Pattali Makkal Katchi

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Paattali Makkal Katchi
LeaderS. Ramadoss
PresidentG. K. Mani
FounderS. Ramadoss
Founded16 July 1989 (32 years ago) (1989-07-16)
HeadquartersTindivanam, Villupuram District, Chennai - 604001, Tamil Nadu
IdeologyPopulism
ECI StatusState Party[1]
Alliance1) PMK-Owne Alliance (1989-1996) & (2016-2019) (Corruption Removed Social Justice Front) (1996-1998)
2) BJP (NDA) (1998-2004 & 2014 – present)
3) AIADMK-Congress Alliance (2001-2004)
4) DMK-Congress (UPA) (2004-2009 & 2011-2014)
5) AIADMK-CPI (M) (UNPA) (2009-2011)
Seats in Lok Sabha
0 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
1 / 245
Seats in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
5 / 234
Election symbol
Mango
Website
pmkofficial.com

Paattali Makkal Katchi (English: Working people's party, abbreviated in English as PMK) is a political party in Tamil Nadu, India, founded by S. Ramadoss in 1989 as a political outfit for the Vanniyars (OBC), the dominant caste in northern Tamil Nadu.[2][3] It is currently part of the National Democratic Alliance (NDA).[4]It contests the elections with the 'Ripe Mango' symbol.[5]

History[edit]

S Ramadoss founded the Vanniyar Sangam in the late 1970s, bringing together a coalition of Vanniyar caste organizations. The Vanniyar Sangam is PMK's parent organisation.[6] In the 1980s, the Vanniyar Sangham organized the 1987 Vanniyar reservation agitation demanding MBC status for Vanniyars. At the peak of the protests, the state was paralysed for a week when lakhs of trees were felled, highways blocked and damaged and more than 1400 houses of the Dalit community burned down.[7] The police under the M G Ramchandran (MGR) led AIADMK government shot down 21 protestors.[6] Later in 1989, the DMK government under M. Karunanidhi granted them 20 percent reservation under the Most backward class.[8] The Pattali Makkal Katchi, founded by S. Ramadoss on 16 July 1989,[9] emerged out of these protests.[10]

Ahead of the 2004 elections, PMK joined the Democratic Progressive Alliance, a broad Tamil political front which also included the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), Indian National Congress (INC), Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India (Marxist) and Indian Union Muslim League. PMK was able to obtain a significant share of power both in the regional government in Tamil Nadu and the Central Government due to a significant number of seats they obtained which helped the United Progressive Alliance ( UPA-I ) to form the Government.

Following the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, the PMK joined the United Progressive Alliance led by the INC. In June 2008, during the final months of the bitter relationship between the DMK and the PMK, the ruling DMK in Tamil Nadu severed its ties with the PMK, an outside supporter of the Karunanidhi Government.[11] However, the DMK did not press for the party's removal from the UPA Government at the Centre. On 26 March 2009, PMK declared that, it would join the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam ( AIADMK ) led front and left the United Progressive Alliance (UPA).

PMK contested in the 2014 Lok Sabha election in an alliance with Bharatiya Janata Party led NDA and its candidate Anbumani Ramadoss won from Dharmapuri Lok Sabha constituency, where he was one of two non-AIADMK MPs from Tamil Nadu the other being from its ally BJP. [12]

Leaders[edit]

The leaders of Pattali Makkal Katchi, who are also the national executives of the party are listed below:[13]

S.No Member Party position
1. S. Ramadoss Founder-Leader of PMK
2. G.K. Mani President of PMK[14]
3. Vadivel Ravanan General secretary of PMK
4. Thilagabama Treasurer of PMK
5. Pu.Tha.Arulmozhi Election duty committee & President of Vanniyar sangam
6. Advocate K Balu Spokesperson of PMK

Former ministers[edit]

1) Dalit Ezhilmalai - Former central health and family welfare minister (1998-1999)

2) A.k.Moorthy - Former central railway minister (2002-2004)

3) Ponnusamy - Former central petroleum minister (1999-2001)

4) N.T.Shanmugam - Former central Health and family welfare (1999-2000) Former central coal minister(2000-2001) and Former central food processing industries minister(2002-2004)

5) R.Velu - Former central railway minister (2004-2009)

6) Dr.R.Anbumani ramadoss - Former central health and family welfare minister (2004-2009)

Election history[edit]

Tamil Nadu Assembly
Election Year Election Votes polled Won Change of Seats Alliance Result
1991 10th Assembly 1,45,982
1 / 194
Increase1 None Opposition
1996 11th Assembly 10,42,333
4 / 116
Increase 3 PMK+Tiwari Opposition
2001 12th Assembly 15,57,500
20 / 27
Increase 16 AIADMK+ Government
2006 13th Assembly 18,63,749
18 / 31
Decrease 2 DMK + Government
2011 14th Assembly 19,27,783
3 / 30
Decrease 15 DMK + Opposition
2016 15th Assembly 23,00,775
0 / 234
Decrease 3 None Lost
2021 16th Assembly 17,56,796
5 / 234
Increase 5 NDA Opposition
Lok Sabha election
Election Year Election Votes polled Won Change of Seats Alliance Result
1996 11th Lok Sabha 5,52,118
0 / 15
Decrease15 PT Lost
1998 12th Lok Sabha 15,48,976
4 / 5
Increase4 NDA Government
1999 13th Lok Sabha 22,36,821
5 / 7
Increase1 NDA Government
2004 14th Lok Sabha 19,27,367
5 / 5
No Change DPA Government
2009 15th Lok Sabha 19,44,619
0 / 6
Decrease5 TF Lost
2014 16th Lok Sabha 18,04,812
1 / 8
Increase1 NDA Government
2019 17th Lok Sabha 22,97,431[15]
0 / 7
Decrease1 NDA Government

DPA - Democratic Progressive Alliance NDA - National Democratic Alliance TF - Third Front PT - PMK-Tiwari Congress Front

Lok Sabha Members[edit]

No Year Election Member Constituency Positions Held
1 1998 12th Lok Sabha Dalit Ezhilmalai Chidambaram Union Minister of State, Health and Family Welfare (Independent Charge), 1999
2 1998 12th Lok Sabha Durai Vandavasi
3 1998 12th Lok Sabha K. Parymohan Dharmapuri
4 1998 12th Lok Sabha N.T. Shanmugam Vellore
5 1999 13th Lok Sabha Durai Vandavasi Re-elected for 2nd term
6 1999 13th Lok Sabha P D Elangovan Dharmapuri
7 1999 13th Lok Sabha A.K. Moorthy Chengalpattu Union Minister of State, Ministry of Railways (July 2002- 15 Jan.2004)
8 1999 13th Lok Sabha Mathivanan Chidambaram Minister of State, Petroleum and Natural Gas (1999-2001)
9 1999 13th Lok Sabha N.T. Shanmugam Vellore Re-elected for 2nd term

Union Minister of State (Independent Charge), Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (Oct 1999 to May 2000)

Union Minister of State (Independent Charge), Ministry of Coal (May 2000 to Feb 2001)

Union Minister of State (Independent Charge), Ministry of Food Processing Industries (July 2002 to Jan 2004)

10 2004 14th Lok Sabha K Dhanaraju Tindivanam
11 2004 14th Lok Sabha A.K. Moorthy Chengalpattu Re-elected for 2nd term
12 2004 14th Lok Sabha E Ponnuswamy Chidambaram Re-elected for 2nd term
13 2004 14th Lok Sabha Senthil Raman Dharmapuri
14 2004 14th Lok Sabha Rangasamy Velu Arakkonam Union Minister of State, Railways (2004) on 29 March 2009 He Resigned from Union Minister of State, Railways
15 2014 16th Lok Sabha Anbumani Ramadoss Dharmapuri

Rajya Sabha Members[edit]

Sl Name Position Period
1 Anbumani Ramadoss Member, Rajya Sabha 2004-2010
Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare 2004 - 2009
Member, Rajya Sabha 2019-

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  2. ^ Radhakrishnan, P. (2002). "Vanniyar Separatism: Nebulous Issues". Economic and Political Weekly. 37 (32): 3315–3316. ISSN 0012-9976.
  3. ^ Thirunavukkarasu, R. (2001). "Election 2001: Changing Equations". Economic and Political Weekly. 36 (27): 2486–2489. ISSN 0012-9976. JSTOR 4410818.
  4. ^ Senthalir, S. "In Tamil Nadu, discontent within PMK does not augur well for prospects of BJP-AIADMK alliance". Scroll.in. Retrieved 22 November 2020.
  5. ^ "PMK allotted 'mango' symbol for 2016 polls". The Hindu. 25 March 2016. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
  6. ^ a b "40-yr-old reservation demand conceded in TN: Is it working for PMK?". Hindustan Times. 5 April 2021. Retrieved 26 July 2021.
  7. ^ Collins, Michael A (1 January 2017). "Recalling Democracy: Electoral Politics, Minority Representation, and Dalit Assertion in Modern India". Dissertations available from ProQuest: 137, 138.
  8. ^ Kolappan, B. (7 May 2012). "Vanniyar Sangam revives demand for exclusive quota". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
  9. ^ "Will PMK's investment in caste-politics yield results?". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  10. ^ Manikandan, C.; Wyatt, Andrew (2 January 2019). "Political parties and federally structured incentives in Indian politics: the case of the Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK)". Contemporary South Asia. 27 (1): 3. doi:10.1080/09584935.2019.1572070. ISSN 0958-4935.
  11. ^ "DMK snaps ties with PMK". The Hindu. 18 June 2008. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
  12. ^ "DMDK to sign poll deal with BJP - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
  13. ^ "Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK) – Party History, Symbol, Founders, Election Results and News". www.elections.in. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  14. ^ "Election observer must manage Arasu Cable till polls: PMK". The Hindu. 20 March 2016. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 May 2019. Retrieved 12 June 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)