Pattali Makkal Katchi

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Paattali Makkal Katchi
LeaderS. Ramadoss
PresidentG. K. Mani
FounderS. Ramadoss
Founded16 July 1989 (29 years ago) (1989-07-16)
HeadquartersTindivanam, Villupuram District, Chennai - 604001, Tamil Nadu
IdeologyPopulism
ECI StatusState Party[1]
AllianceNational Democratic Alliance (1998-2004, 2014-Present)
United Progressive Alliance (2004-2009, 2011-13)
United National Progressive Alliance (2009-2010)
Seats in Lok Sabha
1 / 545
[2](currently 530 members + 1 Speaker)
Seats in Rajya Sabha
0 / 245
Seats in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
0 / 235
Election symbol
Election symbol of PMK
Website
www.anbumani4cm.com

Paattali Makkal Katchi (English: abbreviated in English as PMK) is a political party in Tamil Nadu, India, founded by S. Ramadoss[3] in 1989 for the upliftment of Tamil community.

History[edit]

PMK was founded by S. Ramadoss, an activist, on 16 July 1989. Ahead of the 2004 elections, PMK joined the Democratic Progressive Alliance, a broad Tamil political front which also included the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), Indian National Congress (INC), Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India (Marxist) and Indian Union Muslim League. PMK was able to obtain a significant share of power both in the regional government in Tamil Nadu and the Central Government due to a significant number of seats they obtained which helped the United Progressive Alliance ( UPA-I ) to form the Government.

Following the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, the PMK joined the United Progressive Alliance led by the INC. In June 2008, during the final months of the bitter relationship between the DMK and the PMK, the ruling DMK in Tamil Nadu severed its ties with the PMK, an outside supporter of the Karunanidhi Government.[4] However, the DMK did not press for the party's removal from the UPA Government at the Centre. On 26 March 2009, PMK declared that, it would join the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam ( AIADMK ) led front and left the United Progressive Alliance (UPA).

PMK contested in the 2014 Lok Sabha election in an alliance with Bharatiya Janata Party led NDA[5] and its candidate Anbumani Ramadoss won from Dharmapuri Lok Sabha constituency, where he is one of two non-AIADMK MPs from Tamil Nadu the other being from its ally BJP.

Leaders[edit]

The leaders of Pattali Makkal Katchi, who are also the national executives of the party are listed below:[6]

Election history[edit]

Tamil Nadu Assembly

Year Election Votes polled Won Contested Alliance
1991 10th Assembly 1,45,982 1
1996 11th Assembly 4 116 PMK+Tiwari
2001 12th Assembly 1,557,500 20 27 AIADMK+
2006 13th Assembly 1,863,749 18 31 DMK +
2011 14th Assembly 1,927,783 3 30 DMK +
2016 15th Assembly 2,300,775 0 232 -

Lok Sabha election

Year Election Votes Won Contested Alliance
1996 11th Lok Sabha 552,118 0 15 PT
1998 12th Lok Sabha 1,548,976 4 5 NDA
1999 13th Lok Sabha 2,236,821 5 7 NDA
2004 14th Lok Sabha 1,927,367 5 5 DPA
2009 15th Lok Sabha 1,944,619 0 6 TF
2014 16th Lok Sabha 1 8 NDA

DPA - Democratic Progressive Alliance NDA - National Democratic Alliance

TF - Third Front PT - PMK-Tiwari Congress Front

Lok Sabha Members[edit]

No Year Election Member Constituency Positions Held
1 1998 12th Lok Sabha Ezhilmalai Chidambaram Union Minister of State, Health and Family Welfare (Independent Charge), 1999
2 1998 12th Lok Sabha Durai Vandavasi
3 1998 12th Lok Sabha K.Parymohan Dharmapuri
4 1998 12th Lok Sabha N.T. Shanmugam Vellore
5 1999 13th Lok Sabha Durai Vandavasi Re-elected for 2nd term
6 1999 13th Lok Sabha P D Elangovan Dharmapuri
7 1999 13th Lok Sabha A.K. Moorthy Chengalpattu Union Minister of State, Ministry of Railways (July 2002- 15 Jan.2004)
8 1999 13th Lok Sabha E Ponnuswamy Chidambaram Minister of State, Petroleum and Natural Gas (1999-2001)
9 1999 13th Lok Sabha N.T. Shanmugam Vellore Re-elected for 2nd term

Union Minister of State (Ind), Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (Oct 1999 to May 2000)

Union Minister of State (India), Ministry of Coal (May 2000 to Feb 2001)

Union Minister of State (Ind), Ministry of Food Processing Industries (July 2002 to Jan 2004)

10 2004 14th Lok Sabha K Dhanaraju Tindivanam
11 2004 14th Lok Sabha A.K. Moorthy Chengalpattu Re-elected for 2nd term
12 2004 14th Lok Sabha E Ponnuswamy Chidambaram Re-elected for 2nd term
13 2004 14th Lok Sabha Senthil Raman Dharmapuri
14 2004 14th Lok Sabha Rangasamy Velu Arakkonam Union Minister of State, Railways (2004) on 29 March 2009 He Resigned from Union Minister of State, Railways
15 2014 16th Lok Sabha Anbumani Ramadoss Dharmapuri

Pattali Makkal Katchi Parliamentary Party[edit]

  • 1989Founder, General-Secretary, Pattali Makkal Katchi
  • 1999, P D Elangovan was selected as Leader of Pattali Makkal Katchi Parliamentary Party, Lok Sabha
  • 2004, E Ponnuswamy Deputy Leader, PMK, Lok Sabha

Rajya Sabha Members[edit]

Sl Name Position Period
1 Anbumani Ramadoss Member, Rajya Sabha 2004-2010
Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare 2004 - 2009

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Members: Lok Sabha". loksabha.nic.in. Lok Sabha Secretariat. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  3. ^ "PMK allotted 'mango' symbol for 2016 polls". The Hindu. 2016-03-25. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2016-03-30.
  4. ^ "DMK snaps ties with PMK". The Hindu. 2008-06-18. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2016-04-07.
  5. ^ "DMDK to sign poll deal with BJP - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2016-04-07.
  6. ^ "Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK) – Party History, Symbol, Founders, Election Results and News". www.elections.in. Retrieved 2016-03-29.
  7. ^ "Election observer must manage Arasu Cable till polls: PMK". The Hindu. 2016-03-20. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2016-03-30.
  8. ^ "Pattali Makkal Katchi CM Candidate Anbumani - Website". Anbumani for CM. Retrieved 2016-03-30.
  9. ^ "PMK Election Manifesto - Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election, 2016" (PDF). PMK Election Manifesto 2016. http://www.anbumani4cm.com. External link in |publisher= (help)