Victor Dave

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Victor Dave
Victor Dave.png
Dave, c. 1910
Born (1847-02-25)February 25, 1847
Aalst, Belgium
Died October 31, 1922(1922-10-31) (aged 75)
Paris, France
Occupation Editor, journalist

Victor Dave (1847–1922) was a Belgian editor and journalist best known for his work on anarchist publications and in the International Workers' Association.

Early life and career[edit]

Victor Dave was born in Aalst, Belgium, on February 25, 1847, to a customs officer. He showed interest in freethinking and socialism in his youth and attended the University of Liège and Université libre de Bruxelles. The Marxist socialist Paul Lafargue introduced Dave to the anarchist political thought of Proudhon at an 1869 international student congress in Liège. Within two years, Dave joined the Brussels branch of the International Workers' Association and two years later, its general council. He represented the international wing at the 1872 Hague Congress and the mechanics of Verviers at the 1873 Geneva Congress. At the former, Dave read the minority report supporting federative autonomy and voted against anarchist Bakunin's expulsion from the union. He worked on multiple French- and Dutch-language newspapers in the worker's association. He did not participate in the 1873 Spanish Cantonal rebellion despite rumors otherwise.[1]

After marrying Marie Archambault of Loches, the couple moved to Paris in 1878, where Dave met Johann Most. Together, they moved to Most's London two years later, following their expulsion from France, and worked on the German anarchist newspaper Freiheit. Dave arrested for treason in Augsburg in late 1880 and received a five-year sentence at trial. Upon his release in 1884, he returned to London, and three years later, Paris, as the French ban lifted. He worked in journalism and translation, editing for Éditions Schleicher and Augustin Hamon's l’Humanité nouvelle. He wrote a biography of Fernand Pelloutier and co-published the Revue générale de bibliographie française. He joined the proofreaders and copywriters union in 1911. Prominent anarchist Emma Goldman wrote of Dave being the most impressive man she met in fin de siècle Paris. By 1914, Dave became a follower of Kropotkin and in 1916, a signer of the Manifesto of the Sixteen for Allied intervention in the World War. He died on October 31, 1922, in Paris.[1]


  1. ^ a b Enckell, Marianne (2015). "Dave, Victor". Les anarchistes: dictionnaire biographique du mouvement libertaire francophone. Ivry-sur-Seine: éditions de l'Atelier. ISBN 978-2-7082-4268-5.

External links[edit]

Media offices
Preceded by
Frank Kitz
Editor of Freiheit
Succeeded by
Johann Most