madras Presidency (now in part Tamil Nadu). He graduated with a Gold Medal in his Bachelor of arts degree in economics from St. Xavier's College, Palayamkottai and masters from Presidency College, Chennai. He obtained his bachelor's degree in law from Madras Law College. He is an avid reader and orator known for his oratory skills both in Tamil and English. He has two daughters and a son.
Vaiko is the general secretary of the MDMK party..
Vaiko was a part of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) and was formerly seen as the ideological protege of former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Kalaignar M.Karunanidhi. Vaiko was detained for more than an year in 1976-77 during the Emergency and for 40 days on charges of organising black flag demonstration against former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's visit to Tamil Nadu in October 1977. He has been arrested multiple times for peaceful demonstrations especially during the 1986-87 anti Hindi agitations.
He entered the Rajya Sabha in 1978 and has been member of the Upper House for three terms. He has also been elected to the Lok Sabha twice. In 1993, Vaiko started MDMK due to differences with Karunanidhi amid rumblings that Karunanidhi promoted his son M. K. Stalin to succeed him.
Vaiko was known as "Tiger Of Parliament" due to his vociferous speeches in Parliament. Vaiko protested against Kerala's demand for a new dam at Mullaperiyar and proposed building of dams in Pambar and Siruvani. Vaiko also supported national interlinking of rivers and Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project. Vaiko filed a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in Madras High Court requesting closure of the copper smelting plant of Sterlite Industries in Tuticorin which did not follow the waste management procedures correctly and leading to the closure of the plant.
Vaiko often goes on foot marches along with his party cadres to attract attention to issues.
Support of LTTE
Vaiko unequivocally supported LTTE and other organizations fighting for a separate Tamil country in Sri Lanka. He made a trip to Eelam at the height of the LTTE's war with Sri Lankan Army. Vaiko was the first member of Parliament and chief of a registered political party in the country to be detained under the Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002. He was released after spending 18 months in prison.
In 2008, Criminal Investigation Department of Tamil Nadu police arrested Vaiko on charges of sedition. The charges stemmed from speeches Vaiko made at a party meeting on the Sri Lankan issue and the government's raids into LTTE-held areas on 21 October 2008. After 14 days in judicial custody, Vaiko was released.
In 3 April 2017 Vaiko was jailed in for sedition case filed by DMK in their 2010 regime.
In 2005, Vaiko started the Marumalarchi Blood Donors' Club. Vaiko has launched many engagement programmes in rural areas with the participation of villagers. Vaiko has undergone a month-long padayatra in Tamil Nadu for the interlinking of inter state rivers in India.
- "Vaiko Parliament Bioprofile". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 2016-05-30.
- [mdmk.org.in/member/mr-vaiko Vaiko Resume]
- Interview with Vaiko
- "Shooting from the lip". Times of India. 28 June 2002. Retrieved 2016-05-31.
- "Always on the move". Sachidananda Murthy. The Week. 8 May 2016. Retrieved 2016-05-31.
- "Modi will become PM : Vaiko". Telugu Mirichi. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 2016-05-31.
- HC orders closure of Sterlite Ind's Tuticorin plant
- Vaiko's nadaiyanamans
- "Vaiko: "Sri Lankan Tamils want a Separate Nation"". tamilnation.co. Retrieved 2017-04-04.
- Vaiko arrested from Chennai airport Archived 25 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- Vaiko released from prison
- Kumar, S. Vijay (24 October 2008). "Vaiko arrested on charges of sedition". The Hindu. Retrieved 2012-02-04.
- http://www.ptinews.com/pti%5Cptisite.nsf/0/964B5450510EE02D652574F90048007E?OpenDocument[dead link]
- No justification for extending ban on LTTE, says Vaiko The Hindu - 27 September 2010
- Lift ban on LTTE, demand MDMK lawyers
- Sivaraman, R. "Vaiko jailed in sedition case filed by DMK regime". The Hindu. Retrieved 2017-04-04.
- "Marumalarchi blood donors save boy's life". The Hindu. 23 February 2006. Retrieved 2012-02-04.
- More about Tank Desilting Program
- Padayatra boosted MDMK's image: Vaiko
- "When Tamil Nationalism Turned Against Telugu Speakers Of Tamil Nadu". Retrieved 2016-11-26.
- Ziegfeld, Adam (19 February 2016). Why Regional Parties?: Clientelism, Elites, and the Indian Party System. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781316539002.
- "The Pioneer". www.dailypioneer.com. Retrieved 2016-11-26.
- "Angered By Question, Vaiko Storms Out Of Interview". NDTV.com. Retrieved 2016-11-26.
- "Video: Vaiko and the art of walking out of an interview". The News Minute. 26 March 2016. Retrieved 2016-11-26.
- "Vaiko denies receiving any money from AIADMK". The Hindu. 6 April 2016. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2016-11-26.
- "Vaiko storms out of TV interview on query about fund offer - Times of India". The Times of India.h e is a one of the honest man in india. Retrieved 2016-11-26.
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